National Post

The National Post is a Canadian English-language newspaper. The paper is the flagship publication of Postmedia Network, and is published Tuesdays through Saturdays.[2] It was founded in 1998 by Conrad Black. Once distributed nationally, it later began publishing a daily edition in the provinces of Ontario, Quebec, Alberta and British Columbia, with only its weekend edition available in Manitoba and Saskatchewan. As of 2006, the Post is no longer distributed in Canada's Atlantic provinces and the territories.

National Post
NatPost Logo
National Post 9-28-2007 Redesign
The front of the redesigned National Post, September 28, 2007
TypeDaily newspaper
Owner(s)Postmedia Network Inc.
Editor-in-chiefAnne Marie Owens
Political alignmentConservative
Headquarters365 Bloor Street East
3rd Floor
Toronto, Ontario
M4W 3L4
142,509 Tue-Fri
132,116 Saturday
(March 2013)[1]



National Post frontpage
The January 11, 2007 front page of the Post

Conrad Black built the National Post around the Financial Post, a financial newspaper in Toronto which Hollinger Inc. purchased from Sun Media in 1997. Financial Post was retained as the name of the new newspaper's business section.

Outside Toronto, the Post was built on the printing and distribution infrastructure of Hollinger's national newspaper chain, formerly called Southam Newspapers, that included the newspapers Ottawa Citizen, Montreal Gazette, Edmonton Journal, Calgary Herald, and Vancouver Sun. The Post became Black's national flagship title, and Ken Whyte was appointed editor.

Beyond his political vision, Black attempted to compete directly with Kenneth Thomson's media empire led in Canada by The Globe and Mail, which Black and many others perceived as the platform of the Liberal establishment.

When the Post launched, its editorial stance was conservative. It advocated a "unite-the-right" movement to create a viable alternative to the Liberal government of Jean Chrétien, and supported the Canadian Alliance. The Post's op-ed page has included dissenting columns by ideological liberals such as Linda McQuaig, as well as conservatives including Mark Steyn and Diane Francis, and David Frum. Original members of the Post editorial board included Ezra Levant, Neil Seeman, Jonathan Kay, Conservative Member of Parliament John Williamson and the author/historian Alexander Rose.

The Post's magazine-style graphic and layout design has won awards.[3] The original design of the Post was created by Lucie Lacava, a design consultant based in Montreal.[4] The Post now bears the motto "World's Best-Designed Newspaper" on its front page.[5]

Sale to CanWest Global

The Post was unable to maintain momentum in the market without continuing to operate with annual budgetary deficits. At the same time, Conrad Black was becoming preoccupied by his debt-heavy media empire, Hollinger International. Black divested his Canadian media holdings, and sold the Post to CanWest Global Communications Corp, controlled by Israel "Izzy" Asper, in two stages – 50% in 2000, along with the entire Southam newspaper chain,[6] and the remaining 50% in 2001.[6] CanWest Global also owned the Global Television Network.

Izzy Asper died in October 2003, and his sons Leonard and David Asper assumed control of CanWest, the latter serving as chairman of the Post. Editor-in-chief Matthew Fraser departed in 2005 after the arrival of a new publisher, Les Pyette – the paper's seventh publisher in seven years. Fraser's deputy editor, Doug Kelly succeeded him as editor. Pyette departed seven months after his arrival, replaced by Gordon Fisher.

21st century

National Post building
Former National Post (and Postmedia) building in Don Mills

The Post limited print distribution in Atlantic Canada in 2006, part of a trend to which The Globe and Mail and the Toronto Star, Canada's other two papers with inter-regional distribution, have all resorted.[7] Print editions were removed from all Atlantic Canadian newsstands except in Halifax as of 2007.[8] Focussing further on its online publishing, in 2008, the paper suspended weekday editions and home delivery in Manitoba and Saskatchewan.[9] The reorientation towards digital continued into its next decade.

