Nancy, France

Nancy (/ˈnænsi/, also UK: /ˈnɒ̃si/, US: /nɒ̃ˈsiː, ˈnɑːnsi/,[2][3][4] French: [nɑ̃si]; outdated German: Nanzig) is the capital of the north-eastern French department of Meurthe-et-Moselle, and formerly the capital of the Duchy of Lorraine, and then the French province of the same name. The metropolitan area of Nancy had a population of 434,565 inhabitants at the 2011 census, making it the 20th largest urban area in France. The population of the city of Nancy proper was 104,321 in 2014.[5]

The motto of the city is Non inultus premor, Latin for "I'm not touched with impunity"—a reference to the thistle, which is a symbol of Lorraine.

Place Stanislas, a large square built between March 1752 and November 1755 by Stanislaus I of Poland to link the medieval old town of Nancy and the new town built under Charles III in the 17th century, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the first place in France and in the top four in the world.

Nancy
Place Stanislas in the centre of town
Place Stanislas in the centre of town
Coat of arms of Nancy

Coat of arms
Location of Nancy
Nancy is located in France
Nancy
Nancy
Nancy is located in Grand Est
Nancy
Nancy
Coordinates: 48°41′37″N 6°11′05″E / 48.6936°N 6.1846°ECoordinates: 48°41′37″N 6°11′05″E / 48.6936°N 6.1846°E
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentMeurthe-et-Moselle
ArrondissementNancy
Canton3 cantons
IntercommunalityMétropole du Grand Nancy
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Laurent Hénart
Area
1
15.01 km2 (5.80 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
106,953
 • Density7,100/km2 (18,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
54395 /54000
Elevation188–353 m (617–1,158 ft)
(avg. 212 m or 696 ft)
Websitehttp://www.nancy.fr/
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

History

The earliest signs of human settlement in the area date to 800 BC. Early settlers were likely attracted by easily mined iron ore and a ford in the Meurthe River. A small fortified town named Nanciacum (Nancy) was built by Gérard, Duke of Lorraine around 1050.

Nancy was burned in 1218 at the end of the War of Succession of Champagne, and conquered by Emperor Frederick II. It was rebuilt in stone over the next few centuries as it grew in importance as the capital of the Duchy of Lorraine. Duke Charles the Bold of Burgundy, was defeated and killed in the Battle of Nancy in 1477; René II, Duke of Lorraine became the ruler.

Following the failure of both Emperor Joseph I and Emperor Charles VI to produce a son and heir, the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 left the throne to the latter's next child. This turned out to be a daughter, Maria Theresa of Austria. In 1736 Emperor Charles arranged her marriage to Duke François of Lorraine, who reluctantly agreed to exchange his ancestral lands for the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.

The exiled Polish king Stanislaus Leszczyński, father-in-law of the French king Louis XV, was then given the vacant duchy of Lorraine. Under his nominal rule, Nancy experienced growth and a flowering of Baroque culture and architecture. Stanislaus oversaw the construction of Place Stanislaus, a major square and development connecting the old medieval with a newer part of the city. After Stanislaus' death in 1766, the duchy of Lorraine returned to the status of a regular French province. Nancy lost its position as a residential capital city with a princely court and patronage.

As unrest surfaced within the French armed forces during the French Revolution, a full-scale mutiny, known as the Nancy affair, took place in Nancy in the latter part of summer 1790. A few units loyal to the government laid siege to the town and shot or imprisoned the mutineers.

In 1871, Nancy remained French when Prussia annexed Alsace-Lorraine. The flow of refugees reaching Nancy doubled its population in three decades. Artistic, academic, financial and industrial excellence flourished, establishing what is still the Capital of Lorraine's trademark to this day.

Nancy and other areas of France were occupied by German forces from 1940. During the Lorraine Campaign of World War II, Nancy was liberated from Nazi Germany by the U.S. Third Army in September 1944, at the Battle of Nancy.

