Nanchang

Nanchang (Chinese: 南昌) is the capital of Jiangxi Province in southeastern China.[4] Nanchang is the largest city in Jiangxi Province. Nanchang is located in the central part of Jiangxi Province, with a history of more than 2,200 years. It was called “Yuzhang”in Han Dynasty, “Hongdu” and “Hongcheng” from Tang Dynasty to Song Dynasty. It is located in the hinterland of Yuzhang Plain.

According to the Statistical Communique of the National Bureau of Statistics and Statistics of Nanchang City in 2017, as of the end of November 2017, the total population of households in Nanchang City was 5,246,600. The urban population is 2,887,800. Located in the north-central part of the province, it is bounded on the west by the Jiuling Mountains, and on the east by Poyang Lake. Because of its strategic location connecting the prosperous East and South China, it has become a major railway hub in Southern China in recent decades.

As the Nanchang Uprising in 1927 is distinctively recognized by the ruling Communist Party as "firing the first gunshot against the evil Nationalists",[5] the current government has therefore named the city since 1949 "the City of Heroes", "the place where the People's Liberation Army was born", and the most widely known "place where the military banner of the People's Liberation Army was first raised".

Nanchang

南昌市
Nanchang City
Clockwise from top: New Fourth Army Headquarter, Star of Nanchang, Bayi Square, Nanchang sunrise, Tengwang Pavilion.
Clockwise from top: New Fourth Army Headquarter, Star of Nanchang, Bayi Square, Nanchang sunrise, Tengwang Pavilion.
Nickname(s): 
Hongcheng (洪城 lit. Grand City), Hongdu (洪都 lit. Grand Metropolis), Yuzhang (豫章)
Location of Nanchang City jurisdiction in Jiangxi
Location of Nanchang City jurisdiction in Jiangxi
Nanchang is located in China
Nanchang
Nanchang
Location of the city centre in Jiangxi
Coordinates: 28°41′N 115°53′E / 28.683°N 115.883°ECoordinates: 28°41′N 115°53′E / 28.683°N 115.883°E
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceJiangxi
County-level divisions6 districts, 3 counties
Government
 • MayorGuo An
 • SecretaryYin Meigen
Area
 • Prefecture-level city7,194 km2 (2,778 sq mi)
 • Urban
 (2018)[1]
686 km2 (265 sq mi)
 • Metro
4,588 km2 (1,771 sq mi)
Elevation
37 m (122 ft)
Population
(2010 census[2])
 • Prefecture-level city5,042,565
 • Density700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
 • Urban
 (2018)[3]
2,935,000
 • Urban density4,300/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
4,171,926
 • Metro density910/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (CST)
ISO 3166 codeCN-JX-01
Licence plate prefixes赣A, 赣M
City FlowerChinese Rose
City TreeCamphor Laurel
Websitenc.gov.cn
Nanchang
NC in Chinese
"Nanchang" in Chinese characters
Literal meaning"Southern Prosperity"
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinNánchāng
Wade–GilesNan2-ch'ang1
IPA[nǎn.ʈʂʰáŋ]
Wu
SuzhouneseNoe-tshaon
Yue: Cantonese
Yale RomanizationNàahm-chēung
IPA[nȁːm.tsʰœ́ːŋ]
JyutpingNaam4-coeng1
Southern Min
Hokkien POJLâm-chhiong
Tâi-lôLâm-tshiong
Nieuhof-Ambassade-vers-la-Chine-1665 0834
"Kiangsi" (Nanchang). Nieuhof: L'ambassade de la Compagnie Orientale des Provinces Unies vers l'Empereur de la Chine, 1665

History

南昌滕王阁
TengWang Pavilion
南昌府治圖
NanChangFu (NanChang City Old Map)

Nanchang is a city of long history. As early as 50,000 years ago, clans inhibited the Anyi region of the Nanchang city. About three thousand years ago, to the north Aixi Lake, south of Qingyun Pu, the arc of the formation of ancient Nanchang gathering area residents.

Han Emperor five years (202 BC), Han Guan Ying the local garrison, located Yu Zhang County, next year the construction of the city, site in this city about 4 kilometres (2.5 miles) southeast of Nanchang Railway Station Huang Temple City, the city perimeter miles eighty-four step, called "Guan Ying City", it was built to create a history of Nanchang city. First built "Nanchang County," Yu Zhang county of Gunji, take "grand southern" and "Southern prosperity," meaning, named "Nanchang." The territories encompassing modern-day Jiangxi Province—including Nanchang—was first incorporated into China during the Qin dynasty, when it was conquered from the Baiyue peoples and organized as Jiujiang Commandery (Chinese: 九江郡).[6] In 201 BC, during the Han dynasty, the city was given the Chinese name Nanchang and became the administrative seat of Yuzhang Commandery (豫章郡), and was governed by Guan Ying, one of Emperor Gaozu of Han's generals.[6] The name Nanchang means "southern flourishing", derived from a motto of developing what is now southern China that is traditionally attributed to Emperor Gaozu himself.[6]

In AD 589, during the Sui dynasty, this commandery was changed into a prefecture named Hongzhou (洪州), and after 763 it became the provincial center of Jiangxi, which was then beginning the rapid growth that by the 12th century made it the most populous province in China.

