Nantucket /ˌnænˈtʌkɪt/ is an island about 30 miles (50 km) by ferry[1] south from Cape Cod, in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. Together with the small islands of Tuckernuck and Muskeget, it constitutes the Town of Nantucket, and the conterminous Nantucket County. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,172.[2] Part of the town is designated the Nantucket CDP, or census-designated place. The region of Surfside on Nantucket is the southernmost settlement in Massachusetts.

The name "Nantucket" is adapted from similar Algonquian names for the island, perhaps meaning "faraway land or island" or "sandy, sterile soil tempting no one."[3]

Nantucket is a tourist destination and summer colony. Due to tourists and seasonal residents, the population of the island increases to at least 50,000 during the summer months.[4] The average sale price for a single-family home was $2.3 million in the first quarter of 2018.[5]

The National Park Service cites Nantucket, designated a National Historic Landmark District in 1966, as being the "finest surviving architectural and environmental example of a late 18th- and early 19th-century New England seaport town."[6]

Nantucket, Massachusetts
Town of Nantucket
County of Nantucket
Skyline of Nantucket, Massachusetts
Flag of Nantucket, Massachusetts

Official seal of Nantucket, Massachusetts

Location of Nantucket County within Massachusetts
Location of Nantucket County within Massachusetts
Nantucket is located in the United States
Location within the United States
Coordinates: 41°16′58″N 70°5′58″W / 41.28278°N 70.09944°WCoordinates: 41°16′58″N 70°5′58″W / 41.28278°N 70.09944°W
CountryUnited States
 • TypeOpen town meeting
 • Total105.3 sq mi (272.6 km2)
 • Land47.8 sq mi (123.8 km2)
 • Water57.5 sq mi (148.8 km2)
30 ft (9 m)
 • Total11,327
 • Density212.8/sq mi (82.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP codes
02554, 02564, 02584
Area code(s)508 Exchanges: 228, 271, 325, 825, 332, 400
FIPS code25-43790
GNIS feature ID0619376


Clinton Folgers "Horsemobile"
Clinton Folger, mail carrier for Nantucket, towed his car to the state highway for driving to Siasconset, in observance of an early 20th-century ban on automobiles on town roads.
Hsl-Nantucket01-horses and people in street-closeup
1870s street scene on Nantucket


Nantucket probably takes its name from a Wampanoag word, transliterated variously as natocke, nantaticu, nantican, nautica or natockete, which is part of Wampanoag lore about the creation of Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket.[7] The meaning of the term is uncertain, although it may have meant "in the midst of waters" or "far away island." Wampanoag is an Eastern Algonquian language of southern New England.[8] The Nehantucket (known to Europeans as the Niantic) were an Algonquin-speaking culture of the area.[9]

Nantucket's nickname, "The Little Grey Lady of the Sea," refers to the island as it appears from the ocean when it is fog-bound.[10][11]

European colonization

The earliest English settlement in the region began on the neighboring island of Martha's Vineyard. Nantucket Island's original Native American inhabitants, the Wampanoag people, lived undisturbed until 1641 when the island was deeded by the English (the authorities in control of all land from the coast of Maine to New York) to Thomas Mayhew and his son, merchants from Watertown, Massachusetts, and Martha's Vineyard. Nantucket was part of Dukes County, New York, until 1691, when it was transferred to the newly formed Province of Massachusetts Bay and split off to form Nantucket County. As Europeans began to settle Cape Cod, the island became a place of refuge for Native Americans in the region, as Nantucket was not yet settled by Europeans. The growing population welcomed seasonal groups of other Native Americans who traveled to the island to fish and later harvest whales that washed up on shore.[12]

Nantucket founders

In October 1641, William, Earl of Stirling, deeded the island to Thomas Mayhew of Watertown, Massachusetts Bay. In 1659 Mayhew sold an interest in the island to nine other purchasers, reserving 1/10th of an interest for himself, "for the sum of thirty pounds ... and also two beaver hats, one for myself, and one for my wife."[13]

Each of the ten original owners was allowed to invite one partner. There is some confusion about the identity of the first twenty owners, partly because William Pile did not choose a partner, and sold his interest to Richard Swain, which was subsequently divided between John Bishop and the children of George Bunker.

Anxious to add to their number and to induce tradesmen to come to the island, the total number of shares were increased to twenty-seven. The original purchasers needed the assistance of tradesmen who were skilled in the arts of weaving, milling, building and other pursuits and selected men who were given half a share provided that they lived on Nantucket and carried on their trade for at least three years.

