Namesake

A namesake is a person named after another,[1][2][3] or more broadly, a thing (such as a company, place, ship, building, or concept) named after a person or thing that first had the name.[2][4] According to the Oxford English Dictionary, a namesake is also defined as "a person or thing that has the same name as another".[5]

History

The word is first recorded in the mid-17th century, and probably comes from the phrase "for [the, my, his, her] name's sake".[5][2][3][6]

Usage

In general, the second recipient of a name, named for the first, is said to be the namesake of the first. The attribution can, however, go in the opposite direction, with namesake referring to the original holder of the name (the eponym).[2]

Strictly speaking, a namesake is only a person[1][5] named for another person—i.e., for the sake of the other's name, to keep it alive.[3] Many dictionaries, however, following colloquial usage, acknowledge that things as well as persons may be or have namesakes,[5][4] and (usually in a secondary definition) that the other for whom the person (or thing) is named, strictly the latter's eponym, may be called its "namesake".[1][2][4]

Family

Naming a child after a relative, friend, or well-known person is a common practice in the English-speaking world. When a son is named for his father, it is customary (primarily in the United States) to add "Jr."/"II", "III'", or another name suffix to the name of the son (and sometimes "Sr." or a prior number to the father's name), in order to distinguish between individuals, especially if both father and son become famous, as in the case of poet Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr. and his son, Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. Sometimes the "Jr." or "Sr." suffix is applied even when the child's legal name differs from that of the parent.

One notable example is that of the singer Hiram King Williams, known professionally as Hank Williams, and his son Randall Hank Williams, known professionally as Hank Williams Jr. Nothing prohibits girls named for their mothers from using similar suffixes, but no such tradition has become established. Notable is Thoroughbred jockey Rosemary Homeister Jr. whose mother was also a jockey before turning to training. A more archaic method of distinguishing father from son was to follow the name with the Elder or the Younger, respectively, e.g. William Pitt the Elder and William Pitt the Younger.

Culture

Among Ashkenazi Jews, it is customary to name a child after a dead parent (e.g., the child's grandparent), but never after a living person.[7] Sephardic Jews traditionally are encouraged to name their children after relatives, living or dead.[7] Greek families traditionally name a child after its paternal grandparents and the second child of the same sex is named after its maternal grandparents.

Concepts

Buildings, such as the Trump Tower, and companies, like the Ford Motor Company, are often named for their founders or owners. Biologic species and celestial bodies are frequently named for their discoverers.[8] Alternatively, their discoverers may name them in honor of others.[9] Occasionally, material goods, such as toys or garments, may be named for persons closely associated with them in the public mind. The teddy bear, for example, was named for President Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt, because of a popular story in which the then-President objected to cruel treatment of a bear by hunters.[10]

The fedora hat may be considered the "namesake" of a fictional character, Princess Fédora Romanoff, from an 1887 play, Fédora, by Victorien Sardou. In her famous portrayal of that character, Sarah Bernhardt wore a soft felt hat with a center crease, which became known popularly as a "fedora".[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Namesake". Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Namesake". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "Namesake". American Heritage Dictionary. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  4. ^ a b c "Namesake". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d "Namesake". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  6. ^ Harper, Douglas. "Namesake". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  7. ^ a b "The Laws of Jewish Names". Chabad.org. Chabad-Lubavitch Media Center. Retrieved 14 March 2016., citing Sefer Chassidim 460; Shaarei Halachah Uminhag, vol. 3, p. 298.
  8. ^ See, e.g., Nowicke, Joan W. (September–October 1974). "Three New Species of Tournefortia (Boraginaceae) from the Andes and Comments on the Manuscripts of E. P. Killip". Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 101 (5): 229–234. doi:10.2307/2484867. JSTOR 2484867. (species); and Committee on Small Body Nomenclature of Division III of the International Astronomical Union. "IAU Comet-naming Guidelines". IAU: Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams. IAU: Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams. Retrieved 14 March 2016. (comets).
  9. ^ See, e.g., Platnick, Norman I. (10 June 1993). "A New Genus of the Spider Family Caponiidae (Araneae, Haplogynae) from California" (PDF). American Museum Novitates (3063): 1. Retrieved 14 March 2016. (species of spider named for actor Harrison Ford).
  10. ^ "Teddy Bears". America's Story from America's Library. Library of Congress. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  11. ^ Harper, Douglas. "Fedora". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
Bonham, Texas

Bonham is a city in Fannin County, Texas, United States. The population was 10,127 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Fannin County. James Bonham (the city's namesake) sought the aid of James Fannin (the county's namesake) at the Battle of the Alamo.

Bonham is part of the Texoma region.

Cuvelai

Cuvelai is a town and municipality in Cunene Province in Angola.

Gaya, Niger

Gaya is a city in the Dosso Region of Niger. The city is situated 254 km southeast of the capital, Niamey, is located on the banks of the Niger River, and is near the borders with Benin and Nigeria. Gaya has a population of 28,385 (2001 census). The wettest area in Niger, Gaya averages 800 mm in rainfall a year.

