Nagbhid

Nagbhid, also known as Nagbhir is a City and a municipal council in Chandrapur district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It Connected to NH353D,MSH9.

The City is famous for the Shiv temple which is located on the hills (Mahadeo chi tekdi, called locally) on the western part of the town. The City is a central place on the NH 353D (Nagpur-Nagbhid-Armori) and MSH9 (Nagpur-Umred- Nagbhid-Mul-Chandrapur). Town once upon a time was very famous for very high-quality silk(kosa), wool (ghongda-woollen blankets), now only known for high-quality rice. City is now governed by municipal council formed in year 2016, combining 10 surrounding villages in the outskirts of the Nagbhid. The population of the municipal council region is 25234 (census 2011).

Nagbhid
City
Nagbhid is located in Maharashtra
Nagbhid
Nagbhid
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 20°35′0″N 79°40′0″E / 20.58333°N 79.66667°ECoordinates: 20°35′0″N 79°40′0″E / 20.58333°N 79.66667°E
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DistrictChandrapur
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Council
 • BodyNagbhir Municipal Council
Population
 • Total25,234
Languages
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
441205
Telephone code07179
Vehicle registrationMH34
Lok Sabha constituencyGadchiroli-Chimur
Vidhan Sabha constituencyChimur-Nagbhid
Civic agencyMunicipality

History

Prehistoric paintings in the caves have been found near Nagbhid-Persagad hills proving the human presence of more than 10,000 years. There are many stone Menhirs in the western part of the town at hill base. Around 30 can be seen in rows. Some researchers have related them to the 3000-year-old tribal custom of erecting a stone pillar at the burial place. But these stones need more research and preservation.

A village called "Deotak" 2–3  km from Nagbhid, There was a stone slab containing two distinct inscriptions, the characters of one being of the kind known as those of the Asoka edicts and those of the other belonging to the Vakataka period. Both of them are fragmentary but mention a name Cikambari, which Mr Hira Lal has identified with Cikmara, a village close to Deotak. The slab has now been removed to the Nagpur Museum.

Nothing much is known about the founder and time of foundation for this place. British records go back till 1850 when it was a famous town, with the population of 4000, for its good quality tussar silk which was then exported to Europe. Records of export can be found in British market surveys of that time.

Language

The local language in town is Marathi however, people can understand and speak Hindi and English. The Marathi spoken here is "Zadi" Marathi, widely spoken in Vidarbha region. The communities like Halba, Kosti, Dhangars have their own languages but speak Marathi fluently.

Economy and trade

The economy of the town is mainly agriculture-based with a major population is either farmers or farm workers. The portion of the population constitutes government employees in schools, college, tahsil office, railway employees, panchayat samiti employees. The part of community is of merchants & industrialists. Among businesses are rice mills, poultry farms, oil mills, agriculture product trading and retail market. Every Thursday it holds weekly bazaar wherein people from surrounding villages bring their agriculture produce like grains, vegetable, fish for sale. There are a vegetable, mutton, chicken and fish markets which supply good quality fresh products. Town still has age-old communities of Potters (Kumbhars), Farmer(Kunbi), Ironsmith (Lohar), Goldsmiths (Sonar), Shepherds (Dhangar), Silk Workers (Kosti), Oil Producers (Teli), Barai, Carpenters (Sutar), Varthis, Dhiwar gives this town an essence of old culture.The town is surrounded by fresh water lakes like Nawkhala, Ghodazari, Kasrla which supplies fresh variety of fish (Vaghur, Rohu, Katla, Prawns, botre, katwe etc.).

Religion

The town has people of Hindu religion in the majority with next major religion being Buddhist and Muslims, other religions are less. Town has temples of Shiva, Vitthal mandir, Shri Ganesha temple, Ram Mandir, Chavdeshwari Mandir, Ganga mata temple and small Hanuman temples at various places in town. There is one Budhha Vihar, and famous Parmatma ek, Om Shanti Centre, too. Also, the town has three mosques, one of raza sunni jamat, one of wahabi jamat and one of agakhani ismaily jamat. There is also a church.

Transport

Town has now come up over the national highway map after formation of National highway 353D connecting Nagpur to Armori. Nagbhid is almost equidistant from surrounding district headquarters. It is well connected by roads (Nagpur 97 km, Chandrapur 104 km, Gadchiroli 80 km, Bhandara 80 km, Wardha 120 km and Gondia 130 km) . It forms a center over Nagpur-Gadchiroli highway. Nearest commercial airport is Nagpur.

