The National Assembly (Portuguese: Assembleia Nacional) is the legislative branch of the government of Angola. The National Assembly is a unicameral body, with 220 members: 130 members elected by proportional representation and 90 members elected by provincial districts.
The People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) has held a majority in the Assembly since independence. Due to the Angolan Civil War, elections were delayed for years until they were eventually held in September 2008. The most recent election was held in 2012, after a new constitution was adopted in 2010, increasing considerably the power of the President, and diminishing that of the National Assembly as well as that of the judiciary.
|3rd National Assembly|
President of the National Assembly
National Assembly political groups
National Assembly voting system
|Closed list proportional representation|
National Assembly last election
|23 August 2017|
The Angolan government is composed of three branches of government: executive, legislative, and judicial. The executive branch of the government is composed of the President, the Vice-Presidents and the Council of Ministers. The legislative branch comprises a 220-seat unicameral legislature elected from both provincial and nationwide constituencies. On account of civil wars from independence, political power has been concentrated in the presidency. There are various temporary and permanent committees in the Assembly that help in the operational and administrative functions of the Assembly.
The Unicameral Parliament of Angola was scheduled was originally constituted with 229 elected members. for a period of three years after the elections. All Angolan citizens with 18 years of age were eligible to cast their vote. Citizens who were members of factional groups, had criminal record and who had not rehabilitated were barred from exercising their voting rights. The representatives of the provincial assemblies formed a college and they elected the representatives of the House of Parliament. The candidates were expected to be answerable to the citizens in public meetings, with their candidature approved by a majority in the province where they were getting nominated. A constitutional amendment on 19 August 1980 indicated that the Council formed during interim would be replaced by a national people's assembly and there would be 18 elected assemblies.
The original building of the National Assembly from 1980, also called People's assembly was located in Estúdio/Restauração Cinema in urban district of Ingombota. The new building inaugurated on 9 November 2015 was initiated on 15 October 2009, while the construction started on 17 May 2010. It is a part of the Political Administrative Centre covering an area of 72,000 Sq.m and a built area of 54,000 sq.m. The Centre accommodates Presidential Palace, the Palace of Justice, the Defence Ministry, Ministry of Justice and Human Rights, the Episcopal Palace and the premises of the former National Assembly headquarters. The New Assembly has 4,600 seats overall with 1,200 in meeting rooms. The compound has four blocks each with six floors, a basement parking that can accommodate 494 vehicles, out of which 34 is reserved for VIPs. The construction was carried out by Portuguese company Teixeira Duarte under the supervision of Special Works Office of the Government of Angola. The building was inaugurated by José Eduardo dos Santos on 10 November 2015.
Jose Eduardo dos Santos won the 1980 and 1986 elections and became the first elected President of the country. At the time, the country was a one-party state, with the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola - Party of Labour (MPLA-PT) as the sole legal party. As a result, most candidates were members of the party, and two-thirds were re-nominated from 1980 elections in the 1986 elections. The civil war continued with UNITA fighting against the MLPA, with both parties taking international support. There was a cease-fire agreement during 1989, with the leader of UNITA, Jonas Savimbi, but it collapsed soon. As a part of its peace efforts, MLPA dropped its theme of Marxism–Leninism and moved over to socialism. During May 1991, Dos Santos and Savimbi signed a multiparty democracy agreement in Lisbon. Dos Santos won the 1992, 2008 and 2012 elections as well in the Presidency elections, but different parties started performing. During the 1992 elections, when the first multi-party elections were held, UNITA secured 34.1 per cent vote in the assembly and won 70 seats. But during the 2008 and 2012, their win was reduced to 16 and 32 seats respectively, while the ruling MPLA won 191 and 175 seats respectively.
Alberto Paulino is an Angolan politician for MPLA and a member of the National Assembly of Angola.Almerindo Jaka Jamba
Colonel Almerindo Jaka Jamba (21 March 1949 – 1 April 2018) was an Angolan politician and former rebel leader in UNITA.
