National Fellowship

The National Fellowship was a minor right-wing libertarian conservative political party in the United Kingdom.

The party was launched under Chairman Edward Martell on 1 January 1962, with full page advertisements in national broadsheets. The advert referred to the organisation as part of a movement spearheaded by The New Daily newspaper. They claimed that they would mostly attract supporters from the Conservative Party, but attacked Iain MacLeod as "inclined to a mild sort of socialism". The initial policies listed included opposition to many trade union activities, anti-communism, cuts to government expenditure and welfare and more restrictions on immigration. The associated advisory committee included former Chairman of the Liberal Party Lord Moynihan, Conservative MPs Donald Johnson and Henry Kerby and former Liberal MP Don Bennett.[1] Moynihan's support to the party led to his removal as a vice-president of the Yorkshire Area Liberal Federation.[2]

The advert also gave details of an Establishment Committee. This prompted Peter Cook and Nicholas Luard to write to The Guardian noting that this was unconnected with their recently created club, The Establishment, but that they hoped it would provide them with material for their comedy shows.[3]

The party planned to stand a candidate in the 1962 Leicester North East by-election. The Conservative candidate, Robin Marlar, attended a meeting they organised, but left as soon as he was invited to speak, stating that he had "nothing but contempt" for their plans. Despite this, the Fellowship decided not to put up a candidate.[4] In early 1963, Martell joined the Conservative Party, but maintained the Fellowship.[5]

The Fellowship's first candidacy was at the 1963 Bristol South East by-election. A 1961 by-election in the constituency was won by Labour Party politician Tony Benn, but he was disqualified by reason of his peerage, and the seat was instead awarded to second-placed Conservative Malcolm St Clair. As the law had been changed, permitting Benn to renounce his peerage, St Clair agreed to stand down and the Conservatives did not run a candidate in the by-election. Martell attempted to persuade either of two local businessmen to stand for the Fellowship against Benn, but both refused. Instead, Martell stood himself.[6] The Fellowship was Benn's main challenger from the right. Martell took a distant second place, with 19% of the vote, becoming the first independent candidate in 17 years to hold his deposit.[7]

The party spent most of its funds supporting favoured Conservatives at the 1964 general election, and Martell wrote to all previous donors, asking for personal loans, repayable on 14 days' notice. He soon proved unable to repay these loans, prompting questions in Parliament.[8] In July 1966, he merged the Fellowship with other campaigns he had run, including the "Freedom Group", into the National Party. The new party announced their intention to contest at least the next five by-elections, but ultimately their only candidate was Bennett, who took last place in the 1967 Nuneaton by-election.[9][10] Martell was declared bankrupt in 1968,[11] after which the party disappeared.


  1. ^ "National revival or eclipse?", The Guardian, 1 January 1962
  2. ^ "Lord Moynihan "dismissed"", The Guardian, 12 March 1962
  3. ^ "The National Fellowship", The Guardian, 4 January 1962
  4. ^ "Martell's group withdraws", The Guardian, 2 July 1962
  5. ^ "News in brief", The Guardian, 21 February 1963
  6. ^ "3 will oppose Benn", The Guardian, 10 August 1963
  7. ^ "Benn has 15,479 majority", The Guardian, 21 August 1963
  8. ^ "MPs seek an inquiry into Martell group", The Guardian, 18 June 1965
  9. ^ "National Party to fight 5 seats", The Guardian, 30 January 1967
  10. ^ F. W. S. Craig, Minor Parties at British Parliamentary Elections
  11. ^ "Mr Edward Martell - 'no assets'", The Guardian, 4 May 1968


Charis Fellowship

Charis Fellowship, known before 2018 as the Fellowship of Grace Brethren Churches, and before 1976 under the name of National Fellowship of Brethren Churches, is a theologically conservative fellowship of Brethren churches that was founded in 1939 as a conservative split from the Brethren Church. The word charis is Greek in origin, meaning “grace.” The church traces its roots back to the Schwarzenau Brethren movement of Alexander Mack, founded in 1708 in Schwarzenau, Germany.

