N with descender

N with descender (Ꞑ, ꞑ) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, used in several Uniform Turkic Alphabet orthographies in 1930s (for instance, Tatar Jaꞑalif), as well as in the 1990s orthographies invented in attempts to restore the Latin alphabet for the Tatar language and the Chechen language.

In the majority of languages this letter represented a velar nasal (as in English singing).

Also, N with descender was used in 1932—1936 Latin orthography for the Komi language. It represented a palatal nasal [ɲ].



The letter appeared in late 1920s in the Uniform Turkic Alphabet, however it was borrowed by some other non-Turkic peoples of the Soviet Union during the Latinisation campaign. In the 1990s the letter was used in Chechen Latin alphabet, in 2000s it was used in the Tatar Latin alphabet,[1][2] both of them however are not in wide use now. In the Chechen alphabet the majuscule looked similar to minuscule, but has a larger size.[3]


In Unicode, the letter is in the Latin Extended-D block encoded at U+A790 LATIN CAPITAL LETTER N WITH DESCENDER (HTML Ꞑ) and U+A791 LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH DESCENDER (HTML ꞑ).

See also

Similar Latin letters:

Similar Cyrillic letters:


  1. ^ http://1997-2011.tatarstan.ru/append200_a.html
  2. ^ http://www.tatar.ru/?DNSID=66f05395cc4c604dd7e0df536fd03f3f&node_id=1312
  3. ^ Lepiev A.S., Lepiev İ.A., Türkçe-Çeçençe sözlük, Turkoyꞑ-noxçiyꞑ doşam, Ankara, 2003

External links

  • Quivira font. Currently one of the few that render the letter correctly.
El with descender

El with descender (Ԯ ԯ; italics: Ԯ ԯ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

El with descender is used in the Itelmen and Khanty languages, where it represents the voiceless alveolar lateral fricative /ɬ/.

Up to the release of Ԯ in Unicode 7.0, the letters Ӆ or Ԓ have been used as an alternative to Ԯ. (Like a Latin letter N with descender ( ))


En-ghe (Ҥ ҥ; italics: Ҥ ҥ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script used only in non-Slavic languages. The shape of the letter originated as a ligature of the Cyrillic letters en (Н н) and ghe (Г г), but en-ghe is used as a separate letter in alphabets.

It represents the velar nasal /ŋ/, like the pronunciation of 〈ng〉 in "sing".

Ҥ is romanized using Ṅ, Ng, or even Ŋ.

En-ghe is used in the alphabets of the Aleut, Altai, Meadow Mari, and Yakut languages.

In certain Old Slavonic manuscripts, a character of the same shape could be used to represent palatalized /nʲ/, a role similar to modern Serbian/Macedonian letter nje (Њ њ). These manuscripts also may contain similarly built characters for palatalized Д, З, Л and Р.

En with descender

En with descender (Ң ң; italics: Ң ң) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. Its form is derived from the Cyrillic letter En (Н н) by adding a descender to the right leg.

It commonly represents the velar nasal /ŋ/, like the pronunciation of ⟨ng⟩ in "sing".

The Cyrillic letter En with descender is romanized as ⟨ng⟩ or ⟨ñ⟩.

Eng (letter)

Eng or engma (capital: Ŋ, lowercase: ŋ) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, used to represent a velar nasal (as in English singing) in the written form of some languages and in the International Phonetic Alphabet.

List of Latin-script letters

This is a list of letters of the Latin script. The definition of a Latin-script letter for this list is a character encoded in the Unicode Standard that has a script property of 'Latin' and the general category of 'Letter'. An overview of the distribution of Latin-script letters in Unicode is given in Latin script in Unicode.


N (named en ) is the fourteenth letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.


Ñ (lower case ñ, Spanish: eñe, Phonetic Alphabet: /ˈeɲe/ "énye", pronunciation ) is a letter of the modern Latin alphabet, formed by placing a tilde (also referred to as virgulilla in Spanish) on top of an upper- or lowercase N. It became part of the Spanish alphabet in the eighteenth century when it was first formally defined, but it is also used in other languages such as Galician, Asturian, the Aragonese Grafía de Uesca, Basque, Chavacano, Filipino, Chamorro, Guarani, Quechua, Mapudungun, Mandinka, and Tetum alphabets, as well as in Latin transliteration of Tocharian and Sanskrit, where it represents [ɲ]. It represents [ŋ] in Crimean Tatar. In Breton and in Rohingya, it denotes nasalization of the preceding vowel.

Unlike many other letters that use diacritic marks (such as Ü in Spanish and German and Ç in French, Catalan and Portuguese), Ñ in Spanish, Galician, Basque, Asturian, Leonese, Guarani and Filipino is considered a letter in its own right, has its own name (in Spanish: eñe), and its own place in the alphabet (after N). Its alphabetical independence is similar to the English W, which historically came from a doubled V.

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