National Corporate Party

The National Corporate Party (Irish: Páirtí Náisiúnta Corparáidíoch, PNC) was a fascist political party in Ireland founded by General Eoin O'Duffy in June 1935 at a meeting of 500.[1][2] It split from Fine Gael when O'Duffy was removed as leader of that party, which had been founded by the merger of O'Duffy's Blueshirts, formally known as the National Guard or Army Comrades Association, with Cumann na nGaedheal, and the National Centre Party.[3]

The National Corporate Party wished to establish a corporate state in Ireland and was strongly anti-communist.[3] Its military wing was the Greenshirts.[3] The party raised funds through public dances. [4] Unlike the Blueshirts, whose aim had been the establishment of a corporate state while remaining within the British Commonwealth in order to appease moderates within Fine Gael, the National Corporate Party was committed to the establishment of a republic outside of the British Empire with O'Duffy presenting his party as the true successor to the ideals of the Easter Rising.[5] The party also committed itself to the preservation and promotion of the Irish language and Gaelic culture, something that would be echoed by a later fascist party in Ireland, Ailtirí na hAiséirghe.[6]

It failed to gain much support however, with the majority of Fine Gael members remaining loyal to that party and O'Duffy only securing a handful of loyal supporters for his group.[7]

O'Duffy left Ireland in 1936 to become involved in the Spanish Civil War, a fact which led to further decline in the National Corporate Party.[7] The party was defunct by 1937.[3]

National Corporate Party

Páirtí Náisiúnta Corparáidíoch
LeaderEoin O'Duffy
Founded1935
Dissolved1937
Split fromFine Gael
HeadquartersDublin
Paramilitary wingGreenshirts
IdeologyIrish republicanism
Fascist corporatism
Clerical fascism
Political positionFar-right
ReligionRoman Catholicism
International affiliationFascist International
Colours     Green
Party flag
Saint Patrick's Saltire

References

  1. ^ https://books.google.ie/books?id=qps14mSlghcC&pg=PA234&dq=national+corporate+party&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiAn4nclLXcAhUHe8AKHeCPBvMQ6AEIJTAA#v=onepage&q=national%20corporate%20party&f=false
  2. ^ http://www.historyireland.com/20th-century-contemporary-history/eoin-oduffys-blueshirts-and-the-abyssinian-crisis/
  3. ^ a b c d Barberis, Peter, John McHugh and Mike Tyldesley, 2005. Encyclopedia of British and Irish Political Organisations. London: Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 0-8264-5814-9, ISBN 978-0-8264-5814-8
  4. ^ https://irishelectionliterature.com/2013/05/27/a-number-of-ads-for-events-to-do-with-eoin-oduffys-national-corporate-party/
  5. ^ Martin White, The Greenshirts: Fascism in the Irish Free State, 1935-45, p. 59 & 60
  6. ^ Martin White, The Greenshirts: Fascism in the Irish Free State, 1935-45, p. 64
  7. ^ a b John M. Regan, The Irish Counter-Revolution 1921-1936, Gill & Macmillan, 1999, p. 370
Blueshirts

The Army Comrades Association (ACA), later the National Guard, then Young Ireland and finally League of Youth, but better known by the nickname The Blueshirts (Irish: Na Léinte Gorma), was a paramilitary movement in the Irish Free State in the early 1930s. The organisation provided physical protection for political groups such as Cumann na nGaedheal from intimidation and attack by the anti-Treaty IRA. Some former members went on to fight for the Nationalists in the Spanish Civil War. (It had been dissolved before the civil war started.)

Most of the political parties whose meetings the Blueshirts protected would merge to become Fine Gael, and members of that party are still sometimes nicknamed "Blueshirts".

Clann na Talmhan

Clann na Talmhan ([ˈkl̪ˠan̪ˠ n̪ˠə t̪ˠal̪ˠuːnˠ], "Family/Children of the land"; formally known as the National Agricultural Party) was an Irish agrarian political party active between 1939 and 1965.

Eoin O'Duffy

Eoin O'Duffy (Irish: Eoin Ó Dubhthaigh; born Owen Duffy, 28 January 1890 – 30 November 1944) was an Irish nationalist political activist, soldier and police commissioner. He was the leader of the Monaghan Brigade of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) and a prominent figure in the Ulster IRA during the Irish War of Independence. In this capacity he became Chief of Staff of the IRA in 1922. He was one of the Irish republicans who along with Michael Collins accepted the Anglo-Irish Treaty and fought as a General in the Irish Civil War on the pro-Treaty side.

O'Duffy became the second Commissioner of the Garda Síochána, the police force of the new Irish Free State, after the Civic Guard Mutiny and the subsequent resignation of Michael Staines. He had been an early member of Sinn Féin, founded by Arthur Griffith. He was elected as a Teachta Dála (TD) for Monaghan, his home county, during the 1921 election. After a split in 1923 he became associated with Cumann na nGaedheal and led the movement known as the Blueshirts. After the merger of various pro-Treaty factions under the banner of Fine Gael, O'Duffy was the party leader for a short time.