In 1988, Pope John Paul II visited Nancy. In 2005, French President Jacques Chirac, German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder, and Polish President Aleksander Kwaśniewski inaugurated the renovated Place Stanislas. It is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

RenéDeux

Engraving depicting the capture of Nancy through Duke René II of Lorraine in 1477

Geography

Nancy is situated on the left bank of the river Meurthe, about 10 km upstream from its confluence with the Moselle. The Marne–Rhine Canal runs through the city, parallel to the Meurthe. Nancy is surrounded by hills that are about 150 m higher than the city center, which is situated at 200 m above mean sea level. The area of Nancy proper is relatively small: 15 km2. Its built-up area is continuous with those of its adjacent suburbs. The neighboring communes of Nancy are: Jarville-la-Malgrange, Laxou, Malzéville, Maxéville, Saint-Max, Tomblaine, Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy and Villers-lès-Nancy.

The oldest part of Nancy is the quarter Vieille Ville – Léopold, which contains the 14th century Porte de la Craffe, the Palace of the Dukes of Lorraine, the Porte Désilles and the 19th century St-Epvre basilica. Adjacent to its south is the quarter Charles III – Centre Ville, which is the 16th–18th century "new town". This quarter contains the famous Place Stanislas, the Nancy Cathedral, the Opéra national de Lorraine and the main railway station.

The population of the city proper experienced a small decrease in population from 2009 to 2014, placing it behind Metz (117,619) as the second largest city in the Lorraine. [5] [6] However, the urban area of Metz experienced population decline from 1990 to 2010 while the urban area of Nancy grew over the same period, becoming the largest urban area in Lorraine and second largest in the "Grand Est" region of northeastern France. Within the Nancy metropolitan area in recent years, the city population declined slightly (2009 - 2014) at the roughly same time as a small increase in the population of its urban area (2006-2012).

Climate

Nancy has an oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb), although a bit more extreme than most of the larger French cities.[7] By the standards of France it is a "continental" climate with a certain degree of maritimy (unrelated to the Köppen classification, since generally the whole country has a predominant mechanism favored by the west winds).[8][9]

The temperatures have a distinct variation of the temperate zone, both during the day and between seasons but without being very different. Winters are cold and dry in freezing climates. Summers are not always sunny, but warm enough. Mists are frequent in autumn and the winds are light and not too violent. Precipitation tends to be less abundant than in the west of the country. Sunshine hours are almost identical to Paris and the snowy days are the same as Strasbourg (most similar weather conditions).[10] Although the lowest recorded temperature is officially -26.8 °C, some sources consider temperatures from -30 °C on December 10, 1879 before continuous data.[11]

Main sights

Nancy Place Stanislas BW 2015-07-18 14-00-16
City hall and monument to Stanislaus I of Poland, at Place Stanislas

The old city center's heritage dates from the Middle Ages to the 18th century. The cathedral of Nancy, the Triumphal Arch and the "Place de la Carriere" are a fine examples of 18th-century architecture.[16] The Palace of the Dukes of Lorraine is the former princely residence of the rulers. The palace houses the Musée Lorrain.

A historic church is the Church of Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours, Nancy, final resting place of the last duke Stanislas. Other notable churches are the Church of Saint-François-des-Cordeliers and the Basilica of Saint-Epvre (fr:Basilique Saint-Epvre de Nancy), which have historical ties to the ducal House of Lorraine.

The Place Stanislas[17] named after king of Poland and duke of Lorraine Stanislaus I, Place de la Carrière, and Place d'Alliance were added on the World Heritage Sites list by the UNESCO in 1983.

