Nagano has impressive highland areas, including most of the Kita-Alps, Chūō-Alps, and Minami-Alps, which extend into the neighbouring prefectures. Due to the abundance of mountain ranges in this area, the land available for human habitation is relatively limited. In addition to its natural scenic beauty and rich history, Nagano was host to the 1998 Winter Olympics, which gained the prefecture international recognition as a world-class winter sport destination, as well as a new Shinkansen line to Tokyo.
|Subdivisions||Districts: 14, Municipalities: 77|
|• Governor||Shuichi Abe|
|• Total||13,104.29 km2 (5,059.59 sq mi)|
(February 1, 2011)
|• Density||158.14/km2 (409.6/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-20|
|Bird||Rock ptarmigan (Lagopus muta)|
|Flower||Gentian (Gentiana scabra var. buergeri)|
|Tree||White birch (Betula platyphylla var. japonica)|
Nagano is an inland prefecture and it borders more prefectures than any other in Japan, bordering Gunma Prefecture, Saitama Prefecture, Yamanashi Prefecture, and Shizuoka Prefecture to the east, Niigata Prefecture to the north, Toyama Prefecture and Gifu Prefecture to the west, and Aichi Prefecture to the south. Nagano contains the point furthest from the sea in the whole of Japan—this point lies within the city of Saku. The province's mountains have made it relatively isolated, and many visitors come to Nagano for its mountain resorts and hot springs. Nine of the twelve highest mountains in Japan can be found in Nagano and one of its lakes, Lake Kizaki, is a beach resort popular for its water attractions and games.
As of 1 April 2014, 21% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks; namely the Chichibu Tama Kai, Chūbu-Sangaku, Jōshin'etsu Kōgen, and Minami Alps National Parks; Myōgi-Arafune-Saku Kōgen, Tenryū-Okumikawa, and Yatsugatake-Chūshin Kōgen Quasi-National Parks; and Chūō Alps, Enrei Ōjō, Hijiriyama Kōgen, Mibugawa Suikei, Ontake, and Tenryū Koshibu Suikei Prefectural Natural Parks.
Nineteen cities are located in Nagano Prefecture:
These are the towns and villages in each district:
The life expectancy in Nagano prefecture is the longest nationwide with the average life expectancy of 87.18 years for women and 80.88 years for men.
Nagano Prefecture has a large and diversified economy, with a strong focus on electronics, information technology, precision machinery, agriculture and food products, and tourism, with a total GDP of about 8.5 Billion Yen (2014).
Akiyama Dam (Japanese: 秋山砂防ダム) is a dam in Nagano Prefecture, Japan.Chiyo Station
Chiyo Station (千代駅, Chiyo-eki) is a railway station on the Iida Line in the city of Iida, Nagano Prefecture, Japan, operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central).Hime River
The Hime River (姫川) is a river in Niigata Prefecture and Nagano Prefecture, Japan.Horikirizawa Dam
Horikirizawa Dam (Japanese: 堀切沢雨水調整ダム) is a dam in Nagano Prefecture, Japan.Ikuta Dam
Ikuta Dam (Japanese: 生田ダム) is a dam in Nagano Prefecture, Japan.Kinoshita Station
Kinoshita Station (木ノ下駅, Kinoshita-eki) is a railway station on the Iida Line in the town of Minowa, Kamiina District, Nagano, Japan, operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central).Matsumoto Airport
Matsumoto Airport (松本空港) (IATA: MMJ, ICAO: RJAF), also known as Shinshu-Matsumoto Airport, is an airport located 5 NM (9.3 km; 5.8 mi) southwest of central Matsumoto, Nagano Prefecture, Japan.
Opened on July 16, 1965, Matsumoto Airport is located approximately 9 kilometers southwest of the center of Matsumoto city, straddling the border between Matsumoto and the city of Shiojiri, Nagano. The airport is located roughly in the center of Nagano Prefecture. Regularly scheduled flights are for domestic service only. It is located at the highest elevation (657.5 m) of any commercial airport in Japan, and is surrounded by high mountains, which impose restrictions on the type of aircraft which can service the destination. The runway was lengthened to 2000 meters in 1994 to accommodate jet aircraft, and a new passenger terminal building started operation.
