Nanda Kot

Nanda Kot (Hindi-नन्दा कोट) is a mountain peak of the Himalaya range located in the Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand state in India. It lies in the Kumaon Himalaya, just outside the ring of peaks enclosing the Nanda Devi Sanctuary, 15 kilometres (9 mi) southeast of Nanda Devi itself. The name Nanda Kot literally means "Nanda's Fortress" and refers to the abode of one of the sacred forms of the Hindu Goddess Parvati who in legend has made her sanctuary amongst the ring of lofty mountains in the region.

Nanda Kot is connected to the Sanctuary wall by a high pass known as the Pindari Kanda, 5,269 m (17,287 ft). This pass, Nanda Kot itself, and the ridge proceeding south from the peak together form the divide between the Pindar and Ghori Ganga River valleys, with Dana Dhura Pass connecting the two sides. The Kaphni (or Kafani), Pindar, Lawan, and Shalang Glaciers drain the south, west, north, and east sides of the peak respectively.[2]

The first attempt to climb Nanda Kot was made in 1905 by T.G. Longstaff, who proceeded by way of the Lawan Valley and Lawan Glacier. The first successful ascent of the summit came in 1936 by a Japanese team led by Y. Hotta. A new route involving a direct ascent of the south face was successfully undertaken by a British expedition led by Martin Moran in 1995. Mountaineering expeditions to Nanda Kot today typically follow the route through Loharkhet, Dhakuri Pass, Khati Village to Dwali base camp.

Outlying subpeaks of Nanda Kot include:

  • Changuch, 6,322 m (20,741 ft)
  • Kuchela Dhura, 6,294 m (20,650 ft)
  • Nandabhaner (or Nandabhanar), 6,236 m (20,459 ft)
  • Dangthal, 6,050 m (19,849 ft)
  • Lespa Dhura (or Laspa Dhura), 5,913 m (19,400 ft)
  • Lamchir, 5,662 m (18,576 ft)
Nanda Kot
Nanda Kot
Highest point
Elevation6,861 m (22,510 ft) [1]
Prominence1,592 m (5,223 ft) [1]
Coordinates30°16′54″N 80°04′06″E / 30.28167°N 80.06833°ECoordinates: 30°16′54″N 80°04′06″E / 30.28167°N 80.06833°E[1]
Nanda Kot is located in India
Nanda Kot
Nanda Kot
Location in India
LocationPithoragarh, Uttarakhand, India
Parent rangeKumaun Himalaya
First ascent1936 by Y. Hotta
Easiest routeLawan Valley

Nanda Devi/Nanda Kot nuclear controversy

In 1965, a covert mission was launched by an Indo-American team with the goal of installing a surveillance device on the top of Nanda Devi mountain to monitor Chinese nuclear and missile activity in Tibet. Shortly after delivery to the mountain, the thermonuclear generator designed to supply power to the sensor was lost during a storm and threatened to become a source of radioactive contamination to the area. Following upon at least three futile attempts between 1966-1968 to locate and recover the lost apparatus, it is said that in 1968 a similar device placed only the year before on Nanda Kot was dismantled. After more than a decade of secrecy, this story hit the Indian news media in 1978. There is still debate over these expeditions and whether any remnants of the radioactive materials remain in the vicinity of Nanda Kot to this day.

See also

Survey of India


  1. ^ a b c "The Karakoram, Pakistan Himalaya and India Himalaya (north of Nepal)". Retrieved 2014-05-26.
  2. ^ Garhwal-Himalaya-Ost, 1:150,000 scale topographic map, prepared in 1992 by Ernst Huber for the Swiss Foundation for Alpine Research, based on maps of the Survey of India.

External links

Nanda Kot Nuclear Controversy:[1]


  • Harish Kapadia, Across Peaks and Passes in Kumaun Himalaya.
  • Peter Takeda, An Eye At The Top Of The World, Thunder's Mouth Press, 2006, ISBN 978-1-56025-845-2

Changuch is a Himalayan mountain peak situated at the boundary of Pithoragarh and Bageshwar district of the Uttarakhand state of India. This peak is situated above the Pindari Glacier. This peak offers a ridge leading to Nanda Kot. On its massif Traill's pass is situated, which connects Pindari valley to Goriganga valley. The first successful ascent to the peak was made by an Indo-British team on 9 June 2009 at 9 am.


Chaukori is a hill station in the Pithoragarh district set among the lofty peaks of the western Himalayan Range in the Kumaon Division of Uttarakhand, India. To its north is Tibet and to its south is Terai. The Mahakali River, running along its eastern boundary, forms the Indo-Nepal international border. This place has become a prominent tourist place and from here a wide and picturesque view of Himalayan range can be viewed. The golden yellow colour of sun rays falling on the Himalayan range in the morning time is really worth seeing. There are cottages available here where one can stay and enjoy the serene surroundings. Tourists coming to this place generally also visit the nearby tourist places like Patal Bhuvaneshwar, Kausani, Bageshwar and Almora.