Chitra Mandal

Chitra Mandal is a chemical biologist in the field of biomolecules and their applications in health and diseases. She is currently the Director of CSIR - Indian Institute of Chemical biology in Kolkata, India.

Conservative Grace Brethren Churches, International

Conservative Grace Brethren Churches, International (CGBCI) is a conservative group that separated from the Fellowship of Grace Brethren Churches.

In 1939 the National Fellowship of Brethren Churches developed from struggles that occurred within the progressive Brethren Church during the 1920s and 1930s. Later the National Fellowship became known as the Fellowship of Grace Brethren Churches (FGBC). In 1992, due to doctrinal disagreements in the FGBC, the Conservative Grace Brethren Churches, International was formed. The Conservative Grace Brethren maintain a 12-article statement of faith similar to the FGBC statement of faith. Comments added in 1994 were designed to "conserve" what the CGBCI asserts are the original Grace Brethren tenants, including such things a young earth creation, the cessation of sign gifts, the seven-year eschatological tribulation, and eternal punishment as a conscious state.

In 2003 CGBCI had 46 churches in 15 states of the United States, with the main concentration being in Ohio and Pennsylvania. In 2007, a ministerial dispute over the discipline of a Mansfield, Ohio, pastor resulted in the withdrawal of several congregations from the CGBCI, and the participating congregations dropped to 39 churches. In February 2010, the CGBCI official website listed 37 churches in the CGBCI fellowship. In November, 2011 the CGBCI official website listed 40 member churches.

The CGBCI supports only "endorsed" missionaries. According to the CGBCI official website, missionaries are supported in Brazil, Cameroon, Germany and India.

The Conservative Grace Brethren is one of six Schwarzenau Brethren groups that cooperate ecumenically in the Brethren World Assembly (founded 1992), and with the Brethren Encyclopedia having one representative on the Board of Directors with the following groups: Church of the Brethren, Dunkard Brethren, Fellowship of Grace Brethren Churches, Old German Baptist Brethren, and The Brethren Church.

Estrella Alfon

Estrella D. Alfon (July 18, 1917 – December 28, 1983) was a well-known prolific Filipina author who wrote in English. Because of continued poor health, she could manage only an A. A. degree from the University of the Philippines. She then became a member of the U. P. writers club and earned and was given the privileged post of National Fellowship in Fiction post at the U. P. Creative Writing Center. She died in the year 1983 at the age of 66.

Gurbachan Singh Talib

Sardar Gurbachan Singh (Punjabi: ਸਰਦਾਰ ਗੁਰਬਚਨ ਸਿੰਘ ਤਾਲਿਬ (Gurmukhi); 1911–1986) was a Sikh scholar, professor, and author. He was born in Moonak, Sangrur district. He was a lecturer at the Sikh National College at Lahore. At the Banaras Hindu University he held the prestigious Guru Nanak Chair of Sikh Studies. He received the Padma Bhushan in 1985. He received in 1985 the National fellowship by the Indian Council of Historical Research, New Delhi.

Henry Kerby

Henry Briton Kerby (11 December 1914 – 4 January 1971) was a British Conservative Member of Parliament for Arundel and Shoreham. He won the seat in a 1954 by-election, and served until his death at the age of 56 in Chichester in 1971. For a time he was associated with the National Fellowship group.

Before joining the Conservative Party, Kerby was a Liberal politician. He contested Spelthorne at the 1945 general election as a Liberal and Swansea West at the 1951 general election as a Conservative.

After he died, his seat was successfully retained by the Conservative candidate, Richard Luce.

John Ellis Bowlt

John Ellis Bowlt (born 1943) is an English art historian specialising in Russian avant garde art of 1900-1930. He is a professor at the University of Southern California and directs its Institute of Modern Russian Culture.

In 2009, Bowlt received the Order of Friendship from former Russian President Dmitry Medvedev. He has received numerous awards and scholarships, including the Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship and Fulbright-Hays Awards.

