Nanyang (simplified Chinese: 南阳; traditional Chinese: 南陽; pinyin: Nányáng) is a prefecture-level city in the southwest of Henan province, China. The city with the largest administrative area in Henan, Nanyang borders Xinyang to the southeast, Zhumadian to the east, Pingdingshan to the northeast, Luoyang to the north, Sanmenxia to the northwest, the province of Shaanxi to the west, and the province of Hubei to the south.
It had 10,263,660 inhabitants at the 2010 census, ranking eleventh in China. However, 1,811,812 residents live in the built-up area made of three urban districts (High-Tech Industrial Development Zone, Wolong and Wancheng). Dinosaur egg fossils have been discovered in the Nanyang Basin.
The 35,000 capacity Nanyang Sports Centre Stadium is the main (football) venue in the city.
Satellite view of Nanyang
Nanyang City in Henan
Location in China
|Coordinates (Nanyang People's Park): Coordinates:|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|County-level divisions||2 districts|
|• Mayor||Huo Haosheng|
|• Prefecture-level city||26,509 km2 (10,235 sq mi)|
|• Urban||309 km2 (119 sq mi)|
|• Rural||26,200 km2 (10,100 sq mi)|
|• Length||263 km (163 mi)|
|• Width||168 km (104 mi)|
|Elevation||131 m (430 ft)|
|Highest elevation||2,212.5 m (7,258.9 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||72.2 m (236.9 ft)|
|• Prefecture-level city||11,942,300|
|• Density||450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||6,500/km2 (17,000/sq mi)|
|• Rural density||380/km2 (980/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-HA-13|
|Maidenhead locator or QTH grid square||OM62GX - OM63GA|
|City Flowers||Chrysanthemum&China Rose|
Nanyang (simplified Chinese: 南阳; traditional Chinese: 南陽; pinyin: Nányáng) 南-South, 阳/陽-sun (the south side of a mountain, or the north side of a river, which in Chinese is called Yang meaning "sunny"). Wan (宛) is the abbreviation for Nanyang which in ancient times was known as Wancheng (宛城), meaning "Wan City".
Nanyang has been the name of the region since at least the Qin Dynasty. It therefore has the distinction of being one of the oldest continuously used major place names in contemporary China.
The latitude of the entire prefecture ranges from 32° 17' to 33° 48' N, while the longitude ranges from 110° 58' to 113° 49' E, and the prefecture spans 26,600 square kilometres (10,300 sq mi). The city lies within the Nanyang Basin, which is part of a region in Central China that lies in the gap between the eastern end of the Qin Mountains and the source of the Huai River. Thus, using those two geographic features as the standard dividing line, it is difficult to classify the city into northern or southern China.
To the north of Nanyang city proper, there is a mountain called Mount Du, which is famous for the Dushan jade, one of the four famous jades of China, now a rarity. To the southwest is Neixiang County with the newly developing Baotianman Biosphere Reserve—an area of high biodiversity, with 65 rare and endangered species.
The climate is generally moderate and is a four-season humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with strong monsoon influences: winters are cool but dry, and summers are hot and humid. Spring and autumn provide transitions of reasonable length. The monthly daily average temperature in January is 1.4 °C (34.5 °F) and in July it is 26.9 °C (80.4 °F); the annual mean is 14.9 °C (58.8 °F). More than half the annual rainfall occurs from June to August.
The whole city area has a population over 10.26 million, which is the twelfth prefecture-level city in China now. The built-up area has over 1.8 million people, which is the fifth largest city in Henan Province. About 1 million commute from the city, mainly to Zhengzhou, Guangdong province, Beijing and Shanghai. The majority of the province is Han; among the minority nationalities are the Hui people and Man people.