The "École de Nancy", a group of artists and architects founded by the glassmaster and furniture maker Émile Gallé, worked in the art nouveau style at the end of the 19th century and the early 20th century. It was principally their work which made Nancy a center of art and architecture that rivaled Paris and helped give the city the nickname "Capitale de l'Est." The city still possesses many Art Nouveau buildings (mostly banks or private homes). Furniture, glassware, and other pieces of the decorative arts are conserved at the Musée de l'École de Nancy, which is housed in the 1909 villa of Eugène Corbin, a Nancy businessman and supporter of the Art Nouveau there. The Musée des Beaux-Arts has further collections of the art nouveau movement.

A major botanical garden, the Jardin botanique du Montet, is located at Villers-lès-Nancy. Other gardens of interest include the city's earliest botanical garden, the Jardin Dominique Alexandre Godron, and various other public gardens and places of interest including the Pépinière and Parc Sainte-Marie (public gardens). The town also has an aquarium.

The surroundings of the train station are a busy commercial area.

Culture

Opéra national de Lorraine (10)
National Opera of Lorraine
Musée école Nancy
Museum of the École de Nancy

The city is known for its World Heritage buildings at the Place Stanislas, which was opened April 2005 by Jacques Chirac after refurbishment.

At the turn of the 20th century, Nancy was a major center of the Art Nouveau with the École de Nancy. The city possesses a unique and interesting Musée de l'École de Nancy (School of Nancy Museum) with artworks by Émile Gallé, Louis Majorelle, Daum, Caravaggio,[18] and others.

Nancy also has other museums:

  • Museum of Fine Arts of Nancy (Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nancy) with painters from the 15th to 20th centuries, and a huge collection of Daum crystal displayed in part of the old fortifications of the city.
  • Lorraine History Museum dedicated to the history of the Duchy of Lorraine and arts (Jacques Callot collection, Georges de La Tour).
  • Aquarium and Natural History Museum of Nancy.
  • Musée de l'École de Nancy offers a testimony of the diversity of creative techniques practiced by the artists of this school, with a fine display of furniture, objets d'art, glassware, stained-glass, leather, ceramics, textiles, etc. from the period.[19]
  • The Iron History Museum[20]

The city is also the seat of the Diocese of Nancy and the home of the Opéra national de Lorraine. There is a network of libraries, the central of which is Bibliothèque municipale de Nancy.

Universities and colleges

Nancy-Université
Faculty of Law, Economics and Management of the University of Lorraine

Nancy has a large number of institutions of higher learning.

Sports

Nancy is home to two of the three professional sport clubs in Lorraine: AS Nancy-Lorraine in football and SLUC Nancy in basketball. AS Nancy-Lorraine's Hall of Fame includes triple-Ballon d'Or and UEFA President Michel Platini, Arsenal manager Arsène Wenger, 1998 World Champion Aimé Jacquet, 2000 European Champion Roger Lemerre, 1998 African Ballon d'Or Mustapha Hadji, Irish legend Tony Cascarino, 1986 European Cup winner Sacha Zavarov and 1958 World Cup Semi-finalist Roger Piantoni.

AS Nancy-Lorraine won the French cup 1978 with captain Michel Platini who scored the only goal of the final (Nancy 1–0 Nice). More recently AS Nancy-Lorraine won the "Coupe de la Ligue" (French League Cup) in 2006 and reached fourth place in the French football league in 2007/2008.

SLUC Nancy won the last Korac European Cup in 2002, reached the finals of French championship of basketball (Pro A) four consecutive times and finally won his first trophy in 2008. Also winner of "Semaine des As" in 2005 and champion of 2nd league (pro B) in 1994.

Winner of the 2010–2011 French Championship.

F Foire-de-Nancy Cours-Léopold
Cours-Léopold
Nancy Porte Here BW 2015-07-18 13-45-28
Place Stanislas – Arc Héré
Nancy Neptunbrunnen
Place Stanislas – Fountain of Neptune

Native sons and daughters

Nancy was the birthplace of:

Transport

Nancy BW 2015-07-18 13-16-32
Nancy's guided busway, known as the 'tramway on tires'

The main railway station is Gare de Nancy-Ville, with direct connections to Paris (high-speed rail line), Metz, Lyon, Strasbourg and several regional destinations. The motorway A31 connects Nancy with Metz, Luxembourg and Langres.

