National Assembly (Malawi)

The National Assembly of Malawi is the supreme legislative body of the nation. It is situated on Capital Hill, Lilongwe along Presidential Way. The National Assembly alone possesses legislative supremacy and thereby ultimate power over all other political bodies in Malawi. At its head is the Speaker of the House who is elected by his or her peers.[2] Since June 2014 the Speaker is Richard Msowoya.

The 1994 Constitution provided for a Senate but Parliament repealed it. Malawi therefore has a unicameral legislature in practice.[2] The National Assembly has 193 Members of Parliament (MPs) who are directly elected in single-member constituencies using the simple majority (or first-past-the-post) system and serve five-year terms.[3]

National Assembly
Coat of arms of Malawi
Type
Type
History
Founded26 May 1964
New session started
9 June 2014
Leadership
Speaker
Richard Msowoya, MCP
since 16 June 2014
Structure
Seats193
Malawi Parliament Chart 2014
Political groups
     DPP (50)
     MCP (48)
     PP (26)
     UDF (14)
     AFORD (1)
     CCP (1)
     Independent (52)
     Vacant (1)
Length of term
5 years
Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
20 May 2014
Meeting place
Parliament Building of Malawi
Lilongwe
Website
www.parliament.gov.mw

Current Parliament

The current parliament was inaugurated on 9 June 2014 after the 2014 general election. No party managed to secure a majority in the house. Two by-elections were expected to be held for the Thyolo East and Blantyre North constituencies. Peter Mutharika won the presidential election and therefore could not represent the former constituency, while a Malawi Congress Party candidate died prior to the election in the latter.[4]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The Constitution Provides for a Senate - In Practice the Senate has not yet been Established; Compare the Federation Council of Iraq.[1]

References

  1. ^ Article 49 of the Constitution of Malawi: "'Parliament' consists of the National Assembly, the Senate and the President as Head of State."
  2. ^ a b http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/cafrad/unpan004840.pdf
  3. ^ "africanelectionsportal.org -Malawi-". africanelections.org.
  4. ^ "BY-ELECTIONS FOR THYOLO EAST, BLANTYRE NORTH CONSTITUENCIES AWAIT 2014-2015 GVT BUDGET". faceomalawi.com. 2014-06-09. Retrieved 2014-06-09.

External links

Coordinates: 13°57′08″S 33°47′16″E / 13.9522°S 33.7878°E

1971 Malawian general election

General elections were due to be held in Malawi on 17 April 1971, the first since the pre-independence elections in 1964. The Malawi Congress Party had been the only legally permitted party in the country since 1966. Each of the 60 constituencies had three to five candidates nominated by party committees. These candidates were then submitted to President Hastings Banda, who selected a single candidate for each seat. As there was only one candidate for each constituency, no voting actually took place on election day, as there was no opposition.However, only 56 of the seats were filled, and following the election, Banda nominated another eight members to the National Assembly.

1976 Malawian general election

General elections were due to be held in Malawi on 24 May 1976. The Malawi Congress Party had been the only legally permitted party since 1966. Each of the 70 constituencies had a maximum of five candidates proposed by at least two registered voters. These candidates were then submitted to President-for-life Hastings Banda, who selected a single candidate for each seat. As a result, all 70 candidates were returned unopposed.Following the election, Banda nominated another 15 members to the National Assembly.

Electoral constituencies of the National Assembly of Malawi
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Sovereign states
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Unitary
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other territories
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