By 1667, twenty-seven shares had been divided among 31 owners.[14]

Nantucket's settlement by the English did not begin in earnest until 1659, when Thomas Mayhew sold his interest to a group of investors, led by Tristram Coffin. The "nine original purchasers" were Tristram Coffin, Peter Coffin, Thomas Macy, Christopher Hussey, Richard Swain, Thomas Barnard, Stephen Greenleaf, John Swain and William Pike. These men are considered the founding fathers of Nantucket, and many islanders are related to these families. Seamen and tradesmen began to populate Nantucket, such as Richard Gardner (arrived 1667) and Capt. John Gardner (arrived 1672), sons of Thomas Gardner.[15]

The town of Sherburne in the island of Nantucket (NYPL b12610613-422499)
The town on Nantucket Island, when it was still called Sherburne, in 1775

Before 1795 the town on the island was called Sherburne.[16] The original settlement was near Capaum Pond. At that time the pond was a small harbor, whose entrance silted up, forcing the settlers to dismantle their houses, and move them northeast by two miles to the present location.[17]

The whaling industry

In his 1835 history of Nantucket Island, Obed Macy wrote that in the early pre-1672 colony, a whale of the kind called "scragg" entered the harbor and was pursued and killed by the settlers.[18] This event started the Nantucket whaling industry. A. B. Van Deinse points out that the "scrag whale", described by P. Dudley in 1725 as one of the species hunted by early New England whalers, was almost certainly the gray whale, which has flourished on the west coast of North America in modern times with protection from whaling.[19][20] Nantucket's dependence on trade with England, derived from its whaling and supporting industries, influenced its leading citizens to remain neutral in during the American Revolutionary War, favoring neither the British nor those supporting revolution.[21]

Herman Melville commented on Nantucket's whaling dominance in Moby-Dick, Chapter 14: "Two thirds of this terraqueous globe are the Nantucketer's. For the sea is his; he owns it, as Emperors own empires". The Moby-Dick characters Ahab and Starbuck are both from Nantucket. The tragedy that inspired Melville to write his famous novel Moby-Dick was the Final Voyage of the Essex.

By 1850, whaling was in decline, as Nantucket's whaling industry had been surpassed by that of New Bedford. The island suffered great economic hardships, worsened by the "Great Fire" of July 13, 1846, that, fueled by whale oil and lumber, devastated the main town, burning some 40 acres (16 hectares).[22] The fire left hundreds homeless and poverty-stricken, and many people left the island. Another contributor to the decline was the silting up of the harbor, which prevented large whaling ships from entering and leaving the port, unlike New Bedford, which still owned a deep water port. In addition, the development of railroads made mainland whaling ports, such as New Bedford, more attractive because of the ease of transshipment of whale oil onto trains, an advantage unavailable to an island.[23] The American Civil War dealt the death blow to the island's whaling industry, as virtually all of the remaining whaling vessels were destroyed by Confederate commerce raiders.[24]

Later history

As a result of this depopulation, the island was left under-developed and isolated until the mid-20th century. The isolation kept many of the pre-Civil War buildings intact and, by the 1950s, enterprising developers began buying up large sections of the island and restoring them to create an upmarket destination for wealthy people in the Northeastern United States.

In the 1960s, Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard considered seceding from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts which they tried in 1977, unsuccessfully. The secession vote was sparked by a proposed change to the Massachusetts Constitution that reduced the islands' representation in the Massachusetts General Court.[25]

Geology and geography

The cobblestone Main Street in historic downtown Nantucket

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 304 square miles (790 km2), of which 45 square miles (120 km2) is land and 259 square miles (670 km2) (85%) is water.[26] It is the smallest county in Massachusetts by land area and second-smallest by total area. The area of Nantucket Island proper is 47.8 square miles (124 km2). The triangular region of ocean between Nantucket, Martha's Vineyard, and Cape Cod is Nantucket Sound. The highest point on the island is Sankaty Head, which stands 111 feet (34 m) above sea level.

Nantucket NASA 2002
NASA satellite Image of Nantucket Island

Nantucket was formed by the outermost reach of the Laurentide Ice Sheet during the recent Wisconsin Glaciation, shaped by the subsequent rise in sea level. The low ridge across the northern section of the island was deposited as glacial moraine during a period of glacial standstill, a period during which till continued to arrive and was deposited as the glacier melted at a stationary front. The southern part of the island is an outwash plain, sloping away from the arc of the moraine and shaped at its margins by the sorting actions and transport of longshore drift. Nantucket became an island when rising sea levels covered the connection with the mainland, about 5,000–6,000 years ago.[27]

The entire island, as well as the adjoining islands of Tuckernuck and Muskeget, comprise both the Town of Nantucket and the County of Nantucket, which are consolidated. The main settlement, also called Nantucket, is located at the western end of Nantucket Harbor, where it opens into Nantucket Sound. Key localities on the island include Madaket, Surfside, Polpis, Wauwinet, Miacomet, and Siasconset (generally shortened to "'Sconset").[28]