Railway

Nagbhid town is served by Nagbhir Junction railway station. Nagpur-Nagbhir is a narrow gauge route of 110 km which connects to Gondia- Balharshah route at Nagbhir Junction railway station. Gondia- Balharshah line was converted to broad gauge in 1999. Conversion to broad gauge of Nagpur-Nagbhir line has been approved and is expected to commence soon.[1]

There is a beautiful railway colony adjacent to the station which adds to the beauty of the town with a garden, children's park and a good playground. This colony is surrounded by 350 acres empty land belonging to railways which may be useful for the railway industry, store or workshop if planned well.

Tourism

The town is surrounded by jungle with lakes and temples. Ghodazari Wildlife Sanctuary is 10 km from Nagbhid and 100 km from Nagpur and Chandrapur. Ghodazari is a small lake surrounded by nature and forest. Due to recent conservation efforts, the number of wild animals is on the rise. It is common to see tigers, leopards, sloth bears, bison, spotted deers, wild boars in the jungle surrounding at the western edge of Nagbhid. Local newspapers often carry news articles on human-wildlife conflict leading to domestic cattle and human deaths. Other tourist places of interest near Nagbhid are Pandav caves (2000 year old carved caves), Adyal tekdi (temple complex set by Rashtrasant Tukdoji Maharaj), Gaymukh temple, and Satbahini temple (with prehistoric human paintings in caves).

Shiv Tekdi

Shiva temple at the hill trusty Kamunwar family now declared as a Government category C tourist center, which gives a religious peace of mind. Beautiful view of town can be seen from the temple over the hill. some other smaller temples and a huge and beautiful statue of Lord Shiva (20 meters) has been built recently. Now it is taking a shape of temple complex with good garden around it.

Facilities for tourists

Nagbhid is well connected to nearby cities by roads and railways and is always peaceful. Local cars from tourist services can also be hired. Town now has a beautiful jungle resort (Nisargayan) situated in the jungle between the hill and a lake. Other lodging and boarding facilities including garden restaurants are available now. All major govt banks have their ATMs in the town.

The town has Government offices like Tahsil Office, Panchayat Samiti, Railway office, R&B, PWD office, irrigation department, Banks like Bank of India, Maharashtra bank, State Bank of India, Chandrapur District Co-operative banks and Grihalaxmi mahila sahkari bank, Want aadkuji aquamarine patsanstha, Swami Vivekananda sahkari patsanstha, Samyak sahakari patsanstha, Sant Tukaram Nagari Sahakari Patsansth & other small co-operative banks for finance.

Medical facilities

The town has a tradition of good ayurvedic vaidyas in a 19th and 20th century like shri Nagorao Vigam, Shri Ganpatrao Bikkewar Vaidya, Shri Shridhar Vaidya. At present town has a good general surgeon Dr Pramod Khobragade, Gynaecologist Dr Ashish Selokar, pediatrician Dr Vijay Kale and physician Dr Shivankar. Good Allopathic general practitioners are available like Dr Nabatosh Biswas, Dr Harish Bagade, Some good Homeopathic practitioners like Dr Anant Dachewar, DrAzeez [Azam] Dhamani and some new practitioners are also working. Recently some dentists and opticians has started their well-equipped hospitals here. The town has a Government Rural Hospital and pathological diagnosis centres with an updated infrastructure. The town has a number of good medical stores. Few of them are quite old in the town like Kabra, Pandharinath, Dev, Warjurkar and Singh medical stores. All these facilities grab the interest of nearby villagers.

Education

Nagbhid has three primary schools: Basic primary School for boys, Kanya Shala for girls and Saraswati Vidya Mandir for boys and girls from 1st to 4th standard. There are three convents: Twinkle English school, Little rose convent, and Royal public school Hindu Dnyanpith shishu Mandir & recently started Janata English Convent & Karmveer English Convent imparting semi-English medium education. From 5th to 12th town has three schools, junior high schools, "'Janata Vidhyalay/junior college"'.for Boys/Girls, Janata Kanya for only Girls, Karmveer Vidhyalaya / Junior Arts and Science college with co-education. Nagbhid has an Industrial training Institute (ITI), and two senior colleges: Shri Govindrao Warzurkar offers graduate courses in Arts and commerce, and Manoharbhai Shikshan Prasarak Mandal Armori's Mahatma Gandhi Arts and Science College offers graduate courses in Arts and Science. The town also has two D.Ed and B.Ed colleges. Recently a school for the mentally retarded and for the deaf has been started with a hostel facility. For higher education in Science, Engineering, Medical or medicine, law students go to nearby cities like Bramahapuri, Nagpur or Chandrapur.