Gori Ganga

Gori Ganga (also Gori Gad) is a river in the Munsiari tehsil of the Pithoragarh District, part of the state of Uttarakhand in northern India. Its principal source is the Milam Glacier, just northeast of Nanda Devi along with the Glaciers of the Ralam River, and the Pyunshani and Uttari & Dakshini Balati Glaciers that lie on the western face of the Panchachuli Peaks.

The alpine trans-humant village of Milam is located one kilometer below the snout of the glacier. Here a left-bank stream called Gonka joins the Gori. The valley provides the approach route for access to peaks such as Nanda Devi East, Hardeol, Trishuli, Panchchuli, and Nanda Kot.

The Gori is also fed by glaciers and streams flowing from the eastern slopes of the east wall of the Nanda Devi Sanctuary, and those flowing west from the high peaks of Panchchuli, Rajramba, and Chaudhara, including the Ralam Gad and the Pyunsani Gadhera. The Kalabaland-Burfu Kalganga glacier system also flows into the Gori Ganga Valley from the east.The principal rivers joining the main trunk Gori river are listed below -

Panchu Gad - True Right Bank at Panchu / Ganghar

Burfu Gad - True Left Bank at Burfu

Lwa Gad - True Right Bank below Martoli

Poting Gad - True Right Bank at Bogdayar

Ralam Gad - True Left Bank upstream of Ruspiabagad

Jimia Gad - True Right Bank at Jimmighat

Suring Gad - True Right Bank at Suring Gad / Ghat

Madkani or Madkanya - True Left Bank at Madkot - This river originates from the Pyunshani and Balati Glaciers at the base of the Panchachuli Peaks

Ghosi Gad - True Left Bank at Baram

Rauntees - True Right Bank at Garjia. This is the only major rain fed stream joining the Gori River.

Goriganga joins the Kali River at Jauljibi.

Japanese Alpine Club

The Japanese Alpine Club (日本山岳会) (JAC) is a mountaineering and climbing organisation based in Tokyo, Japan.

Kafni Glacier

The Kafni Glacier is located in the upper reaches of the Kumaon Himalayas, to the southeast of Nanda Devi. The glacier gives rise to the Kafni River, which is a tributary of the Pindar River. The Pinder River is a tributary to Alaknanda River, which eventually is one of the two headstreams of the Ganges. This is relatively small glacier but a popular trekking destination along with Pindari Glacier.

Kuchela Dhura

Mount Kuchela Dhura is a mountain located in Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand, India. It is located at the near true right bank of Lwa Glacier or true left bank of Shalang glacier, surrounded by Mount Nandakot, 6861 metres and 0.6041 metres to its south-west and north-east respectively. This peak offers a 3 km (approx.) long rutted ridge leading to Nanda Kot’s north face.

An unknown attempt was made in the late 1980s, and no information of route and team. IMF sent an 8 members team to the peak via west ridge during pre-monsoon season in the year 2012. Team left behind from the summit by almost around 500 horizontal & 88 vertical metres.

The Indian Mountaineering Foundation (IMF) sent an expedition in the month of August–September 2013 to Mt Kuchela Dhura. The core Indian team had total 10 members from different states of the country Dhruv Joshi from Almora(leader), Wallambok Lyngdoh from Shillong (Dy. Leader), Dr Anand Vaidya from Gujarat (Medical Officer), Ram Prasad Lodha (Rajasthan), Zoram sanga(Mizoram), Vineet Saini(U.P), Vijay Rautela(Uttarakhand), Banshngainlang Nongkynrih(Meghalaya), Karan Kumar Shandilya (Assam) and Chitramohan Singh (Uttarakhand). Four members Dhruv joshi, Wallambok Lyngdoh, Chitramohan & Vijay Rautela successfully scaled the mountain on 6 September 2013 at 0820 hrs and made the first international and national ascent of the peak.

The expedition was flagged off by Col(Rtd) J P Bhagatjee on 15 August 2013, Director IMF and flagged in by Mick Fowler (Legendary Mountaineer and President of Alpine Club) on 20 September 2013. This expedition was sponsored by the Indian Mountaineering Foundation, Ministry of Youth Affairs & sports.

Main peaks around Kuchela Dhura:

Changuch, 6,322 m (20,741 ft)

Nanda Kot, 6,861 m (22,510 ft)

Nanda Devi East, 7,434 m (24,390 ft)

List of Ultras of the Himalayas

This is a list of all the Ultra prominent peaks (with topographic prominence greater than 1,500 metres) in the Himalayas. Listed separately, to the west and north-west are the Karakoram and Hindu Kush Ultras, and while to the north-east and east are the ultras of Tibet.