In 653 the Tengwang Pavilion was constructed, and in 675 Wang Bo wrote the classic "Tengwang Ge Xu", a poetic introductory masterpiece celebrating the building, making the building, the city, and the author himself known to literate Chinese-speaking population ever since.[7] The Pavilion has been destroyed and rebuilt several times throughout history.[8] Its present form was reconstructed in the 1980s after being destroyed in 1929 during the Chinese Civil War.[9]

In 959, under the Southern Tang regime, Nanchang was made superior prefecture and the southern capital. After the conquest by the Song regime in 981 it was reverted to the name Hongzhou. In 1164 it was renamed Longxing prefecture, which name it retained until 1368. At the end of the Yuan (Mongol) period (1279–1368), it became a battleground between Zhu Yuanzhang, the founder of the Ming dynasty (1368–1644), and the rival local warlord, Chen Youliang. At the beginning of the 16th century it was the power base from which Zhu Chenhao, the Prince of Ning, launched a rebellion against the emperor.

During the reign of the Wanli Emperor of the Ming dynasty, it housed relatives of the emperor who had been exiled because they were potential claimants of the imperial throne, members of the imperial family constituting about one quarter of the city's population; as a result of this, Matteo Ricci came here when trying to gain entry to Beijing.[10]

In the 1850s it suffered considerably as a result of the Taiping Rebellion (1850–64), and its importance as a commercial centre declined as the overland routes to Canton were replaced by coastal steamship services in the latter half of the 19th century. Nanchang has, however, remained the undisputed regional metropolis of Jiangxi.

On August 1, 1927, Nanchang was the site of one of a series of insurrections organized by the communists. The Nanchang Uprising, led by pro-communist Kuomintang officers under Russian direction, succeeded in holding the city for only a few days, and provided a core of troops and a method of organization from which the People's Liberation Army (PLA) later developed.

Nanchang Qingyunpu 20120608-20
Nanchang Qingyunpu
南昌炒粉 20161008 185424
NanChang Noodles

In 1939, the Battle of Nanchang, a ferocious battle between the Chinese National Revolutionary Army and the Imperial Japan Army in the Second Sino-Japanese War took place.[11][12][13]

By 1949 Nanchang was still essentially an old-style administrative and commercial city, with little industry apart from food processing; it had a population of about 275,000. Nanchang first acquired a rail connection in 1915, only connecting to the port city of Jiujiang by the Yangtze. Several other rail links have since been opened. After World War II a line was completed to Linchuan and Gongqi in the Ru River Valley to the south-southeast.

Since 1949 Nanchang has been extensively industrialized. It is now a large-scale producer of cotton textiles and cotton yarn. Paper making is also a major industry, as is food processing (especially rice milling). Heavy industry began to gain prominence in the mid-1950s. A large thermal-power plant was installed and uses coal brought by rail from Fengcheng to the south. A machinery industry also grew up, at first mainly concentrating on the production of agricultural equipment and diesel engines. Nanchang then became a minor centre of the automotive industry in China, producing trucks and tractors and also accessories such as tires. An iron-smelting plant helping to supply local industry was installed in the later 1950s. There is also a large chemical industry, producing agricultural chemicals and insecticides as well as pharmaceuticals.

Geography

Nanchang 115.88291E 28.68336N
NanChang Satellite imagery 2005

Nanchang is located 130 km (81 mi) south of the Yangtze River and is situated on the right bank of the Gan River just below its confluence with the Jin River and some 40 km (25 mi) southwest of its discharge into Poyang Lake.

赣江,南昌 NanChang, JiangXi Province 22-04-12 - panoramio
Gan River

Climate

Nanchang has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) with four distinct seasons. Winters are short and cool with occasional frosts; it begins somewhat sunny and dry but becomes progressively wetter and more overcast. Spring begins especially gloomy, and from April to June, each month has more than 220 mm (8.7 in) of rainfall. Summer is long and humid, with amongst the highest temperatures of any Chinese provincial capital, and with the sun shining close to 60 percent of the time in July and August, is the sunniest time of year. Autumn is warm to mild with the lowest rainfall levels of the year. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 5.5 °C (41.9 °F) in January to 29.5 °C (85.1 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 18.00 °C (64.4 °F). Annual precipitation stands at around 1,610 mm (63 in); with monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 23 percent in March to 60 percent in August, the city receives 1,832 hours of sunshine annually in average. Extremes since 1951 have ranged from −9.7 °C (15 °F) on 29 December 1991 to 40.6 °C (105 °F) on 23 July 1961.[14]