Politically, the Post has retained a conservative editorial stance although the Asper family has long been a strong supporter of the Liberal Party of Canada. Izzy Asper was once leader of the Liberal Party in his home province of Manitoba. The Aspers had controversially fired the publisher of the Ottawa Citizen, Russell Mills, for calling for the resignation of Liberal prime minister Jean Chrétien.

However, the Post endorsed the Conservative Party of Canada in the 2004 election when Fraser was editor. The Conservatives narrowly lost that election to the Liberals. After the election, the Post surprised many of its conservative readers by shifting its support to the victorious Liberal government of prime minister Paul Martin, and was highly critical of the Conservatives and their leader, Stephen Harper. The paper switched camps again in the runup to the 2006 election (in which the Conservatives won a minority government). During the election campaign, David Asper appeared publicly several times to endorse the Conservatives.

Like its competitor The Globe and Mail, the Post publishes a separate edition in Toronto, Ontario, Canada's largest city and the fourth largest English-language media centre in North America after New York City, Los Angeles and Chicago. The Toronto edition includes additional local content not published in the edition distributed to the rest of Canada, and is printed at the Toronto Star Press Centre in Vaughan.

On September 27, 2007, the Post unveiled a major redesign of its appearance. Guided by Gayle Grin, the Post's managing editor of design and graphics, the redesign features a standardization in the size of typeface and the number of typefaces used, cleaner font for charts and graphs, and the move of the nameplate banner from the top to the left side of Page 1 as well as each section's front page.

In 2009, the paper announced that as a temporary cost-cutting measure, it would not print a Monday edition from July to September 2009.[10] On October 29, 2009, Canwest Global announced that due to a lack of funding, the National Post might close down as of October 30, 2009, subject to moving the paper to a new holding company.[11] Late on October 29, 2009, Ontario Superior Court Justice Sarah Pepall ruled in Canwest's favour and allowed the paper to move into a holding company.[12] Investment bankers hired by Canwest received no offers when they tried to sell the National Post earlier that year. Without a buyer closing the paper was studied, but the costs were greater than gains from liquidating assets. The lawyer for Canwest, in arguing to Justice Pepall, said the National Post added value to other papers in the Canwest chain.[13]

On October 28, 2011, the Post announced its first ever yearly profit.[14]

The paper now belongs to Postmedia Network Canada Corp. which is a Canadian media company headquartered in Toronto, Ontario, consisting of the publishing properties of the former Canwest, with primary operations in newspaper publishing, news gathering and Internet operations.

The ownership group was assembled by National Post CEO Paul Godfrey in 2010 to bid for the chain of newspapers being sold by the financially troubled Canwest (the company's broadcasting assets were sold separately to Shaw Communications). Godfrey secured financial backing from U.S. private-equity firm Golden Tree Asset Management as well as other investors. The group completed a $1.1 billion transaction to acquire the chain from Canwest on July 13, 2010. The new company has over 5,500 employees.[15] The company's shares were listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange in 2011.[16]

2006 Iran controversy

On May 19, 2006, the newspaper ran two pieces alleging that the Iranian parliament had passed a law requiring religious minorities to wear special identifying badges. One piece was a front-page news item titled "IRAN EYES BADGES FOR JEWS" accompanied by a 1935 picture of two Jews bearing Nazi-ordered yellow badges. Later on the same day, experts began coming forward to deny the accuracy of the Post story. The story proved to be false, but not before it had been picked up by a variety of other news media and generated comment from world leaders. Comments on the story by the Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper caused Iran to summon Canada's ambassador to Tehran, Gordon E. Venner, for an explanation.