Public transport within Nancy is provided by Service de Transport de l'Agglomération Nancéienne (STAN),[25] operated by Veolia Transport, operating the Tram by STAN and around 20 conventional bus routes.

The most heavily used route, the Tram T1, is a so-called 'tramway on tires', which is actually a guided busway based on Bombardier Transportation's Guided Light Transit (GLT) technology and using articulated trolleybuses. In addition to diesel buses, Nancy has been served by trolleybuses since 1982, but in 2000 the three-route trolleybus system was reconfigured into a single, longer route and with a surface guidance system added (GLT, or TVR in French). The guidance systems covers about two-thirds of the approximately 10-km route, and the trolleybuses are separated from other traffic over that portion of the route, speeding travel times. During its first two years, the new system suffered many incidents and malfunctions of the guidance system, but now works without significant problems.

Heraldry

Grandes Armes de Nancy
The greater coat of arms.

The coat of arms of Nancy displays a thistle, originally considered to be a symbol of Virgin Mary, and adopted as a personal symbol by René of Anjou and later by his descendent René II, Duke of Lorraine. Contrary to the Scottish thistle, the one of Lorraine is always shown with its roots. During the wars against Burgundy, the thistle became an emblem for the people of Lorraine as a whole. It officially became the attribute of the city of Nancy in 1575 when Charles III, Duke of Lorraine granted the city with its own coat of arms.[26]

At first, the coat of arms of Nancy had a chief of Lorraine, which meant that the upper part showed the ducal arms, namely three alerions on a red bend. Later, the chief of Lorraine was replaced by a more complex one which gathers the former possessions of the Dukes of Lorraine. The upper row comprises from left to right the arms of the Kingdom of Hungary, the Kingdom of Naples, the Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Kingdom of Aragon, while the lower row comprises the Duchy of Anjou, the Duchy of Guelders, the Duchy of Jülich and the County of Bar. The inescutcheon is the coat of arms of Lorraine itself.[26]

The coat of arms displays the motto, which appeared in the end of the 16th century. It was initially "Nul ne s'y frotte" ("no one attacks it"), but it was changed to Latin "Non inultus premor" in 1616. The motto has a similar meaning to the Scottish one, "Nemo me impune lacessit", usually translated as "No one attacks me with impunity", which also makes reference to the thistle. The coat of arms further displays the Legion of Honour, awarded to the city after the First World War, and the War Crosses 14-18 and 39-45.[26]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Nancy". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Nancy". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Nancy" (US) and "Nancy". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Populations légales 2014, Commune de Nancy (54395)" (in French). INSEE. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  6. ^ "Comparateur de territoire, Commune de Metz (57463)". INSEE. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  7. ^ "Nancy, France Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  8. ^ "France Climats". houot.alain.pagesperso-orange.fr. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  9. ^ "France - Climate". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  10. ^ "Climat et météo de Nancy (54000)". www.linternaute.com. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  11. ^ "Année 1879, almanach météo complet des ères géologiques à nos jours". www.prevision-meteo.ch. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  12. ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Nancy" (in French). Meteo France. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  13. ^ "Climat Lorraine" (in French). Meteo France. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  14. ^ "Nancy-Tomblaine (07180) - WMO Weather Station". NOAA. Retrieved 28 March 2019. Archived March 28, 2019, at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Nancy-Essey (54) - altitude 212m" (in French). Infoclimat. Archived from the original on 9 January 2016. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  16. ^ "History and heritage - Nancy Tourisme". www.nancy-tourisme.fr. Archived from the original on 21 May 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  17. ^ Images of the Place Stanislas Archived 26 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ "Annunciation" painted 1608, Musée des Beaux-Arts
  19. ^ "The Ecole de Nancy Museum - Nancy Tourisme". www.nancy-tourisme.fr. Archived from the original on 18 February 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  20. ^ "The History of Iron Museum - Nancy Tourisme". www.nancy-tourisme.fr. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  21. ^ "Université de Lorraine". www.uhp-nancy.fr. Archived from the original on 29 July 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  22. ^ "Université de Lorraine". www.univ-nancy2.fr. Archived from the original on 24 February 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  23. ^ "Campus de Nancy - Sciences Po Collège universitaire". www.franco-allemand.sciences-po.fr. 23 February 2017. Archived from the original on 19 September 2009. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  24. ^ Paris, Guillaume. "Centre de Nancy - AgroParisTech". www.agroparistech.fr. Archived from the original on 2 December 2014. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  25. ^ "Stan : Page d'accueil". www.reseau-stan.com. Archived from the original on 24 February 2011. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  26. ^ a b c "Origine du blason de Nancy". Nancy WebTV. Archived from the original on 11 February 2017. Retrieved 11 February 2017.

