Nancy Jean Cartwright (born October 25, 1957) is an American actress, voice actress, and comedian, known for her long-running role as Bart Simpson on the animated television series The Simpsons. Cartwright also voices other characters for the show, including Nelson Muntz, Ralph Wiggum, Todd Flanders, Kearney, Database and Maggie.
Cartwright was born in Dayton, Ohio. Cartwright moved to Hollywood in 1978 and trained alongside voice actor Daws Butler. Her first professional role was voicing Gloria in the animated series Richie Rich, which she followed with a starring role in the television movie Marian Rose White (1982) and her first feature film, Twilight Zone: The Movie (1983).
After continuing to search for acting work, in 1987, Cartwright auditioned for a role in a series of animated shorts about a dysfunctional family that was to appear on The Tracey Ullman Show. Cartwright intended to audition for the role of Lisa Simpson, the middle child; when she arrived at the audition, she found the role of Bart—Lisa's brother—to be more interesting. Matt Groening, the series' creator, allowed her to audition for Bart and offered her the role on the spot. She voiced Bart for three seasons on The Tracey Ullman Show, and in 1989, the shorts were spun off into a half-hour show called The Simpsons. For her subsequent work as Bart, Cartwright received a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Voice-Over Performance in 1992 and an Annie Award for Best Voice Acting in the Field of Animation in 1995.
Besides The Simpsons, Cartwright has also voiced numerous other animated characters, including Daffney Gillfin in The Snorks, Rufus in Kim Possible, Mindy in Animaniacs, Pistol in Goof Troop, Margo Sherman in The Critic, Todd Daring in The Replacements, and Charles "Chuckie" Finster, Jr. in Rugrats and All Grown Up! (a role she assumed in 2002, following the retirement of Christine Cavanaugh). In 2000, she published her autobiography, My Life as a 10-Year-Old Boy, and four years later, adapted it into a one-woman play. In 2017, she wrote and produced the film In Search of Fellini.
Cartwright at the 2014 Annie Awards
Nancy Jean Cartwright
October 25, 1957
Dayton, Ohio, U.S.
|Known for||Bart and Maggie Simpson in The Simpsons|
(m. 1988; div. 2002)
|Relatives||Sabrina Carpenter (niece)|
Cartwright was born in Dayton, Ohio, on October 25, 1957, Frank and Miriam Cartwright's fourth of six children. She grew up in Kettering, Ohio, and discovered her talent for voices at an early age. While in the fourth grade at the school of St. Charles Borromeo, she won a school-wide speech competition with her performance of Rudyard Kipling's How the Camel Got His Hump. Cartwright attended Fairmont West High School, and participated in the school's theater and marching band. She regularly entered public speaking competitions, placing first in the "Humorous Interpretation" category at the National District Tournament two years running. The judges often suggested to her that she should perform cartoon voices. Cartwright graduated from high school in 1976 and accepted a scholarship from Ohio University. She continued to compete in public speaking competitions; during her sophomore year, she placed fifth in the National Speech Tournament's exposition category with her speech "The Art of Animation".
In 1976, Cartwright landed a part-time job doing voice-overs for commercials on WING radio in Dayton. A representative from Warner Bros. Records visited WING and later sent Cartwright a list of contacts in the animation industry. One of these was Daws Butler, known for voicing characters such as Huckleberry Hound, Snagglepuss, Elroy Jetson, Spike the Bulldog and Yogi Bear. Cartwright called him and left a message in a Cockney accent on his answering machine. Butler immediately called her back and agreed to be her mentor. He mailed her a script and instructed her to send him a tape recording of herself reading it. Once he received the tape, Butler critiqued it and sent her notes. For the next year, they continued in this way, completing a new script every few weeks. Cartwright described Butler as "absolutely amazing, always encouraging, always polite".
Cartwright returned to Ohio University for her sophomore year, but transferred to the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) so she could be closer to Hollywood and Butler. Her mother, Miriam, died late in the summer of 1978. Cartwright nearly changed her relocation plans but, on September 17, 1978, "joylessly" left for Westwood, Los Angeles.
While attending UCLA, which did not have a public speaking team, Cartwright continued training as a voice actress with Butler. She recalled, "every Sunday I'd take a 20-minute bus ride to his house in Beverly Hills for a one-hour lesson and be there for four hours ... They had four sons, they didn't have a daughter and I kind of fitted in as the baby of the family." Butler introduced her to many of the voice actors and directors at Hanna-Barbera. After she met the director Gordon Hunt, he asked her to audition for a recurring role as Gloria in Richie Rich. She received the part, and later worked with Hunt on several other projects. At the end of 1980, Cartwright signed with a talent agency and landed a lead role in a pilot for a sitcom called In Trouble. Cartwright described the show as "forgettable, but it jump-started my on-camera career". She graduated from UCLA in 1981 with a degree in theater. During the summer, Cartwright worked with Jonathan Winters as part of an improvisation troupe at Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio.
