National Library of Pakistan

The National Library of Pakistan (Urdu:قومى کتب خانہ پاکستان), is the national and the research library located in the vicinity of the Constitutional Avenue, Islamabad, Pakistan.[3] American author, Stuart Murray, argues that it is the oldest cultural institutional that plays a leading role in providing the resource for information— ancient and new.[4]

Established in 1951, it was originally housed in the secretariat of Ministry of Education (MoEd) and amalgamated with the Liaquat National Library (LNL); it was shifting in Islamabad in 1965 with MoEd's secretariat serving its purpose.[5] In 1962, the Library received the right of transference of all copyrighted works to have two copies deposited of books, maps, illustrations and diagrams printed in Pakistan.[5] It gained more significance in 1992 with the promulgation of copyright (amendment) act 1992.[5] During the 1971 war, the library was thinned with the creation of Bangladesh with key material transferring to Bangladesh.[6] After a period of slow growth in its reconstruction, the library began to enlarge its size and importance in the country.[5][6] Development culminated in 1980s of an expensive and separated national library building within the vicinity of the Supreme Court's library.[3]

Designed with Eastern architecture, the library has space for 500 readers as well as 15 research rooms, a 450-seat auditorium, and computer and microfilm services.[7][8] At its opening in 1993, the library owned a collection of 130,000 volumes and 600 manuscripts.[9] Clauses to include electronic publications, as deposit material, are also being added to the Copyright law.[10] The national library mission to promote literacy as well serving as a dynamic cultural and educational center for the state's capital– the Islamabad.[4]

National Library
State emblem of Pakistan
National library of pakistan
Country Pakistan
TypeResearch and Depositary
Reconstituted in 1993
LocationConstitution Avenue, Islamabad, Pakistan
Branch ofN/A
Items collected~200,000 catalogued books in the Library system 580 hand written ancient manuscripts and over 10,000 key text on the history of Urdu, Arabic, Persian, and English languages; 55,836 book on science and technology; ~40,000 bound volumes of newspapers and periodicals
Access and use
CirculationLibrary does not publicly circulate
Population served442 members of the Parliament of Pakistan, their staff, and members of the public
Other information
Budget₨.60.2 million[1]
DirectorCh. Muhammad Nazir[2]
Chief National Librarian


Authorization for a national library can be traced back to 1949, although it did not gain any physical infrastructure until it was merged with the existing Liaquat Memorial Library in Karachi and renamed the Liaquat National Library. In 1967 the library began receiving copies of works published in Pakistan as part of its mandate as a copyright repository per the 1962 copyright ordinance. 1968 saw the separation of the Liaquat and National libraries, with the latter relocated to Islamabad along with Pakistan's capitol. The library was housed in a series of rented structures until construction of a permanent building was completed in 1988. The formal opening took place on 24 August 1993. Scholar Syed Jalaluddin Haider dates the library's existence later, to April 1999, when the 100,000-volume collection housed by the Department of Libraries was moved into the new building.[8][11]

See also


  1. ^ et. al., staff writers and constributors. "Department of Libraries: National LIbrary of Pakistan" (PDF). Islamabad, Pakistan: National Library of Pakistan Press, PDF. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  2. ^ Librarian of the National Library. Librarian of the National Library. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Address and location of the National Library of Pakistan". google maps services. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  4. ^ a b Murray, Stuart (2012). "National Library of Pakistan". Library : an illustrated history (google books). New York: W W Norton. ISBN 9781616084530. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  5. ^ a b c d et. al. "History of the National Library". National Library of Pakistan Press, History. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  6. ^ a b Feather, John; Sturges, Paul, eds. (1987). "Supplement 7". International Encyclopedia of Information and Library Science. New York: Dekker. ISBN 0824720423.
  7. ^ Wedgeworth, Robert, ed. (1993). World Encyclopedia of Library and Information Services (3rd ed.). American Library Association. p. 645–646. ISBN 0-8389-0609-5.
  8. ^ a b Ahmad, Pervaiz (2007). "The National Library of Pakistan: an overview" (PDF). IFLA Journal. SAGE. 34 (1): 90–98. doi:10.1177/0340035208088578. ISSN 0340-0352. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-08-07.
  9. ^ Feather, John; Sturges, Paul, eds. (2003). International Encyclopedia of Information and Library Science (2nd ed.). Routledge. p. 596. ISBN 0-415-25901-0.
  10. ^ Muhammad Waris, Bhatti. 2014. "National Library of Pakistan as Legal Depository." Pakistan Library & Information Science Journal 45, no. 1: 18-23.
  11. ^ Haider, Syed Jalaluddin; Mahmood, Khalid (2007). "MPhil and PhD library and information science research in Pakistan: an evaluation". Library Review. 56 (5): 407–417. doi:10.1108/00242530710750590.