Nanyang higher education already has a good foundation for development. Nanyang is a great city of education. It has a fine tradition of respecting teachers and teaching and educating students. It has taken the lead in proposing a strategy of science and education in the country. In particular, in recent years, the municipal party committee and the municipal government have attached great importance to education. The education industry in our city has developed vigorously and the face of higher education has undergone tremendous changes. There are 6 colleges and universities in the city, with nearly 90,000 students. All colleges and universities adhere to the Party's education policy, implement the fundamental tasks of Lide Shuren, and have achieved unprecedented achievements in personnel training, scientific research, social services, cultural heritage innovation and international exchanges and cooperation, which not only promotes the city's science and technology. Innovation, social progress and improvement of people's livelihood have also laid a good foundation for achieving a higher level of development at a new starting point.
Nanyang has one major railway station: Nanyang Railway Station. There are also several other small stations serving suburban areas.
Nanyang is a railway junction for the Nanjing-Xi'an Railway and the Jiaozuo-Liuzhou Railway. Direct train service is available to Shanghai, Nanjing, and Hefei to the east, Xian and Lanzhou to the west, Luoyang to the north and Liuzhou to the south.
Over 500 km (310 mi) of highway network has been built along the railway line and others. An 80 km (50 mi) beltway is being constructed surrounding the city. As of 2009, feasibility studies for 80 km (50 mi) of elevated rope suspension pathways hanging 10 meters high for pedestrian and bicycle use have been approved by city level governance. Installation will begin early 2010.
Nanyang Airport is one of three civil aviation airports in the province. It is only 20 minutes bus time from the urban area. Passengers can take flights to and from Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, and Guilin.
There are also two avion airports.
Nanyang city buses have about 30 lines in the urban area. Taxis are common.
The official language of Nanyang is Mandarin Chinese, but most locals speak the Henan dialect, with its easily identifiable stereotypical features; this local dialect is known as Nanyang Hua (南阳话), and is spoken by about 15 million people in the area.
There is also a local form of Chinese opera called Wan Opera.
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Chang Wanquan (Chinese: 常万全; born January 1949) is the former Minister of Defense and State Councilor of the People's Republic of China and a general in the People's Liberation Army. He has been a member of the Central Military Commission of the People's Republic of China and helped to manage China's space program.Chen Zhen (Three Kingdoms)
Chen Zhen (died 235), courtesy name Xiaoqi, was an official of the state of Shu Han in the Three Kingdoms period of China.Dengzhou
Dengzhou (simplified Chinese: 邓州; traditional Chinese: 鄧州; pinyin: Dèngzhōu), formerly Deng County (邓县; 鄧縣; Dèng Xiàn), is a city in Nanyang, Henan, China. It has an area of 2,294 km2 (886 sq mi) and a population of 1,500,000. The urban area is 35 km², and the urban population is 300,000. The city is located in the southwest of Henan province, adjacent to the borders between Henan, Hubei and Shaanxi. It geometrically lies in the center of the triangle of Zhengzhou, Wuhan and Xi'an, with equal distance to any of these three cities.
It is a city with a long cultural history in China. Historically well known celebrities include: Zhang Zhongjing (ancient Chinese medicine practitioner with superb skills), Han Yu (great poet), Kou Zhun (most respected senator of Song dynasty), Fan Zhongyan (great writer), Yao Xueyin (modern writer), Zhou Daxin (modern writer) etc.Fangcheng County
Fangcheng (Chinese: 方城; pinyin: Fāngchéng) is a county in the east of Nanyang City's administrative area, in the southwest of Henan province, China, has an area of 2,542 km2 (981 sq mi) and a population of 970,000 as of 2002.Fu Zhifang
Fu Zhifang (Chinese: 付志方; born October 1956) is a Chinese politician from Nanyang, Henan. He was an alternate member of the 17th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and was once the mayor of Kaifeng and Baoding. He was later Chairman of the Hebei Provincial CPPCC Committee.Guo Youzhi
