NHLPA is the labour union for the group of professional hockey players who are under Standard Player Contracts to the 31 member clubs in the National Hockey League (NHL) located in the United States and Canada. The Association represents its membership in all matters dealing with their working conditions and contractual rights as well as serving as their exclusive collective bargaining agent.
|Full name||National Hockey League Players' Association|
|Key people||Donald Fehr|
|Office location||Toronto, Ontario, Canada|
The first NHLPA was formed in 1957, led by Ted Lindsay of the Detroit Red Wings and Doug Harvey of the Montreal Canadiens, after the league had refused to release pension plan financial information. The owners sabotaged the certification of the union by, in part, trading players involved with the association or sending them to the minor leagues. After an out-of-court settlement over several players' issues, the players disbanded the organization. Lindsay's struggle and the NHL's union busting efforts are dramatized in the movie, Net Worth.
To prevent the new NHLPA from suffering the fate of its predecessor, Pulford met with the owners of the NHL teams and demanded they recognize the new union or the union would seek official recognition from Canadian Labour Relations Board. Additionally, the players sought guarantees that no member of the new union would be punished for being a member. The owners acceded. In return, the NHLPA agreed that it should represent at least two-thirds of the active players in the NHL and that the players would refrain from striking for the duration of the agreement, so long as the owners did not contravene any terms or conditions.
Eagleson stayed on until the end of 1991, when the players replaced him with Bob Goodenow. Eagleson went on to face criminal charges relating to his conduct during the time he worked at the NHLPA, and ultimately, on January 6, 1998, pleaded guilty in a Boston court to three counts of fraud, agreeing also to pay a fine of CA$1,000,000. The following day in Toronto, Eagleson pleaded guilty to another three counts of fraud and was sentenced to 18 months in jail.
Bob Goodenow would seek to restore respect and honour to the Association during his successful 13 years of service to the players as Executive Director. He led all NHLPA members through the strike of 1992, which most notably gave players the rights to the marketing of their own images. In 1994–95, he was at the helm as the players endured a lockout, ensuring that a fair deal was reached. A decade later, in 2004–05, the owners locked out the players again, becoming the first professional sports league to cancel an entire season. Goodenow would depart following the lockout, notifying the players of his resignation in July 2005.
As Goodenow stepped down, the members of the Association turned to long-time NHLPA Senior Director Ted Saskin as his successor, drawing on his experience within the Association.
The NHLPA Executive Board terminated the employment of Saskin as Executive Director and General Counsel on May 10, 2007, following alleged acts of misconduct. Toronto employment lawyer Chris Paliare concluded Saskin and executive Ken Kim, beginning in September 2005 through January 2007, covertly accessed player email accounts.
On June 28, 2007, the NHLPA's Executive Board selected Michael Cammalleri (Calgary Flames), Chris Chelios (retired), Shawn Horcoff (Edmonton Oilers), Eric Lindros (retired) and Robyn Regehr (retired) to form a search committee for a new Executive Director. With the assistance of Reilly Partners, an executive search firm from Chicago, the search committee would review the resumes of hundreds of candidates.
The committee would ultimately recommend that Paul V. Kelly, a founding partner of Kelly, Libby and Hoopes law firm in Boston, become the fourth Executive Director since the NHLPA’s inception in 1967. Through a secret ballot system, the Player Representatives voted in favour of the committee’s recommendation, and Kelly would be introduced at a media conference on October 24, 2007.
On December 7, 2007, the NHLPA and the David Suzuki Foundation decided to create a pact, led by Boston Bruins defenceman Andrew Ference, which had over 500 NHL players signed up to donate $290 annually to purchase carbon credits in order to offset their regular season travel.
On August 31, 2009, Paul Kelly was fired from the NHLPA.
On October 30, 2009, interim Executive Director Ian Penny resigned.
Following Ian Penny's resignation, the NHLPA was without a strong leader. In late August 2010, it was widely speculated that former Major League Baseball Players Association Executive Director Donald Fehr would be appointed to this position. However, a day after the speculation reached a climax on August 26, both NHLPA Interim Director Mike Ouellet and Deputy Commissioner and chief legal officer of the NHL Bill Daly disputed the claims that it is all hearsay, and nothing is concrete between the NHLPA and Donald Fehr. However, Fehr would be formally named as executive director later in 2010.
On January 6, 2012, the NHLPA rejected a proposal for realignment in the league for beginning in the 2012–13 season, which impacted CBA discussions.