External links

Art Nouveau-related links
AS Nancy

Association Sportive Nancy-Lorraine (French pronunciation: ​[asɔsjasjɔ̃ spɔʁtiv nɑ̃si lɔʁɛn], commonly known as AS Nancy-Lorraine, ASNL, or simply Nancy) is a French association football club based in Nancy, Lorraine. The club was founded in 1967 and currently plays in Ligue 2.

Nancy was founded as the successor to FC Nancy, which collapsed in 1965. The club has spent its entire life playing in either Ligue 1 or Ligue 2. Nancy has never won the first division, but has won the second division on five occasions. Nancy's biggest achievement came in 1978 when the club won the Coupe de France defeating Nice in the final. The club has also won the Coupe de la Ligue in 2006. Nancy is presided over by Jacques Rousselot. Rousselot serves as a vice-president of the French Football Federation (FFF) and is also a member of the federation's Federal Council.One of the club's most notable players is Michel Platini, the former president of UEFA. Platini began his career at the club in 1972, playing eight seasons with Nancy. He scored the only goal in the aforementioned Coupe de France final and won two French Player of the Year awards whilst playing with the club. Platini also established himself as a French international while at the club and went on to achieve numerous team and individual accolades after his departure from Nancy. He is considered to be, arguably, the club's greatest player ever and, upon entering the section of the club's official website showing Nancy's greats, a picture of a young Platini is displayed.

Bruno Delbonnel

Bruno Delbonnel (born 1957) is a French cinematographer. He is best known for his works in the films Amélie (2001), A Very Long Engagement (2004), Inside Llewyn Davis (2013) and Darkest Hour (2017).

Delbonnel's accolades include a César Award and a European Film Award, as well as nominations for five Academy Awards and three BAFTA Awards.

FC Nancy

Football club de Nancy was a French association football team playing in the city of Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle. The team was founded in 1901 and dissolved in 1968.

Francis I, Duke of Lorraine

Francis I (French: François Ier de Lorraine) (23 August 1517 – 12 June 1545) was Duke of Lorraine from 1544–1545.

François Jacob

François Jacob (17 June 1920 – 19 April 2013) was a French biologist who, together with Jacques Monod, originated the idea that control of enzyme levels in all cells occurs through regulation of transcription. He shared the 1965 Nobel Prize in Medicine with Jacques Monod and André Lwoff.

Grignard reaction

The Grignard reaction (pronounced /ɡriɲar/) is an organometallic chemical reaction in which alkyl, vinyl, or aryl-magnesium halides (Grignard reagent) add to a carbonyl group in an aldehyde or ketone. This reaction is important for the formation of carbon–carbon bonds. The reaction of an organic halide with magnesium is not a Grignard reaction, but provides a Grignard reagent.

Grignard reactions and reagents were discovered by and are named after the French chemist François Auguste Victor Grignard (University of Nancy, France), who published it in 1900 and was awarded the 1912 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for this work.