There is a bridge connecting Gaya to the town of Malanville in Benin.

Groupe Flammarion

Groupe Flammarion is the fourth-largest publishing group in France, comprising many units, including its namesake, founded in 1876 by Ernest Flammarion, as well as units in distribution, sales, printing and bookshops (La Hune and Flammarion Center). Flammarion became part of the Italian media conglomerate RCS MediaGroup in 2000. Éditions Gallimard acquired Flammarion from RCS MediaGroup in 2012. Subsidiaries include Casterman and Fluide Glacial.

Hilda asteroid

The Hilda asteroids (adj. Hildian) are a dynamical group of more than 4000 asteroids located beyond the asteroid belt in a 3:2 orbital resonance with Jupiter. The namesake is the asteroid 153 Hilda. Hildas move in their elliptical orbits so that their aphelia put them opposite Jupiter (at L3), or 60° ahead of or behind Jupiter at the L4 and L5 Lagrangian points. Over three successive orbits each Hilda asteroid approaches all of these three points in sequence. A Hilda's orbit has a semi-major axis between 3.7 and 4.2 AU (the average over a long time span is 3.97), an eccentricity less than 0.3, and an inclination less than 20°. Two collisional families exist within the Hilda group: the Hilda family and the Schubart family. The namesake for the latter family is 1911 Schubart.Hildas' surface colors often correspond to the low-albedo D-type and P-type; however, a small portion are C-type. D-type and P-type asteroids have surface colors, and thus also surface mineralogies, similar to those of cometary nuclei. This implies that they share a common origin.

List of Strategic Air Command bases

The Strategic Air Command of the United States Air Force, and its successor body the Air Force Global Strike Command, operate or formerly operated many air bases both in the United States and in other countries.

Navy Cross

The Navy Cross is the United States military's second-highest decoration awarded for valor in combat. The Navy Cross is awarded primarily to a member of the United States Navy, Marine Corps, and the Coast Guard (when operating under the Department of the Navy) for extraordinary heroism. The medal is equivalent to the Army Distinguished Service Cross, the Air Force Cross, and the Coast Guard Cross.

The Navy Cross is bestowed by the Secretary of the Navy and may also be awarded to members of the other armed services, and to foreign military personnel while serving with the U.S. naval services. The Navy Cross was established by Act of Congress (Public Law 65-253) and approved on February 4, 1919.

Notre Dame, Our Mother

"Notre Dame, Our Mother" is the alma mater (official song of devotion) of the University of Notre Dame, a private, Catholic research university in northern Indiana. The song is addressed to "Notre Dame", a reference to both the university and its patroness and namesake, the Blessed Virgin Mary. Joseph Casasanta, a 1923 Notre Dame graduate, composed the song and it was first performed at coach Knute Rockne's funeral in 1931.

The Rev. Charles O'Donnell, C.S.C., president of the university at the time of composition, wrote the song's lyrics in honor of the university's patroness, Mary, the Mother of Jesus. Besides the usual role an alma mater plays for the school, it is part of the post-game show of the Band of the Fighting Irish and is the traditional conclusion to Notre Dame pep rallies, football games, other sporting events, and major religious services, often sung before the last hymn at Mass. When singing the alma mater, students often put their arms over each other's shoulders and sway as they sing. This is especially common at the end of home football games.

O'Fallon, Illinois

O'Fallon is a city in St. Clair County, Illinois, United States. The 2010 census listed the population at 28,281. The city is the third largest city in the Metro-East region and Southern Illinois. Scott Air Force Base is nearby.

Like its namesake in St. Charles County, Missouri, O'Fallon is part of the St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area. This makes O'Fallon (along with the two Troys in Illinois and Missouri) one of the few pairs of like-named municipalities to be part of the same MSA.

Podarces

In Greek mythology, Podarces (Ancient Greek: Ποδάρκης) was a son of Iphiclus (son of Phylacus, founder of Phylace) by Diomedeia and brother of Protesilaus. In some accounts, he and his brother were called the sons of Phylacus and Astyoche instead.

Project Prometheus

Project Prometheus/Project Promethian was established in 2003 by NASA to develop nuclear-powered systems for long-duration space missions. This was NASA's first serious foray into nuclear spacecraft propulsion since the cancellation of the SNTP project in 1995. The project was cancelled in 2005.

Its budget shrank from $252.6 million in 2005 to only $100 million in 2006, $90 million of which was for closeout costs on cancelled contracts.

Sculptured Rocks Natural Area

The Sculptured Rocks Natural area is a 272-acre (110 ha) natural area in Groton, New Hampshire. Its main feature is its namesake, the Sculptured Rocks, which are a series of narrow, sharply carved rock formations that are a popular local swimming hole. They are located on the Cockermouth River, which is the longest tributary of Newfound Lake. The Sculptured Rocks Road, which runs along this same river, shares its namesake with the park.