According to the Köppen climate classification system, Nantucket features a climate that borders between a Dfb (humid continental climate) and an Cfb (oceanic climate - east half of the island based on the location of the weather station), the latter a climate type rarely found on the east coast of North America and closest to the same by the original classification.[29] Nantucket's climate is heavily influenced by the Atlantic Ocean, which helps moderate temperatures in the town throughout the course of the year. Average high temperatures during the town's coldest month (January) are around 38 °F (3 °C), while average high temperatures during the town's warmest months (July and August) hover around 75 °F (24 °C). Nantucket receives on average 41 inches (1,000 mm) of precipitation annually, spread relatively evenly throughout the year. Similar to many other cities with an oceanic climate, Nantucket features a large number of cloudy or overcast days, particularly outside the summer months. The highest daily maximum temperature was 100 °F (38 °C) on August 2, 1975, and the highest daily minimum temperature was 76 °F (24 °C) on the same day. The lowest daily maximum temperature was 12 °F (−11 °C) on January 8, 1968, and the lowest daily minimum temperature was −3 °F (−19 °C) on December 31, 1962 and January 16, 2004.


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 201811,327[33]11.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[34]
1790-1960[35] 1900-1990[36]
1990-2000[37] 2010-2018[2]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,172 people, 4,229 households, and 2,429 families residing in the county.[38] The population density was 226.2 inhabitants per square mile (87.3/km2). There were 11,618 housing units at an average density of 258.4 per square mile (99.8/km2).[39] The racial makeup of the county was 87.6% white, 6.8% black, 1.2% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 2.6% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 9.4% of the population.[38] In terms of ancestry, 20.9% were English, 18.8% were Irish, 11.5% were American, 10.9% were German, and 6.4% were Italian.[40]

Of the 4,229 households, 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.8% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 42.6% were non-families, and 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age was 39.4 years.[38]

The median income for a household in the county was $83,347 and the median income for a family was $129,728. Males had a median income of $82,959 versus $46,577 for females. The per capita income for the county was $53,410. About 3.6% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.[41]



Town and county governments are combined in Nantucket (see List of counties in Massachusetts). Nantucket's elected legislative body is its Select Board (name changed in 2018 from Board of Selectmen),[42] which is responsible for the town government's goals and policies.[43] It is administered by a town manager, who is responsible for all departments, except for the school, airport and water departments.[44]


Nantucket is represented in the Massachusetts House of Representatives by Dylan Fernandes, Democrat, of Woods Hole, who represents Precincts 1, 2, 5 and 6, of Falmouth, in Barnstable County; Chilmark, Edgartown, Aquinnah, Gosnold, Oak Bluffs, Tisbury and West Tisbury, all in Dukes County; and Nantucket. Rep. Fernandes has served since January 4, 2017. Nantucket is represented in the Massachusetts Senate by Julian Cyr, Democrat, of Truro, who has also served since January 4, 2017.


Nantucket is in Massachusetts's 9th congressional district, which has existed since 2013. As of 2013, it was represented in the United States House of Representatives by Bill Keating, a Democrat of Bourne. Massachusetts is currently represented in the United States Senate by senior senator Elizabeth Warren (Democrat) and junior senator Ed Markey (Democrat).


Party affiliations

In 2019, 55% of Nantucket residents were unaligned with a major political party; 30% were registered Democrats and 12% were registered Republicans.[45]

Voter registration and party enrollment on February 1, 2019[45]
Party Number of voters Percentage
Unenrolled* 4,972 55.74%
Democratic 2,688 30.13%
Republican 1,141 12.79%
Independent 67 0.75%
Libertarian 38 0.43%
Green-Rainbow Party 14 0.16%
Total 8,920 100%

*The Commonwealth of Massachusetts allows voters to enroll with a political party or to remain "unenrolled."[46]

Voting patterns

Throughout the late 19th and most of the 20th century, Nantucket was a Republican stronghold in presidential elections. From 1876 to 1984, only two Democrats carried Nantucket: Woodrow Wilson and Lyndon Johnson. Since 1988, however, it has trended Democratic.

Top employers

According to Nantucket's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[48] the top employers in the town are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Town of Nantucket 670
2 Nantucket Cottage Hospital 180
3 Nantucket Island Resorts 125
4 Marine Home Center 90
5 Stop & Shop 90
6 Nantucket Bank 60
7 Myles Reis Trucking 30
8 The Woods Hole, Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket Steamship Authority 28
9 Don Allen 25
10 Bartlett Oceanview Farm 25


In 1827, Admiral Sir Isaac Coffin set up the Coffin School to educate descendants of Tristram Coffin.[49] After initially faltering, the school was reconstituted in this building on Winter Street in 1854.