On September 15, 2012, with no agreement being reached on a new CBA, the owners locked out the players, thus threatening the start of the 2012–13 NHL season. Three months later, the NHLPA was fired back by the NHL on December 14 by filing a class action suit with the U.S. District Court in New York seeking to establish that its lockout is legal. They also filed an unfair labour practice charge with the National Labour Relations Board, saying that the union has been negotiating in bad faith and that their threat to disclaim interest is a negotiating ploy that violates the collective bargaining process. On December 21, a person told the Associated Press that a vote was cast to give the NHLPA executive board a chance to file a disclaimer of interest, with the vote in favor 706-22. The board had until January 2, 2013 to file the disclaimer, in which then the union would have dissolved and became a trade organization, which would have allowed players to file antitrust lawsuits against the NHL.
On January 6, the NHLPA reached a tentative agreement with the NHL to end the lockout. The NHLPA then approved a league proposal for realignment in the league beginning in the 2013–14 season.
While the management of daily operations is the responsibility of the NHLPA Executive Director, the ultimate control over all NHLPA activities resides with the players, who each year elect representatives in order to form an Executive Board. Each of the 31 teams has one representative on the Board.
|Anaheim Ducks||Patrick Eaves||Adam Henrique|
|Arizona Coyotes||Kevin Connauton||Clayton Keller|
|Boston Bruins||Brandon Carlo||n/a|
|Buffalo Sabres||Jake McCabe||Zach Bogosian|
|Calgary Flames||Mikael Backlund||Matthew Tkachuk|
|Carolina Hurricanes||Justin Faulk||Jordan Martinook|
|Chicago Blackhawks||n/a||Jonathan Toews|
|Colorado Avalanche||Ian Cole||Tyson Barrie|
|Columbus Blue Jackets||David Savard||Seth Jones|
|Dallas Stars||n/a||Connor Carrick 1|
|Detroit Red Wings||Luke Glendening||Justin Abdelkader|
|Edmonton Oilers||n/a||Darnell Nurse|
|Florida Panthers||Mike Matheson||Nick Bjugstad 2|
|Los Angeles Kings||Alec Martinez||n/a|
|Minnesota Wild||Devan Dubnyk||Ryan Suter|
|Montreal Canadiens||Paul Byron||Brendan Gallagher|
|Nashville Predators||Yannick Weber||Ryan Ellis|
|New Jersey Devils||Cory Schneider||Kyle Palmieri|
|New York Islanders||Anders Lee||Scott Mayfield|
|New York Rangers||Brady Skjei||Adam McQuaid|
|Ottawa Senators||Mark Stone||Dylan DeMelo|
|Philadelphia Flyers||Radko Gudas||James Van Riemsdyk|
|Pittsburgh Penguins||Kristopher Letang||n/a|
|San Jose Sharks||Brenden Dillon||Martin Jones|
|St. Louis Blues||Colton Parayko||Alex Pietrangelo|
|Tampa Bay Lightning||Alexander Killorn||Louis Boileau-Domingue|
|Toronto Maple Leafs||Zach Hyman||John Tavares|
|Vancouver Canucks||Erik Gudbranson 3||Bo Horvat|
|Vegas Golden Knights||Nate Schmidt||Alex Tuch|
|Washington Capitals||Thomas Wilson||Lars Eller|
|Winnipeg Jets||Adam Lowry||Jacob Trouba|
The 1957–58 NHL season was the 41st season of the National Hockey League. The Montreal Canadiens won the Stanley Cup for the third consecutive season, defeating the Boston Bruins four games to two in the best-of-seven final series.1992 NHL strike
The 1992 NHL strike was the first strike action initiated by the National Hockey League Players' Association (NHLPA) against the National Hockey League's (NHL) owners. It was called on April 1, 1992, and lasted ten days. The settlement saw the players earn a large increase in their playoff bonuses, increased control over the licensing of their likenesses and changes to the free agency system. In addition, the season was expanded to 84 games and included provisions for each team to play two games per season in non-NHL cities. As a result of the strike, the owners removed John Ziegler as President, replacing him with Gil Stein. The strike fundamentally altered the relationship between the league and its players.2 on 2 Open Ice Challenge
2 On 2 Open Ice Challenge is an ice hockey arcade game released by Midway Games in 1995. It features comically exaggerated hockey play, causing it to often be described as an ice hockey equivalent to Midway's NBA Jam. It was ported to PlayStation in 1996. The game would be similar to its arcade counterpart with exception to the fact that the Winnipeg Jets moved to Phoenix after the conclusion of the 1995-96 season, thus the Phoenix Coyotes replaced the Jets in the PlayStation port. In addition, much of the team's roster was changed, including its goalie, Tim Cheveldae being replaced by Nikolai Khabibulin, therefore Cheveldae was unable to be a goalie playing for any team in the PlayStation version.