9 of the 10 Himalayan 8,000m peaks are ultras (the exception is Lhotse), and there are a further 28 peaks over 7000m.

Love Raj Singh Dharmshaktu

Love Raj Singh Dharmshaktu is an Indian mountaineer who has climbed Mount Everest seven times.

He was awarded the Padma Shri by Government of India in 2014.

Mohan Singh Kohli

Captain Manmohan Singh Kohli (b. 11 December 1931 at Haripur) is an internationally renowned Indian mountaineer. An officer in the Indian Navy who joined the Indo-Tibetan Border Police, he led the 1965 Indian expedition which put nine men on the summit of Everest, a world record which lasted for 17 years.

Namik Glacier

Namik Glacier is situated in the Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand state in India. The glacier is situated on the Kumaon Himalayas at an altitude of 3,600 m (11,800 ft). This glacier is the source of the Ramganga River. The glacier is surrounded by the following peaks: Nanda Devi 7,848 metres (25,748 ft), Nanda Kot 6,861 metres (22,510 ft), and Trishuli 7,120 metres (23,360 ft). The glacier falls on ancient Indo-Tibet trade route. It is 23 km (14 mi) trekking from Liti and situated at the villages of Gogina and Namik. There are a number of waterfalls and sulphur springs originating around this glacier. The glacier can be reached by trekking from gogina on the sama liti Road near. It is 63 kilometres (39 mi) from Bageshwar. Jeeps can be hired from Bageshwar or Kapkot up to Gogina. 'Namik' means a place where saline water springs are present.

Nanda Devi National Park

The Nanda Devi National Park or Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, established in 1982

, is a national park situated around the peak of Nanda Devi (7816 m) in the state of Uttarakhand in northern India. The entire park lies at an elevation of more than 3,500 m (11,500 ft) above mean sea level.

The National Park was inscribed a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1988. The latter was expanded and renamed to Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks in 2005.

Within the National Park lies the Nanda Devi Sanctuary, a glacial basin surrounded by a ring of peaks between 6,000 metres (19,700 ft) and 7,500 m (24,600 ft) high, and drained by the Rishi Ganga through the Rishi Ganga Gorge, a steep, almost impassable defile.

The National Park is embedded in the 2,236.74 km2 (863.61 sq mi) sized Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, which, in turn, is encompassed in the 5,148.57 km2 (1,987.87 sq mi) buffer zone around the Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks UNESCO site.

Best time to visit Nanda Devi National Park is from May to October.


Oropolitics comes from the Greek oros meaning mountain and politikos meaning citizen. In modern usage it denotes the use and abuse of mountaineering for political purposes.

Pindari Glacier

The Pindari Glacier is a glacier found in the upper reaches of the Kumaon Himalayas, to the southeast of Nanda Devi and Nanda Kot. The glacier is about three kilometers long and 365 meters wide and gives rise to the Pindar River which meets the Alakananda at Karnaprayag in the Garhwal district.

The trail to reach the glacier crosses the villages of Saung, Loharkhet, crosses over the Dhakuri Pass, continues onto Khati village (the last inhabited village on the trail), Dwali, Phurkia and finally Zero Point, Pindar, the end of the trail. Though most of the trail is along the banks of the Pindari River, the river is mostly hidden until after Khati.

The Pindari Glacier trail provides for a 90 km (56 mi) round-trip trek that most people find comfortable to complete in six days. The Pindari Glacier is also famous for other adventure sports like ice climbing and mountain biking.


The Sarayu

is a river that flows through the Indian states of Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh. This river is of ancient significance, finding mentions in the Vedas and the Ramayana. The Sarayu river of India forms at the confluence of the Karnali (or Ghaghara) and Mahakali (or Sharda) in Bahraich District. The Mahakali or Sharda forms the western Indo-Nepal border. Ayodhya is situated on the banks of river Sarayu. Some mapmakers consider the Sarayu to be just a section of the lower Ghaghara River.

On Ram Navami, the festival that celebrates the birthday of Lord Rama, thousands of people take a dip in the Sarayu River at Ayodhya.

Sarju River

The Sarju River (Kumaoni: सरज्यू, Hindi: सरयू), also known as Saryu, is a major river draining Central Kumaon region in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. Originating from Sarmul,Sarju flows through the cities of Kapkot,Bageshwar and Seraghat before joining Mahakali at Pancheshwar. The Sarju is the largest tributary of the Sharda River. The river forms the South-eastern border between the districts of Pithoragarh and Almora. Temperate and sub-Tropical forests cover the entire Catchment area of the River.

