Nakanoshima (Kagoshima)

Nakanoshima (中之島), is a volcanic island located in the Tokara Islands, part of the Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. It is the largest and most populous island of the islands in Toshima village.[1] The island, 34.47 km² in area, had 167 inhabitants as of 2005.[2] The island has no airport, and access is normally by ferry to the city of Kagoshima on the mainland, seven hours away. The islanders are dependent mainly on agriculture, fishing and seasonal tourism. The island's attractions include hot springs, a lighthouse, an observatory and a museum of local history and folklore.

Nakanoshima
Native name:
Japanese: 中之島
Nakanoshima Kagoshima
Tokara-eilanden
Geography
LocationEast China Sea
Coordinates29°51′0″N 129°52′12″E / 29.85000°N 129.87000°E
ArchipelagoTokara Islands
Area34.47 km2 (13.31 sq mi)
Length9 km (5.6 mi)
Width5 km (3.1 mi)
Coastline31.8 km (19.76 mi)
Highest elevation979 m (3,212 ft)
Highest pointOtake
Administration
Japan
Kagoshima Prefecture
Demographics
Population167 (2004)
Pop. density4.84 /km2 (12.54 /sq mi)
Ethnic groupsJapanese

Geography

Nakanoshima kakou
Crater

Nakanoshima is the largest island in the Tokara archipelago, with dimensions of 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) by 5 kilometres (3.1 mi). It is located 150 kilometres (81 nmi) south from Kyushu.

The northern end of the island is dominated by Otake (御岳 O-take),[3] an active volcano which last erupted in 1914. The mountain was mined for sulphur until 1944. With a height of 979 metres (3,212 ft) above sea level, the mountain is the exposed cone of an active stratovolcano arising from the ocean floor.

A small plateau separates Otake from eroded remains of another volcano.[4] The local climate is classified as subtropical, with a rainy season from May through September.

History

Nakanoshima has been populated for several thousand years. The island was once part of the Ryukyu Kingdom. During the Edo period, Nakanoshima was part of Satsuma Domain and was administered as part of Kawabe District. In 1896, the island was transferred to the administrative control of Ōshima District, Kagoshima, and from 1911 was administered as part of the village of Toshima, Kagoshima. From 1946-1952, the island was administered by the United States as part of the Provisional Government of Northern Ryukyu Islands. Until 1956, the village hall for Toshima Village was located on Nakanoshima. It was then relocated to within the city of Kagoshima.

In early 1950, a small herd of wild horses in the south of the island were identified as a distinct breed, named the Tokara pony. This species only occurs on Nakanoshima and is believed to have been brought to the island around 1890 from Kikaijima, an island near Amami Ōshima. After World War II, the species almost became extinct, and survivors were removed to a ranch operated by Kagoshima University on mainland Kagoshima for protection . Today, some have been reintroduced to Nakanoshima.[5]

Notes

  1. ^ 中之島(ナカノシマ). Official Website of Toshima Village (in Japanese). Toshima Village, Kagoshima. Retrieved 2009-04-24.
  2. ^ "人口" (PDF). Population Statistics. Tokara Village, Kagoshima. 2004-03-31. Retrieved 2009-04-24.
  3. ^ "NAKANO-SHIMA". Quaternary Volcanoes in Japan. Geological Survey of Japan, AIST. 2006. Retrieved 2009-04-24.
  4. ^ "Nakano-shima". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 2009-04-24.
  5. ^ Oklahoma State University - Breeds of Livestock - Tokara Horse Archived 2013-01-04 at the Wayback Machine

References

  • National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGIA). Prostar Sailing Directions 2005 Japan Enroute. Prostar Publications (2005). ISBN 1577856511

See also

External links

List of islands of Japan

Japan has 6,852 islands. Approximately 430 are inhabited. Japan is the largest island country in East Asia and the fourth largest island country in the world. Here's a list of islands of Japan.

List of political and geographic subdivisions by total area (all)

This is one of a series of comprehensive lists of continents, countries, and first level administrative country subdivisions such as states, provinces, and territories, as well as certain political and geographic features of substantial area. Some divisions are listed twice, with one listing including territory that is excluded in the other for various reasons, including territorial disputes. Names of currently existing countries are bolded, while names of geographic features are italicized. There is intentional overlap between the lists in order to maximize ease of use.

== See also ==

Smaller divisions

200,000+ square kilometers • 100,000 to 1,000,000 square kilometers • 50,000 to 200,000 square kilometers • 20,000 to 50,000 square kilometers

5,000 to 20,000 square kilometers • 1,000 to 5,000 square kilometers • 0.1 to 1,000 square kilometersSmaller divisions

1,000,000+ square kilometers • 500,000 to 1,000,000 square kilometers • 200,000 to 500,000 square kilometers • 100,000 to 200,000 square kilometers

50,000 to 100,000 square kilometers • 30,000 to 50,000 square kilometers • 20,000 to 30,000 square kilometers • 10,000 to 20,000 square kilometers

7,000 to 10,000 square kilometers • 5,000 to 7,000 square kilometers • 3,000 to 5,000 square kilometers • 1,000 to 3,000 square kilometers

250 to 1,000 square kilometers • 0.1 to 250 square kilometersOther

List of countries and dependencies by area

List of largest empires

List of administrative divisions by country

Category:Ranked lists of country subdivisions

== References ==

List of political and geographic subdivisions by total area from 0.1 to 1,000 square kilometers

This is one of a series of comprehensive lists of continents, countries, and first level administrative country subdivisions such as states, provinces, and territories, as well as certain political and geographic features of substantial area. Some divisions are listed twice, with one listing including territory that is excluded in the other for various reasons, including territorial disputes. Names of currently existing countries are bolded, while names of geographic features are italicized. There is intentional overlap between the lists in order to maximize ease of use.

List of political and geographic subdivisions by total area from 0.1 to 250 square kilometers

This is one of a series of comprehensive lists of continents, countries, and first level administrative country subdivisions such as states, provinces, and territories, as well as certain political and geographic features of substantial area. Some divisions are listed twice, with one listing including territory that is excluded in the other for various reasons, including territorial disputes. Names of currently existing countries are bolded, while names of geographic features are italicized. There is intentional overlap between the lists in order to maximize ease of use.

Nakanoshima (disambiguation)

Nakanoshima (中之島、中の島、中ノ島、中野島) may refer to:

Nakanoshima, a sandbank in central Osaka, Japan

Nakanoshima Park on the sandbank

Nakanoshima (Kagoshima), a volcanic island in the Tokara Islands of Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan

Nakanoshima (Shimane), an island in the Oki Islands of Shimane Prefecture, Japan

Nakanoshima, Niigata, Japan, a former town

A district in Tama-ku, Kawasaki

USS Sea Dog (SS-401)

USS Sea Dog (SS-401/AGSS-401) was a Balao-class submarine in the United States Navy. She was the first ship to be named for the dogfish, a small shark of the North Atlantic, considered destructive by fishermen.

Sea Dog was laid down on 1 November 1943 at the Portsmouth Navy Yard in Kittery, Maine. She was launched on 28 March 1944 sponsored by Mrs. Claire Dowden Lowrance, wife of the prospective commanding officer, and commissioned on 3 June 1944 with Commander Vernon L. Lowrance in command.

Following a month's training off the New England coast, Sea Dog sailed for Pearl Harbor to join Submarine Squadron (SubRon) 28 and prepare for her first war patrol. Arriving in Hawaii on 22 August, she sailed west on 13 September, topped off at Midway Island on 17 September; and entered her patrol area in the Nansei Shoto on 28 September.

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