Nanning (Chinese: 南宁; pinyin: Nánníng; Zhuang: Namzningz) is the capital of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China. It is known as the "Green City" because of its abundance of lush subtropical foliage. As of 2014 it had a population of 6,913,800 with 4,037,000 in its urban area.
南宁市 • Namzningz Si
Location of Nanning City jurisdiction in Guangxi
Location in China
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Party Secretary||Wang Xiaodong|
|• Mayor||Zhou Hongbo|
|• Prefecture-level city||22,189 km2 (8,567 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||6,913,800|
|• Density||310/km2 (810/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-GX-01|
|License plate prefixes||桂A|
|Literal meaning||"Southern tranquility"|
Nanning, an ancient city with a long history and rich culture, was part of Baiyue ethnic groups in the ancient time. In the first year of Daxing period of Eastern Jin Dynasty (AD 318), Jinxing County, established here as one of the county towns, ushered a history of 1700 years of Nanning organizational system. During the Zhenguan period of Tang dynasty (AD 632), it was renamed Yong state and established Yong government seat, which is why it has been called Yong for short. In the first year of Taiding period of Yuan Dynasty (AD 318), Yong State was renamed Nanning, referring to a peaceful southern border.
In 1076 during the Lý–Song War Yongshou was besieged by Lý forces. Under the leadership of Su Jian, the garrison held out for forty-two days before succumbing: The city was razed to the ground and its people massacred.
In the Yuan dynasty in 1324, it was renamed Nanning Lu (an administrative division) of Yongzhou Lu meaning "May peace maintain in the southern frontier", hence the name Nanning. Historically, Nanning was famous for trade, and had permanent business offices from other areas in China since the Song dynasty.
On December 4, 1949, Nanning was captured by the CPC; in January 1950, Nanning municipality was set up, and identified as the capital city of Guangxi on February 8 of the same year; in March 1958, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region was established, and Nanning municipality was the capital city.
Nanning serves as host for the annual China-ASEAN EXPO (CASEAN EXPO) which began in 2005 and was the venue for the 2006 "World Robotics Olympiad".
|Qingxiu District||青秀区||Qīngxiù Qū||Cinghsiu Gih||440,000||872||505|
|Xingning District||兴宁区||Xīngníng Qū||Singhningz Gih||260,000||751||346|
|Jiangnan District||江南区||Jiāngnán Qū||Gyanghnanz Gih||360,000||1,154||312|
|Xixiangtang District||西乡塘区||Xīxiāngtáng Qū||Sihsienghdangz Gih||660,000||1,118||590|
|Liangqing District||良庆区||Liángqìng Qū||Liengzcing Gih||290,000||1,369||212|
|Yongning District||邕宁区||Yōngníng Qū||Yunghningz Gih||320,000||1,295||247|
|Suburb and Rural|
|Wuming District||武鸣区||Wǔmíng Qū||Vujmingz Gih||650,000||3,367||193|
|Heng County||横县||Héng Xiàn||Hwngz Yen||1,080,000||3,464||312|
|Binyang County||宾阳县||Bīnyáng Xiàn||Binhyangz Yen||980,000||2,314||424|
|Shanglin County||上林县||Shànglín Xiàn||Sanglinz Yen||460,000||1,876||245|
|Long'an County||隆安县||Lóng'ān Xiàn||Lungzanh Yen||370,000||2,264||163|
|Mashan County||马山县||Mǎshān Xiàn||Majsanh Yen||510,000||2,345||217|
Nanning is home of the 21st tallest building in the People's Republic of China, the Diwang International Commerce Center, at 276 m (906 ft), currently the tallest building in Guangxi and southwestern China (excluding Chongqing). The second tallest building in Nanning is the World Trade Commerce City at 218 meters. The city currently has seven buildings taller than 100 m (330 ft), built or under construction.
Nanning has many parks with tropical lush green landscape, it is one of the "greenest" cities in China, and it's known as "Green City"(绿城). Nanning's downtown skyline is rapidly changing and the city is becoming an important hub in China.
Recently, the government has begun a citywide beautification plan which aimed to further clean up the city and improve its image. This involved curtailing the number of street-side food vendors operating without proper licenses and restricting parking in busy streets. The program has achieved initial success, long-term efforts are still needed to deliver lasting results.
Foreign exports in 2007 were 10 billion USD. Foreign fixed asset investment was 34.3 billion RMB. Nanning has six development zones and industrial parks, three of which accounted for 6 billion RMB of Nanning's GDP, more than 8 percent of Nanning's total.
Mineral resources include gold, iron, manganese, aluminum, quartz, silver, indium, coal, marble, and granite. One third of China's different types of mineral resources are found in Nanning.
Nanning Metro system is known for its Nanning Rail Transit (NNRT), expected to comprise a total of nine lines. The first has been completed and put into operation in June 2016, while lines 2, 3 and 4 are now under construction. Line 1 connects the East and West of Nanning, linking the financial and political center and the academic and research center of Nanning.