Returning to Los Angeles, Cartwright won the lead role in the television movie Marian Rose White. Janet Maslin, a critic for The New York Times, described Cartwright as "a chubby, lumbering, slightly cross-eyed actress whose naturalness adds greatly to the film's impact". Cartwright replied by sending Maslin a letter insisting she was not cross-eyed, and included a photograph. Later, Cartwright auditioned for the role of Ethel, a girl who becomes trapped in a cartoon world in the third segment of Twilight Zone: The Movie. She met with director Joe Dante and later described him as "a total cartoon buff, and once he took a look at my resume and noticed Daws Butler's name on it, we were off and running, sharing anecdotes about Daws and animation. After about twenty minutes, he said, 'considering your background, I don't see how I could cast anyone but you in this part!'" It was her first role in a feature film. The segment was based on The Twilight Zone television series episode "It's a Good Life", which was later parodied in The Simpsons episode "Treehouse of Horror II" (1991).
Cartwright continued to do voice work for projects including Pound Puppies, Popeye and Son, Snorks, My Little Pony and Saturday Supercade. She joined a "loop group", and recorded vocals for characters in the background of films, although in most cases the sound was turned down so that very little of her voice was heard. She did minor voice-over work for several films, including The Clan of the Cave Bear (1986), Silverado (1985), Sixteen Candles (1984), Back to the Future Part II (1989), and The Color Purple (1985). Cartwright also voiced a shoe that was "dipped" in acid in Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988), describing it as her first "off-screen death scene", and worked to correctly convey the emotion involved.
In 1985, she auditioned for a guest spot as Cynthia in Cheers. The audition called for her to say her line and walk off the set. Cartwright decided to take a chance on being different and continued walking, leaving the building and returning home. The production crew was confused, but she received the part. In search of more training as an actress, Cartwright joined a class taught by Hollywood coach Milton Katselas. He recommended that Cartwright study La Strada, a 1956 Italian film starring Giulietta Masina and directed by Federico Fellini. She began performing "every imaginable scene" from La Strada in her class and spent several months trying to secure the rights to produce a stage adaptation. She visited Italy with the intention of meeting Fellini and requesting his permission in person. Although they never met, Cartwright kept a journal of the trip and later wrote a one-woman play called In Search of Fellini, partially based on her voyage. The play was co-written by Peter Kjenaas, and Cartwright won a Drama-Logue Award after performing it in Los Angeles in 1995. In a 1998 interview, she stated her intention to make it into a feature film, which she succeeded in doing in 2017.
Cartwright is best known for her role as Bart Simpson on the long-running animated television show The Simpsons. On March 13, 1987, she auditioned for a series of animated shorts about a dysfunctional family that was to appear on The Tracey Ullman Show, a sketch comedy program. Cartwright originally intended to audition for the role of Lisa Simpson, the elder daughter. After arriving at the audition, she found that Lisa was simply described as the middle child and at the time did not have much personality. Cartwright became more interested in the role of Bart, described as "devious, underachieving, school-hating, irreverent, [and] clever". Creator Matt Groening let her try out for Bart and gave her the job on the spot. Bart's voice came naturally to Cartwright, as she had previously used elements of it in My Little Pony, Snorks, and Pound Puppies. Cartwright describes Bart's voice as easy to perform compared with other characters. The recording of the shorts was often primitive; the dialog was recorded on a portable tape deck in a makeshift studio above the bleachers on the set of The Tracey Ullman Show. Cartwright, the only cast member to have been professionally trained in voice acting, described the sessions as "great fun". However, she wanted to appear in the live-action sketches and occasionally showed up for recording sessions early, hoping to be noticed by a producer.
In 1989, the shorts were spun off into a half-hour show on the Fox network called The Simpsons. Bart quickly became the show's breakout personality and one of the most celebrated characters on television—his popularity in 1990 and 1991 was known as "Bartmania". Bart was described as "television's brightest new star" by Mike Boone of The Gazette and was named 1990's "entertainer of the year" by Entertainment Weekly. Despite Bart's fame, however, Cartwright remained relatively unknown. During the first season of The Simpsons, Fox ordered Cartwright not to give interviews, because they did not want to publicize the fact that Bart was voiced by a woman. Cartwright's normal speaking voice is said to have "no obvious traces of Bart", and she believes her role is "the best acting job in the world" since she is rarely recognized in public. When she is recognized and asked to perform Bart's voice in front of children, Cartwright refuses because it "freaks [them] out". Bart's catchphrase "Eat My Shorts" was an ad-lib by Cartwright in one of the original table readings, referring to an incident from her high school days. Once while performing, members of the Fairmont West High School marching band switched their chant from the usual "Fairmont West! Fairmont West!" to the irreverent "Eat my shorts!" Cartwright felt it appropriate for Bart, and improvised the line; it became a popular catchphrase on the show.