Climate data for Nanchang (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.3
(77.5)
28.7
(83.7)
32.5
(90.5)
34.6
(94.3)
36.5
(97.7)
37.7
(99.9)
40.6
(105.1)
39.7
(103.5)
38.6
(101.5)
35.4
(95.7)
32.3
(90.1)
26.1
(79.0)
40.6
(105.1)
Average high °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
11.2
(52.2)
15.2
(59.4)
21.7
(71.1)
26.9
(80.4)
29.6
(85.3)
33.7
(92.7)
33.1
(91.6)
29.1
(84.4)
24.1
(75.4)
17.9
(64.2)
11.9
(53.4)
21.9
(71.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
7.7
(45.9)
11.4
(52.5)
17.7
(63.9)
22.8
(73.0)
25.9
(78.6)
29.5
(85.1)
28.9
(84.0)
25.1
(77.2)
19.9
(67.8)
13.7
(56.7)
7.9
(46.2)
18.0
(64.4)
Average low °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
5.2
(41.4)
8.7
(47.7)
14.6
(58.3)
19.7
(67.5)
23.0
(73.4)
26.1
(79.0)
25.8
(78.4)
22.2
(72.0)
16.8
(62.2)
10.6
(51.1)
4.9
(40.8)
15.1
(59.2)
Record low °C (°F) −7.7
(18.1)
−9.3
(15.3)
−1.7
(28.9)
2.4
(36.3)
10.0
(50.0)
14.8
(58.6)
18.9
(66.0)
19.5
(67.1)
13.3
(55.9)
3.5
(38.3)
−0.8
(30.6)
−9.7
(14.5)
−9.7
(14.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 76.7
(3.02)
105.1
(4.14)
177.6
(6.99)
221.0
(8.70)
219.5
(8.64)
296.3
(11.67)
145.3
(5.72)
123.9
(4.88)
72.2
(2.84)
54.2
(2.13)
77.7
(3.06)
44.1
(1.74)
1,613.6
(63.53)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 13.3 13.6 17.3 17.2 15.7 15.0 10.5 10.3 6.9 7.6 8.5 8.2 144.1
Average relative humidity (%) 76 77 79 79 78 82 76 76 75 71 71 71 76
Mean monthly sunshine hours 89.0 83.1 94.2 125.2 161.4 159.5 248.6 233.2 189.5 168.4 143.0 137.8 1,832.9
Percent possible sunshine 28 27 23 30 36 39 59 60 50 47 46 44 41
Source: China Meteorological Administration [15][16]

Demographics

As of 2010 (Census), Nanchang has a population of 5,042,565, of which about 2.3 million live in built-up (urbanized) area consists of five urban districts.[17] 37 ethnic groups were counted amongst its prefecture divisions.

According to the Statistical Communique of the National Bureau of Statistics and Statistics of Nanchang City in 2017, as of the end of November 2017, the total population of households in Nanchang City was 5,246,600. The urban population is 2,887,800.

Administration

Map
Division code[18] English Chinese Pinyin Area in km2[19] Seat Postal code Subdivisions[20]
Subdistricts Towns Townships Residential communities Villages
360100 Nanchang 南昌市 Nánchāng Shì 7194[21] Donghu District (Honggutan N.A.) 330000 30 49 31 625 1161
360102 Donghu District 东湖区 Dōnghú Qū 30 Gongyuan Subdistrict (公园街道) 330000 10 159 21
360103 Xihu District 西湖区 Xīhú Qū 43 Chaoyangzhou Subdistrict (朝阳洲街道) 330000 10 1 136 13
360104 Qingyunpu District 青云谱区 Qīngyúnpǔ Qū 40 Sanjiadian Subdistrict (三家店街道) 330000 5 1 63 12
360105 Wanli District 湾里区 Wānlǐ Qū 254 Zhaoxian (招贤镇) 330000 2 4 12 35
360111 Qingshanhu District 青山湖区 Qīngshānhú Qū 250 Jingdong (京东镇) 330000 3 6 116 101
360112 Xinjian District 新建区 Xīnjiàn Qū 2160 Changleng (长堎镇) 330100 10 9 39 300
360121 Nanchang County 南昌县 Nánchāng Xiàn 1811 Liantang (莲塘镇) 330200 11 7 47 311
360123 Anyi County 安义县 Ānyì Xiàn 660 Longjin (龙津镇) 330500 7 3 16 105
360124 Jinxian County 进贤县 Jìnxián Xiàn 1946 Minhe (民和镇) 331700 9 2 37 263
  • Honggutan New District (红谷滩新区) is an economic management area and not a formal administrative division.