Traill's Pass

Pindari Kanda Traill's Pass (el. 5,300 m or 17,400 ft) is a mountain pass through the Himalayas located between Nanda Devi and Nanda Kot peaks in the Uttarakhand state in the districts of Pithoragarh and Bageshwar in India.

It is situated at the end of Pindari glacier and links Pindari valley to Milam valley (Lawan Gad) and is said to be very difficult to cross. The pass was reached in 1830 by G.W. Traill, the first British Deputy Commissioner of Kumaon division. In 1926, it was crossed by Hugh Ruttledge.People from Johar Valley and Pindar Valley attempted to cross it for trade. Budha Malak Singh of Supi village of Bageshwar District of Uttarakhand State was the first man to cross it 1830 after 100 years. Later Mr. Trail also attempted to cross the pass but failed, though the pass was since then named as Trail’s Pass, earlier it was called "Pindari Kanda". Trail's Pass (el. 5,312 m) is a mountain pass through the Himalayas located between the unnamed southern shoulder of Mt. Nanda Devi East and Changuch (Western shoulder of Mt.Nanda Kot) peaks in Uttarakhand state in the districts of Bageshwar and Pithoragarh. It is situated at the head of Pindari glacier and Trails pass bridges Pindari Valley with LwanValley (Nandadevi East Base camp) and is said to be very difficult to cross. Though Pindari glacier is visited by many people every year, yet Trail’s Pass, which is at its top remains an elusive goal.

By Himalayan standards, the Pindari glacier and the Trail’s Pass do not match most of the giants. The Pindari is neither the largest nor the longest of the glaciers nor is the Trail’s Pass, at its head, the highest of passes. However, Pindari has been the most frequently visited Himalayan glacier since the mid-19th century when a bridle-path with dak bungalows at suitable intervals between there and Almora was built. Even today, it is so popular a trekking destination that a tenfold increase in the number of beds available is unable to cope with the influx.

What faces a visitor to Pindari glacier at the Zero Point, along its left lateral moraine, is an immense wall of jagged, broken ice criss¬crossed with thousands of seracs and crevasses. The upper icefields of the glacier are invisible from there and the near level ice mass at its lower end at the snout below recedes into insignificance. What people call the Pindari glacier is actually a huge icefall passing over a steep slope, through which a direct ascent has yet to be made. Above this lie the icefields of the surrounding heights and the névé basin of the glacier, some 8 km long, separated from the ridge above with a text-book fashion bergschrund. The lowest point on the ridge at 5312 m is the Trail’s Pass. Beyond the pass to the north and east lies the Lwan valley whose catchment is the Gori ganga valley.

Pindar river which forms the main tributary of river Alaknanda which further joins the Bhagirathi to form The Ganges at Dev Prayag.

Since 1830, Trail’s pass has been attempted by more than 90 teams, till now only 17 teams are known to have attained success.

Teams are listed below:


1 1830 Malak Singh, Supi, Bageshwar.

2 1855 Adolf Schlagintweit

3 1861 Captain Ed Smyth

4 1899 Kurt Buch

5 1926 Hughe Ruttledge with wife

6 1930 Hughe Stenlorge

7 1931 Devan Singh Martolia

8 1936 August Gansser

9 1941 S.S. khera

10 1994 Nainital Mountaineering Club Nanital.

11 2009 Martin Moran, England June

12 2009 Bhadreswar Pathfinder Adventurers (in Sept.)

13 2013 Himalpinist -Dhruv Joshi, Bharat Bhushan & Vineet kumar Saini (MAY-JUNE) first smallest team so far

14 2015 Dhruv Joshi, Ulrich - Karen Rauner (SEPT-OCT)

15 2016 HITAM (Himalaya trekkers and mountaineer) largest group till date (12-members, 11- porters) (sept-oct)

16 2017 Major Chirag Chatterjee and team , Indian Army. (6 members) (SEPT)[1]

17 2017 Himalpinist-Dhruv Joshi, Narendra Kumar, Ravi Bangera, Prashant Sawant, Aberrant Wanderers - Sanket Patil(youngest till date) (Sept-Oct) second smallest team

Vijaypur, Uttarakhand

Vijaypur (Hindi: विजयपुर), officially known as Bijaypur is a hill station and village situated in Bageshwar district in the state of Uttarakhand, India. It is located at a distance of 30 km from Bageshwar and 5 km from Kanda; admist dense Pine Forests on the Bageshwar-Chaukori Highway.It is situated at an altitude of 2050m, and is known for its panoramic views of snow-capped Himalayan peaks like Trisul, Nanda Devi and Nanda Kot. The Dhaulinag Temple, situated in vijaypur is among the 8 prominent Nag temples of Kumaun, the others being Berinag, Kalinag, Feninag, Karkotaknag, Pinglenag, Kharharinag and Athgulinag.


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