Cartwright voices several other characters on the show, including Nelson Muntz, Ralph Wiggum, Todd Flanders, Kearney, and Database. She first voiced Nelson in the episode "Bart the General" (season one, 1990). The character was to be voiced by Dana Hill, but Hill missed the recording session and Cartwright was given the role. She developed Nelson's voice on the spot and describes him as "a throat-ripper". Ralph Wiggum had originally been voiced by Jo Ann Harris, but Cartwright was assigned to voice the character in "Bart the Murderer" (season three, 1991). Todd Flanders, the only voice for which Cartwright used another source, is based on Sherman (voiced by Walter Tetley), the boy from Peabody's Improbable History, a series of shorts aired on The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show.
Cartwright received a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Voice-Over Performance in 1992 for her performance as Bart in the episode "Separate Vocations" and an Annie Award in 1995 for Best Voice Acting in the Field of Animation. Bart was named one of the 100 most important people of the 20th century by Time, and in 2000, Bart and the rest of the Simpson family were awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, located at 7021 Hollywood Boulevard.
Until 1998, Cartwright was paid $30,000 per episode. During a pay dispute in 1998, Fox threatened to replace the six main voice actors and made preparations for casting new actors. The dispute was resolved, however, and Cartwright received $125,000 per episode until 2004, when the voice actors demanded $360,000 an episode. A compromise was reached after a month, and Cartwright's pay rose to $250,000 per episode. Salaries were re-negotiated in 2008 with the voice actors receiving approximately $400,000 per episode. Three years later, with Fox threatening to cancel the series unless production costs were cut, Cartwright and the other cast members accepted a 25 percent pay cut, down to just over $300,000 per episode.
In addition to her work on The Simpsons, Cartwright has voiced many other characters on several animated series, including Chuckie Finster in Rugrats and All Grown Up!, Margo Sherman in The Critic, Mindy in Animaniacs, and Rufus the naked mole-rat in Kim Possible. For the role of Rufus, Cartwright researched mole-rats extensively, and became "a font of useless trivia". She was nominated for a Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Performer in an Animated Program in 2004 for her work on the show. In 2001, Cartwright took over the Rugrats role of Chuckie Finster when Christine Cavanaugh retired. Cartwright describes Rufus and Chuckie as her two most difficult voices: "Rufus because my diaphragm gets a workout while trying to utilize the 18 vocal sounds a mole makes. Chuckie because ... he's an asthmatic with five personalities rolled into one—plus I have to do the voice the way [Cavanaugh] did it for 10 years." Other television shows that have used her voice work include Galaxy High, God, the Devil and Bob, Goof Troop, Mike, Lu & Og, The Replacements, Pinky and the Brain and Timberwolf. Cartwright has appeared on camera in numerous television shows and films, including Fame, Empty Nest, The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, Flesh and Blood, Godzilla, and 24.
In 2000, Cartwright published her autobiography, My Life as a 10-Year-Old Boy. The book details her career (particularly her experiences as the voice of Bart) and contains stories about life behind the scenes of The Simpsons. Laura A. Bischoff of the Dayton Daily News commented that the book was the "ultimate insider's guide to The Simpsons". Critics complained that the book lacked interesting stories and was aimed mostly at fans of The Simpsons rather than a general audience.
Cartwright adapted My Life as a 10-Year-Old Boy into a one-woman play in 2004. Cartwright has performed it at a variety of venues, including the August 2004 Edinburgh Festival Fringe in Scotland. The play received modest reviews, including criticism for a lack of inside stories about The Simpsons, and its "overweeningly upbeat" tone. David Chatterton of The British Theatre Guide described the show as "interesting and entertaining, but not really a 'must see' even for Simpsons fans".
Cartwright has shown an interest in stock car racing and as of 2007 was seeking a NASCAR license. In 2001, she founded a production company called SportsBlast and created an online animated series called The Kellys. The series is focused on racing; Cartwright voices a seven-year-old named Chip Kelly.
In 2016, Cartwright launched Spotted Cow Entertainment, her own film and television production company, with Peter Kjenaas, Monica Gil and Kevin Burke. With a focus on international audiences, Spotted Cow is seeking "to finance, produce and acquire live action and animated films, television series, as well as entertainment for digital platforms with budgets up to $15M." With Spotted Cow, Cartwright made her first film as a screenwriter and producer, In Search of Fellini, which was released on September 15, 2017. Based on her own journey to Italy in 1985 in a bid to meet the famed director Federico Fellini, the film fulfilled Cartwright's longtime vision of turning her 1995 one-woman play In Search of Fellini into a movie.