On May 24, 2006, the editor-in-chief of the newspaper, Doug Kelly, published an apology for the story on Page 2, admitting that it was false and the National Post had not exercised enough caution or checked enough sources.[17]

Canadian Islamic Congress

From 1998 to 2014, the now defunct Canadian Islamic Congress (CIC) had been actively monitoring media coverage for anti-Muslim or anti-Islam sentiment and had issued reports highlighting its findings. It had opposed the use of phrases such as "Islamic guerrillas," "Islamic insurgency" and "Muslim militants" saying that terms like "militant" or "terrorist" should be used without a religious association "since no religion teaches or endorses terrorism, militancy or extremism."[18] The Congress had singled out the National Post, saying the paper "consistently is No. 1" as an anti-Islam media outlet.[19]

A number of writers for the National Post have subsequently criticized the CIC over accusations that the newspaper is anti-Islam. Alexander Rose wrote that "judging by its [CIC's] support for the [2001] Durban Conference, during which hook-nosed Jews were equated with apartheid and genocide, the CIC doesn't seem to have problems with some kinds of truly inflammatory racist language" and that the CIC's "fetish for censorship in the interest of "social harmony", as the CIC puts it, reeks of the very authoritarianism oppressing Muslims in Egypt, Iraq, Iran, and Saudi Arabia." In addition, Rose stated that "By editing out bad language, it seems, the CIC believes that correct thoughts will result, even at the necessary expense of reporting the truth."[20] Robert Fulford wrote that the CIC "justifies its existence mainly by complaining about acts of prejudice that haven't happened" and that "it's ridiculous to suggest that we avoid the subject of religion when crimes are committed in the name of that religion by men and women considered part of it",[21] while Jonathan Kay wrote that "the folks at the Canadian Islamic Congress purport to be the arbiters of what can and can't be said in this country" and that CIC President Elmasry is "the country's self-appointed judge of all that is hateful." [22]


Editorial positions in 2010s

  • Anne Marie Owens, Editor-in-Chief
  • Nicole MacAdam,[23] Executive Producer, Financial Post
  • Jonathan Kay, Managing Editor, Comment (1998–2014)
  • Dustin Parkes, Executive Producer, Features
  • Gayle Grin, Managing Editor, Design and Graphics
  • Tim Rostron, Arts Editor (1998–2003)
  • Terence Corcoran, FP Comment Editor
  • Andrew Coyne, Executive Producer, Comment & Editorial (2014–2015)
  • Diane Francis, FP Editor-at-large
  • Jo-Anne MacDonald, National Editor
  • Jeff Wasserman, Photography and Multimedia Editor

Notable columnists

The following is a list of past and present columnists for the National Post.[24]


The National Post's main office is at 365 Bloor Street East in Toronto, Ontario. It was formerly located at 1450 Don Mills Road in the Don Mills neighbourhood of Toronto, which was vacated in 2012.[25]

The National Post does not own their own press; the newspaper was printed at the Toronto Star Press Centre in Vaughan, Ontario until the Toronto Star closed the site.

