National Board of Review

The National Board of Review of Motion Pictures is an organization in the United States dedicated to discussing and selecting what its members regard as the best film works of each year.

The National Board of Review
The National Board of Review Logo
Official logo of the NBR
AbbreviationNBR
FormationJanuary 1909 (as New York Board of Motion Picture Censorship)
TypeFilm organization
HeadquartersUnited States
Location
Websitenationalboardofreview.org

Origins

The National Board of Review of Motion Pictures was founded in 1909 in New York City, 14 years after the birth of cinema, to protest New York City Mayor George B. McClellan Jr.'s revocation of moving-picture exhibition licenses on Christmas Eve 1908. The mayor (son of Civil War general George B. McClellan) believed that the new medium degraded the morals of the community. To assert their freedom of expression, theatre owners led by Marcus Loew and film distributors (Edison, Biograph, Pathé, and Gaumont) joined John Collier of the People's Institute at Cooper Union and established the New York Board of Motion Picture Censorship, which soon changed its name to the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures to avoid the word "censorship".

The Board's stated purpose was to endorse films of merit and champion the new "art of the people", which was transforming America's cultural life. In an effort to avoid government censorship of films, the National Board became the unofficial clearinghouse for new movies. From 1916 into the 1950s thousands of motion pictures carried the legend "Passed by the National Board of Review" in their main titles. The board was a de facto censorship organization. Producers submitted their films to the board before making release prints; they agreed to cut any footage that the board found objectionable, up to and including destroying the entire film.[1]

In 1930, the NBR was the first group to choose the 10 best English-language movies of the year and the best foreign films, and is still the first critical body to announce its annual awards. The NBR has also gained international acclaim for its publications: Film Program (1917–1926); Exceptional Photoplays (1920–1925); Photoplay Guide to Better Movies (1924–1926); National Board of Review Magazine (1926–1942); New Movies (1942–1949); and Films in Review, which published its first issue in 1950. Influencing generations of filmmakers and film lovers, these journals have fostered commentary on all aspects of cinema production and history, and contributors have included James Agee, Pearl S. Buck, Alistair Cooke, William K. Everson, Manny Farber, Alfred Hitchcock, Fritz Lang, Harold Robbins, William Saroyan, Dore Schary, and Tennessee Williams.

Annual awards

To determine the NBR's annual awards, ballots are sent in by over 100 members – a select group of knowledgeable film enthusiasts, academics, and filmmakers in the New York metropolitan area – and subsequently tabulated by a certified public accountancy firm in order to decide the winners. In addition, the awards jury helps to determine the special achievement awards presented at the annual gala in January.

The organization also works to foster commentary on all aspects of film production by underwriting educational film programs and seminars for film students. In 2017, the NBR provided grants to Reel Works Teen Filmmaking, Ghetto Film School, and Educational Video Center. The organization also awarded grants to 13 student filmmakers as part of its annual student grant program.

Films in Review

The boards's official magazine had existed in several forms and different names since its inception. In 1950, the magazine changed its name from Screen Magazine and launched the first issue as Films in Review on February 1, 1950.[2]

Award categories

Note: Until 1945, there were only awards for Best Picture and intermittent awards for Best Documentary and Best Foreign Film.

See also

References

  1. ^ Robert Sklar, Movie-Made America: A Cultural History of American Movies. New York: Vintage, 1975 (1994 edition), p. 31
  2. ^ "SCREEN MAGAZINE BOWS; Films in Review, Published by National Board, Out Today". The New York Times. 1 February 1950. Retrieved 16 February 2010.
  3. ^ 1987 National Board of Review Best Juvenile Performance Empire of the Sun Chistain Bale

External links

National Board of Review Award for Best Actor

The National Board of Review Award for Best Actor is one of the annual film awards given (since 1945) by the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures.

National Board of Review Award for Best Actress

The National Board of Review Award for Best Actress is one of the annual film awards given (since 1945) by the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures.

National Board of Review Award for Best Adapted Screenplay

The National Board of Review Award for Best Adapted Screenplay is an annual film award given (since 2003) by the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures.

National Board of Review Award for Best Animated Film

The National Board of Review Award for Best Animated Feature is one of the annual awards given (since 2000) by the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures. Every year from 2001 to 2004 and from 2007 to 2011, the award was given to the film that would eventually receive the Academy Award counterpart.

National Board of Review Award for Best Cast

The National Board of Review Award for Best Acting by an Ensemble (or Best Cast) is an annual film award given (since 1994) by the National Board of Review.

National Board of Review Award for Best Director

The National Board of Review Award for Best Director is one of the annual film awards given (since 1945) by the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures.

National Board of Review Award for Best Film

The National Board of Review Award for Best Film is one of the annual awards given (since 1932) by the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures.

National Board of Review Award for Best Foreign Language Film

The National Board of Review Award for Best Foreign Language Film is one of the annual awards given (since 1934) by the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures.

National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor

The National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor is one of the annual film awards given (since 1954) by the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures.

National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actress

The National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actress is one of the annual film awards given (since 1954) by the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures.

National Board of Review Award for Breakthrough Performance

The National Board of Review Award for Breakthrough Performance is one of the annual film awards given (since 1995) by the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures.

National Board of Review Awards 1929

The 1st National Board of Review Awards were announced in 1929.

National Board of Review Awards 1949

The 21st National Board of Review Awards were announced on December 18, 1949.

National Board of Review Awards 1996

The 68th National Board of Review Awards, honoring the best in filmmaking in 1996, were announced on 9 December 1996 and given on 9 February 1997.

National Board of Review Awards 2007

The 79th National Board of Review Awards, honoring the best in film for 2007, were given on 15 January 2008.

National Board of Review Awards 2008

The 80th National Board of Review Awards, honoring the best in film for 2008, were given on 12 January 2009.

National Board of Review Awards 2010

The 82nd National Board of Review Awards honored the best in film for 2010.

Sam Elliott

Samuel Pack Elliott (born August 9, 1944) is an American actor. His lanky physique, thick moustache, deep and resonant voice, and Western drawl have led to frequent roles as cowboys and ranchers. His accolades include an Academy Award nomination, two Golden Globe Award nominations, two Primetime Emmy award nominations, and a National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor.

Elliott began his film career with minor appearances in The Way West (1967) and Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969), and guest-starred on television in the Western Gunsmoke (1972) and the television films Murder in Texas (1981) and The Shadow Riders (1982). His film breakthrough was in the drama Lifeguard (1976). He then appeared in several Louis L'Amour adaptations such as The Quick and the Dead (1987) and Conagher (1989) appeared in Roadhouse as Wade Garrett (1991), the latter of which earned him a Golden Globe nomination for Best Actor – Miniseries or Television Film. He received his second Golden Globe and first Primetime Emmy Award nominations for Buffalo Girls (1995). Other film credits from the early 1990s include as John Buford in the historical drama Gettysburg (1993) and as Virgil Earp in the Western Tombstone (also 1993).

In the 2000s, Elliott appeared in supporting roles in the drama We Were Soldiers (2002), and the action films Hulk (2003), and Ghost Rider (2007). In 2015, he guest-starred on the series Justified, which earned him a Critics' Choice Television Award, and in 2016 began starring in the Netflix series The Ranch. He subsequently had a lead role in the comedy-drama The Hero (2017). The following year, Elliott was cast in the musical drama A Star Is Born (2018), for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, a Critics' Choice Award, a Screen Actors Guild Award and won a National Board of Review Award.

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