Nantucket's public school district is Nantucket Public Schools. The Nantucket school system had 1,583 students and 137 teachers in 2017.[50]

Schools on the island include:

  • Nantucket Elementary School (Public)
  • Nantucket Intermediate School (Public)
  • Cyrus Peirce Middle School (Public)
  • Nantucket High School (Public)
  • Nantucket Community School (Public, Extracurricular)
  • Nantucket Lighthouse School (Private)[51]
  • Nantucket New School (Private)[52]

Nantucket Public Schools District information and meetings are broadcast on Nantucket Community Television (Channel 18) in Nantucket.[53]

A major museum association, the Maria Mitchell Association, offers educational programs to the Nantucket Public Schools, as well as the Nantucket Historical Association, though the two are not affiliated.

The University of Massachusetts Boston operates a field station on Nantucket. The Massachusetts College of Art & Design is affiliated with the Nantucket Island School of Design & the Arts, which offers summer courses for teens, youth, postgraduate, and undergraduate programs.

Arts and culture

Robinson Nantucket
Theodore Robinson's painting Nantucket, 1882

Nantucket has several noted museums and galleries, including the Maria Mitchell Association and the Nantucket Whaling Museum.

Nantucket is home to both visual and performing arts.The island has been an art colony since the 1920s, whose artists have come to capture the natural beauty of the island's landscapes and seascapes, including its flora and the fauna. Noted artists who have lived on or painted in Nantucket include Frank Swift Chase and Theodore Robinson. Artist Rodney Charman was commissioned to create a series of paintings depicting the marine history of Nantucket, which were collected in the book Portrait of Nantucket, 1659–1890: The Paintings of Rodney Charman in 1989.[54] Herman Melville based his narrative in Moby Dick on the Nantucket whaling industry.

The island is the site of a number of festivals, including a book festival, wine and food festival, comedy festival, daffodil festival,[55] and a cranberry festival.[56]

Popular culture

Several literary and dramatic works involve people from, or living on, Nantucket. These include:


From 1900 to 1918, Nantucket was one of few jurisdictions in the United States that banned automobiles.[60]

Nantucket can be reached by sea from the mainland by The Steamship Authority, Hy-Line Cruises, or Freedom Cruise Line, or by private boat.[61] A task force was formed in 2002 to consider limiting the number of vehicles on the island, in an effort to combat heavy traffic during the summer months.[62]

Nantucket is served by Nantucket Memorial Airport (IATA airport code ACK), a three-runway airport on the south side of the island. The airport is one of the busiest in Massachusetts and often logs more take-offs and landings on a summer day than Boston's Logan Airport. This is due in part to the large number of private planes used by wealthy summer inhabitants, and in part to the 10-seat Cessna 402s used by several commercial air carriers to serve the island community.

Nantucket Regional Transit Authority operates seasonal island-wide shuttle buses to many destinations including Surfside Beach, Siasconset, and the airport.

Until 1917, Nantucket was served by the narrow-gauge Nantucket Railroad.

Light house at Brant point in Nantucket harbor

Brant Point Light in Nantucket Harbor

Transportation disasters

Line5125 - Flickr - NOAA Photo Library
The Argo Merchant ran aground on December 15, 1976. A silvery oil slick can be seen coming from the center holds in the foreground.

Nantucket waters were the site of several noted transportation disasters:

  • On May 15, 1934, the ocean liner RMS Olympic, sister ship to RMS Titanic, rammed and sank the Nantucket Lightship LV-117 in heavy fog, roughly 45 miles south of Nantucket Island. Four men survived out of a crew of 11.
  • On July 25, 1956, the Italian ocean liner SS Andrea Doria collided with the MS Stockholm in heavy fog 45 miles (72 km) south of Nantucket, resulting in the deaths of 51 people (46 on the Andrea Doria, 5 on the Stockholm).
  • On December 15, 1976, the oil tanker Argo Merchant ran aground 29 miles (47 km) southeast of Nantucket. Six days later, on December 21, the wrecked ship broke apart, causing one of the largest oil spills in history.
  • On October 31, 1999, EgyptAir Flight 990, traveling from New York City to Cairo, crashed approximately 60 miles (97 km) south of Nantucket, killing all 217 people on board.