Cartwright met Warren Murphy, 24 years her senior, on her birthday in 1988 and married him two months later. In her book, she describes Murphy as her "personal laugh track". The couple had two children, Lucy and Jack, before divorcing in 2002. She is the aunt of actress and singer Sabrina Carpenter.
Cartwright was raised a Roman Catholic but joined the Church of Scientology in 1991. She was awarded Scientology's Patron Laureate Award after donating $10 million, almost twice her annual salary, to the Church in 2007.
Cartwright is a contributor to ASIFA-Hollywood's Animation Archive Project. In September 2007, Cartwright received the Make-a-Wish Foundation's Wish Icon Award "for her tremendous dedication to the Foundation's fundraising and wish-fulfillment efforts". In 2005, Cartwright created a scholarship at Fairmont High School "designed to aid Fairmont [graduates] who dream of following in her footsteps and studying speech, debate, drama or music" at Ohio University. In 2005, Cartwright was given the title of Honorary Mayor of Northridge, California (a neighborhood of Los Angeles) by the Northridge Chamber of Commerce.
In 2007, Cartwright was in a relationship with contractor Stephen Brackett, a fellow member of Scientology. The couple planned to get married in early 2008, but Brackett died in May 2009, after he "apparently leaped" off the Bixby Creek Bridge in Big Sur, California.
|1983||Twilight Zone: The Movie||Ethel|
|1985||Heaven Help Us||Girl at dance||Uncredited|
|Flesh and Blood||Kathleen|
|1986||My Little Pony: The Movie||Gusty
|1987||The Chipmunk Adventure||Arabian Prince
|1988||Pound Puppies and the Legend of Big Paw||Bright Eyes|
|Yellow Pages||Stephanie||Titled Going Underground in US|
|Who Framed Roger Rabbit||Dipped Toon Shoe||Uncredited|
|1989||Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland||Page|
|The Little Mermaid||Female Mermaid|
|1992||Petal to the Metal||Fawn Deer||Short film|
|The Jungle Book: Mowgli's Story||Additional voices||Direct-to-video release|
|The Land Before Time VI: The Secret of Saurus Rock||Dana||Direct-to-video release|
|1999||Wakko's Wish||Mindy||Direct-to-video release|
|2001||Timberwolf||Earl Squirrel||Direct-to-video release|
|2003||Rugrats Go Wild||Chuckie Finster|
|Kim Possible: The Secret Files||Rufus||Direct-to-DVD release|
|2006||Leroy & Stitch||Phantasmo: Experiment 375
Shortstuff: Experiment 297
|TV Movie, Direct-to-DVD release|
|2007||The Simpsons Movie||Bart Simpson
|2013||I Know That Voice||Herself||Documentary|
|2017||In Search of Fellini||Cosima||Also writer and producer|
|1980–1984||Fat Albert||Additional characters|
|1980–1984||Richie Rich||Gloria Glad|
|1981||Skokie||Unnamed character||TV film; uncredited|
|1982||Marian Rose White||Marian Rose White||TV film|
|The Rules of Marriage||Jill Murray||TV film|
|Tucker's Witch||Holly||Episode 1.5: "Terminal Case"|
|1983||Deadly Lessons||Libby Dean||TV film|
|1983, 1984||Fame||Muffin||Episode 2.23: "UN Week" and 3.9: "Secrets"|
|1983–1985||Shirt Tales||Kip Kangaroo||Season Two Episodes|
|1983–1988||Alvin and the Chipmunks||Additional voices||Appeared in 59 episodes|
|1984–1985||Saturday Supercade||Kimberly||Space Ace segments|
|1984, 1985, 1994||ABC Weekend Special||Karen Winsborrow
|Appeared in three episodes|
|1985||Not My Kid||Jean||TV film|
|Cheers||Cynthia||Episode 4.5: "Diane's Nightmare"|
|1986||Bridges to Cross||Unnamed character||Episode "Memories of Molly"|
|Galaxy High School||"Flat" Freddy Fender
|Appeared in all 13 episodes|
|1986–1987||My Little Pony 'n Friends||Various characters|
|Pound Puppies||Bright Eyes
|Appeared in 26 episodes|
|1987||Popeye and Son||Woody|
|Our House||Unnamed character||Episode 1.22: "Growing Up, Growing Old"|
|Mr. Belvedere||Gwen||Episode 4.1: "The Initiation"|
|Christmas Every Day||The Little Girl||TV film|
|1987–1989||The Tracey Ullman Show||Bart Simpson||The Simpsons shorts|
|1989||Dink, the Little Dinosaur||Additional voices|
|TV 101||Melinda||Episode 1.5: "On the Road"|
|Empty Nest||Ann||Episode 1.13: "Tears of a Clown"|
|1989–present||The Simpsons||Bart Simpson
|Longest-running role; writer (1 episode, 2019)|
|1990||Bobby's World||Natalie||Episode 1.3: "Adventures in Bobby Sitting"|