Open Ice was released on PC (Windows) in 1997 featuring the same roster and teams as the PlayStation version. This game is an official licensed product of the NHLPA (National Hockey League Players Association).Alan Eagleson
Robert Alan Eagleson (born April 24, 1933) is a disbarred Canadian lawyer, hockey agent and promoter. Clients that he represented included superstars Bobby Orr and Darryl Sittler, and he was the first executive director of the NHL Players Association (NHLPA), which was initially lauded for improving the bargaining power of National Hockey League (NHL) players. He is also well known for providing the opportunity for professional players to compete in international hockey, by promoting the 1972 Summit Series between Canada and the Soviet Union, and the Canada Cup (now the World Cup of Hockey). However, Eagleson was convicted of fraud and embezzlement and briefly imprisoned, after it was revealed that he had abused his position for many years by defrauding his clients and skimming money from tournaments. After his convictions, he was removed as a member of the Order of Canada and resigned from the Hockey Hall of Fame where he had been inducted in the builder category.Alex Shibicky
Alexandre Dimitri Shibicky (May 19, 1914 – July 9, 2005) was an ice hockey forward who played for the New York Rangers of the National Hockey League from 1935 to 1946.
Shibicky was also a Stanley Cup winner in 1940, and the vice-president of the first incarnation of the National Hockey League Players Association, but he is best known for being the first player to use a slapshot, which he did in 1937. He said he learned it in practice from teammate Fred "Bun" Cook during the 1935–36 season. He also spent three years in the Canadian Forces during World War II.Bob Goodenow
Robert W. "Bob" Goodenow (born October 29, 1952 in Dearborn, Michigan) is an American lawyer who served as Executive Director of the National Hockey League Players Association from 1992 until his resignation on July 28, 2005.
Goodenow graduated from Harvard University in 1974 and from the University of Detroit Law School in 1979.
Goodenow succeeded Alan Eagleson as the head of the NHLPA in 1992 upon Eagleson's resignation. In Goodenow's first couple months on the job, he led the players out on a 10-day strike on the eve of the Stanley Cup playoffs.Two years later, Goodenow and NHL Commissioner Gary Bettman oversaw a 103-day lockout that lasted from October 1, 1994 to January 11, 1995.
Goodenow was also the NHLPA's Executive Director during the 2004–2005 labor dispute, which resulted in the cancellation of the
2004–05 NHL season. A tentative agreement was reached on July 13, 2005.
On July 28, 2005, Goodenow was asked to step down as NHLPA chief and was replaced by Ted Saskin, NHLPA Senior Director of Business Affairs and Licensing and the head negotiator during the CBA contract talks. This resignation came less than two weeks after the NHL and the NHLPA came to the new CBA.
On December 15, 2007, TSN reported that Goodenow had been hired by Russian businessman Alexander Medvedev to help in the creation of a European hockey league to rival the NHL. The Kontinental Hockey League was eventually formed a year later.Don Meehan
Donald E. Meehan (born April 10, 1951) is an influential Canadian National Hockey League Players' Association (NHLPA) hockey player agent.Donald Fehr
Donald Martin Fehr (born July 18, 1948) is the executive director of the National Hockey League Players Association. He became nationally prominent while serving as the executive director of the Major League Baseball Players Association from 1985 to 2009.ECHL
The ECHL (formerly the East Coast Hockey League) is a mid-level professional ice hockey league based in Princeton, New Jersey, with teams scattered across the United States and two franchises in Canada. It is a tier below the American Hockey League.
The ECHL and the AHL are the only minor leagues recognized by the collective bargaining agreement between the National Hockey League and the National Hockey League Players' Association, meaning any player signed to an entry-level NHL contract and designated for assignment must report to a club in either the ECHL or the AHL. Additionally, the league's players are represented by the Professional Hockey Players' Association in negotiations with the ECHL itself. Some 623 players have played at least one game in both the NHL and the ECHL.For the 2018–19 season, 25 of 31 National Hockey League teams have affiliations with an ECHL team with the Anaheim Ducks, Columbus Blue Jackets, Florida Panthers, Montreal Canadiens, Nashville Predators, and San Jose Sharks having no official affiliations as of September 29, 2018. The two independent teams are the Greenville Swamp Rabbits and Rapid City Rush. However, unaffiliated NHL teams do sometimes lend contracted players to ECHL teams for development and increased playing time.