External links

Coordinates: 33°43′36″N 73°06′06″E / 33.726696°N 73.101736°E


The Aiwan-e-Sadr or The Presidential Palace (Urdu: ایوانِ صدر‎) is the official residence and workplace of the President of Pakistan. The administrative head of Aiwan-e-Sadr is the Principal Secretary to the President of Pakistan.The first President who resided there was Ghulam Ishaq Khan, in 1988. Aiwan-e-Sadr is located in northeastern Islamabad on Constitution Avenue between the Parliament Building and the Cabinet block of the Pakistan Secretariat. Residences for the Presidential staff are also located behind the Presidency, known as the President's Colony adjacent to 4th Avenue.President Pervez Musharraf never lived in the palace as he was also the Army Chief and therefore lived in the Army House in Rawalpindi. The former President Asif Ali Zardari moved into the palace a day before his inauguration. Currently, Arif Alvi, the President of Pakistan resides there.

Auditor General of Pakistan

The Auditor General of Pakistan is a government organization and the prime and supreme audit institution (SAI) in the country for ensuring public accountability and fiscal transparency and oversight in governmental operations. The organization is expected to bring about improvements in the financial discipline and internal control environment in the executive departments for minimizing the possibility of waste and fraud.

Constitution Avenue (Islamabad)

Constitution Avenue (Urdu: شارع دستور‎) is a road in Islamabad, Pakistan.

A number of landmark and government buildings exist along the road, such as the Aiwan-e-Sadr, the Prime Minister's Office, the office of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the National Library of Pakistan, the Supreme Court of Pakistan, the Federal Shariat Court, Cabinet Block as well as the office of the Auditor General of Pakistan.

Copyright law of Pakistan

The basic legal instrument governing copyright law in Pakistan is the Copyright Ordinance, 1962 as amended by the Copyright (Amendment) Ordinance, 2000.

Government of Pakistan

The Government of Pakistan (Urdu: حکومتِ پاکستان‎) is a federal government established by the Constitution of Pakistan as a constituted governing authority of the four provinces of a proclaimed and established by the parliamentary democratic republic, constitutionally called the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.Effecting the Westminster system for governing the state, the government is mainly composed of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches, in which all powers are vested by the Constitution in the Parliament, the Prime Minister and the Supreme Court. The powers and duties of these branches are further defined by acts and amendments of the Parliament, including the creation of executive institutions, departments and courts inferior to the Supreme Court. By constitutional powers, the President promulgates ordinances and passes bills.

The President acts as the ceremonial figurehead while the people-elected Prime Minister acts as the chief executive (of the executive branch) and is responsible for running the federal government. There is a bicameral Parliament with the National Assembly as a lower house and the Senate as an upper house. The most influential officials in the Government of Pakistan are considered to be the federal secretaries, who are the highest ranking bureaucrats in the country and run cabinet-level ministries and divisions. The judicial branch systematically contains an apex Supreme Court, Federal Shariat Court, high courts of five provinces, district, anti-terrorism, and the green courts; all inferior to the Supreme Court.The full name of the country is the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. No other name appears in the Constitution, and this is the name that appears on money, in treaties, and in legal cases. The "Pakistan Government" or "Government of Pakistan" are often used in official documents representing the federal government collectively. Also, the terms "Federal" and "National" in government institutions or program names generally indicate affiliation with the federal government. As the seat of government is in Islamabad, "Islamabad" is commonly used as a metonym for the federal government.