|42nd Primetime Emmy Awards||Bart Simpson||TV special|
|The Yum Yums: The Day Things Went Sour||Peppermint Kitty, Kelly|
|1991||Big Bird's Birthday Celebration||Bart Simpson|
|1992||Raw Toonage||Fawn Dear||Appeared in all 12 episodes|
|1992–1993||Goof Troop||Pistol Pete||Appeared in 55 episodes|
|1992, 2002–2004||Rugrats||Chuckie Finster
Junk Food Kid
|Replaced Christine Cavanaugh as the main role until the end of the series|
Episode 2.4: "Showdown at Teeter-Totter Gulch/Mirrorland"
|1993||The Pink Panther||Additional voices|
|Precious Victims||Ruth Potter||TV film|
|Bonkers||Fawn Deer||Appeared in three episodes|
|A Goof Troop Christmas||Pistol Pete|
|1994–1995||The Critic||Margo Sherman
|Appeared in all 23 episodes|
|1995||The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air||Ruby Jillette||Episode 5.21: "Save the Last Trance for Me"|
|The Twisted Tales of Felix the Cat||Additional voices|
|Timon & Pumbaa||Pumbaa Jr.||Episode 1.3: "Never Everglades/The Laughing Hyenas: Cooked Goose"|
|Baywatch Nights||Frances O'Reilly||Episode 1.6: "976 Ways to Say I Love You"|
|1996||Vows of Deception||Terry||TV film|
|Sesame Street||Bart Simpson||Episode 28.1: "Maria in the Hospital: Part 1"|
|1998||Pinky and the Brain||Mindy||Episode 4.9: "Star Warners"|
|1998–1999||Pinky, Elmyra & the Brain||Rudy Mookich||Appeared in 25 episodes|
|1999||The Big Guy and Rusty the Boy Robot||Additional voices|
|Futurama||Bart Simpson doll||Episode 1.8: "A Big Piece of Garbage"|
|1999–2000||Mike, Lu & Og||Lu|
|2000–2011||God, the Devil and Bob||Megan Allman||Appeared in all 13 episodes|
|2002||Rapsittie Street Kids: Believe In Santa||Todd||TV film|
|2002–2007||Kim Possible||Rufus||87 episodes|
|2003||Kim Possible: A Sitch in Time||Rufus||TV film|
|2003, 2004, 2005||Lilo & Stitch||Phantasmo: Experiment 375
Shortstuff: Experiment 297
|Episode 1.2: "Phantasmo: Experiment 375"|
Episode 1.29: "Short Stuff: Experiment 297"
"Episode 2.20: "Rufus: Experiment 607"
|2003–2007||All Grown Up!||Chuckie Finster|
|2004–2008||Groovy Girls||Oki, Kyle|
|2005||Kim Possible Movie: So the Drama||Rufus||TV film|
|Family Guy||Daffney||Episode 4.7: "Brian the Bachelor"|
|The Kellys||Chip Kelly|
|2006–2009||The Replacements||Todd Daring|
|2007||Random! Cartoons||Chum Chum, Kid #1||Episode 1.23: "Fanboy"|
|24||Jeannie Tyler||Episode 6.11: "Day 6: 4:00 p.m.-5:00 p.m"|
|Disney Channel Games||Todd||TV miniseries|
|2007–2010||Betsy's Kindergarten Adventures||Billy|
|2010||The Cleveland Show||Bart Simpson||Episode 2.2: "Cleveland Live!"|
|The Simpsons 20th Anniversary Special – In 3-D! On Ice!||Herself
|2012||FOX 25th Anniversary Special||Bart Simpson||TV special|
|2013||American Dad!||Bart Simpson||Episode 9.7: Faking Bad|
|2014||Family Guy||Bart Simpson, Maggie Simpson, various characters||Episode 13.1: "The Simpsons Guy"|
|The 7D||Goldilocks||Episode 7b: "Goldilocks and the 7D"|
|2018||Top Wing||Snow Geese||Episode 8b: "Rod's Dream of Flying"|
|1991||The Simpsons Arcade Game||Bart Simpson|
|1991||The Simpsons: Bart vs. the Space Mutants||Bart Simpson|
|1992||The Simpsons: Bart's Nightmare||Bart Simpson|
|1996||The Simpsons: Cartoon Studio||Bart Simpson, various characters|
|1997||The Simpsons: Virtual Springfield||Bart Simpson, various characters|
|1998||Putt-Putt Enters the Race||Putt-Putt|
|1999||Simpsons Bowling||Bart Simpson, Various characters|
|2000||Putt-Putt Joins the Circus||Putt-Putt|
|2000||102 Dalmatians: Puppies to the Rescue||Fidget the Squirrel|
|2001||The Simpsons Wrestling||Bart Simpson|
|2001||The Simpsons: Road Rage||Bart Simpson, various characters|
|2002||Rugrats: Royal Ransom||Chuckie Finster|
|2002||The Simpsons Skateboarding||Bart Simpson, various characters|
|2003||The Simpsons: Hit & Run||Bart Simpson, various characters|
|2004||Disney's Kim Possible 2: Drakken's Demise||Rufus|
|2007||The Simpsons Game||Bart Simpson, Maggie Simpson, various characters|
|2012||The Simpsons: Tapped Out||Bart Simpson, various characters|
|1990||"Do the Bartman"||Bart Simpson||Herself|
|2008||The Simpsons Ride||Bart Simpson, Maggie Simpson, Various characters|
|1992||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Voice-Over Performance||Bart Simpson||The Simpsons: "Separate Vocations"||Won|||