Economy

Nanchang is a regional hub for agricultural production in Jiangxi province. The yield of grain was 16.146 million tons in 2000. Products such as rice and oranges are economic staples. The Ford Motor Company has a plant in Nanchang, assembling the Ford Transit van as part of the Jiangling Motor joint venture.[22] Many of its industry revolves around aircraft manufacturing, automobile manufacturing, metallurgy, electro-mechanics, textile, chemical engineering, traditional Chinese medicine, pharmaceuticals and others.[23] Nanchang has a rapid economic development and ranks 15th among the fastest growing 20 cities in the world. It is one of the cities with the most potential for development in China and the world in the future.

Bayi Square
BaYi Square

In 2017, the city’s gross regional product (GDP) was 500.319 billion yuan(80.03 billion USD ), an increase of 9.0% over the previous year. The primary industry’s added value was 19.213 billion yuan, an increase of 4.0%; the secondary industry’s added value was 266.61 billion yuan, an increase of 8.4%; The added value of the three industries was 214.496 billion yuan, an increase of 10.2%. The per capita GDP of 81,598 yuan was converted to 12,285 US dollars according to the average annual exchange rate, and the total fiscal revenue for the year was 78.282 billion yuan, an increase of 14.3% over the previous year.

Nanchang - panoramio
NanChang Greenland Center Square in HongGuTan

The GDP of Nanchang in 2008 was 166 billion Yuan (24.3 billion USD ). The GDP per capita was 36,105 Yuan (5,285 USD). The total value of imports and exports was 3.4 billion US dollars. The total financial revenue was 23 billion Yuan.[24]

Industrial zones

National level development zones[25]

  • Nanchang Export Processing Zone

Nanchang National Export Expressing Zone is located in Nanchang Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone, it was approved by the State Council on May 8, 2006, and passed the national acceptance inspection on Sep 7th, 2007. It has a planning area of 1 km2 and now has built 0.31 km2. It enjoys simple and convenient customs clearances, and special preferential policies both for Nanchang National Export Expressing Zone and NCHDZ.[26]

  • Nanchang National High-tech Industrial Development Zone

Nanchang National High-tech Industrial Development Zone (NCHDZ for short hereafter) is the only national grade high-tech zoned in Jiangxi, it was established in Mar. 1991. The zone covers an area of 231 km2 (89 sq mi), in which 32 km2 (12 sq mi) have been completed. NCHDZ possesses unique nature condition and sound industry foundation of accepting electronics industry. NCHDZ has brought 25 percent industrial added value and 50 percent industrial benefit and tax to Nanchang city by using only 0.4 percent land area.[27]

  • Nanchang Economic and Technological Development Zone[28]

Provincial level development zones[25]

  • Jiangxi Sanghai Economic and Technological Development Zone
  • Nanchang Yingxiong Economic and Technological Development Zone

Special economic district[25]

Transportation

Nanchang Railway Station
Nanchang Railway Station

Nanchang has an advantageous geographic location and convenient transportation. It is praised as the “three rivers and five lakes, and the control of the finer and better lakes”. It relies on high-speed railways and aviation hubs to connect three important economic circles (Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta, Inter-provincial traffic corridors in Haixi District). Nanchang is one of the country's comprehensive transportation hubs and one of the most important integrated transportation hubs in Jiangxi.

NanChang International Airport2
Nanchang International Airport
D206通过莲塘站
A CRH1 train near Liantang Station in Nanchang.

Rail

Nanchang Railway Station 20161003 071449
Nanchang Railway Station East Square

The Nanchang is an important rail hub for southeastern China. The Beijing–Kowloon (Jingjiu) Railway, Shanghai–Kunming (Hukun) Railway (formerly Zhejiang–Jiangxi or Zhegan Railway), Xiangtang–Putian Railway and Nanchang–Jiujiang Intercity Railway converge in Nanchang. Nanchang's Bureau of Railways operates much of the railway network in Jiangxi and neighbouring Fujian province.

NanChang International Airport
NanChang International Airport

The Nanchang Railway Station and the Nanchang West Railway Stations are the primary passenger rail stations of the city. Nanchang is connected to Hangzhou, Changsha and Shanghai via CRH (China Railway High-speed) service.

Air

Nanchang Changbei International Airport (KHN) built in 1996 is the main international airport. It is situated in Lehua Town, 26 kilometres north of the CDB area. Changbei International Airport is the only one in Jiangxi Province which has an international air route. The airport is connected to major mainland cities such as Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Haikou, Shanghai and Beijing.[29] There is a military/mixed airport near Liantang, Nanchang County.