Gérard Paul Deshayes

Gérard Paul Deshayes (May 13, 1795 – June 9, 1875) was a French geologist and conchologist.

Joseph Ducreux

Joseph, Baron Ducreux (26 June 1735 – 24 July 1802) was a French noble, portrait painter, pastelist, miniaturist, and engraver, who was a successful portraitist at the court of Louis XVI of France, and resumed his career after the French Revolution. He was made a baron and premier peintre de la reine (First Painter to the Queen), and drew the last portrait ever made of Louis XVI before the king’s execution. His less formal portraits reflect his fascination with physiognomy and show an interest in expanding the range of facial expressions beyond those of official portraiture.

L'Est Républicain

L'Est Républicain is a daily regional French newspaper based in Nancy, France.

Lorraine Open

The Lorraine Open is a defunct men's tennis tournament that was played as part of the Grand Prix tennis circuit from 1979 to 1989. It was held in Lorraine, one of the 26 regions of France. The venue alternated annually from Lorraine's two main cities of Metz and Nancy, with Nancy hosting odd-numbered years, and Metz even-numbered. The surface in both locations was indoor carpet courts.

Metz–Nancy–Lorraine Airport

Metz–Nancy–Lorraine Airport or Aéroport de Metz–Nancy–Lorraine (IATA: ETZ, ICAO: LFJL) is an airport serving the Lorraine région of France. It is located in Goin, 16.5 km southeast of Metz, (both communes of the Moselle département) and north of Nancy (a commune of Meurthe-et-Moselle). It opened to the public on October 28, 1991 and replaced Nancy–Essey and Metz–Frescaty airports.

Nancy-Université

Nancy-Université federated the three principal institutes of higher education of Nancy, in Lorraine, France before their merger into the University of Lorraine:

Henri Poincaré University (UHP, also known as Nancy 1): natural sciences, wrapping several faculties and engineering schools

École Supérieure des Sciences et Technologies de l'Ingénieur de Nancy: general engineering

École Supérieure d'Informatique et Applications de Lorraine: Computer Science engineering

Nancy 2 University: social sciences

Institut national polytechnique de Lorraine (INPL): engineering schools, notably :

ENSEM: electrical and mechanical engineering

Mines de Nancy: general engineering

ENSIC: chemistry

ENSAIA: agricultural engineeringWith over 50 000 students, Nancy has the fifth largest student population in France.

National Polytechnic Institute of Lorraine

The National Polytechnic Institute of Lorraine (l'Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, or INPL), based in Nancy, is a French university system. It is under the Academy of Nancy and Metz.

INPL is part of the University of Lorraine. It federates 11 engineering schools, notably:

École nationale supérieure des mines de Nancy: general engineering

École nationale supérieure des industries chimiques (ENSIC, Nancy): chemistry

École nationale supérieure d'agronomie et des industries alimentaires (ENSAIA): agricultural engineering.

École européenne d'ingénieurs en génie des matériaux (EEIGM)

École nationale supérieure d'électricité et de mécanique (ENSEM)

École nationale supérieure de géologie (ENSG)

École nationale supérieure en génie des systèmes industriels (ENSGSI)

École Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Metz ( ENIM)

Polytech Nancy

Telecom Nancy

École Nationale Supérieure des Technologies et Industries du Bois

Olivier Rouyer

Olivier Rouyer (born 1 December 1955 in Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle) is a retired football striker from France. He earned seventeen international caps (two goals) for the French national team during the late 1970s and early 1980s. A player of AS Nancy, he was a member of the French team in the 1978 FIFA World Cup. He coached Nancy from 1991–1994.

Rouyer is gay, coming out after retiring as a player and coach.

Opéra national de Lorraine

Opéra national de Lorraine is an opera company and opera house located in the city of Nancy in the French province of Lorraine. Formerly named the Opéra de Nancy et de Lorraine, it was given the status of national opera in 2006.