An anti-communist, O'Duffy was attracted to various anti-communist movements on the continent. He raised the Irish Brigade to fight for Francisco Franco during the Spanish Civil War as an act of Catholic solidarity and was inspired by Benito Mussolini's Italy to found the National Corporate Party. During World War II, he offered to Nazi Germany the prospect of raising an Irish Brigade to participate in the fight against the Soviet Union, but this was not taken up.

O'Duffy was active in multiple sporting bodies, including the GAA and the Irish Olympic Council.

Greenshirts (National Corporate Party)

The Greenshirts were members of the fascist National Corporate Party (NCP) in Ireland in the 1930s. The NCP was founded by Eoin O'Duffy after he broke from the Fine Gael party in 1935. The Greenshirts were different from the better known Blueshirts, O'Duffy's followers before he left Fine Gael. Only eighty of the Blueshirts later became Greenshirts. It was an influence to a later fascist party, Ailtirí na hAiséirghe.

In 1936 O'Duffy led a volunteer Irish Brigade to fight for the Nationalists in the Spanish Civil War, and retired on his return in 1937. Without him, both the Greenshirts and NCP faded away.

Home Government Association

The Home Government Association was a pressure group launched by Isaac Butt in support of home rule for Ireland at a meeting in Bilton's Hotel, Dublin, on 19 May 1870.

The meeting was attended or supported by sixty-one people of different political and religious persuasions, including six Fenians, Butt seemingly having consulted with the Irish Republican Brotherhood before launching his initiative. Its inaugural public meeting was held on 1 September 1870. Active in campaigning in several elections for the association was P. F. Johnson.

It became the Home Rule League in 1873.

Home Rule League

The Home Rule League (1873–1882), sometimes called the Home Rule Party or the Home Rule Confederation, was a political party which campaigned for home rule for Ireland within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, until it was replaced by the Irish Parliamentary Party.

Independent Health Alliance

The Independent Health Alliance was an electoral alliance which contested the 2002 Irish general election. The Alliance campaigned on the provision of health services in Ireland, which was a constant criticism of the Fianna Fáil–Progressive Democrats coalition government. It also campaigned for disability rights.

The Alliance fielded eight candidates for the 2002 election including Offaly County Councillor Molly Buckley, Dublin City Councillor Finian McGrath and former Limerick Hurling manager Tom Ryan. Only Finian McGrath was elected in Dublin North-Central. The Alliance broke up shortly afterwards.

Irish Monetary Reform Association

The Irish Monetary Reform Association (also known as the Monetary Reform Party) was a minor Irish political party of the 1940s. It was little more than an electoral vehicle for Oliver J. Flanagan, the long-serving TD for the constituency of Laois–Offaly. As such, it is difficult to draw conclusions about the party independent from those about Flanagan himself. Monetary Reform can be seen as the most successful of a wave of minor far right parties in 1940s Ireland, like Ailtirí na hAiséirighe. Flanagan played on certain themes of the Social Credit movement, which accentuated his image as an anti-Semitic politician.

Kathleen Browne

Kathleen Anne Browne (1 October 1876 – 9 October 1943) was an Irish politician, farmer, writer, historian and archaeologist.

She joined Sinn Féin in 1912 and the Irish Volunteers in 1914 and flew a tricolour from her family home, Rathronan Castle, during the Easter Rising. She was arrested and imprisoned in Kilmainham and Mountjoy prisons. She took the pro-treaty side during the civil war, joining Cumann na nGaedheal.She was elected to Seanad Éireann of the Irish Free State as a Cumann na nGaedheal member, at a by-election on 20 June 1929. The by-election was caused by the death of Alice Stopford Green. She was re-elected for 3 years in 1931 and was re-elected for 9 years in 1934. She joined the Army Comrades Association, as known as the Blueshirts, in 1933. Partly because she wore her blue blouse (the garb of the ACA) in the Seanad and the Dáil during this period, the wearing of political uniforms was banned in both houses. Browne claimed not be a fascist, but had joined ranks with the ACA because she shared their Anti-Communist and Republican viewpoints. Following the merger of the Blueshirts into Fine Gael, she remained apart of the Fine Gael faction rather than continuing to follow O'Duffy's ventures such as the National Corporate Party. At this point she seemed to gravitate more towards the new Fine Gael leader W. T. Cosgrave, who she became personal friends with. She served as a senator until 29 May 1936 when the Free State Seanad was abolished.