Nanchang Changbei International Airport is the largest airport in Jiangxi Province. In 2014, Nanchang Changbei Airport opened up to 10 international destinations. The airport handled 7.25 million passengers in 2014, an increase of 6.3%. Among them, the Nanchang aviation port exceeded 280,000 passengers, an increase of nearly 40%, becoming the airport's traffic volume. The important force of growth, and will continue to maintain rapid development. On December 6, 2017, the annual passenger throughput of Nanchang Airport exceeded 10 million passengers, making it the nation’s 31st “million-grade airport”. In 2017, passenger throughput reached 10.93 million, a year-on-year increase of 39.0%, a net increase of passenger throughput of 3.07 million passengers; flights took off and 89,000 vehicles, a year-on-year increase of 35.2%; and cargo and mail throughput of 52,000 tons, an increase of 3.3%. In order to cooperate with the construction of the Beijing-Kowloon high-speed railway and Nanchang North Station airport complex transportation hub, large-scale expansion and upgrades are being carried out recently.

Road

南昌胜利路
Nanchang downtown ShengLi(Victory) Shopping Street

The road transport infrastructure in Nanchang is extensive. A number of national highways cross through the city. They are the National roads No.105 from Beijing to Zhuhai, No.320 from Shanghai to Kunming, and No.316 from Fuzhou to Lanzhou. The major transport companies that operate in Nanchang are the Chang'an Transport Company Limited, the Nanchang Long-distance Bus Station, and the Xufang Bus Station. National Highway G70 crosses through Nanchang. Nanchang also built its round-city highway G70_01 opening on 2007.

The Nanchang Long-distance Bus Station serves long distance routes to Nanjing, Shenzhen, Hefei and other cities outside Jiangxi Province. The Xufang Bus Station operates routes to cities, towns and counties within Jiangxi Province.[29]

Metro

南昌地鐵2022規劃圖.pdf
Nanchang Metro map(Line One to Three)2020

Nanchang Rail Transit is the first rail transportation system in Jiangxi Province, the world's leading MRT system, the second batch of rail transit cities in China. It will connect Nanchang’s main downtown area and each satellite city, the Nanchang Metro has been in service since 26th Dec 2015. Nanchang is the 25th city in mainland China to put into operation. The planning of Nanchang rail transit project started in 1999 and was officially started in 2009. The first phase of the No. 1 and No. 2 lines was 50,996 kilometers (the first line is the underground line). Line 1 was officially opened and operated at the end of 2015, and Line 2 of the “First Section” began trial operation on August 19, 2017.

Water

Nanchang is situated on the Gan River, the Fu River, Elephant Lake, Qingshan Lake, and Aixi Lake. Hence the water routes for Nanchang are critically important for the economy, trade and shipping. Nanchang Port is the biggest port on the Gan River. Passengers can take Nanchang Port and travel by boat to the Jinggang Shan and Tengwang Pavilion. There are passenger ships that also visit Poyang Lake, Stone Bell Hill, Poyang Lake Bird Protection Area, Dagu Hill and other attractions.

Landmarks

Pavillion of Prince Teng frontview
The Pavilion of Prince Teng is a building in the north west of the city of Nanchang
StarOfNanchang20070718
The Star of Nanchang Ferris Wheel
  • Tengwang Pavilion, a towering pavilion dating to 653,on the east bank of the Gan River and is one of "the Four Great Towers of China"
  • Poyang Lake, the largest fresh water lake in China, it is also called "the Migrator Birds Paradise".
  • Star of Nanchang, which was the world's tallest Ferris wheel from 2006-2008, in Honggu New District[30]
  • Qiushui Square, established on 28 January 2004 with the largest music fountain group with music in Asia.
  • Jiangxi Provincial Museum and Bada Shanren Exhibition Hall
  • People's Park, the largest park in downtown Nanchang[31]
  • 八一广场,南昌 NanChang, JiangXi Province 22-04-12 - panoramio
    BaYi Square Night View
    Bayi Square and Memorial, at the center of Nanchang, commemorates the founding of the People's Liberation Army during the Nanchang Uprising of 1 August (Ba Yi in Mandarin) in 1927, which led to the formation of the People's Republic of China in 1949.
八一广场,南昌 NanChang, JiangXi Province 22-04-12 - panoramio
BaYi Square Night View

Education

Colleges and universities:

Jiangxi university of traditional chinese medicine Note: Institutions without full-time bachelor programs are not listed.

High schools:

  • Affiliated Middle School of Jiangxi Normal University (江西师范大学附属中学)
  • Nanchang No.2 Middle School (南昌市第二中学)
  • Nanchang No.1 Middle School (南昌市第一中学)
  • Nanchang No.3 Middle School (南昌市第三中学)
  • Nanchang No.10 Middle School (南昌市第十中学)

International schools:

Sport

Nanchang is the site of Jiangxi International Women's Tennis Open.[32]