Jaka Jamba studied in Portugal where he received a degree in philosophy. He was a member of the Angolan National Assembly with UNITA and Angolan ambassador to UNESCO. He was previously the deputy speaker of the Angolan parliament from 2002–2004. In 1975, Jamba was named Secretary of State by Jonas Savimbi under UNITA in the "transition government" that operated from January 1975 to July of the same year in accordance with the Alvor Agreement. He was the oldest living member of UNITA.According to media reports, on April 1, 2018, Jamba suffered a stroke and died on his way to hospital: he was 69.Ana Dias Lourenço
Ana Afonso Dias Lourenço, GCIH (born 13 April 1957) is an Angolan economist, politician and former government minister. She has served as the First Lady of Angola since September 2017 as the wife of Angolan President João Lourenço.
Lourenço was born on 13 April 1957 in Luanda in Angola and completed her Degree in Economics (Planning) at the Agostinho Neto University in Luanda from 1979-83. She served in various capacities as the President of the National Council of Statistics, President of SADC's National Commission, National Coordinator of the FED Fund, Angola's Governor for the World Bank and African Development Bank and Member of the Government's Economic Cabinet. She was the Senior Advisor to Provincial Planning Cabinet, Benguela, Angola, Head of Investments Department, Ministry of Planning of Angola from 1986 – 1997 and the National Director of the Investment Department. Lourenco was the Vice Minister and Minister of Planning of Angola from 1997 to 2012.
Lourenço has been in the Ministry of Planning since 1997, first as Deputy Minister of Planning from 1997 to 1999 and national Minister of Planning from 1999 to 2012. Since September 30, 2006, she has been the chairperson of the Southern African Development Community. Lourenço was the sixth candidate on the MPLA's national list in the September 2008 parliamentary election. She won a seat in this election, in which the MPLA won an overwhelming majority in the National Assembly.Ana Dias is multilingual: in addition to Portuguese, she speaks English, French and Spanish. She is the mother of six children.Fernando José de França Dias Van-Dúnem
Dr. Fernando José de França Dias Van-Dúnem (born 1952) is an Angolan political figure who was the First Vice-President of the African Union's Pan-African Parliament. He is a member of the ruling Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) and served as Prime Minister of Angola twice during the 1990s.
He was Prime Minister from June 1991 until December 1992 and was the first Prime Minister appointed since the post was abolished in 1978. After four years out of office, Dias was reappointed as Prime Minister on June 3, 1996 and remained in office until a cabinet reshuffle in January 1999, when the post of Prime Minister was again eliminated.Fernando da Piedade Dias dos Santos
Fernando da Piedade Dias dos Santos (born 5 March 1950), known as Nandó, is an Angolan politician who was Vice President of Angola from February 2010 to September 2012. He was the Prime Minister of Angola from 2002 to 2008 and President of the National Assembly of Angola from 2008 to 2010. He has again served as President of the National Assembly since 2012.Higino Carneiro
General Francisco Higino Lopes Carneiro (born July 8 1962) is currently a member of parliament for the MPLA in Angola. He is, along with fellow "top generals" João Maria de Sousa, Hélder Vieira Dias, Roberto Leal Monteiro, and Kundi Paihama, one of the military leaders holding top ministerial posts for the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola, the political party that has ruled Angola since it gained its independence from Portugal in 1975.Carneiro was included on the MPLA's national list in the September 2008 parliamentary election. The MPLA won an overwhelming majority in the National Assembly.Isaías Samakuva
Isaías Henrique Ngola Samakuva (born 8 July 1946) is an Angolan politician who has been the President of the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) since June 2003.After UNITA leader, Jonas Savimbi and his immediate successor António Dembo died from injuries sustained in a February 2002 firefight with Angolan government troops, Samakuva was elected as President of UNITA, which had transformed itself into a peaceful opposition party, in 2003.José Eduardo dos Santos
José Eduardo dos Santos (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒuˈzɛ eˈðwaɾðu dus ˈsɐ̃tuʃ]; born 28 August 1942) is an Angolan politician who served as President of Angola from 1979 to 2017. As President, José Eduardo dos Santos was also the commander in chief of the Angolan Armed Forces (FAA) and President of the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), the party that has ruled Angola since it gained independence in 1975. He was the second-longest-serving president in Africa, surpassed only by President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo of Equatorial Guinea, who took power less than two months before dos Santos.João Bernardo de Miranda
João Bernardo de Miranda (born July 18, 1952) is an Angolan politician who is currently the Ambassador of Angola in France. He was Minister of External Relations of Angola from January 1999 to October 2008 and the Governor of Bengo Province from 2009 to 2018.Julião Mateus Paulo
Julião Mateus Paulo is an Angolan politician and former Secretary-General of the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA). He is widely known by his wartime nom de guerre, Dino Matross.