Governance

Nagbhid comes under Chimur-Gadchiroli Constituency, Ashok Nete (BJP) is Member of Parliament for Gadchiroli–Chimur constituency. For state legislature, Nagbhid comes under Chimur-Nagbhid constituency and Bunty Bhangdiya is the member for the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly. The town is politically active and have a mix of supporters for Indian National Congress, NCP, BJP, Shivsena, Republican party.

Agriculture

Dadaji Khobragade, a scientist who researches rice varieties, is from Nanded village in Nagbhid tehsil. He is the only person in the area to have been awarded by President of India. The main crop in the area is rice due to the suitable climate for paddy. Other crops like varieties of wheat, gram, pulses (like tuvar, lakhori, mung, udid), vegetables, fruits like berries, mangos, guava are also produced.

Festival and specialities

Nagbhid being mixed of all religions celebrates all festivals of Hindus, Muslims and Bhudhism. People get involve in celebrations of these festivals. The major festivals like Diwali, Dushera, Holi, Janmashtami (Birthday of lord Krishna) pola, Id Muhrram are celebrated in the town. Special festivals like Mahashivratri, Ganesh Chaturdashi, Mahalaxmi Pujan (Jeshtha Gauri Pujan) Navratri (Durga Puja), Sharda Puja, Nagpanchami, Sankrant are also celebrated in the town. Ganesh Chaturthi and Mahalaxmi Festival are commenly celebrated in Nagbhid. There are several Ganesh Mandals in Nagbhid who celebrate this festival with huge response. Also Ganeshchaturti is celebrated at many homes in this village.

Gsb
Ganesha during Ganesh Chaturthi Festival, a popular festival in the Nagbhid.

Burning of an effigy of 'Ravana' on the occasion of Dushera is a tradition of the town for years together.

On Holi, on day one holika dahan takes places at many places on in the town and the next day is celebrated as Rangpanchami i.e. festival of colours.

Pola is one of the major festival in the town which is generally celebrated in Vidharbha region of Maharashtra. This is the festivals of bullucks which are used by farmers in the farms and are an integral part of the life of farmers. Bullocks are decorated, worshiped on the day. The pair of bullocks are displayed in the local market. Next day is celebrated as tanna Pola, in early hours of morning procession of a 'Marbat', the symbol of evil spirits taken all along the street of the town and then dispersed outside the town, indicating removal of bad habits and evil spirits.

Tanna Pola, i.e. Pola for children wherein children display small bullocks toys made of wood also called as Nandi bail and a procession is taken all around the town.

Nagbhid is among the few places where Mahashivratri is celebrated on a large scale. In the morning hours people in the town go to the Shiva Temple which is located on the hills on the outskirt for worship. At the bottom of the hill, there is a fair. In the evening a procession of "Nandi" (10–12 feet tall effigy of a bull on wheeled chariot) also called Nadi Rath, who is worshiped as carrier of Lord Shiva starts from the house of late 'Shri Gajananrao Kamunwar' to the base of Shiva hills (Mahadeo chi tekdi, called locally) and kept there for display for two weeks, during these two weeks the weekly bazaar is held at the base of the hill.

There are some festivals called 'Jivti' which might have lost relevance in today's world but is still celebrated in Nagbhid. Dushera festival is a typical celebration where GOLD is distributed by the people, surprised, The leaves of a tree called SHAMI, or 'shamipatras' are exchanged as gold on the occasion of Dushera after burning effigy of Ravana or Ravan Dahan, as a symbol of conquer over capital of Ravana Shri Lanka, supposed to be made of gold, by Shri Rama a Hindu deity. The other part of the story is that when Pandavas in Mahabaharta went for Vanvas they hid their weapons on the tree called Shami hence shami patras.

Janmashtami – the Birth day of lord Krishna is also celebrated in most of the homes. In the Janmastami people buying the idol (Murti or Stachu) of Lord Krishna and Radha from the market and installed (sthapana) in a home in this auspicious event the next day people arrange the small Dahi handi programme and sing the devotional song of Lord Krishna. After completion of the Dahi Handi event, the idol of Lord Krishna is immersed in water.

References

  1. ^ Broad gauge conversion
Armori (Maharashtra)

Armori is a City and municipal council a tehesil in the Gadchiroli district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.

It is located on the left of the Wainganga River, a tributary of the Pranahita River which meets the Godavari River.