Letterkenny Residents Party

Letterkenny Residents Party was an unregistered minor political party in Ireland. It was founded and registered in 2008 to contest the 2009 local elections in Letterkenny. It combined local residents with Francis McCafferty who polled 64 votes standing for the Socialist Party in the 2004 council election. The party's only candidate, Tom Crossan, polled 417 votes and succeeded in being elected to Letterkenny Town Council.As of 2015, it is no longer a registered political party.

List of fascist movements by country G–M

A list of political parties, organizations, and movements adhering to various forms of fascist ideology, part of the list of fascist movements by country.

National Democratic Party (Ireland)

The National Democratic Party was a minor party in the Irish Free State representing small farming interests.

The Farmers' Party was a significant force in early 1920s politics in Ireland, but it was associated with middle-class farmers with larger holdings. Small-scale farmers who felt that the Farmers' Party did not represent them founded the National Democratic Party early in 1923, aiming to also attract support from poor labourers and other individuals in rural areas.The party announced that it would stand fifteen candidates at the 1923 general election, Ultimately, it stood only four candidates: Joseph O'Mahony in Cork West, Joseph Delaney and Patrick Belton in Laois–Offaly, and Seán O'Farrell in Longford–Westmeath. They took only 4,966 votes between them, and none were elected. The party disbanded soon after the election.

National Progressive Democrats

The National Progressive Democrats was a small socialist political party in the Republic of Ireland, active between 1958 and 1963. The party was founded as a left-wing progressive secular party. Its founders were Noël Browne (former Minister for Health) and Jack McQuillan, former members of the social democratic wing of Clann na Poblachta.

The party was noted for its vigorous role in Dáil Éireann. Between 1958 and 1961, 7 of the 9 motions discussed in Private Member’s Time had been proposed by one of them. In 1961 and 1962, they asked 1,400 parliamentary questions, 17% of the total. Taoiseach Seán Lemass paid them a compliment by referring to them as "the real opposition". Both were re-elected at the 1961 general election, but the party won little support as it fielded only one other candidate. The party was disbanded when it merged into the Labour Party in 1963. However both Browne and McQuillan would both subsequently lose their seats in the next election running under the Labour banner.

Pirate Party (Ireland)

The Pirate Party Ireland was an unregistered minor political party in Ireland, modelled on the Swedish Pirate Party. The party was founded in May 2009 after discussions on the Pirate Parties International website and re-founded in April 2012. The Irish party began to gain attention after the official registration of Pirate Party UK.

Poblacht Chríostúil

Poblacht Chríostúil (Irish pronunciation: [pˠoɔbˠlˠəxt̪ˠ xɾʲiːsˠɔt̪ˠuːlʲ], meaning "Christian Republic") was a small political party in Cork, in the mid-1960s. The party stood Sylvester Cotter, in the 1965 Mid-Cork Dáil by election, they also stood Cotter in Mid-Cork and Alexander Miller in the Cork Borough in the 1966 general election, but they were not elected. Eoghan Harris campaigned for the party and spoke at its rallies.

Repeal Association

The Repeal Association was an Irish mass membership political movement set up by Daniel O'Connell in 1830 to campaign for a repeal of the Acts of Union of 1800 between Great Britain and Ireland.

The Association's aim was to revert Ireland to the constitutional position briefly achieved by Henry Grattan and his patriots in the 1780s—that is, legislative independence under the British Crown—but this time with a full Catholic involvement that was now possible following the Act of Emancipation in 1829, supported by the electorate approved under the Reform Act of 1832. On its failure by the late 1840s the Young Ireland movement developed.

Repealer candidates contested the 1832 United Kingdom general election in Ireland. Between 1835 and 1841, they formed a pact with the Whigs. Repealer candidates, unaffiliated with the Whig Party, contested the 1841 and 1847 general elections.

Seniors Solidarity Party

Seniors Solidarity was a minor political party in Ireland. It was founded in November 2008, by John Wolfe following the Medical Card changes in the 2009 Budget.

It announced it would stand candidates at the 2009 local elections, all candidates being over the age of 60. John Wolfe stood in the Howth-Malahide local electoral area in Fingal County Council. He received 1,319 votes (5.9%) but was not elected. The party had hoped to run candidates at the 2011 general election, but did not register to take part in national elections.

It was registered to contest local elections in Dublin including County Dublin. It has not contested any elections since 2009.

As of 2015, it is no longer a registered political party.

Sligo/Leitrim Independent Socialist Organisation

Sligo/Leitrim Independent Socialist Organisation (SLISO) was a minor political party led by Sligo County Councillor Declan Bree. It was set up in 1974 and contested local elections to Sligo County Council and Dáil Éireann elections for the Sligo–Leitrim constituency. The group stood other candidates but Bree was the only candidate ever elected for the group. In 1991 the group merged with the Labour Party and Bree was elected as a Labour Party TD at the 1992 general election. Bree resigned from the Labour Party in 2007.

Defunct political parties in Ireland
to 1918
post 1918

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