Hidden Treasures of Swat

Hidden Treasures of Swat (ISBN 978-969-23042-0-7) is a non-fiction book based on the achievements of Italian Archaeological Mission (IAM) in Pakistan and Department of Archaeology and Museums (DOAM) Pakistan. Six major discoveries by Italian archaeologists in Swat District of the Khyber Pukhtunkhwa province of Pakistan are discussed in the book.

International Standard Book Number

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country.

The initial ISBN identification format was devised in 1967, based upon the 9-digit Standard Book Numbering (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten-digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero digit "0").

Privately published books sometimes appear without an ISBN. The International ISBN agency sometimes assigns such books ISBNs on its own initiative.Another identifier, the International Standard Serial Number (ISSN), identifies periodical publications such as magazines and newspapers. The International Standard Music Number (ISMN) covers musical scores.

Jinnah Convention Centre

Jinnah Convention Centre (also known as National Convention Centre) is an exhibition and convention centre based in Islamabad, Pakistan. It is named after Muhammad Ali Jinnah. The convention centre was inaugurated in 1997 at the First Extraordinary Summit of OIC.

Liaquat National Memorial Library

The Liaquat National Memorial Library, formerly called, National Library of Pakistan, is located at Stadium Road in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.

The National Library of Pakistan was established in 1950 as a branch directorate. In the year 1954, the Liaquat Memorial Library was declared a legal depository under the Copyright Law. This Library continued to function of the National Library until 1986. Over a short span of few years the library has acquired numerous collections through purchases, copyright deposits, gifts, exchanges, and donations. The library has total holdings of 144,000 volumes (73,000 English and European Languages, 40,000 Oriental Languages).

Liaquat Memorial Library has been serving the nation for over fifty years and its collection of more than 150,000 can now be searched online. The library has the biggest collection among the public libraries of the country. Liaquat Memorial Library holds thousands of volumes of

books and other reading materials. Library is intended to be a reference library for all purposes, a working place for scholars, Postgraduate students of social sciences and humanities and repository of national published literature for future historians.

List of federal agencies of Pakistan

A list of agencies and departments of the Government of Pakistan

List of libraries

This is an alphabetical list of notable libraries around the world. It includes both notable public lending libraries and research libraries.

National Accountability Bureau

The National Accountability Bureau (Urdu: قومی احتساب بیورو‎; abbreviated NAB) is an autonomous and constitutionally established federal institution responsible to build efforts against corruption and prepare critical national economic intelligence assessments against economic terrorism to the Government of Pakistan. It is headed by Justice (R) Javed Iqbal as its chairman. Pakistan's parliamentary committee that monitors corruption cases has criticized The National Accountability Bureau for its unwillingness to prosecute former Army officers involved in corruption scandals.The NAB is empowered to undertake any necessary prevention and awareness, in all means, in addition to enforce its operations against the economic terrorism and financial crimes. It was established on 16 November 1999 and its sphere of operation has been expanded and extended since. The constitution grants to launch investigations, conduct inquiries, and issues arrests warrants against the individuals suspected in the financial mismanagement, terrorism, corruptions (all in private-sector, state-sector, defence sector, and corporate-sector), and directs cases to accountability courts.Established by Ordinance No. XIX in 1999, its powers has been extended to conduct inquiry at higher level by the Article 270AA of the Constitution of Pakistan. With its chief headquarters located in Islamabad, it has four regional offices in the four provinces of the country as well as four capital territories of the country.