National Register of Historic Places

The following Nantucket places are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:[63]

Notable people

While many notable people own property or regularly visit the island, the following have been residents of the island:

See also



  1. ^ Tessein, Terry (2003). Fly Fishing Boston: A Complete Saltwater Guide from Rhode Island to Maine. The Countryman Press. p. 224. ISBN 9781581578652.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 19, 2001. Retrieved August 26, 2013.
  3. ^ "Nantucket | island, Massachusetts, United States". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved January 26, 2018.
  4. ^ "How many people live on Nantucket?". 2015. Archived from the original on 2016-05-05. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
  5. ^ Howley, Kathleen. "Real Estate Sales Smash Records On Nantucket As Wealthy Americans Buy Beach Houses".
  6. ^ Staff. "Nantucket Historic District". Maritime History of Massachusetts. National Park Service. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
  7. ^ Laverte, Suzanne; Orr, Tamra (2009). Massachusetts. Tarrytown, New York: Marshall Cavendish. p. 38. ISBN 978-0-7614-3005-6.
  8. ^ Huden, John C. (1962). Indian Place Names of New England." New York: Museum of the American Indian. Cited in: Bright, William (2004). Native American Place Names in the United States." Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, pg. 312
  9. ^ Swanton, John Reed (August 25, 2018). "The Indian Tribes of North America". Genealogical Publishing Com – via Google Books.
  10. ^ Morris, Paul C. (July 1, 1996). Maritime Nantucket: A Pictoral History of the "Little Grey Lady of the Sea". Lower Cape Publishers. p. 272.
  11. ^ Editors (August 9, 1937). "60,000 Summer visitors replace whalers on salty Martha's Vineyard & Nantucket". Life Magazine: 34–39. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
  12. ^ Philbrick, Nathaniel (1998). Abram's Eyes: The Native American Legacy of Nantucket Island. Nantucket: Mill Hill Press. p. 308. ISBN 9780963891082.
  13. ^ Worth, Henry (1901). Nantucket Lands and Landowners (Volume 2, Issue 1 ed.). Nantucket Historical Association. pp. 53–82.
  14. ^ Anderson, Florence (1940). A Grandfather for Benjamin Franklin: The True Story of a Nantucket Pioneer and His Mates. Meador. p. 183.
  15. ^ Gardner, Frank A MD (1907). Thomas Gardner Planter and Some of his Descendants. Salem, MA: Essex Institute. (via Google Books)
  16. ^ Brookes M.D., Richard (1819). A General Gazetteer ... Illustrated with maps ... The fifteenth edition, with considerable additions and improvements (15 ed.). London: J.Bumpus. p. 471. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  17. ^ "Discover Nantucket". The Inquirer and Mirror. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  18. ^ Macy, Obed (1835). The History of Nantucket:being a compendious account of the first settlement of the island by the English:together with the rise and progress of the whale fishery, and other historical facts relative to said island and its inhabitants:in two parts. Boston: Hilliard, Gray & Co. ISBN 1-4374-0223-2.
  19. ^ Van Deinse, A. B. (1937). "Recent and older finds of the gray whale in the Atlantic". Temminckia. 2: 161–188.
  20. ^ Dudley, P (1725). "An essay upon the natural history of whales". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. 33: 256–259. doi:10.1098/rstl.1724.0053.
  21. ^ Hinchman, Lydia S. (February 1907), "William Rotch and the Neutrality of Nantucket during the Revolutionary War", Bulletin of Friends' Historical Society of Philadelphia, 1 (2): 49–55
  22. ^ Kelley, Shawnie (2006). It Happened on Cape Cod. Globe Pequot. ISBN 978-0-7627-3824-3. Retrieved 2011-11-22.
  23. ^ Brown, Donna (1997-11-17). Inventing New England. Smithsonian Institution. p. 110. ISBN 9781560987994.
  24. ^ Valiela, Ivan (2009-03-12). Global Coastal Change. John Wiley & Sons. p. 175. ISBN 9781444309034.
  25. ^ People Section Time magazine, April 18, 1977.]
  26. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 14, 2014. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
  27. ^ The most recent survey of the geology of Cape Cod and the islands, accessible to the layman, is Robert N. Oldale, Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard & Nantucket: The Geologic Story, 2001.
  28. ^ Karttunen, Frances Ruley (2005). The Other Islanders: People Who Pulled Nantucket's Oars. Spinner Publications. p. 304. ISBN 0932027938.
  29. ^ Kottek, M.; J. Grieser; C. Beck; B. Rudolf; F. Rubel (2006). "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated" (PDF). Meteorol. Z. 15 (3): 259–263. doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
  30. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 19, 2015.
  31. ^ "MA Nantucket MEM AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 19, 2015.
  32. ^ "General Climate Summary Tables". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved February 19, 2015.
  33. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 25, 2019.
  34. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
  35. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
  36. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
  37. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
  38. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  39. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  40. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  41. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  42. ^ "Nantucket Selectmen go gender-neutral". Inquirer & Mirror website.
  43. ^ "Board of Selectmen". Town and County of Nantucket website. Archived from the original on July 22, 2007. Retrieved April 10, 2013.
  44. ^ "Town Administration". Town and County of Nantucket website. Archived from the original on October 1, 2007. Retrieved April 10, 2013.
  45. ^ a b "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of February 1, 2019" (PDF). Massachusetts Elections Division. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  46. ^ Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts (December 21, 2015). "Massachusetts Directory of Political Parties and Designations". Retrieved December 21, 2015.
  47. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections".
  48. ^ Turbitt, Brian E. (October 9, 2018). "Town of Nantucket, Massachusetts Comprehensive Annual Financial Report For the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2018" (PDF). Town of Nantucket, Massachusetts. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  49. ^ Finger, Jascin Leonardo. "The History of The Coffin School". Nantucket, Massachusetts: Nantucket Preservation Trust. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
  50. ^ "2017 NCLB Report Card - Nantucket". No Child Left Behind Reports. Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education.
  51. ^ "The Nantucket Lighthouse School". Retrieved August 3, 2013.
  52. ^ "The Nantucket New School". Retrieved August 3, 2013.
  53. ^ "Nantucket Community Television – Broadcasting Nantucket. Vision. Voice. Life".
  54. ^ Mooney, Robert E. (1996-12-12). Portrait of Nantucket, 1659-1890: The Paintings of Rodney Charman. Mill Hill Press. ISBN 9780963891037.
  55. ^ Staff. "Nantucket Celebrates 45th Annual Daffodil Weekend |". Retrieved 2019-07-02.
  56. ^ "Nantucket Festivals". Yesterday's Island, Inc. 2017. Retrieved 2017-04-05.
  57. ^ Gelbert, Doug (2002). Film and Television Locations: a State-by-State Guidebook to Moviemaking sites, excluding Los Angeles. McFarland & Company. p. 111.
  58. ^
  59. ^ page 161–164, Great Women Mystery Writers, 2nd Ed. by Elizabeth Blakesley Lindsay, 2007, publ. Greenwood Press, ISBN 0-313-33428-5
  60. ^ "Flickr". Flickr.
  61. ^ "Business Directory Search - Nantucket Island Chamber of Commerce, MA".
  62. ^ Nantucket 'gridlock' spurs plan to limit cars on island. (2002-05-07). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  63. ^ "National Register of Historical Places - MASSACHUSETTS (MA), Nantucket County".
  64. ^ "Nantucket's National Historic Landmark Update Gains Advisory Committee Approval - Nantucket Preservation Trust".
  65. ^ Stout, Kate. ""Who Was Eliza Barney?"". Nantucket Historical Association. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  66. ^ "The Gilbreth Network: That Most Famous Dozen".
  67. ^ Globe correspondent (September 16, 2014), "All about Nantucket's Meghan Trainor", Boston Globe, Style, retrieved 2015-09-04