The company's original theatre was constructed during the reign of the King of Poland and Duke of Lorraine, Stanislas Leszczyński in 1758. This theatre, located behind the Museum of Fine Arts, was destroyed by fire in October 1905 and a new opera house was constructed in its present location on the Place Stanislas by Joseph Hornecker and was inaugurated in 1919.

Joseph Hornecker, a member of the School of Nancy, created the opera house in the classical style combined with characteristics of "art nouveau". The work done in Nancy made it a center of art and architecture that rivaled Paris and helped give the city the nickname "Capitale de l'Est."

The opera house underwent restoration in 1994.

All productions are accompanied by the Orchestre symphonique et lyrique de Nancy.

Place Stanislas

The Place Stanislas is a large pedestrianised square in the French city of Nancy, in the Lorraine region. Since 1983, the architectural ensemble comprising the Place Stanislas, the extension of its axis, the Place de la Carrière, and the Place d'Alliance, has been on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Renata of Lorraine

Renata of Lorraine (20 April 1544 – 22 May 1602), was by birth a member of the House of Lorraine and by marriage Duchess of Bavaria.

Born in Nancy, France, she was the second child and eldest daughter of Francis I, Duke of Lorraine and Christina of Denmark. Her paternal grandparents were Antoine, Duke of Lorraine and Renée of Bourbon-Montpensier and her maternal grandparents were Christian II of Denmark and Isabella of Austria.

Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy

Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy (French pronunciation: ​[vɑ̃dœvʁ lɛ nɑ̃si]) is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France. Its inhabitants are called Vandopériens.

École nationale supérieure des industries chimiques

The École Nationale Supérieure des Industries Chimiques (ENSIC) is an Engineering School dedicated to Chemical Engineering in Nancy, France.

Ensic Nancy is one of the seven schools of the Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine (INPL), France's largest technological university.