Bilaspur–Nagpur section

The Bilaspur–Nagpur section is part of the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line and connects Bilaspur in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh and Nagpur in Maharashtra. Part of one of the major trunk lines in the country, it passes through a forested plateau region interspersed with fertile valleys.

Chandrapur district

Chandrapur district is a district in the Nagpur Division in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The district was formerly known as Chanda District, but was renamed in 1964. Chandrapur was the largest district in India until the Gadchiroli and Sironcha tehsils were split into separate districts. In 2011, the district population was 2,204,307.Chandrapur district is known for its super thermal power station, and its vast reserves of coal in Wardha Valley Coalfield. Chandrapur also has large reservoirs of limestone which is a raw material for cement manufacturing in the district.

Tadoba National Park near Chandrapur city is one of India's twenty-eight Project Tiger reserves. The 2015 census of tigers found that 120 of Maharashtra's 170 tigers were located in Chandrapur district.

Dadaji Ramaji Khobragade

Dadaji Ramaji Khobragade (Marathi: दादाजी रामाजी खोब्रागडे; died 3 June 2018) was an Indian cultivator who invented a high-yielding variety of paddy, HMT.Khobragade belonged to the little forest village of Nanded in Nagbhid village of Chandrapur district of Maharashtra.

Around 1983, Khobragade noticed few spikes of a new variety of paddy in his farm, which he experimented on in the years to come. The variety was found giving high yields compared to the varieties available at that time. By 1990, the variety was given a name HMT.Despite his innovation, Khobragade live a poor and mostly neglected life. He got some media attention when Forbes magazine named him among seven most powerful entrepreneurs of India in 2010.He first shot to fame when he accused the state-run Punjabrao Krishi Vidyapeeth (PKV) for taking credit for the brand that he had originally bred on his farm and given to the university scientists. This was in early 2000s.

While Dadaji claimed the PKV had appropriated his variety, the PKV held that sourced it from him and significantly improved the variety with their scientific inputs. The issue remains unresolved till date. PKV never officially gave Dadaji his credit in its varietal release proposal.

The National Innovation Foundation (NIF) recognised his work in 2003-04 and the Maharashtra government gave him the Krishi Bhushan and Krishi Ratna awards for his innovations. One of his varieties called Chinnour is akin to the Basmati of the north. He named his latest variety after himself: DRK.

Ghorazari Dam

Ghorazari Dam (also spelled as Ghodazari Dam) is an earthfill dam on Gorazari river near Nagbhid in Chandrapur district of the state of Maharashtra in India.

Gondia Junction railway station

Gondia Jn railway station serves Gondia in Gondia district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is one of the important railway stations in India of South East central railways zone railways.

This stations is India's third and first in vidarbha to get mist cooling system.

Koovarji Karsan Rathor

Rai Saheb Koovarji Karsan Rathor (1898–1976) was a noted Kutchi railway & civil contractor, businessman & philanthropist from Cuttack, India.

Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas contributions to the Indian railways

The Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas (KGK) contributions to the Indian railways were widespread from the late 1850s to the latest reorganization of the Indian Railways infrastructure in 2003–2006. The community also widely known as Mistris of Kutch (or Mistry) migrated from Kutch to perform the work and were involved in the laying down of railway tracks and construction of rail bridges in almost all railway routes of undivided British India.

List of state highways in Maharashtra

The state highways are arterial routes of a state, linking district headquarters and important towns within the state and connecting them with national highways or highways of the neighbouring states.

List of talukas of Maharashtra

The Table below list all the talukas (tahsils/tehsils) of all the thirty-six districts in the Indian state of Maharashtra, along with district-subdivision and urban status information of headquarters villages/towns, as all talukas are intermediate level panchayat between the zilla panchayat (district councils) at the district level and gram panchayat (village councils) at the lower level.

Major State Highway 9 (Maharashtra)

Maharashtra Major State Highway 9 (MH MSH 9) is a major state highway that runs south through Nagpur, and Chandrapur districts in the state of Maharashtra. This state highway touches numerous cities and villages VIZ. Nagpur, Umred, Nagbhid, Mul and Chandrapur. Tadoba Andhari Tiger Project and Umred Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary are along with this highway.

Mul, India

Mul is a City and a municipal council in Chandrapur district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Pincode of Mul is 441224.

Now Mul City has Chennai bilaspur & Yeshwantpur korba Sf Express Stopage at Mul Station.