Further reading

External links

Media related to Nantucket at Wikimedia Commons

Nantucket travel guide from Wikivoyage

Barker Burnell

Barker Burnell (January 30, 1798 – June 15, 1843) was a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts.

Cape Air

Hyannis Air Service, Inc., operating as Cape Air, is an airline headquartered at Barnstable Municipal Airport in Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States. It operates scheduled passenger services in the Northeast, the Caribbean, Midwest, and Eastern Montana. Flights between Hyannis and Nantucket, Massachusetts, are operated under the Nantucket Airlines brand, also operated by Hyannis Air Service, Inc.As of November 2013, Cape Air received $32,241,274 in annual U.S. federal government subsidies for the Essential Air Services that they provided to rural airports throughout the country.


A dormer is a roofed structure, often containing a window, that projects vertically beyond the plane of a pitched roof. A dormer window is a form of roof window.

Dormers are commonly used to increase the usable space in a loft and to create window openings in a roof plane. The term "dormer" is commonly used to refer to a "dormer window" although a dormer does not necessarily contain a window. A dormer is often one of the primary elements of a loft conversion. As a prominent element of many buildings, different types of dormer have evolved to complement different styles of architecture. When the structure appears on the spires of churches and cathedrals, it is usually referred to as a lucarne.

LORAN-C transmitter Nantucket

Nantucket LORAN-C transmitter was a LORAN-C transmitter at Siasconset, Massachusetts. It was built in 1963 with a 625 ft tall mast radiator. It operated in conjunction with the LORAN-A station on Nantucket from 1963-1981. It was closed in February 2010 when the United States discontinued the Loran system, and the tower was taken down in May 2013.

Muskeget Island

Muskeget Island is a low sandy island to the west of Tuckernuck Island and Nantucket, in the town of Nantucket, Massachusetts.

Nantucket High School

Nantucket High School is a public high school in Nantucket, Massachusetts. It is also the only high school on the island of Nantucket. The school serves students in grades 9–12, and has an approximate enrollment of 400 students. The school colors are Navy Blue and White, and the mascot is Hank the Harpoon Man, whose name was chosen by the students in 2013.