National Archives of Pakistan

The National Archives of Pakistan (Urdu: قومی آرکائیو‎) is a body established by the Government of Pakistan for the purpose of preserving and making available public and private records which have bearings on the history, culture and heritage of Pakistan. Located in Islamabad, the National Archives of Pakistan is a member of the International Council on Archives. Some of its stated functions are the acquisition, preservation, conservation, reprography, restoration, automation, dissemination and access of documents. NAP is also responsible for the facilitation of important state documents and collections of dated files.

National Library of Bangladesh

The National Library of Bangladesh (NLB) (Bengali: বাংলাদেশ জাতীয় গ্রন্থাগার) is the legal depository of all new books and other printed materials published in Bangladesh under the copyright law of Bangladesh. It was founded in 1973, but it traces its origins back to 1967, before the Bangladesh Liberation War and its independence. It is open to general public and has both Bengali and English language books. It is housed in the National Library Bhaban.

Red Zone (Islamabad)

The Red Zone is the area in Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan, where Aiwan-e-Sadr, the Prime Minister's Secretariat is located. This is where the President of Pakistan and Prime Minister of Pakistan reside. It contains executive buildings with the highest authority including:

Parliament of Pakistan

Pak Sectariat

Supreme Court of Pakistan

National Library of Pakistan

Diplomatic Enclave, Islamabad

Embassies of foreign countriesThe Red Zone also has the Constitution Avenue and Third and Fourth Avenues.

Shrine of Meher Ali Shah

The Shrine of Meher Ali Shah is a 20th-century Sufi shrine that serves as the tomb of the Peer Meher Ali Shah, an early 20th-century Sufi scholar of the Chisti order, who was also a leader of the anti-Ahmadiya movement. The shrine is located within the Islamabad Capital Territory, in the village of Golra Sharif. Now-a-days Golra Sharif is widely known for one of its custodians (Sajjada Nasheen) Pir Syed Naseer Uddin Naseer Gilani. At present this spiritual place's custodian (Sajjada Nasheen) is Peer Syed Shah Abdul Haq Gilani the younger son of Babuji.

Supreme Court of Pakistan Building

The Supreme Court Building is the official and principal site for the Supreme Court of Pakistan, located at 44000 Constitution Avenue in Islamabad, Pakistan. Completed in 1993, it is situated on the Constitution Avenue and is flanked by the Prime Minister's Office to the south and Presidential House and the Parliament House to the north.

Designed by famous Japanese architect, Kenzō Tange, under the consultation of the EPA, the complex was engineered and built by the CDA Engineering and Siemens Engineering. The building was part of an effort by the government of Pakistan to incorporate modernism into the architecture of important government buildings, for which several world-renowned architects were invited; Tange, after initially rejecting the invitation, ultimately agreed to participate.

The Gazette of Pakistan

The Gazette of Pakistan is the official newspaper of the Government of Pakistan. This Gazette provides information about government acts, ordinances, regulations, orders, S.R.Os, notifications, appointments, promotions, leaves, and awards.

Uncle Sargam

Uncle Sargam (Urdu: انکل سرگم‎) is a puppet character that first appeared in the Pakistani children's television show Kaliyan, aired on PTV in 1976. Uncle Sargam was created and voiced by the award-winning puppeteer and television director Farooq Qaiser. Uncle Sargam and Maasi Museebtay are regarded as Pakistan's legendary puppet duo.The satirical Uncle Sargam was the most vocal critic on state television under General Zia-ul-Haq's dictatorship in the 1980s. Later appearances were in the TV show Daak Time in 1993. The character appeared and hosted a television talk show Syasi Kaliyan at Dawn News in 2010.

The character also appeared in a Pakistan National Council of the Arts-organised show in Islamabad. Uncle Sargam later appeared in a charity show function organised by the NGO Mashal at the National Library of Pakistan in Islamabad in July 2013. In March 2014, the Oxford University Press held an Uncle Sargam puppet show to help children differentiate between original and pirated books at Peshawar’s Archives Library.In 2018, a diorama of Uncle Sargam was inaugurated at Lok Virsa Museum in Islamabad as a tribute to both the character and Farooq Qaiser.

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