See also


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-04-07. Retrieved 2013-06-21.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ National Post to eliminate Monday print edition, Canadian Press, 19 Jun 2017. Retrieved on 28 Jun 2017
  3. ^ "Lifetime achievement award: Lucie Lacava – The Society for News Design – SND".
  4. ^ "The Post was so Black and Whyte".
  5. ^ See, for example, National Post issue of August 16, 2016.
  6. ^ a b "The newspaper war was fun while it lasted". The Globe and Mail, August 25, 2001.
  7. ^ "National Post limits Atlantic distribution". CBC News. March 29, 2006.
  8. ^ "National Post limits Atlantic sales to Halifax". CBC News. August 9, 2007.
  9. ^ "National Post axes weekday edition in Manitoba, Saskatchewan". CBC News. October 30, 2008.
  10. ^ "National Post halts Monday edition during summer"., May 3, 2009.
  11. ^ Wojtek Dabrowski (29 October 2009). "Canwest: National Post could close after Friday". Canadian Online Explorer.
  12. ^ Friend, David (October 30, 2009). "Will judge's Canwest decision save the National Post?". Toronto: thestar.
  13. ^ Robertson, Grant (October 31, 2009). "No outside buyer, CanWest shuffles National Post". Toronto: The Globe and Mail. Retrieved Oct 31, 2009.
  14. ^ "Post toasts 13th birthday with first profit". Archived from the original on 2011-10-30. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
  15. ^ "Postmedia Network opens new era for newspaper chain", Financial Post, 13 July 2010. Retrieved 1 June 2012.
  16. ^ "Postmedia begins trading on TSX".
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-09-04. Retrieved 2016-02-18.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ Hess, Henry, "Media's portrayal of Islam criticized", Globe and Mail, September 24, 1998
  19. ^ Petricevic, Mirko, "When religion's in the news; Faith groups often voice outrage about unfair media reports, so scholars are trying to determine if the complaints are valid", Kitchener-Waterloo Record, August 25, 2007.
  20. ^ Alexander Rose (2001-12-12). "Islamist Purging". National Post (retrieved from the National Review Online (NRO). Archived from the original on March 16, 2005.
  21. ^ Robert Fulford (2005-07-08). "Elmasry's fantasy outrage". National Post (retrieved from Robert Fulford's website.
  22. ^ Jonathan Kay (2008-05-05). "Jonathan Kay on the hate speech experts at the Canadian Islamic Congress". National Post.
  23. ^ "Contact Us". National Post. Retrieved 2016-11-20.
  24. ^ "Columnists". National Post. Retrieved 2011-12-13.
  25. ^ "Postmedia Network Announces the Sale of 1450 Don Mills Road in Toronto - Postmedia Network Inc".

External links

Andrew Scheer

Andrew James Scheer (born May 20, 1979) is a Canadian politician serving as the Member of Parliament (MP) for the riding of Regina—Qu'Appelle since 2004 and as the Leader of the Conservative Party and Leader of the Official Opposition since 2017.

Elected to the riding of Regina—Qu'Appelle at the age of 25, Scheer was re-elected in 2006, 2008, and 2011 before becoming the Speaker of the House of Commons at age 32, making him the youngest Speaker in the chamber's history. He held the speaker role for the entirety of the 41st Canadian Parliament. On September 28, 2016, Scheer announced his bid for the leadership of the Conservative Party, running under the slogan "Real conservative. Real leader."Described as a "true blue Tory" who has been compared to former Prime Minister Stephen Harper, Scheer is a staunch opponent of a federal carbon tax and has stated that he would balance the federal budget within two years of forming a government and open up the airline industry to foreign competition. On May 27, 2017, he was elected Leader of the Conservative Party of Canada on the 13th and final ballot of the leadership election, with 50.95% of the vote to opponent Maxime Bernier's 49.05%.

Conrad Black

Conrad Moffat Black, Baron Black of Crossharbour, KCSG (born 25 August 1944) is a Canadian-born British former newspaper publisher, convicted US felon, and author. In 2007, Black was convicted on four counts of fraud in U.S. District Court in Chicago. While two of the criminal fraud charges were dropped on appeal, a conviction for felony fraud and obstruction of justice were upheld in 2010 and he was re-sentenced to 42 months in prison and a fine of $125,000.

Black controlled Hollinger International, once the world's third-largest English-language newspaper empire, which published The Daily Telegraph (UK), Chicago Sun-Times (U.S.), The Jerusalem Post (Israel), National Post (Canada), most of the leading newspapers in Australia and Canada and hundreds of community newspapers in North America, before controversy erupted over the sale of some of the company's assets. Black's conviction resulted in preventing him from gainful employment.

Cotroni crime family

The Cotroni crime family (Italian: [koˈtroːni]) is a Mafia organization based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The Cotroni family was historically controlled by mobsters of Calabrian ancestry. The territory controlled by the family once covered most of southern Quebec and Ontario, until the Rizzuto crime family supplanted them. The FBI considered the family a branch of the Bonanno crime family.