John Hawkins (Canadian composer)

John Hawkins (26 July 1944, Montreal – 14 January 2007, Toronto) was a Canadian composer, conductor, music educator, and pianist. He notably won the 2nd-century Week Composition Competition in 1967 for his Eight Movements for Flute and Clarinet and received the Jules Léger Prize in 1983 for Breaking Through which was commissioned by ARRAYMUSIC. In 1971, he helped found the New Music Concerts in Toronto and was frequent performer there during his lifetime. He also frequently performed in concerts presented by the Société de musique contemporaine du Québec, notably appearing as a soloist on the organization's recording of Jacques Hétu's Cycle.Hawkins began his professional education at the Conservatoire de musique du Québec à Québec where he was a pupil of Lubka Kolessa. He transferred to McGill University in 1965 where he went on to earn a Bachelor of Music (1967), a Concert Diploma (1968), and a Master of Music (1970). At McGill he studied music composition with István Anhalt through a grant from the Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation. He also studying conducting with Pierre Boulez in Basel in 1969.In 1970, Hawkins became a member of the faculty of the University of Toronto, where he taught music theory, analysis, composition, and orchestration until ill health forced him to retire in 2006. He died a year later at the age of 62. Among his notable pupils was composer John Burge. He was an associate of the Canadian Music Centre and a member of the Canadian League of Composers.

L. Rafael Reif

Leo Rafael Reif (born August 21, 1950) is a Venezuelan-American electrical engineer, writer and academic administrator. He is the president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, succeeding Susan Hockfield on July 2, 2012. Reif previously served as the Institute's provost, as the head of MIT's Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science and as the director of the MIT Microsystems Technology Laboratories.

List of charitable foundations

This is a list of notable charitable foundations.

Miller Center of Public Affairs

The Miller Center is a nonpartisan affiliate of the University of Virginia that specializes in United States presidential scholarship, public policy, and political history and strives to apply the lessons of history to the nation’s most pressing contemporary governance challenges. The Miller Center is committed to work grounded in rigorous scholarship and advanced through civil discourse.

Ministry of Minority Affairs

The Ministry of Minority Affairs is a ministry of the Government of India which was carved out of Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment and created on 29 January 2006. It is the apex body for the central government's regulatory and developmental programmes for the minority religious communities in India, which include Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, Zoroastrians (Parsis) and Jains notified as minority communities in The Gazette of India under Section 2(c) of the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992.Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi assumed the office as a cabinet minister for Minority Affairs on 4 September 2017. He served as the Minister of State for Minority Affairs when Najma Heptulla was the cabinet minister. Following Najma Heptulla's resignation on 12 July 2016, Naqvi was assigned the Independent charge of the Ministry.

The ministry is also involved with the linguistic minorities and of the office of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, representation of the Anglo-Indian community, protection and preservation of non-Muslim shrines in Pakistan and Muslim shrines in India in terms of the Pant-Mirza Agreement of 1955, in consultation with the Ministry of External Affairs. The Minister in charge is also Chairperson of the Central Wakf Council, India, which manages the running of the State Wakf Boards. Ministry of Minority Affairs provides Moma scholarship to minority community students of India every year. Moma Scholarship is a scholarship scheme of the Ministry of Minority Affairs initiated with the aim of supporting minority communities student who is not financially strong and wants to pursue higher studies in India. Minority communities in India includes Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, Parsis and Jains. The scholarship is awarded to the students by India Government through State Government/UTs. The scholarship is awarded for the undergraduate and postgraduate courses.Linguistic Minorities, according to Indian Constitution should have a Special Officer appointed.Constitutional Article: 350B.

There shall be a Special Officer for linguistic minorities to be appointed by the President.

It shall be the duty of the Special Officer to investigate all matters relating to the safeguards provided for linguistic minorities under this Constitution and report to the President upon those matters at such intervals as the President may direct, and the President shall cause all such reports to be laid before each House of Parliament, and sent to the Governments of the States concerned.It is to be decided based on states as the states have been formed on linguistic basis.

Second inauguration of Woodrow Wilson

The second inauguration of Woodrow Wilson as President of the United States was held privately on Sunday, March 4, 1917, and publicly on Monday, March 5, 1917, at the east portico of the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C.. The inauguration marked the commencement of the second four-year term of Woodrow Wilson as President and of Thomas R. Marshall as Vice President. Chief Justice Edward D. White administered the presidential oath of office to Wilson.