Guo Youzhi (fl. third century), courtesy name Yanchang, was an official of the state of Shu Han in the Three Kingdoms period (220–280) of China. Zhuge Liang, the Imperial Chancellor of Shu, described Guo Youzhi in the Chu Shi Biao as exceedingly loyal and faithful, and named him along with Dong Yun and Fei Yi as the more competent officials in Shu while advising the Shu emperor Liu Shan to make good use of their talents.Hu Ji
Hu Ji (fl. 220s–256), courtesy name Weidu, was a military general of the state of Shu Han in the Three Kingdoms period of China.Lü (state)
Lü (simplified Chinese: 吕; traditional Chinese: 呂; pinyin: Lǚ) was a Zhou dynasty vassal state in present-day central China in the early years of the Spring and Autumn period (722-481 BC).Nanyang Jiangying Airport
Nanyang Jiangying Airport (Chinese: 南阳姜营机场) (IATA: NNY, ICAO: ZHNY) is an airport serving the city of Nanyang in Henan Province, China. It is located near Jiangying, in Wancheng District, 12 kilometers east of the city center. The airport was opened in October 1992 and expanded in 1998. It is currently undergoing another phase of expansion.Nanzhao County
Nanzhao County (Chinese: 南召县; pinyin: Nánzhào Xiàn) is a county under the jurisdiction of Nanyang City, in the southwest of Henan province, China, has an area of 2,946 km2 (1,137 sq mi) and a population of 600,000 as of 2002.Sheqi County
Sheqi County (Chinese: 社旗县; pinyin: Shèqí Xiàn) is a county in the southwest of Henan province, China. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Nanyang, and has an area of 1,203 km2 (464 sq mi) and a population of 630,000 as of 2002.Tongbai County
Tongbai County (Chinese: 桐柏县; pinyin: Tóngbǎi Xiàn) is a county in the south of Henan province, China, bordering Hubei province to the south. The easternmost county-level division of the prefecture-level city of Nanyang, it has an area of 1,941 square kilometres (749 sq mi) and a population of 420,000.Wancheng District
Wancheng District (simplified Chinese: 宛城区; traditional Chinese: 宛城區; pinyin: Wǎnchéng Qū) is one of two districts of the city of Nanyang, in the southwest of Henan province, People's Republic of China.Wang Lian
Wang Lian (died c. 223), courtesy name Wenyi, was an official of the state of Shu Han in the Three Kingdoms period of China.Wen Ping
Wen Ping (fl. third century), courtesy name Zhongye, was a military general who lived during the late Eastern Han dynasty and Three Kingdoms period of China. During his tenure as a general under the warlord Cao Cao, he was credited with defeating the enemy general Guan Yu and defending Cao Cao's interests in Jiangxia Commandery from the eastern warlord Sun Quan.Wolong District
Wolong District (simplified Chinese: 卧龙区; traditional Chinese: 臥龍區; pinyin: Wòlóng Qū) is a District in the center part of Nanyang, in the southwest of Henan province, People's Republic of China. It possesses a total area of 1,017 km2 (393 sq mi), and has a population of 930,000.Xixia County
Xixia County (simplified Chinese: 西峡; traditional Chinese: 西峽; pinyin: Xīxiá; postal: Sisia) is a county in the southwest of Henan province, China, bordering Shaanxi province to the west. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Nanyang, and has an area of 3,452 km2 (1,333 sq mi) and a population of 420,000 as of 2002.Zhang Wen (Han dynasty)
Zhang Wen (died 191), courtesy name Boshen, was an official and military general who lived during the Eastern Han dynasty of China. He served as Minister of Works and was, at one point, the superior of Dong Zhuo and Sun Jian when he served as the commander of the Han imperial army in the Liang Province Rebellion.Zhenping County, Henan
Zhenping County (simplified Chinese: 镇平县; traditional Chinese: 鎮平縣; pinyin: Zhènpíng Xiàn) is a county in the southwest of Henan province, China. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Nanyang.
|Climate data for Nanyang, Henan (1971−2000)|
|Record high °C (°F)||19.5
|Average high °C (°F)||6.7
|Daily mean °C (°F)||1.4
|Average low °C (°F)||−2.6
|Record low °C (°F)||−12.8
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||13.7
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||4.5||5.0||7.9||8.1||9.5||9.9||12.3||10.4||9.2||8.8||6.0||3.8||95.4|
|Source: Weather China|
Places adjacent to Nanyang, Henan