Nantucket National Wildlife Refuge

Nantucket National Wildlife Refuge is a 24-acre (9.7 ha) range and was established in 1973 for its "particular value in carrying out the national migratory bird management program." The refuge, which is cooperatively managed with The Trustees of Reservations, encompasses 24 acres (9.7 ha) at Great Point. Nantucket National Wildlife Refuge is an un-staffed unit of the Eastern Massachusetts National Wildlife Refuge Complex. Nantucket National Wildlife Refuge consists of the Northeast tip of Nantucket, known as Great Point. The Refuge has been managed informally by TTOR several decades. TTOR owns the land immediately adjacent to Great Point, known as the Coskata-Coatue Wildlife Refuge. Great Point is known as one of the best surfcasting locations in New England because of the rip tide which brings bluefish and striped bass to the point. The Refuge is also a destination for hundreds of visitors each year seeking to enjoy a Nantucket beach or a tour of the Great Point Lighthouse. More information about the adjacent TTOR property is available on their website.

The refuge is an important stopover site for migratory birds and protects habitat for the federally listed piping plover and roseate tern, as well as the State-listed common and least tern. Gray and harbor seals are also frequently seen hauling out on the refuge. A variety of gull species also inhabit the refuge which at times can be detrimental to the successful nesting of shorebirds

Nantucket Sound

Nantucket Sound is a roughly triangular area of the Atlantic Ocean offshore from the U.S. state of Massachusetts. It is 30 miles (48 km) long and 25 miles (40 km) wide, and is enclosed by Cape Cod on the north, Nantucket on the south, and Martha's Vineyard on the west. Between Cape Cod and Martha's Vineyard it is connected to the Vineyard Sound. Ports on Nantucket Sound include Nantucket and Hyannis, Massachusetts.

Nantucket Sound possesses significant marine habitat for a diversity of ecologically and economically important species. "The Sound" has particular significance for several federally protected species of wildlife and a variety of commercially and recreationally valuable fisheries.

The Sound is located at a confluence of the cold Labrador Currents and the warm Gulf Stream. This creates a unique coastal habitat representing the southern range for Northern Atlantic species and the northern range for Mid-Atlantic species. Nantucket Sound has much biological diversity and contains habitats that range from open sea to salt marshes, as well as warm-water beaches on the Cape and Islands coasts.

National Register of Historic Places listings in Nantucket County, Massachusetts

This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Nantucket County, Massachusetts.

This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Nantucket County, Massachusetts, United States. Latitude and longitude coordinates are provided for many National Register properties and districts; these locations may be seen together in a map.There are 4 properties listed on the National Register in the county, including 2 National Historic Landmarks. Another property was once listed but has been removed.

This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted July 18, 2019.

Naval Auxiliary Air Facility Nantucket

Naval Auxiliary Air Facility Nantucket was a United States Navy facility located in Nantucket, Massachusetts operational from 1942 to 1945. It existed as an auxiliary air facility of Naval Air Station Quonset Point.

Peleg Coffin Jr.

Peleg Coffin Jr. (November 3, 1756 – March 6, 1805) was an American financier, insurer, and politician from Nantucket and Boston, Massachusetts.

Rectrix Aviation

Rectrix Aviation is a jet charter and commuter airline service that primarily serves New England, Florida and the east coast of the United States. Its commercial operations are based at Nantucket Memorial Airport and Barnstable Municipal Airport in Nantucket and Hyannis, Massachusetts, respectively. The only commercial flight it operates is between Nantucket and Hyannis. Rectrix Shuttle, the commuter service, was founded when Island Airlines of Nantucket shut down.

Rectrix's charter flights are based at Sarasota, Florida, Bedford, Massachusetts, Hyannis, and Westfield, Massachusetts. Rectrix acquired its worldwide jet operating authority in 2009 with its acquisition of New World Jet Corporation.

The Inquirer and Mirror

The Inquirer and Mirror, also called The I&M, or "The Inky" is the weekly newspaper of record on the island of Nantucket, Massachusetts. It has been in continuous publication since 1821.

The Inquirer and Mirror, founded in 1821, is the weekly newspaper of Nantucket, MA. It has received many awards over the years and since 2000 has been named Newspaper of the Year twice by the New England Press Association, NEPA, twice Newspaper of the Year by The New England Newspaper Association, NENA, Newspaper of the Year by Suburban Newspapers of America, SNA, and most recently Newspaper of the Year in 2011 and 2012 by the New England Newspaper and Press Association. The Inquirer and Mirror is part of GateHouse Media, which also publishes the Cape Cod Times and New Bedford's Standard Times. The Inquirer and Mirror also publishes the magazine Nantucket Today.