Suman Chakraborty

Suman Chakraborty is Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department of the Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India, and Institute Chair Professor. He was also formerly the Head, School of Medical Science and Technology and the Associate Dean of Sponsored Research and Industrial Consultancy at IIT Kharagpur. He was earlier the Indian National Academy of Engineering Chair Professor (2014–16). He joined the Institute in the year 2002 as Assistant Professor, became Associate Professor in the year 2007. He became full Professor in the year 2008.

Chakraborty Graduated from the Mechanical Engineering Department of Jadavpur University in the year 1996, securing 2nd Rank out of a pool of more than 100 students. After a brief Industrial Experience on Engineering design at the Development Consultants Ltd., he appeared for the National level competitive examination on Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineering (GATE, 1997), in which he was nationally Ranked as the 1st. Subsequently, he joined the Indian Institute of Science(IISc) for his Masters study where he was the faculty topper (CGPA 7.8 out of 8) and received gold medal and Senate Commendation for outstanding performance in Masters of Engineering. Thereafter, he joined Jadavpur University as a Lecturer. In the year 2000, he joined the IISc for his doctoral research, on study leave from Jadavpur University. He completed his Ph.D thesis work in about one year at the IISc. His received “Best International CFD Thesis Award” in 2002.Chakraborty has research interests in the area of Microfluidics and Micro/Nano scale transport processes, including their theoretical, computational, and experimental modeling, encompassing the underlying fundamentals as well as bio-medical, bio-technological, chip cooling, and energy related applications. Chakraborty is known for his fundamental as well as translational research in the domain of microfluidics and nanofluidics. His has published 400+ papers in International Journals of high repute. More than 30 Ph.D students have graduated working under his supervision.Chakraborty has authored several text books and edited several research monographs. He has also developed several video lecture courses, under the National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning. Chakraborty has also been the Editor / Editorial Board Member of Journals in his field of expertise, including Scientific Reports. He received the prestigious Santi Swaroop Bhatnagar Prize, and became the youngest Fellow of the Indian National Academy of Engineering, and Fellows of the Indian National Science Academy (INSA), Indian Academy of Sciences (IAS), Indian National Academy of Science (NASI), in addition of being the recipient of the Indo-US Research Fellowship, Scopus Young Scientist Award given by Elsevier for high citations on his research publications, Alexander von Humboldt Fellowship (2005), and Young Scientist/ Young Engineer Award from various National Academies. He has been bestowed with the Fellowship of the American Physical Society, Fellowship of the Royal Society of Chemistry, and Fellowship of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He was a visiting Professor at Stanford University.. In the year 2018, he has been awarded the prestigious J. C. Bose National Fellowship, which is the highest Fellowship awarded by the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India.

Chakraborty has received research funding from various Government and Private bodies, including International funding agencies (such as the British Council, Royal Academy of Engineering UK, Indo-US Science and Technology Forum, JSPS, Japan etc.). He has spearheaded the Healthcare domain of IMPRINT India initiative as the National coordinator. He has also been a consultant to Industrial Houses such as General Motors, Delphi, INTEL, SHELL, Tata Steel, ITC, to name a few. He has also led his own start-up Company to effectively translate his research into the design of medical products. The objective of his Company is to bring out novel devices for low cost medical diagnostics.

The Fellowship (Christian organization)

The Fellowship, also known as The Family, and the International Foundation is a U.S.-based religious and political organization founded in 1935 by Abraham Vereide. The stated purpose of the Fellowship is to provide a fellowship forum for decision makers to share in Bible studies, prayer meetings, worship experiences, and to experience spiritual affirmation and support.The Fellowship has been described as one of the most politically well-connected ministries in the United States. The Fellowship shuns publicity and its members share a vow of secrecy. The Fellowship's leader Douglas Coe and others have explained the organization's desire for secrecy by citing biblical admonitions against public displays of good works, insisting they would not be able to tackle diplomatically sensitive missions if they drew public attention.The Fellowship holds one regular public event each year, the National Prayer Breakfast held in Washington, D.C. Every sitting United States president since Dwight D. Eisenhower has participated in at least one National Prayer Breakfast during his term.The Fellowship's known participants include ranking United States government officials, corporate executives, heads of religious and humanitarian aid organizations, and ambassadors and high-ranking politicians from across the world. Many United States Senators and Congressmen have publicly acknowledged working with the Fellowship or are documented as having worked together to pass or influence legislation.In Newsweek, Lisa Miller wrote that rather than calling themselves "Christians," as they describe themselves, they are brought together by common love for the teachings of Jesus and that all approaches to "loving Jesus" are acceptable.