In the past, the airport was served by Japan Air System, mostly using MD-87 aircraft before being integrated into JAL. In FY 2013 its load factors passed 70% for the first time since its expansion. The airport and surrounding region cater to mountaineers during summer months and to skiers during winter months. Japan Airlines operated regular service to Osaka until 2010. However, since recovering from bankruptcy, Japan Airlines has resumed seasonal service to Matsumoto Airport from Osaka Itami Airport using the Embraer E170 aircraft. Other airlines from Korea, Russia and China occasionally fly charter flights to Matsumoto.
The 2013 television movie, Big Airport 2013 (大空港2013) was set at the airport. The movie features Teruyuki Kagawa and was directed by Kōki Mitani.Matsumoto Yamaga FC
Matsumoto Yamaga Football Club (松本山雅フットボールクラブ, Matsumoto Yamaga Futtobōru Kurabu) are a Japanese football (soccer) club based in Matsumoto, Nagano Prefecture. They currently play in the J1 League. They were previously promoted to the J. League Division 2 for the first time in 2011, but having been relegated after one season in the first tier of Japanese football.
Their nickname is the Ptarmigans (ターミガンズ, Tāmiganzu) (or shortened Gans (ガンズ, ganzu)), symbol birds of Nagano Prefecture.Miyaki Station
Miyaki Station (宮木駅, Miyaki-eki) is a railway station on the Iida Line in the town of Tatsuno, Kamiina District, Nagano, Japan, operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central).Miyanokoshi-juku
Miyanokoshi-juku (宮ノ越宿, Miyanokoshi-juku) was the thirty-sixth of the sixty-nine stations of the Nakasendō, as well as the fourth of eleven stations on the Kisoji. It is located in the present-day town of Kiso, in the Kiso District of Nagano Prefecture, Japan.Mount Naeba
Mount Naeba (苗場山, Naeba-san) is a stratovolcano on the border of Nagano and Niigata prefectures in central Honshū, Japan. It is about 200 km (124 mi) from Tokyo. It was active between 200,000 and 800,000 years ago. It is made of primarily andesite.Mount Ontake
Mount Ontake (御嶽山, Ontake-san), also referred to as Mount Kiso Ontake (木曽御嶽山, Kiso Ontake-san), is the 14th highest mountain and second highest volcano in Japan (after Mount Fuji) at 3,067 m (10,062 ft).Seki River
The Seki River (関川) is a river in Niigata Prefecture and Nagano Prefecture Japan.Shimoina District, Nagano
Shimoina (下伊那郡, Shimoina-gun) is a district located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan.
As of May, 2008, the district has an estimated Population of 65,359 and a Density of 51.4 persons/km². The total area is 1,270.43 km².Shinano Province
Shinano Province (信濃国, Shinano no kuni) or Shinshū (信州) is an old province of Japan that is now Nagano Prefecture.Shinano bordered on Echigo, Etchū, Hida, Kai, Kōzuke, Mikawa, Mino, Musashi, Suruga, and Tōtōmi Provinces. The ancient capital was located near modern-day Matsumoto, which became an important city of the province.
The World War II–era Japanese aircraft carrier Shinano was named after this old province.Shinano Railway
The Shinano Railway Co., Ltd. (しなの鉄道株式会社, Shinano Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha) is a Japanese third-sector railway operating company established in 1996 to operate passenger railway services on the section of the JR East Shinetsu Main Line within Nagano Prefecture when it is separated from the JR East network in October 1997, coinciding with the opening of the Nagano Shinkansen (Hokuriku Shinkansen) from Takasaki to Nagano. The company was founded on May 1, 1996, and has its headquarters in Ueda, Nagano.Shinshu Brave Warriors
The Shinshu Brave Warriors is a professional basketball team that competes in the second division of the Japanese B.League. The team was formed in 2011 and as of the 2016-17 season plays in the Central Division (Naka-chiku) of the B2 League. The team name comes from a desire to show the tradition of the Nagano prefecture, formerly called Shinshu. And to liken the players to the ninja and samurai warriors who fought and trained in the area in times past. Their official home is in Chikuma City, just south of the prefectural capital of Nagano City, however games are sometimes played in Nagano itself or in other nearby cities such as Matsumoto.Shiojiri, Nagano
Shiojiri (塩尻市, Shiojiri-shi) is a city located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 March 2019, the city had an estimated population of 67,240 in 27,602 households , and a population density of 230 persons per km². The total area of the city is 289.98 square kilometres (111.96 sq mi).Tokimata Station
Tokimata Station (時又駅, Tokimata-ek) is a railway station on the Iida Line in the city of Iida, Nagano Prefecture, Japan, operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central).