He succeeded João Lourenço as MPLA Secretary-General at a December 2003 party congress.Paulo was the fourth candidate on the MPLA's national list in the September 2008 parliamentary election. He won a seat in this election, in which MPLA won an overwhelming majority in the National Assembly.Kundi Paihama
Kundi Paihama is an Angolan politician who served as Angola's Minister of Defense from 1999 to 2010. He has subsequently served as Minister for War Veterans.
Paihama was the 18th candidate on the national list of the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) in the September 2008 parliamentary election. He won a seat in this election, in which the MPLA won an overwhelming majority in the National Assembly.Kundy Paihama owns 33.15% of the shares of the Banco Angolano de Negócios e Comércio.Lopo do Nascimento
Lopo Fortunato Ferreira do Nascimento (born 10 July 1942) is an Angolan retired politician. He served as the first Prime Minister of Angola from 11 November 1975 to 9 December 1978 and was Secretary-General of the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA).
Nascimento was later Minister of Territorial Administration; after resigning from that post, he was replaced by Paulo Kassoma on 9 April 1992. He was elected as MPLA Secretary-General by the party's Central Committee in 1993.He was the 66th candidate on the MPLA's national list in the September 2008 parliamentary election. He won a seat in that election, in which MPLA won an overwhelming majority in the National Assembly.On 27 January 2013 he announced his retirement from active politics.Ngola Kabangu
Ngola Kabangu (born 14 February 1943 in Bairro Operário, Luanda Province) is the President of the National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA), a political party in Angola. He succeeded Holden Roberto, who led the party from its formation until his death in August 2007.Party members elected Kabangu as President of the FNLA with 791 points, triumphing over rivals Carlinhos Zassala, who received 65, and Miguel Damiao, who received 13 points. Neither Zassala nor Damiao attended the electoral commission's announcement ceremony on November 11, 2007 to protest alleged voting irregularities.Kabangu was the first candidate on the FNLA's national list in the September 2008 parliamentary election and was one of three FNLA candidates to win seats in the National Assembly.Palmira Barbosa
Palmira Leitão de Almeida Barbosa, knicknamed Mirita, born November 25, 1961, is the most notable Angolan and African female handball player. She began her career at Clube Ferroviário de Luanda in the 1980s and in 1996 moved to Petro Atlético. She joined the Angolan handball squad in 1980. She made her debut at the world cup in 1990 in South Korea. After that, she played three more world cups. In February 2000, at the age of 39, she announced her retirement and her desire to pursue a coaching career. She later reconsidered and played for two more seasons with newly formed club ENANA.Paulo Kassoma
António Paulo Kassoma (born 6 June 1951) is an Angolan politician. He was named Prime Minister of Angola in September 2008 and remained in office until the new constitution replaced this function in February 2010. Kassoma then served as President of the National Assembly of Angola from 2010 to 2012. On August 27, 2016 Kassoma was named Party Secretary of the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola.Paulo Lukamba
General Paulo Armindo Lukamba "Gato" (born Armindo Lucas Paulo on May 13, 1954) led UNITA, a former anti-colonial movement that fought against the MPLA in the Angolan Civil War, from the death of António Dembo on March 3, 2002 until he lost the 2003 leadership election to Isaías Samakuva.
Lukamba was born in the province of Huambo, in central Angola.Pitra Neto
António Domingos Pitra Costa Neto (born 12 February 1958) is an Angolan politician, professor and lawyer. Neto joined the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) in 1974. He has been a member of the MPLA's central committee since 1998. Since joining the party Neto has been involved in the legal system, both in the civilian and military systems as well as assistant lecturer in law. In 1991 Neto was involved in the negotiations that preceded the Bicesse Accords, which temporarily ended the Angolan civil war. Since 1992, Neto has been the Minister of Public Administration, Employment and Social Security.
Neto was the third candidate on the MPLA's national list in the September 2008 parliamentary election. He won a seat in this election, in which MPLA won an overwhelming majority in the National Assembly.Uanhenga Xitu
Agostinho André Mendes de Carvalho (August 29, 1924 - February 13, 2014), known by the pseudonym Uanhenga Xitu, is an Angolan writer and nationalist Xitu was born in Calomboloca, and in 2009 was the oldest member of the parliament for the MPLA party.
Legislatures in Africa
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