Tabu (actress)

Tabassum Fatima Hashmi (born 7 November 1971), known mononymously as Tabu, is an Indian film actress. She has primarily acted in Hindi films, in addition to English, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Marathi and Bengali language films. She has won the National Film Award for Best Actress twice, and has received six Filmfare Awards, including a record four Critics Awards for Best Actress. She was awarded the Padma Shri by the Government of India in 2011.Tabu's most critically acclaimed performances were in the films Maachis (1996), Kaalapaani (1996), Kadhal Desam (1996), Virasat (1997), Hu Tu Tu (1999), Kandukondain Kandukondain (2000), Astitva (2000), Chandni Bar (2001), Maqbool (2003), Cheeni Kum (2007), Haider (2014), Drishyam (2015) and Andhadhun (2018). She has also played leading and supporting roles in several commercially successful films, including Coolie No.1 (1991), Vijaypath (1994) , Ninne Pelladata (1996), Jeet (1996), Saajan Chale Sasural (1996), Border (1997), Chachi 420 (1997), Biwi No.1 (1999), Hum Saath-Saath Hain (1999), Hera Pheri (2000), Fanaa (2006), Jai Ho (2014), and Golmaal Again (2017). Her international projects include a leading role in Mira Nair's drama The Namesake (2007) and a supporting role in Ang Lee's highly successful adventure film Life of Pi (2012).

The Namesake (NCIS)

"The Namesake" is the fifth episode of the tenth season of the American police procedural drama NCIS, and the 215th episode overall. It originally aired on CBS in the United States on October 30, 2012. The episode is written by George Schenck and Frank Cardea and directed by Arvin Brown, and was seen by 18.83 million viewers.

The Namesake (film)

The Namesake is a 2006 drama film directed by Mira Nair and written by Sooni Taraporevala based on the novel The Namesake by Jhumpa Lahiri. It stars Tabu, Irrfan Khan, Kal Penn and Sahira Nair. The film was produced by Indian, American and Japanese studios. The film was released in the United States on 9 March 2007, following screenings at film festivals in Toronto and New York City. The Namesake received positive reviews from American critics.

The Namesake (short story)

The Namesake is a short story by Willa Cather. It was first published in McClure's in March 1907.

Tripolis (Pontus)

Tripolis (Greek: Τρίπολις), formerly Ischopolis, was an ancient fortress city in Pontus Polemoniacus, on a river of the same name, and with a tolerably good harbor; it is now the site and namesake of the city of Tirebolu in Giresun Province, Turkey. It belonged to the Mossynoeci and was situated at a distance of 18 km east from Cape Zephyrium. (Arrian, Periplus Ponti Euxini 16.4; Anon. Periplus Ponti Euxini p. 13; Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia vi.4.11) The place is situated on a rocky headland. (Hamilton, Researches, i. p. 257.)

Týr

In Germanic mythology, Týr (Old Norse), Tíw (Old English), and Ziu (Old High German) is a god. Stemming from the Proto-Germanic deity *Tīwaz and ultimately from the Proto-Indo-European deity *Dyeus, little information about the god survives beyond Old Norse sources. Due to the etymology of the god's name and the shadowy presence of the god in the extant Germanic corpus, some scholars propose that Týr may have once held a more central place among the deities of early Germanic mythology.

Týr is the namesake of the Tiwaz rune, a letter of the runic alphabet corresponding to the Latin letter T. By way of the process of interpretatio germanica, the deity is the namesake of Tuesday ('Týr's day') in Germanic languages, including English. Interpretatio romana, in which Romans interpreted other gods as forms of their own, generally renders the god as Mars, the ancient Roman war god, and it is through that lens that most Latin references to the god occur. For example, the god may be referenced as Mars Thingsus (Latin 'Mars of the Thing') on 3rd century Latin inscription, reflecting a strong association with the Germanic thing, a legislative body among the ancient Germanic peoples.

In Norse mythology, from which most surviving narratives about gods among the Germanic peoples stem, Týr sacrifices his arm to the monstrous wolf Fenrir, who bites off his limb while the gods bind the animal. Týr is foretold to be consumed by the similarly monstrous dog Garmr during the events of Ragnarök. In Old Norse sources, Týr is alternately described as the son of the jötunn Hymir (in Hymiskviða) or of the god Odin (in Skáldskaparmál). Lokasenna makes reference to an unnamed otherwise unknown consort, perhaps also reflected in the continental Germanic record (see Zisa (goddess)).

Various place names in Scandinavia refer to the god, and a variety of objects found in England and Scandinavia may depict the god or invoke him.

Ægir

In Norse mythology, Ægir (also Aegir) (Old Norse "sea") is a sea jötunn associated with the ocean. He is also known for being a friend of the gods and hosting elaborate parties for them.

He is the namesake for the exoplanet previously known as Epsilon Eridani b.

Ægir's servants are Fimafeng (killed by Loki) and Eldir.

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