|1995||Annie Award||Outstanding Voice Acting in the Field of Animation||Bart Simpson||The Simpsons||Won|||
|1995||Drama-Logue Award||—||—||In Search of Fellini||Won|||
|2004||Daytime Emmy Award||Outstanding Performer in an Animated Program||Rufus||Kim Possible||Nominated|||
|2017||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Character Voice-Over Performance||Bart Simpson||The Simpsons: "Looking for Mr. Goodbart"||Nominated|||
Bartholomew JoJo "Bart" Simpson is a fictional character in the American animated television series The Simpsons and part of the Simpson family. He is voiced by Nancy Cartwright and first appeared on television in The Tracey Ullman Show short "Good Night" on April 19, 1987. Cartoonist Matt Groening created and designed Bart while waiting in the lobby of James L. Brooks' office. Groening had been called to pitch a series of shorts based on his comic strip, Life in Hell, but instead decided to create a new set of characters. While the rest of the characters were named after Groening's family members, Bart's name is an anagram of the word brat. After appearing on The Tracey Ullman Show for three years, the Simpson family received its own series on Fox, which debuted December 17, 1989.
At ten years old, Bart is the eldest child and only son of Homer and Marge, and the brother of Lisa and Maggie. Bart's most prominent and popular character traits are his mischievousness, rebelliousness and disrespect for authority. He has appeared in other media relating to The Simpsons – including video games, The Simpsons Movie, The Simpsons Ride, commercials, and comic books – and inspired an entire line of merchandise.
In casting, Nancy Cartwright originally planned to audition for the role of Lisa, while Yeardley Smith tried out for Bart. Smith's voice was too high for a boy, so she was given the role of Lisa. Cartwright found that Lisa was not interesting at the time, so instead auditioned for Bart, which she thought was a better role.Hallmarks of the character include his chalkboard gags in the opening sequence; his prank calls to Moe; and his catchphrases "Eat my shorts", "¡Ay, caramba!", "Don't have a cow, man!", and "I'm Bart Simpson. Who the hell are you?". Although, with the exception of "Ay, caramba!", they have been retired or not often used.
During the first two seasons of The Simpsons, Bart was the show's breakout character and "Bartmania" ensued, spawning Bart Simpson-themed merchandise touting his rebellious attitude and pride at underachieving, which caused many parents and educators to cast him as a bad role model for children. Around the third season, the series started to focus more on the family as a whole, though Bart still remains a prominent character. Time named Bart one of the 100 most important people of the 20th century, and he was named "entertainer of the year" in 1990 by Entertainment Weekly. Nancy Cartwright has won several awards for voicing Bart, including a Primetime Emmy Award in 1992 and an Annie Award in 1995. In 2000, Bart, along with the rest of his family, was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
He has appeared in every Simpsons episode except "Four Great Women and a Manicure".Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science
The Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science (CPNSS) is an interdisciplinary research centre at the London School of Economics and Political Science. The CPNSS was established in 1990 and aims to promote research into philosophical, methodological and foundational questions arising in the natural and the social sciences, as well as their application to practical problems.
The CPNSS supports interdisciplinary and inter-institutional research and maintains international collaborations and partnerships. It is home to a number of research projects that bring together academics from different backgrounds, and it hosts researchers pursuing individual research initiatives. The CPNSS also hosts a visitors' programme through which researchers are able to visit the Centre for a term or an academic year to participate in existing projects and pursue their own research.
Its current director is Professor Roman Frigg.