David Miller (Canadian politician)

David Raymond Miller (born December 26, 1958) is the North American director for the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group, a former Mayor of Toronto and former president and CEO of WWF-Canada, the Canadian division of the international World Wildlife Fund.A former politician, Miller was the 63rd Mayor of Toronto from 2003 to 2010. He entered politics as a member of the New Democratic Party, although his mayoral campaign and terms in office were without any formal party affiliation. He allowed his party membership to lapse in 2007. After declining poll numbers, Miller announced on September 25, 2009, that he would not seek a third term as mayor in the 2010 election, citing family reasons. He subsequently served as an advisor on urban issues at the World Bank from 2011 to 2013.

Financial Post

The Financial Post was an English Canadian business newspaper, which published from 1907 to 1998. In 1998, the publication was folded into the new National Post, although the name Financial Post has been retained as the banner for that paper's business section and also lives on in the Post’s monthly business magazine, Financial Post Business.

The Financial Post started publication in 1907 by John Bayne Maclean. It was a weekly publication, and one of the core assets of Maclean's media business, which eventually became Maclean-Hunter.The paper was purchased by Sun Media in 1987, and expanded into a daily tabloid and home delivery newspaper in 1990 with a reformatted Financial Post Magazine following shortly after. In 1998, Sun Media sold the Financial Post to Hollinger, whose CEO Conrad Black had been seeking a way to establish a national newspaper. Sun Media acquired the Kitchener-Waterloo Record, the Guelph Mercury, the Hamilton Spectator and the Cambridge Reporter from Hollinger in exchange, but has since sold all four papers.

The Hollinger transaction was finalized in July 1998. Originally slated to launch on October 5, 1998, the National Post's launch was delayed until October 27 by the financial complications of the Financial Post purchase.The Financial Post retains a loyal audience of English business readers in Canada, offering coverage similar to the Report on Business by The Globe and Mail. Though there has been frequent speculation that the Financial Post would be merged into the business sections of the regional newspapers owned by the National Post’s parent, Postmedia News, much of the Post’s editorial content is now syndicated to other Postmedia newspapers through the Postmedia News Service. The Financial Post publishes several popular editorial features throughout the year, including the annual competition Financial Post’s Ten Best Companies to Work For.

Editors of the paper included Floyd Chalmers, John Godfrey and Diane Francis, who was the paper's last editor prior to the launch of the National Post.

Jordan Peterson

Jordan Bernt Peterson (born June 12, 1962) is a Canadian clinical psychologist and a professor of psychology at the University of Toronto. His main areas of study are in abnormal, social, and personality psychology, with a particular interest in the psychology of religious and ideological belief, and the assessment and improvement of personality and performance.Peterson studied at the University of Alberta and McGill University. He remained at McGill as a post-doctoral fellow from 1991 to 1993 before moving to Harvard University, where he was an assistant and then an associate professor in the psychology department. In 1998, he moved back to Canada as a faculty member in the psychology department at the University of Toronto, where, as of 2019, he is a full professor.

Peterson's first book, Maps of Meaning: The Architecture of Belief, published in 1999, examined several academic fields to describe the structure of systems of beliefs and myths, their role in the regulation of emotion, creation of meaning, and several other topics such as motivation for genocide. His second book, 12 Rules for Life: An Antidote to Chaos, was released in January 2018.In 2016 Peterson released a series of YouTube videos criticizing political correctness and the Canadian government's Bill C-16. The act added gender identity as a prohibited ground of discrimination, which Peterson characterised as an introduction of compelled speech into law. He subsequently received significant media coverage, attracting both support and criticism. Peterson is associated with the "Intellectual Dark Web".