The league's regular season begins in October and ends in April. The current ECHL champion is the Colorado Eagles, although the organization has since left the league to join the American Hockey League.Esso Power Players
Esso Power Players was a hockey trading card scheme dreamed up by Imperial Oil and the NHLPA (National Hockey League Players' Association) in the 1970–71 hockey season. Every time a customer purchased fuel at an Esso station (in Canada), they received a small packet of "6 - Power Players Trader's Stickers". These were then pasted into an album. Two albums were available, the standard (paperback) issue and a "deluxe" hardcover edition. The front cover of the softcover album read, in French, "NHL Les Grands Du Hockey Album" and English, "NHL Power Player Saver". Interesting, in the French edition, the first team was Montreal and in the English version, the first team was Toronto. An obvious attempt at regional marketing. Hard cover sets retail for approximately $250 while soft covers around $100.
At the time, there were 14 teams in the National Hockey League, and each team page had spots for 18 player cards, which were about half the size of a hockey card, cut horizontally.
Along with the cards, collectors got a plastic wallet which folded in half and when opened, had four slots for storing cards.
At some time later in the season, ESSO issued additional stickers that were players traded during the season. If anyone know of these players please add.
At the end of the season, it was possible to write into Esso to order any cards you did not have. When you received the cards, they also came with 252 additional stickers to go below the cards in the album. These additional stickers showed the games, goals, assists, points, and penalty minutes for each player.Glenn Healy
Glenn Healy (born August 23, 1962) is a former ice hockey goaltender who played for 15 years in the National Hockey League. Prior to that, he was a member of the Western Michigan University hockey team, and 1985 graduate of the school. He also served as the director of player affairs for the National Hockey League Players' Association (NHLPA). He resigned on September 3, 2009 in the wake of the firing of NHLPA Executive Director Paul Kelly. In his capacity as director of player affairs, Healy also served as a non-voting member on the National Hockey League (NHL) Competition Committee, overseeing the NHLPA's interests regarding rule and equipment issues and player safety matters. He now is the Executive Director/President of the NHL Alumni Association.Hockey Fights Cancer
Hockey Fights Cancer is a charitable initiative of the US and Canadian National Hockey League (NHL) and the National Hockey League Players Association (NHLPA) dedicated to raising money and awareness toward cancer research. It was founded in 1998 as an outgrowth of a similar program instituted by the Tampa Bay Lightning after former player John Cullen made a brief NHL comeback after suffering from non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The program had raised over US$14 million according to its Web site in 2015.NHL (video game series)
NHL is a series of professional ice hockey simulation video games developed by EA Canada and published yearly by Electronic Arts under the EA Sports brand. The game is developed under license from the National Hockey League (NHL), which enables the use of the league's team names, stadiums and colors in the game, and the National Hockey League Players' Association (NHLPA), which enables the use of the League's player names and likenesses.Paul Kelly (lawyer)
Not to be confused with Paul V. Kelly.Paul V. Kelly (born ca. 1955) is a prominent Massachusetts-based American lawyer and the former executive director of the National Hockey League Players' Association (NHLPA) from October 24, 2007, to August 31, 2009, and former executive director of College Hockey, Inc. Kelly is a partner in the Boston office of Jackson Lewis P.C. and is chair of the White Collar & Government Enforcement practice group and co-chair of the Collegiate & Professional Sports Industry practice group.Professional Hockey Writers' Association
The Professional Hockey Writers Association (PHWA) is a North American professional association for ice hockey journalists writing for newspapers, magazines and websites. The PHWA was founded in 1967 and has approximately 180 voting members.PHWA members vote for the following seven National Hockey League (NHL) individual awards: Hart Memorial Trophy, Lady Byng Memorial Trophy, Calder Memorial Trophy, James Norris Memorial Trophy, Conn Smythe Trophy, Bill Masterton Memorial Trophy, and Frank J. Selke Trophy. Members of the National Hockey League Broadcasters' Association vote for the Jack Adams Award (coaching), while the NHL general managers vote for the Vezina Trophy (top goalie). Members of the National Hockey League Players' Association vote for the Ted Lindsay Award. There are,several other NHL awards, including the Mark Messier NHL Leadership Award and the NHL General Manager of the Year Award.The members of the PHWA also vote for the Elmer Ferguson Memorial Award, presented by the Hockey Hall of Fame to professional hockey writers.