Stations of Line 1 from the West to East are: Shi Bu—Nan Zhi Yuan—Peng Fei— Xi Xiang Tang Coach Station—Minzu Daxue— Qing Chuan—Nanning Zoo— Lu Ban Road—Guangxi University— Bai Cang Ling—Train Station— Chao Yang Plaza—Xin Min Road—Minzu Plaza—Ma Cun,—Nan Hu— Jin Hu Plaza—International Expo—MixCity—China-ASEAN business center—Feng Lin—Lang Dong Coach Station—Bai Hua Lin—Fo Zi Lin—Nanning East Train Station.
Nanning railway station is a railway junction for the Nanning–Kunming, Nanning–Guangzhou and Hunan–Guangxi Railways. There are also plans to build a high-speed railway to Pingxiang on the Vietnamese border. The goal is to better integrate Pan-Pearl River Delta and southeast China with members of the ASEAN.
Guangxi is also a conjunction of Guangdong-Guiyang Highspeed Rail.
Nanning's warm climate gives it a large amount of biodiversity. There are many species of animals and more than 3,000 species of plants. The city flower is the Jaba flower, an evergreen shrub, and the city tree is the almond tree which is regarded as the backbone tree used for greening and landscaping throughout the city.
Nanning is situated in a hilly basin with elevations between 70 and 500 m (230 and 1,640 ft) above sea-level. Qingxiu Mountain dominates the southern part of town.
Nanning has a warm, monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with an annual mean temperature of 21.82 °C (71.3 °F). Summers are hot and humid with July, the hottest month, having a 24-hour average temperature of 28.4 °C (83.1 °F). Winters are mild and somewhat damp with January, the coolest month, averaging 12.9 °C (55.2 °F). From February to August, rain is most frequent and relative humidity consistently averages above 80 percent; the annual rainfall is 1,310 millimetres (51.6 in). The area is also frost-free for all but 3 or 4 days a year and snowfall is virtually unheard of in the city, with a unique exception since 1900: in December 1975 snow fell on the city albeit without sticking to the ground. Extreme temperatures have ranged from −2.1 to 40.4 °C (28 to 105 °F). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 17 percent in March to 51 percent in September, the city receives 1,585 hours of bright sunshine annually.
|Climate data for Nanning (normals 1971−2000, extremes 1951−2010)|
|Record high °C (°F)||32.6
|Average high °C (°F)||16.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||12.9
|Average low °C (°F)||10.0
|Record low °C (°F)||−2.1
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||35.3
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)||11.1||13.2||13.8||13.6||16.6||16.3||16.8||16.2||10.5||8.5||6.8||5.9||149.3|
|Average relative humidity (%)||78||81||82||81||80||82||82||82||78||75||74||74||79|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||69.6||56.7||61.8||91.4||144.0||161.1||196.8||186.1||185.6||163.7||144.2||123.7||1,584.7|
|Percent possible sunshine||21||18||17||24||35||40||48||47||51||46||44||37||36|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration, all-time extreme temperature|
At 2010 census, the total population of Nanning was 6,611,600, among which 2,875,220 were urban residents (after the adjustment of administrative divisions) and 2,480,340 in the built up area made of 5 out of 6 urban districts. Nanning is a city in which Zhuang ethnic group live in compact communities. Thirty-five ethnic groups live in compact communities in Nanning, including people of Zhuang, Han, Yao, Hui, Miao, Dong, and Man minorities.
Nanning is the center of science and technology, education, culture and health in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. There are altogether 54 scientific research institutes subordinate to districts. 10 colleges and 50 trade schools are training specialised personnel of all kinds. Now there are 62 mass cultural organizations, 13 performing groups, 8 cinemas, 285 projecting units, over 70 karaoke halls and over 1000 newsstands. Bookshops and cultural markets can be found everywhere.
Nanning has not only local cuisine but also food from other areas of China and abroad. Traditional food culture can be found around most streets of Nanning. Nanning food shares the style of Cantonese food and of Southeast Asia. Chinese cuisine including Guangdong, Szechuan, Hunan and Jiangsu as well as Japanese, Thai and Western cuisines can be found.
Rice noodles are very popular among the Nanning people. Laoyou rice noodles are the most famous, while other noodle dishes such as Guilin rice noodles and hand made noodles can be found. Laoyou rice noodles (means old friend rice noodles) are made of fry up pepper, sour bamboo shoots, black beans and garlic, then pork, and then soup and rice noodles. The sour-spicy tasting noodles are a very popular and cheap favorite street food for all meals (breakfast, lunch and dinner) in Nanning.
Other places of interest include Nanhu Park, Shishan Park and Nanning Zoo.
Note: Institutions without full-time bachelor programs are not listed.