Justin Trudeau

Justin Pierre James Trudeau (; French: [ʒystɛ̃ tʁydo]; born December 25, 1971) is a Canadian politician serving as the 23rd Prime Minister of Canada since 2015 and Leader of the Liberal Party since 2013. Trudeau is the second-youngest Canadian Prime Minister after Joe Clark; he is also the first to be related to a previous holder of the post, as the eldest son of Pierre Trudeau.Born in Ottawa, Trudeau attended Collège Jean-de-Brébeuf and graduated from McGill University in 1994 and the University of British Columbia in 1998. He gained a high public profile in October 2000, when he delivered a eulogy at his father's state funeral. After graduating, he worked as a teacher in Vancouver, British Columbia. He completed one year of an engineering program at Montreal's École Polytechnique, from 2002 to 2003, and one year of a master's program in environmental geography at McGill University, from 2004 to 2005. He advocated for various causes, and portrayed a cousin in the 2007 TV miniseries The Great War.In the 2008 federal election, he was elected to represent the riding of Papineau in the House of Commons. In 2009, he was appointed the Liberal Party's critic for youth and multiculturalism, and the following year, became critic for citizenship and immigration. In 2011, he was appointed as critic for secondary education and youth and amateur sport. Trudeau won the leadership of the Liberal Party in April 2013 and went on to lead his party to victory in the 2015 federal election, moving the third-placed Liberals from 36 seats to 184 seats, the largest-ever numerical increase by a party in a Canadian general election.

List of postal entities

This is a list of postal entities by country. It includes:

The governmental authority responsible for postal matters.

The regulatory authority for the postal sector. Postal regulation may include the establishment of postal policies, postal rates, postal services offered, budgeting for and financing postal operations. Where no independent postal regulator has been established, these tasks may be undertaken by the government or the operator(s). They may be carried out by a single entity or spread out amongst multiple government, quasi-government or private entities.

The designated postal operator of that country (normally the public postal service). Notable postal operators other than the designated operator, if any, may also be listed. Postal operations involve the execution of domestic and international postal services to include the receipt, transportation and delivery of authorized classes of mail, specialized mailing services, the operation of postal facilities and the sale of postage, philatelic materials and mailing supplies.

Mark Steyn

Mark Steyn (; born December 8, 1959) is a Canadian author and cultural commentator. He has written numerous books, including the New York Times bestsellers America Alone: The End of the World As We Know It and After America: Get Ready for Armageddon. Steyn has been published by magazines and newspapers around the world, and is a regular guest host of the nationally syndicated Rush Limbaugh Show. He also guest hosts Tucker Carlson Tonight on Fox News, on which he regularly appears as a guest.

Maxime Bernier

Maxime Bernier (born January 18, 1963) is a Canadian businessman, lawyer and politician, serving as Member of Parliament for the riding of Beauce since 2006, the founder and current leader of the party of the People's Party of Canada.

Prior to being elected, Bernier held positions in law, financial and banking fields. After being elected, he served as Minister of Industry, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of State for Small Business and Tourism, which later become the Minister of State for Small Business and Tourism and Agriculture in the cabinet of then-Prime Minister Stephen Harper. Following the Conservatives' defeat in the 2015 election, he served as opposition critic for Innovation, Science and Economic Development in the shadow cabinets of Rona Ambrose and Andrew Scheer, until June 12, 2018.

He ran in the 2017 Conservative Party of Canada leadership election, and came in a close second with over 49% of the vote in the 13th round, after leading the eventual winner, Andrew Scheer, in the first 12 rounds. On August 23, 2018, citing disagreements with Scheer's leadership, he resigned from the Conservative Party to create his own party. The party's name, the People's Party of Canada, was announced on September 14, 2018.

People's Party of Canada

The People's Party of Canada (PPC; French: Parti Populaire du Canada) is a right-wing federal political party in Canada. The party was formed by Maxime Bernier, a former cabinet minister and leadership candidate for the Conservative Party of Canada on September 14, 2018, shortly after his resignation from the Conservative party. The PPC has formed electoral district associations (EDAs) in all of Canada's 338 ridings, and plans to run a full slate of candidates in the 43rd Canadian Federal Election. Bernier is the party's only Member of Parliament, having represented the riding of Beauce since 2006.