Nagpur division

The Nagpur Division is one of six administrative divisions of the state of Maharashtra in India. Nagpur is the easternmost division in the state, with an administrative headquarters in the city of Nagpur. It covers 51,336 km² (19,821 mi²). The Amravati and Nagpur divisions make up the Vidarbha region.

Two airports, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport and Gondia Airport, are located here.

Project Unigauge

Project Unigauge, started in early 1990s, is an ongoing effort by Indian Railways to convert all rail gauges in India to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge.

Ravindra Bawanthade

Ravindra Bawanthade, is a BJP Leader and was party in-charge of Armori (Vidhan Sabha constituency) of Gadchirolidistrict during the 2014 state elections. He also worked as supervisor at a school in Nagbhid in Chandrapur district of Maharashtra.

On 27 June 2017, he was recorded in a bus kissing and having sex with a young woman, the video went viral across social media platforms. The bus was going from Chandrapur area of Gadchiroli district to Nagpur. The women seen in the footage of the CCTV from the bus had filed charges against Bawanthade. The woman alleged, he forced himself on her when they were travelling to Nagpur. After the CCTV video was circulated on social media, allegedly by the bus staff, her complaint was filed. ABP news reported that the woman had mentioned in the complaint that the BJP leader had made promise for a job and had assured to marry her.Currently he has been arrested in charge of allegedly raping a women in a moving bus. The bus conductor and the driver were also arrested under IT Act for releasing the CCTV footage of the incident on Social media.

Sindewahi

Sindewahi is a city and Nagarpanchyat (an administrative center) in Chandrapur district, Maharashtra, India. Notable villages in this tehsil are Ladbori and Ramala. Nagpur, the nearest large city, is about 130 kilometres (81 mi) away.

Umred

Umred (उमरेड) is a town and a municipal council in the Nagpur district of Maharastra, India. According to the 2001 census the city has a population of 49,573.

Vidarbha

Vidarbha is the eastern region of the Indian state of Maharashtra, comprising Nagpur Division and Amravati Division. Amravati division's former name is Berar (Varhad in Marathi). It occupies 31.6% of the total area and holds 21.3% of the total population of Maharashtra. It borders the state of Madhya Pradesh to the north, Chhattisgarh to the east, Telangana to the south and Marathwada and Khandesh regions of Maharashtra to the west. Situated in central India, Vidarbha has its own rich cultural and historical background distinct from rest of Maharashtra. The largest city in Vidarbha is Nagpur followed by Amravati. A majority of Vidarbhians speak Varhadi and Zadi dialects of Marathi.The Nagpur region is known for growing oranges and cotton. Vidarbha holds two-thirds of Maharashtra's mineral resources and three-quarters of its forest resources, and is a net producer of power. Vidarbha region contains Tadoba Andhari Tiger Project, Melghat Tiger Reserve, Bor Wildlife Sanctuary, Navegaon National Park And Famous Tibetan Camp in Arjuni Morgaon, Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary and Umred Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary. Pench Tiger Reserve is one of the premier tiger reserves of India and the only one to straddle across two states: Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.

Throughout its history, Vidarbha has remained much calmer than the rest of India, especially during the communal troubles. However there is considerable poverty and malnutrition. It is less economically prosperous compared to the rest of Maharashtra. The living conditions of farmers in this region are poor compared to India as a whole. There have been more than 200,000 farmers' suicides in Maharashtra in a decade, of which 70% being in the 11 districts of Vidarbha region.There have been recent calls for a separate state of Vidarbha, due to perceived neglect from the Government of Maharashtra and incompetent political leadership in Vidarbha. Though rich in minerals, coal, forests and mountains, this region has mostly remained underdeveloped because of the continuous dominance of political leadership from the other parts of the state, especially Western Maharashtra. Being culturally, politically and financially distinct from the rest of Maharashtra, the calls for a separate state rose to prominence only when the leaders from this region were sidelined by other political leaders in recent years. Statehood demands have not been fulfilled mainly due to the opposition from the Shiv Sena, a major state political party.

Wainganga Superfast Express

Wainganga Express ( वैनगंगा सुपरफास्ट एक्सप्रेस ) is a Superfast Express train service of Indian Railways that runs twice a week between the southern city of Bangalore and mining of Korba in Chhattisgarh state. 12251 Wainganga SF Express departs from Bangalore's Yesvantpur railway station on Tuesdays and Fridays while on return journey 12252 Wainganga Express departs from Korba on Thursdays and Sundays. Wainganga Express runs through the states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh to cover a distance of 1614 km in 28 hours and 50 minutes at an average speed of 59 km/hr. The train is named after Wainganga Express .

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