Other academics and researchers associated with the CPNSS are:
Rom Harré (Former Director)
Nancy Cartwright (Former Director)
Helena Cronin (Co-Director)
Michael Redhead (Co-Director)
Meghnad DesaiEntity realism
Entity realism (also selective realism), sometimes equated with referential realism, is a philosophical position within the debate about scientific realism. It is a variation of realism (independently proposed by Stanford School philosophers Nancy Cartwright and Ian Hacking in 1983) that restricts warranted belief to only certain entities.Girl's in the Band
"Girl's in the Band" is the 19th episode of the thirtieth season of the American animated sitcom, The Simpsons, and the 658th episode overall. It aired in the United States on Fox on March 31, 2019. It's also the first episode written by Nancy Cartwright, voice actor of Bart Simpson among others, making her the third of six main cast members to have an episode to their name. Many scripts since season 11 having been cowritten by Dan Castellaneta, who voices Homer Simpson among others, and Harry Shearer, voice of many main supporting characters, writing the season 28 episode "Trust But Clarify". This also makes Cartwright the first female main cast member with a writing credit for the show.
Actor J. K. Simmons makes his fifth guest appearance in the series as Victor Kleskow in homage to his abusive instructor role in the 2014 film Whiplash.Go Simpsonic with The Simpsons
Go Simpsonic with The Simpsons is the 1999 soundtrack album from The Simpsons. It takes many of the musical numbers from the series which were either not included in the previous album, Songs in the Key of Springfield, or were created since the previous album's release. The album has 53 tracks, most of which were written by Alf Clausen. It was well received by critics, being named the Best Compilation Album of 1999 by Soundtrack.net, and charted at number 197 on the Billboard 200.Kim Possible (2019 film)
Kim Possible is an American comedy action-adventure television film that premiered as a Disney Channel Original Movie on Disney Channel on February 15, 2019. Based on the animated series Kim Possible created by Mark McCorkle and Bob Schooley, the film stars Sadie Stanley, Sean Giambrone, and Ciara Riley Wilson.Kim Possible (soundtrack)
The Kim Possible Soundtrack is an album released on July 22, 2003 by Walt Disney Records. It contains songs from the show Kim Possible. The songs here are used as scores in the series, and some songs inspired by the show. The voice actress for Kim Possible, Christy Carlson Romano, sings a song for the soundtrack, as well as a rap from Ron Stoppable (Will Friedle) and Rufus (Nancy Cartwright). There are various artists on the soundtrack including Aaron Carter and Smash Mouth. Walt Disney Records released a second "Kim-Proved" version of the soundtrack on March 22, 2005.Lakatos Award
The Lakatos Award is given annually for an outstanding contribution to the philosophy of science, widely interpreted. The contribution must be in the form of a book published in English during the previous six years.
The Award is in memory of Imre Lakatos and has been endowed by the Latsis Foundation. It is administered by the following committee:
Professor Roman Frigg (Convenor)
Professor Hasok Chang
Professor Nancy Cartwright
Professor Kostas Gavroglu
Professor Helen Longino
Professor Elliott Sober
Professor Richard BradleyThe Committee makes the Award on the advice of an independent and anonymous panel of selectors. The value of the Award is £10,000.
To take up an Award a successful candidate must visit the LSE and deliver a public lecture.List of The Simpsons cast members
The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom that includes six main voice actors and numerous regular cast and recurring guest stars. The principal cast consists of Dan Castellaneta, Julie Kavner, Nancy Cartwright, Yeardley Smith, Hank Azaria and Harry Shearer. Chris Edgerly, Pamela Hayden, Tress MacNeille, Kevin Michael Richardson, Maggie Roswell, and Russi Taylor have appeared as supporting cast members, along with former supporting cast members Karl Wiedergott, Marcia Mitzman Gaven, Doris Grau, and Christopher Collins. Repeat guest cast members include Marcia Wallace, Albert Brooks, Phil Hartman, Jon Lovitz, Joe Mantegna and Kelsey Grammer. With one exception, episode credits list only the voice actors, and not the characters they voice.
Both Fox and the production crew wanted to keep their identities secret during the early seasons and closed most of the recording sessions while refusing to publish photos of the recording artists. The network eventually revealed which roles each actor performed in the episode "Old Money", because the producers said the voice actors should receive credit for their work. Every main cast member has won an Emmy for Outstanding Voice-Over Performance. Shearer was the last cast member to win, receiving his award in 2014 for the episode "Four Regrettings and a Funeral." Castellaneta and Azaria have won four, while Kavner, Cartwright, Smith, Shearer, Wallace, Grammer, and guest star Jackie Mason have each won one.Maggie Simpson
Margaret "Maggie" Simpson is a fictional character in the animated television series The Simpsons. She first appeared on television in the Tracey Ullman Show short "Good Night" on April 19, 1987. Maggie was created and designed by cartoonist Matt Groening while he was waiting in the lobby of James L. Brooks' office. She received her first name from Groening's youngest sister. After appearing on The Tracey Ullman Show for three years, the Simpson family was given their own series on the Fox Broadcasting Company which debuted December 17, 1989.