Postmedia Network

Postmedia Network Canada Corporation (also known as Postmedia Network or Postmedia) is a Canadian media company consisting of the publishing properties of the former Canwest, with primary operations in newspaper publishing, news gathering and Internet operations.

The ownership group was assembled by National Post CEO Paul Godfrey in 2010 to bid for the chain of newspapers being sold by the financially troubled Canwest (the company's broadcasting assets were sold separately to Shaw Communications). Godfrey secured financial backing from a U.S. private equity firm, the Manhattan-based hedge fund GoldenTree Asset Management—which owns 35 per cent—as well as IJNR Investment Trust, Nyppex and other investors. The group completed a $1.1 billion transaction to acquire the chain from Canwest on July 13, 2010. Headquartered in Toronto, Ontario, the company has over 4,700 employees. The company's shares were listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange in 2011.The company's strategy has seen its publications invest greater resources in digital news gathering and distribution, including expanded websites and digital news apps for smartphones and tablets. This began with a revamp and redesign of the Ottawa Citizen, which debuted in 2014.


Poutine (; Quebec French: [put͡sɪn] (listen)) is a dish originating from the Canadian province of Quebec, consisting of French fries and cheese curds topped with a brown gravy. The dish emerged in the late 1950s in the Centre-du-Québec area and has long been associated with the cuisine of Quebec. For many years, it was negatively perceived and mocked, and even used as a means of stigmatization against Quebec society. Later, poutine became celebrated as a symbol of Québécois cultural pride, and its rise in prominence led to popularity outside the province, especially in the rest of Central Canada, in the Northeastern United States and even Japan.

Annual poutine celebrations occur in Montreal, Quebec City, and Drummondville, as well as Toronto, Ottawa, Chicago, and Manchester, New Hampshire. Today, it is often identified as quintessential Canadian food and has been called "Canada's national dish", though some believe this labelling represents misappropriation of Québécois culture. Many variations on the original recipe are popular, leading some to suggest that poutine has emerged as a new dish classification in its own right, just like sandwiches, dumplings, soups, and flatbreads.

Rizzuto crime family

The Rizzuto crime family (Italian: [ritˈtsuːto]) is an organized crime family based in Montreal, Quebec. The family territory covers most of southern Quebec and Ontario. The FBI considers the family to be connected to the Bonanno crime family, but Canadian law enforcement considers it to be a separate crime family. It is sometimes referred to as the Sixth Family.The Rizzuto family was founded by Nicolo Rizzuto, a Sicilian immigrant, in the 1970s as part of the Sicilian faction of the Montreal Cotroni crime family. An internal war broke out by the late 1970s which resulted in the death of acting captain Paolo Violi and his brothers, allowing the Rizzutos to overtake the Cotronis as the preeminent crime family in Montreal. The indictment of Vito Rizzuto, son of Nicolo, in 2004, and subsequent imprisonment in 2007 until 2012 for murders he participated in 1981, caused a power struggle in organized crime in Montreal. During Vito's imprisonment, his son, Nicolo Jr. was killed in 2009, followed by his father by a sniper rife while in his home in 2010. Upon Vito's release, several people were killed in what was suspected to be retaliation for the hits on his family. Vito died of natural causes shortly after in 2013, and the head of the Montreal Mafia is now assumed to be his son Leonardo.


SNC-Lavalin Group Inc. is a Canadian company based in Montreal that provides engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) services in various industries including; mining and metallurgy, oil and gas, environment and water, infrastructure, and clean power. SNC-Lavalin is the largest construction company by revenue in all of Canada as of 2018.

The firm has over 50,000 employees worldwide with offices in over 50 countries and operations in over 160 countries.