See also

References

  1. ^ Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 24.
  2. ^ "China: Jiāngxī (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
  3. ^ Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 24.
  4. ^ "Illuminating China's Provinces, Municipalities and Autonomous Regions". PRC Central Government Official Website. Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  5. ^ Schwartz, Benjamin, Chinese Communism and the Rise of Mao, Harper & Row (New York: 1951), p. 93.
  6. ^ a b c Zhongguo gujin diming dacidian 中国古今地名大词典 ["Dictionary of Chinese Place-names Ancient and Modern"], (Shanghai: Shanghai cishu chubanshe, 2006), p. 2080.
  7. ^ Wang: 236-246.
  8. ^ Wang: 1.
  9. ^ Wang: 31.
  10. ^ Mary Laven, Mission to China: Matteo Ricci and the Jesuit Encounter with the East, ISBN 0-571-22517-9, 2011, p. 103
  11. ^ Hsu Long-hsuen and Chang Ming-kai, History of the Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945), 2nd Ed., 1971. Translated by Wen Ha-hsiung, Chung Wu Publishing; 33, 140th Lane, Tung-hwa Street, Taipei, Taiwan Republic of China. pp. 293-300 Map. 14-15
  12. ^ Peattie, M., Drea, E. & Ven, H. (2011). The battle for China : essays on the military history of the Sino-Japanese War of 1937-1945. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press.
  13. ^ http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/sino-japanese.htm Sino-Japanese Air War 1937–45
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-03-18. Retrieved 2013-02-18.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ 中国气象局 国家气象信息中心 (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-03-18. Retrieved 2010-05-04.
  16. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data. China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2018-11-09.
  17. ^ 南昌市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报. Jiangxi Bureau of Statistics (in Chinese). Nanchang Bureau of Statistics. 20 March 2012. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  18. ^ 国家统计局统计用区划代码 Archived 2013-04-05 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ 《贵阳统计年鉴2011》
  20. ^ 《中国民政统计年鉴2011》
  21. ^ 国土资源局数字为7432.18平方公里
  22. ^ "Jiangling Motors Corporation, Ltd. website".
  23. ^ [1] Archived April 14, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ "Jiangxi". Unescap.org. Archived from the original on 2004-06-26. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
  25. ^ a b c "NanChang China". English.nc.gov.cn. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
  26. ^ "Nanchang Export Processing Zone". RightSite.asia. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
  27. ^ "Nanchang High-Tech Industrial Development Zone". RightSite.asia. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
  28. ^ "Nanchang Economic & Technological Development Zone". RightSite.asia. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
  29. ^ a b "Nanchang Transportation, Get to the City: by Air, Train, Bus, Water". Travelchinaguide.com. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
  30. ^ "China claims world's largest Ferris wheel - Boston.com". Archived from the original on May 1, 2007.
  31. ^ "Archived copy" 南昌-人民公园 [People's Park, Nanchang] (in Chinese). Xinhua. 2008-04-01. Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2014-05-04.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  32. ^ WTA
  • Wang, Qiaolin (Chinese: 王巧林; pinyin: Wáng Qiǎolín) et al. 1996. Jiangnan Famous Site: The Pavilion of Prince Teng (simplified Chinese: 江南名胜 滕王阁; traditional Chinese: 江南名勝 滕王閣; pinyin: Jiāngnán Míngshèng Téngwáng Gé). Baihuazhou Literary Press (Chinese: 百花洲文艺出版社; pinyin: Báihuāzhōu Wényì Chūbǎnshè). 247 pages. ISBN 7-80579-797-8.

External links

2015 ATP Challenger China International – Nanchang

The 2015 ATP Challenger China International – Nanchang was a professional tennis tournament played on hard courts. It was the second edition of the tournament which was part of the 2015 ATP Challenger Tour. It took place in Nanchang, China between 14 and 20 September 2015.

2016 ATP Challenger China International – Nanchang

The 2016 ATP Challenger China International – Nanchang was a professional tennis tournament played on hard courts. It was the third edition of the tournament which was part of the 2016 ATP Challenger Tour. It took place in Nanchang, China between 12 and 17 September 2016.

ATP Challenger China International – Nanchang

The ATP Challenger China International – Nanchang is a tennis tournament held in Nanchang, China since 2014. The event is part of the ATP Challenger Tour and since 2018 is played on indoor clay courts. Until 2016, the event has been held on hard courts at the Jiangxi International Sports Center.

Beijing–Hong Kong (Taipei) passageway

The Beijing–Hong Kong (Taipei) passageway is a proposed high-speed railway passage in Greater China. It will run in a north–south direction from Beijing to Hong Kong, with a branch leading from Hefei to end at Taipei across the Taiwan Strait. It will connect the cities of Beijing, Xiong'an, Fuyang, Hefei, Jiujiang, Nanchang, Ganzhou, Shenzhen and Hong Kong on the main line, as well as Fuzhou and Taipei on the branch line.

The line was announced by the Chinese government in 2016 as part of the national "eight vertical and eight horizontal" high-speed railway network.

Chang-Du dialect

Chang-Du or Chang-Jing dialect, sometimes called Nanchang dialect (simplified Chinese: 南昌话; traditional Chinese: 南昌話; pinyin: nánchāng huà) after its principal variety, is a dialect of Gan Chinese. It is named after Nanchang and Duchang County, and is spoken in those areas as well as in Xinjian, Anyi, Yongxiu, De'an, Xingzi, Hukou, and bordering regions in Jiangxi and in Pingjiang County, Hunan.