Maggie is the youngest child of Homer and Marge, and sister to Bart and Lisa. She is often seen sucking on her red pacifier and, when she walks, she trips over her clothing and falls on her face (this running gag is used much more in earlier seasons). Being an infant, she has not learned how to talk. However, she did appear to talk in the first Tracey Ullman Show short.
Though she rarely talks, she frequently makes a characteristic sucking noise with her pacifier, which has become synonymous with the character. Her pacifier sucking noises are provided by the show's creator, Matt Groening and early producer Gabor Csupo. Maggie's occasional speaking parts and other vocalisations are currently provided by Nancy Cartwright, but she has also been voiced by guest stars James Earl Jones, Elizabeth Taylor and Jodie Foster, and by series regulars Yeardley Smith and Harry Shearer. Maggie has appeared in various media relating to The Simpsons – including video games, The Simpsons Movie, The Simpsons Ride, commercials and comic books – and has inspired an entire line of merchandise.My Life as a 10-Year-Old Boy
My Life as a 10-Year-Old Boy is an autobiography written by Nancy Cartwright. First published in September 2000 by Hyperion, it details Cartwright's career, particularly her experiences as the voice of Bart Simpson on The Simpsons and contains insights on the show, diary entries and anecdotes about her encounters with various guest stars.
Critics commented that the book seemed to be aimed at fans of The Simpsons rather than a more general audience. Other criticisms included the simplicity of the writing and a lack of interesting stories. In 2004, Cartwright adapted the book into a one-woman show, which she has performed in the UK and North America, including at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe.Nancy Cartwright (philosopher)
Nancy Cartwright, Lady Hampshire, (born 24 January 1944) is an American philosopher of science. She is a professor of philosophy at the University of California at San Diego and the University of Durham.Nelson Muntz
Nelson Muntz is a fictional character and the lead school bully from the animated television series The Simpsons, best known for his signature mocking laugh "Ha-ha!". He is voiced by Nancy Cartwright and was introduced in Season 1's "Bart the General" as an antagonist but later became a close friend of Bart Simpson.Pamela Hayden
Pamela Hayden (born November 28, 1953) is an American actress and voice actress, known for providing various voices for the animated television show The Simpsons, such as Milhouse Van Houten.Putt-Putt Joins the Circus
Putt-Putt Joins the Circus is a video game and the sixth of adventure game of the Putt-Putt series of games. It was developed by Humongous Entertainment and published by Infogrames in 2000. This is the last of two games to feature Nancy Cartwright as the voice of Putt-Putt.Ralph Wiggum
Ralph Wiggum is a recurring character on the animated series The Simpsons, voiced by Nancy Cartwright. The son of Police Chief Wiggum, Ralph is a classmate of Lisa Simpson and an odd child noted for his frequent non-sequiturs and bizarre behavior. His lines range from nonsensical, or bizarre interpretations of a current event, to profound statements that go over people's heads; and his behavior varies between blissfully unaware, to dim-witted, to awkwardly spontaneous, even occasionally straightforward. The very nature of the character has undergone differing interpretations over the years and within various media.
The creator of the show, Matt Groening, has cited Ralph as his favorite character. He generally remains one of the more popular and often quoted secondary characters in the show. In 2006, IGN ranked Ralph No. 3 on their list of the "Top 25 Simpsons Peripheral Characters," behind Sideshow Bob and Troy McClure.Rugrats Go Wild
Rugrats Go Wild is a 2003 American animated comedy crossover film based on the Nickelodeon animated television series Rugrats and The Wild Thornberrys. It is the third film in the Rugrats film series as well as the second film in The Wild Thornberrys series. Christine Cavanaugh, the voice of Chuckie Finster, was replaced by Nancy Cartwright. The film was produced by Nickelodeon Movies and Klasky Csupo and released in theaters on June 13, 2003, by Paramount Pictures. With a worldwide gross of $55.4 million, it is the lowest grossing of the three Rugrats films.The film used "Odorama," which allowed people to smell odors and aromas from the film using scratch and sniff cards (reminiscent of 1960s Smell-O-Vision), and it was not used again theatrically for eight years, until the release of Spy Kids: All the Time in the World.¡Ay, caramba!
¡Ay, caramba! (pronounced [ˈai kaˈɾamba]), from the Spanish interjections ay (denoting surprise or pain) and caramba (a euphemism for carajo), is an exclamation used in Spanish to denote surprise (usually positive). The term caramba is also used in Portuguese. "¡Ay, caramba!" is used as a catchphrase of Bart Simpson from the animated sitcom The Simpsons.