The association is dedicated to "preserving the rights and improving the access for members of the North American–based media who cover the sport of hockey all over the world".Steve McAllister
Steve McAllister is a long-time Canadian sports media and communications expert. He currently is a partner in HipCheck Media, an agency that produces video content and creates social media strategies on behalf of sports organizations.
McAllister is the former managing editor of sports for Yahoo Canada, and the former sports editor of Canada's national newspaper, The Globe and Mail. He has also been the media relations manager for the National Hockey League Players Association. McAllister covered the Toronto Blue Jays' back-to-back World Series championships in 1992 and 1993 as the national baseball writer for The Canadian Press. He was inducted into the Brockville and Area Sports Hall of Fame in June 2011, and has been the president of Sports Media Canada since May 2009. He was honoured in his hometown of Prescott, Ont., in June 2014 by being placed on the South Grenville District High School Wall of Fame. McAllister was also an official in the Ontario Hockey League between 1981 and 1989, and refereed the first two games of the first unofficial world women's hockey championship in 1987.Ted Lindsay
Ted Lindsay (born Robert Blake Theodore Lindsay; July 29, 1925 – March 4, 2019) was a Canadian professional ice hockey player who played as a forward for the Detroit Red Wings and Chicago Black Hawks of the National Hockey League (NHL). Lindsay scored over 800 points in his Hockey Hall of Fame career, won the Art Ross Trophy in 1950, and won the Stanley Cup four times. Often referred to as "Terrible Ted", Lindsay helped to organize the National Hockey League Players' Association (NHLPA) in the late 1950s, an action which led to his trade to Chicago. In 2017, Lindsay was named one of the '100 Greatest NHL Players' in history.Ted Saskin
Ted Saskin (born c. 1959) is the former NHL Players Association executive director. He assumed the title after Bob Goodenow resigned on July 28, 2005, but was unanimously fired by the NHLPA on May 10, 2007, after a union-commissioned report concluded Saskin had quarterbacked a campaign to hack into player email accounts.Saskin had previously served as NHLPA Senior Director of Business Affairs and Licensing since 1992, as one of Goodenow's new deputies when the latter assumed the role of executive director after the forced resignation of Alan Eagleson.
Saskin was credited with taking a more conciliatory approach to collective bargaining agreement negotiations, compared to the hard-line stance of Goodenow, which ended the 2004–05 NHL lockout. Saskin was widely seen as the heir apparent to Goodenow and initially touted as a successor due to his knowledge of the CBA, so he became NHLPA Executive Director in 2005 after Goodenow was forced to step down.
However, Saskin's hiring came under scrutiny from some players who felt that he was improperly elected and misrepresented salary figures during negotiations with players union president Trevor Linden, a forward with the Vancouver Canucks. On October 2, 2006, a group of NHL players, led by Chris Chelios filed a lawsuit in US Federal Court to remove Saskin and also millions of dollars in damages and punitive damages. Eventually the lawsuit was dismissed by a judge who ruled that because the NHLPA is based in Toronto, Ontario, that is the appropriate venue for the case.In 2007, Saskin and other union executives came under fire for allegedly inappropriately accessing the private email accounts of players and agents who have challenged his hiring.On March 11, 2007, Saskin was placed on a paid leave of absence from his position as NHLPA executive director, before being let go on May 10. Saskin, who was in the second year of a five-year contract reportedly worth $10 million US, reportedly received nearly $750,000 US in accrued vacation pay and union shares.Saskin is a lawyer and practicing in Toronto since 1985.World Cup of Hockey
The World Cup of Hockey is an international ice hockey tournament. Inaugurated in 1996, it is the successor to the Canada Cup, which ran from 1976 to 1991 and was the first international hockey championship to allow nations to field their top players. The World Cup has occurred thrice before on an irregular basis, with the United States winning in 1996 and Canada winning in 2004 and 2016. Following the 2016 tournament, it is uncertain if the series will continue, with the 2020 tournament being cancelled.
The World Cup of Hockey is organized by the National Hockey League (NHL) and the National Hockey League Players' Association (NHLPA), unlike the annual World Ice Hockey Championships and quadrennial Olympic tournament, both run by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF). World Cup games are played under NHL rules and not those of the IIHF, and the tournament occurs prior to the NHL pre-season, allowing all the NHL's players to be available, unlike the World Championships, which overlaps with the NHL's Stanley Cup playoffs.
North American major league sports player associations