Siderno Group

The Siderno Group is a criminal association in Canada and Australia related to the 'Ndrangheta, a Mafia-type organisation in Calabria. The association is labelled the "Siderno Group" because its members primarily came from the town of Siderno on the Ionian coast in Calabria and migrated to Canada and Australia in the 1950s.

State Post Bureau

The State Post Bureau is the government agency that regulates China Post, the postal service of the People's Republic of China. The agency used to report to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and is now under the administration of the Ministry of Transport. The bureau is headed by the Director-General. The current Director-General is Ma Junsheng.Its responsibilities includes protecting state interests and consumer rights, the development of the national postal network and universal postal delivery services.The SPB has post bureaus in all the administrative divisions of the country which serve as public utility enterprises.

Stephen Harper

Stephen Joseph Harper (born April 30, 1959) is a Canadian economist, entrepreneur, and retired politician who served as the 22nd prime minister of Canada for nearly a decade, from February 6, 2006 to November 4, 2015. Harper has served as the leader of the International Democrat Union since February 2018.Over his career, Stephen Harper was elected to the House of Commons seven times, and served nine years as prime minister of Canada. Harper was the first prime minister to come from the modern Conservative Party of Canada, though older centre-right conservative parties have been active since Canada's founding by Sir John A. Macdonald. Harper was elected to the House of Commons of Canada for the riding of Calgary Southwest in Alberta from 2002 to 2015 and for Calgary Heritage until 2016. Earlier, from 1993 to 1997, he was the federal MP for Calgary West, representing the Reform Party of Canada. He was one of the founding members of the Reform Party, but did not seek re-election in the 1997 federal election. Harper instead joined and later led the National Citizens Coalition, a conservative lobbyist group. In 2002, he succeeded Stockwell Day as leader of the Canadian Alliance, the successor to the Reform Party and returned to parliament as Leader of the Opposition. In 2003, he reached an agreement with the leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada, Peter MacKay, for the merger of their two parties to form the Conservative Party of Canada. Harper was subsequently elected as the party's first leader in March 2004. The modern Conservative Party was a merger of progressive conservatives and reform candidates, but in practice it was accused of being too centrist and overly-dominated by progressive conservatives.The 2006 federal election resulted in a minority government led by the Conservative Party with Harper becoming the 22nd prime minister of Canada. This was to become Canada's longest-serving minority government, but by proportion of seats it was also the smallest minority government since Confederation. In the 2008 federal election, the Conservative Party outperformed and won a stronger minority, showing a moderate increase in the percentage of the popular vote and increased representation in the House of Commons of Canada, with 143 of 308 seats. The 40th Canadian Parliament was eventually dissolved in March 2011, after a no-confidence vote that deemed the Cabinet to be in contempt of parliament. In the federal election that followed, the Conservatives won a decisive majority government which was the first majority mandate since the 2000 federal election. In total, the Conservative Party won a majority of 166 seats in 2011, an increase of 23 seats from the October 2008 election.In the 2015 federal election, Harper won his seat of Calgary-Heritage but overall the Conservative Party lost power following nearly a decade in power. Prime Minister Harper continued to serve until November 4, 2015, when Justin Trudeau was officially sworn in. Following this, Stephen Harper's Conservative government was succeeded by the new Liberal Party of Canada as led by Justin Trudeau. Harper officially stepped down as party leader on October 19, 2015 and Rona Ambrose was subsequently chosen as interim leader on November 5, 2015. On May 26, 2016 he was named as a senior board member for the Conservative Party Fund. After 2015, Harper slowly began to step away from Canadian politics and took on a number of international business and leadership roles, founding a global consulting firm, appearing on US and British media, and being elected leader of the International Democrat Union. In 2017, the former Speaker of the House, Andrew Scheer, was elected as Harper's successor as leader of the Conservative Party.

Toronto Sun

The Toronto Sun is an English-language daily newspaper published in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

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