Hongdu JL-8

The Hongdu JL-8 (Nanchang JL-8), also known as the Karakorum-8 or K-8 for short, is a two-seat intermediate jet trainer and a light attack aircraft designed in the People's Republic of China by China Nanchang Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation. The primary contractor is the Hongdu Aviation Industry Corporation. Its export variant, K-8 Karakorum is co-produced by the Pakistan Aeronautical Complex for the Pakistan Air Force.

Jiangxi

Jiangxi (江西; formerly romanised as Kiangsi) is a province in the People's Republic of China, located in the southeast of the country. Spanning from the banks of the Yangtze river in the north into hillier areas in the south and east, it shares a border with Anhui to the north, Zhejiang to the northeast, Fujian to the east, Guangdong to the south, Hunan to the west, and Hubei to the northwest.The name "Jiangxi" derives from the circuit administrated under the Tang dynasty in 733, Jiangnanxidao (江南西道; "Circuit of Western Jiangnan"; Gan: Kongnomsitau). The abbreviation for Jiangxi is "赣" (pinyin: Gàn; Gan: Gōm), for the Gan River which runs across from the south to the north and flows into the Yangtze River. Jiangxi is also alternately called Ganpo Dadi (贛鄱大地) which literally means the "Great Land of Gan and Po".

Jiangxi Nanchang Greenland Central Plaza

Jiangxi Nanchang Greenland Central Plaza are two supertall skyscrapers in Nanchang, Jiangxi, China. They have a height of 303 metres (994 ft). Construction began in 2011 and ended in 2015.

Nanchang Changbei International Airport

Nanchang Changbei International Airport (IATA: KHN, ICAO: ZSCN) is an airport serving Nanchang, the capital of Jiangxi province, China. It is located 28 kilometres (17 mi) north of Nanchang. Construction began in October 1996 and the airport went into operation on 10 September 1999, replacing Nanchang Xiangtang Airport. It was upgraded to an international airport and was greatly expanded in 2008–2011.

Nanchang Laoyingfang Airport

Nanchang Laoyingfang Airport (Chinese: 南昌老营房机场) was a military air base and the first airport in Nanchang, the capital of Jiangxi Province, China. Constructed in 1929, it was one of the four major air bases of the Republic of China Air Force in the 1930s. Laoyingfang was closed after 1949 and its site has been redeveloped for use by the Jiangxi Provincial Government and Jiangxi Normal University.

Nanchang Metro

Nanchang Metro (also known as Nanchang Rail Transit in official documents) is a metro system in Nanchang, Jiangxi, China. As of 2017, two lines are operational. The Metro opened for commercial operation in December 2015.The network is expected to exceed 122.2 km in length in 2020 after Phase 2 is finished. Additional complementary lines are also being considered. Five lines are planned with a total length of 163 km of network (excluding the extension of Line 1 & Line 2 planned in the Phase 2).

Nanchang Q-5

The Nanchang Q-5 (Chinese: 强-5; pinyin: Qiang-5; NATO reporting name: Fantan), also known as the A-5 in its export versions, is a Chinese-built jet ground-attack aircraft capable of supersonic speed in level flight, which is similar to its predecessor Soviet MiG-19. However, the aircraft is predominantly flown at subsonic speeds due to its primary role being close air support.

Nanchang Qingyunpu Airport

Nanchang Qingyunpu Airport (Chinese: 南昌青云谱机场), also known as Sanjiadian Airport (Chinese: 三家店机场), is an airport in Qingyunpu District of Nanchang, Jiangxi, China. Originally constructed for use by the Republic of China Air Force, it was the largest airport in China when opened in 1935. The airport was destroyed during the Second Sino-Japanese War and rebuilt afterwards. After 1949, it was mainly used for test flights by the aircraft manufacturer Hongdu Aviation Industry Group, until its replacement by Nanchang Yaohu Airport in 2018.

Nanchang University

Nanchang University (NCU; simplified Chinese: 南昌大学; traditional Chinese: 南昌大學; pinyin: Nánchāng Dàxué) is a National Key University in Nanchang, Jiangxi, China. It was established in 1940 as National Chung Cheng University (simplified Chinese: 国立中正大学; traditional Chinese: 國立中正大學). It is a Chinese Ministry of Education Double First Class Discipline University, with Double First Class status in certain disciplines.

Nanchang Xiangtang Airport

Nanchang Xiangtang Airport (Chinese: 南昌向塘机场), or Xiangtang Air Base, is a military airbase in Xiangtang, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China. It also served as the main civil airport of Nanchang from 1957 until 1999, when all commercial flights were transferred to the new Nanchang Changbei International Airport.