Climate data for Nancy-Tomblaine (Les Ensanges), elevation: 217 m or 712 ft, 1961-1990 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.8
(62.2)
20.0
(68.0)
24.3
(75.7)
29.3
(84.7)
32.5
(90.5)
36.1
(97.0)
38.2
(100.8)
39.3
(102.7)
33.7
(92.7)
27.2
(81.0)
22.1
(71.8)
18.5
(65.3)
39.3
(102.7)
Average high °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
6.4
(43.5)
10.9
(51.6)
14.8
(58.6)
19.2
(66.6)
22.6
(72.7)
25.1
(77.2)
24.7
(76.5)
20.3
(68.5)
15.1
(59.2)
8.9
(48.0)
5.4
(41.7)
14.9
(58.8)
Average low °C (°F) −0.8
(30.6)
−0.7
(30.7)
2.0
(35.6)
4.1
(39.4)
8.4
(47.1)
11.7
(53.1)
13.7
(56.7)
13.2
(55.8)
10.1
(50.2)
6.8
(44.2)
2.8
(37.0)
0.4
(32.7)
6.0
(42.8)
Record low °C (°F) −21.6
(−6.9)
−26.8
(−16.2)
−15.9
(3.4)
−6.8
(19.8)
−4.2
(24.4)
1.6
(34.9)
2.0
(35.6)
2.8
(37.0)
−1.3
(29.7)
−7.9
(17.8)
−12.7
(9.1)
−21.3
(−6.3)
−26.8
(−16.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 65.4
(2.57)
55.3
(2.18)
59.5
(2.34)
49.3
(1.94)
67.6
(2.66)
69.2
(2.72)
62.4
(2.46)
63.0
(2.48)
64.7
(2.55)
73.8
(2.91)
65.9
(2.59)
79.0
(3.11)
775.1
(30.52)
Average precipitation days 11.2 9.5 10.6 9.3 11.0 9.9 9.6 9.2 9.2 11.4 11.6 11.8 124.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 55.9 79.7 129.1 173.9 199.1 220.9 229.1 213.7 162.8 104.8 51.7 44.3 1,664.9
Source: Météo France[12][13]
Climate data for Nancy-Tomblaine (Les Ensanges), elevation: 217 m or 712 ft, 1961-1990 normals and extremes
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.6
(58.3)
19.4
(66.9)
24.3
(75.7)
27.6
(81.7)
29.2
(84.6)
33.9
(93.0)
37.6
(99.7)
36.3
(97.3)
32.6
(90.7)
27.2
(81.0)
20.8
(69.4)
18.5
(65.3)
37.6
(99.7)
Mean maximum °C (°F) 8.1
(46.6)
12.6
(54.7)
13.9
(57.0)
17.1
(62.8)
21.6
(70.9)
26.2
(79.2)
29.2
(84.6)
26.4
(79.5)
24.6
(76.3)
16.8
(62.2)
12.3
(54.1)
8.5
(47.3)
29.2
(84.6)
Average high °C (°F) 4.2
(39.6)
5.8
(42.4)
9.5
(49.1)
13.7
(56.7)
17.9
(64.2)
21.1
(70.0)
23.3
(73.9)
23.1
(73.6)
20.1
(68.2)
15.1
(59.2)
8.1
(46.6)
4.9
(40.8)
13.9
(57.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
2.5
(36.5)
5.3
(41.5)
8.6
(47.5)
12.5
(54.5)
15.8
(60.4)
17.8
(64.0)
17.6
(63.7)
14.7
(58.5)
10.4
(50.7)
5.1
(41.2)
2.1
(35.8)
9.5
(49.1)
Average low °C (°F) −0.9
(30.4)
−0.7
(30.7)
1.0
(33.8)
3.7
(38.7)
7.4
(45.3)
10.8
(51.4)
12.1
(53.8)
12.1
(53.8)
9.7
(49.5)
6.3
(43.3)
2.0
(35.6)
−0.6
(30.9)
5.2
(41.4)
Mean minimum °C (°F) −7.1
(19.2)
−8.3
(17.1)
−2.2
(28.0)
1.9
(35.4)
5.7
(42.3)
8.6
(47.5)
10.2
(50.4)
10.2
(50.4)
5.9
(42.6)
2.3
(36.1)
−1.1
(30.0)
−4.7
(23.5)
−8.3
(17.1)
Record low °C (°F) −21.6
(−6.9)
−19.0
(−2.2)
−15.9
(3.4)
−6.1
(21.0)
−2.9
(26.8)
2.2
(36.0)
2.0
(35.6)
2.8
(37.0)
−1.2
(29.8)
−6.0
(21.2)
−10.2
(13.6)
−19.0
(−2.2)
−21.6
(−6.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 57.8
(2.28)
48.4
(1.91)
59.0
(2.32)
44.9
(1.77)
70.1
(2.76)
72.6
(2.86)
55.3
(2.18)
56.5
(2.22)
56.3
(2.22)
52.5
(2.07)
60.4
(2.38)
67.2
(2.65)
701
(27.62)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 13.0 10.0 12.0 10.0 11.5 9.5 7.5 9.0 8.5 9.0 11.5 12.5 124
Average snowy days 6.5 5.0 4.5 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 trace 2.0 6.5 25.5
Average relative humidity (%) 87 83 78 74 75 75 75 77 81 86 87 87 80
Mean monthly sunshine hours 45.4 80.9 120.8 160.3 197.5 215.5 241.9 212.9 164.4 108.4 58.0 45.6 1,651.6
Percent possible sunshine 17.0 29.0 33.0 39.0 42.0 45.0 50.0 49.0 44.0 33.0 21.0 18.0 35.0
Source #1: NOAA[14]
Source #2: Infoclimat.fr[15]
Île-de-France
Parisian basin
Nord-Pas-de-Calais
East
West
South West
Centre East
Mediterranean
Multiple regions
Overseas departments
and territories
Communes of the Meurthe-et-Moselle department

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