Vikraman Balaji

Vikraman Balaji is a professor of mathematics at Chennai Mathematical Institute. He completed his doctorate in Mathematics under the supervision of C. S. Seshadri. His primary area of research is in algebraic geometry, representation theory and differential geometry. Balaji was awarded the 2006 Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award in Mathematical Sciences along with Indranil Biswas "for his outstanding contributions to moduli problems of principal bundles over algebraic varieties, in particular on the Uhlenbeck-Yau compactification of the Moduli Spaces of µ-semistable bundles."

He was elected Fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences in 2007, Fellow of the Indian National Science Academy in 2015 and was awarded the J.C. Bose National Fellowship from 2009.

W. K. Kellogg Foundation

The W. K. Kellogg Foundation was founded in June 1930 as the W. K. Kellogg Child Welfare Foundation by breakfast cereal pioneer Will Keith Kellogg. In 1934, Kellogg donated more than $66 million in Kellogg Company stock and other investments to the W. K. Kellogg Trust (equivalent to $990 million in 2018). As with other endowments, the yearly income from this trust funds the foundation.

In the early 21st century, the foundation is the seventh largest philanthropic foundation in the U.S. In 2005, the foundation reported that the total assets of the foundation and its trust were US$7.3 billion; about US$5.5 billion of this was in Kellogg Company stock. The foundation funded US$243 million in grants and programs in its 2005 fiscal year. 82% of this was spent in the United States; 9% in southern Africa; and 9% in Latin America and the Caribbean.

In 1996, it supplied a multi-year grant worth $750,000 ($1.13 million in 2018 dollars) to start mass salt fluoridation programs which were then carried out by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), covering 350 million people in Bolivia, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, and Venezuela. The project was part of a multi-year plan launched by PAHO in 1994 to "fluoridate the entire Region of the Americas". More recently, they have provided funding for HealthCorps to prevent childhood obesity by encouraging students to take personal responsibility for their health and wellness.

Woodrow Wilson Foundation

This article is about the American organization which granted prizes for international peace established in 1921. For the teaching fellowship program established in 1945, see Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation.

The Woodrow Wilson Foundation was an educational non-profit created in 1921, organized under the laws of New York, for the "perpetuation of Wilson's ideals" via periodic grants to worthy groups and individuals. Franklin D. Roosevelt was the chair of the group's governing National Committee, coordinating fundraising activity of parallel groups in each of the 48 states.

The group sought to gather a $1 million endowment fund, the interest on which was to pay for the group's cash awards. A national fundraising drive to raise the endowment was launched on January 16, 1922, but despite extensive organization and relentless publicity only half the financial target was raised by February 15. With its medal and endowment to allow for annual financial prizes, the Woodrow Wilson Foundation in its initial iteration resembled the Nobel Foundation and its Nobel Prizes, albeit on a smaller financial scale.

Beginning in 1963 the Woodrow Wilson Foundation financed publication of Wilson's collected works and related documents, a 69-volume series entitled The Papers of Woodrow Wilson. The difficulty and expense of this nearly 30-year project drained the energy and finances of the organization, which was terminated in 1993 — one year before completion of the Wilson Papers project.

Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation

This article is about the American organization providing teaching fellowships established in 1945. For the American international relations organization established in 1921, see Woodrow Wilson Foundation.The Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation is a private non-profit operating foundation based in Princeton, New Jersey. It administers programs that support leadership development and build organizational capacity in education. Its current signature program is the Woodrow Wilson Teaching Fellowship. Fellowships are granted to develop human resources, improve public policy, and help different organizations and institutions in enhancing practice in the United States as well as other countries worldwide.

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