Nanchang uprising

The Nanchang Uprising (simplified Chinese: 南昌起义; traditional Chinese: 南昌起義; pinyin: Nánchāng qǐyì; 1 August 1927) was the first major Nationalist Party of China–Communist Party of China engagement of the Chinese Civil War, begun by the Communists to counter the Shanghai massacre of 1927 by the Kuomintang.

The Kuomintang (KMT, or Nationalist Party) established a "Revolutionary Committee" at Nanchang to plant the spark that was expected to ignite a widespread peasant uprising. Deng Yanda, Song Qingling (Soong Ching-ling, Madame Sun Yat-sen) and Zhang Fakui (who later crushed the uprising) were among the political leaders.Military forces in Nanchang under the leadership of He Long and Zhou Enlai rebelled in an attempt to seize control of the city after the end of the first Kuomintang-Communist alliance. Other important leaders in this event were Zhu De, Ye Ting, and Liu Bocheng.

Communist forces successfully occupied Nanchang and escaped from the siege of Kuomintang forces by 5 August, withdrawing to the Jinggang Mountains of western Jiangxi. 1 August was later regarded as the anniversary of the founding of the People's Liberation Army and the first action fought against the Kuomintang.

Nanchang–Jiujiang intercity railway

The Nanchang–Jiujiang intercity railway (simplified Chinese: 昌九城际铁路; traditional Chinese: 昌九城際鐵路; pinyin: Chāng-Jiǔ chéngjì tiělù) is an intercity railway operated by China Railway High-speed, connecting the Jiangxi cities of Nanchang (the provincial capital) and Jiujiang. It is the first newly constructed high-speed railway in Jiangxi Province.

At Jiujiang, the railway will connect with the Wuhan–Jiujiang Passenger Railway (presently under construction; estimated time of completion, 2017), which will provide a continuous high-speed line between Nanchang and Wuhan.

Shanghai Shenxin F.C.

Shanghai Shenxin Football Club (Chinese: 上海申鑫; pinyin: Shànghǎi Shēnxīn) is a professional football club that participates in the China League One division under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA). The team is based in Jinshan District, Shanghai and their home stadium is the Jinshan Football Stadium that has a seating capacity of 30,000. Their majority shareholder is Chinese real estate company Hengyuan Corporation.

The club was founded in 2003 as Shanghai Hengyuan Football Club before they made their debut in the third tier of China's football league pyramid in the 2003 league season. When the People's Liberation Army dismissed part of its sports branch, which included its football team the club became interested in acquiring it before ultimately buying their youth team. On April 2, 2004, a new club named Nanchang Bayi Hengyuan Football Club was established with players who had played for the Shanghai Hengyuan Football Club and the Bayi U-19 team. The club worked its way up to the top tier after coming runners-up in the second division during the 2009 league season and promotion to the Chinese Super League. The club name changed to "Nanchang Hengyuan Football Club" at 2010 summer, because the word "Bayi" (means People's Liberation Army) used by enterprise is prohibited from 2009. After almost eight years in Nanchang the club would decide to move back to Shanghai at the beginning of 2012 and renamed themselves Shanghai Shenxin Football Club.

Xiangtang–Putian railway

Xiangtang–Putian railway or Xiangpu railway (simplified Chinese: 向莆铁路; traditional Chinese: 向莆鐵路; pinyin: xiàngpǔ tiělù), is a Class I high-speed railway in eastern China linking Nanchang and Fúzhou (福州), the provincial capitals, respectively, of Jiangxi and Fujian Province. The line is named after Xiangtang, a township south of Nanchang, which was originally slated to serve as a terminus, and Putian, on the coast of Fujian, at which the southern branch of the Xiangpu railway terminates. The line actually begins at the Lehua East Station, a rail junction for the Beijing–Kowloon and Nanchang–Jiujiang intercity railways north of Nanchang. The line heads south to Nanchang West Railway Station and bypasses Xiangtang on its way to Fǔzhou (抚州). After entering Fujian, the line forks at Yongtai with the northern fork heading to Fúzhou (福州) and the southern fork going to Putian. The Nanchang to Yongtai section of the line plus the northern fork to Fuzhou is officially named the Nanchang–Fuzhou or Changfu railway. The southern fork is officially named the Yongtai–Putian or Yongpu railway.Including both forks, the Xiangpu has a total length of 635.9 km (395 mi) with 24 stations. Construction of the line began on October 1, 2008 and required investments of about Y51.6 billion. The line opened on September 26, 2013. The Xiangtang–Putian railway can accommodate trains running at speeds of up to 200 km/h (124 mph) and serves as a major trunkline in China's railway network. Major cities and towns along route include Nanchang, Fǔzhou (抚州), Nancheng and Nanfeng in Jiangxi and Jianning, Taining, Jiangle, Sha County, Youxi, Yongtai, Fúzhou (福州) and Putian in Fujian.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.