On September 4, 2013, News Corp announced that it would sell the Dow Jones Local Media Group to Newcastle Investment Corp.—an affiliate of Fortress Investment Group, for $87 million. The newspapers will be operated by GateHouse Media, a newspaper group owned by Fortress. News Corp. CEO and former Wall Street Journal editor Robert James Thomson indicated that the newspapers were "not strategically consistent with the emerging portfolio" of the company. GateHouse in turn filed prepackaged Chapter 11 bankruptcy on September 27, 2013, to restructure its debt obligations in order to accommodate the acquisition.The I&M Website,, takes its name from the IATA code of the island's only airport, ACK.

There once was a man from Nantucket

"There once was a man from Nantucket" is the opening line for many limericks, in which the name of the island of Nantucket creates often ribald rhymes and puns. The protagonist in the obscene versions is typically portrayed as well-endowed and hypersexualized.

The opening line is so well known that it has been used as a stand-alone joke, implying upcoming obscenities.

Tuckernuck Island

Tuckernuck (latitude: 41° 18’N longitude: 70° 15’W) is an island in the town and former whaling port of Nantucket, Massachusetts, west of Nantucket Island and east of Muskeget. Its name allegedly means "a loaf of bread". The island has an area of about 900 acres (1.4 square miles). The highest point is about 50 feet.

United States lightship Nantucket (LV-112)

United States lightship Nantucket (LV-112), also known as Lightship No. 112, Nantucket, is a National Historic Landmark lightship that served at the Lightship Nantucket position. She was the last serving lightship and at time of its application as a landmark, one of only two capable of moving under their own power. She served as the lightship for such notable vessels as SS United States, RMS Queen Mary, and SS Normandie.

United States lightship Nantucket (WLV-612)

The Nantucket Lightship or United States Lightship WLV-612 (Nantucket I) is a lightvessel commissioned in 1950 that became the last lightship decommissioned in United States Coast Guard service.

United States lightship Nantucket II (WLV-613)

The United States Lightship WLV-613 (Ambrose) was a lightvessel commissioned in 1952 that became the last lightship to mark the Ambrose Channel. She was replaced by a Texas Tower lightstation on 24 August 1967.

The Ambrose was reassigned as a relief ship on the Massachusetts coastline from 1967–79. After being renamed Nantucket II, in 1979, she was reassigned to Nantucket Shoals. She alternated with her sister ship, the Lightship Nantucket WLV-612 relieving each other approximately every 21 days. The Ambrose was also the last lightship to mark the Nantucket channel on 20 December 1983. She was decommissioned and retired in 1983.Ambrose was berthed at the Wareham Shipyard along Main Street in Wareham, Massachusetts from about 1990 until she was moved to New Bedford, Massachusetts on December 1, 2014. The Ambrose (now painted as "NANTUCKET") is now privately owned by William B. Golden, owner of Nantucket I. It is planned to renovate her in 2015 and use her to host private events and overnight guests. Currently, she is closed to the public.

Wings (1990 TV series)

Wings is an American sitcom that ran for eight seasons on NBC from April 19, 1990, to May 21, 1997. Starring Tim Daly and Steven Weber as brothers Joe and Brian Hackett, the show is set at the fictional "Tom Nevers Field" airport, a small two-airline airport in Nantucket, Massachusetts, where the Hackett brothers operate Sandpiper Air.

Other regulars include Crystal Bernard, David Schramm, Rebecca Schull, Thomas Haden Church, and Tony Shalhoub. Farrah Forke later joined the cast for two seasons. When Forke left, Amy Yasbeck joined the cast for the remainder of the show's run from 1994–1997. Thomas Haden Church left the show in spring 1995 to star in the Fox sitcom Ned and Stacey, and Brian Haley joined the cast as the new mechanic.

Wings was created and produced by Cheers veterans David Angell, Peter Casey, and David Lee. The trio would later create the sitcom Frasier, which was a spinoff of Cheers. Characters from Cheers occasionally made special guest appearances on Wings. All three series were produced by Paramount Network Television.

Climate data for Nantucket, Massachusetts (Nantucket Memorial Airport)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 63
Average high °F (°C) 38.1
Daily mean °F (°C) 31.6
Average low °F (°C) 25.1
Record low °F (°C) −3
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.61
Average snowfall inches (cm) 7.4
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 12 10 11 11 10 8 7 9 8 9 12 13 118
Source #1: NOAA (1981−2010 normals)[30][31]
Source #2: Western Regional Climate Center (precipitation days and snow 1948−present)[32]
Municipalities and communities of Nantucket County, Massachusetts, United States
Lists by county
Lists by city
Other lists
Massachusetts public high schools
Barnstable County
Berkshire County
Bristol County
Dukes County
Essex County
Franklin County
Hampden County
Hampshire County
Middlesex County
Nantucket County
Norfolk County
Plymouth County
Suffolk County
Worcester County
Islands and Peninsulas of Massachusetts


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