Founded in 1955, the NATO Parliamentary Assembly (NATO PA) serves as the consultative interparliamentary organisation for the North Atlantic Alliance. Its current President is Madeleine Moon from the United Kingdom, elected in 2018. Its current Secretary General is David Hobbs from the United Kingdom; he has been in this position since January 2008.
|NATO Parliamentary Assembly|
|Joseph A. Day|
Lord Campbell of Pittenweem
Metin Lutfi Baydar
The idea to engage Alliance Parliamentarians in collective deliberations on the problems confronting the transatlantic partnership first emerged in the early 1950s and took shape with the creation of an annual conference of NATO parliamentarians in 1955. The Assembly's creation reflected a desire on the part of legislators to give substance to the premise of the Washington Treaty of 1949 (also known as the North Atlantic Treaty) that NATO was the practical expression of a fundamentally political transatlantic alliance of democracies.
The foundation for cooperation between NATO and the NATO-PA was strengthened in December 1967 when the North Atlantic Council (NAC) authorized the NATO Secretary General to study how to achieve closer cooperation between the two bodies. As a result of these deliberations over the following year, the NATO Secretary General, after consultation with the NAC, implemented several measures to enhance the working relationship between NATO and the Assembly. These measures included the Secretary General providing a response to all Assembly recommendations and resolutions adopted in its Plenary Sessions.
In response to the fall of the Berlin Wall at the end of the 1980s, the NATO-PA broadened its mandate by developing close relations with political leaders in Central and East European countries. Those ties, in turn, greatly facilitated the dialogue that NATO itself embarked upon with the region's governments.
At the same time, it facilitates parliamentary awareness and understanding of key security issues and contributes to a greater transparency of NATO policies. Crucially, it helps maintain and strengthen the transatlantic relationship, which underpins the Atlantic Alliance.
Since the end of the Cold War the Assembly has assumed a new role by integrating into its work parliamentarians from those countries in Central and Eastern Europe and beyond who seek a closer association with NATO. This integration has provided both political and practical assistance and has sought to contribute to the strengthening of parliamentary democracy throughout the Euro-Atlantic region, and complement and reinforce NATO's own programme of partnership and co-operation.
The Assembly was directly concerned with assisting in the process of ratification of the Protocols of Accession signed at the end of 1997, which culminated in the accession of the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland to the Alliance in March 1999. It played the same role with respect to the ratification process leading to the accession of Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia in March 2004.
The NATO PA consists of 266 delegates from the 29 NATO member countries. Delegates from 12 associate countries; the European Parliament; 4 regional partner and Mediterranean associate member countries; as well as parliamentary observers from 8 other parliaments; and 3 inter-parliamentary assemblies also take part in its activities.
Delegates to the Assembly are nominated by their parliaments according to their national procedures, on the basis of party representation in the parliaments. The Assembly therefore represents a broad spectrum of political opinion.
The Assembly's governing body is the Standing Committee, which is composed of the Head of each member delegation, the President, the Vice-Presidents, the Treasurer and the Secretary General.
The International Secretariat, under its Secretary General, is responsible for all administration and the bulk of research and analysis that supports the Assembly's Committees, Sub-Committees and other groups.
The headquarters of the Assembly's 28-strong International Secretariat is located in central Brussels.
The Assembly is directly funded by member parliaments and governments, and is financially and administratively separate from NATO itself. Each country's contribution is based on the NATO Civil Budget formula.
The five Committees are: Civil Dimension of Security; Defence and Security; Economics and Security; Political; Science and Technology. They are charged with examining all major contemporary issues in their fields.
The Committees and Sub-Committees produce reports, which are discussed in draft form at the Assembly's Spring Session. The reports are then revised and up-dated for discussion, amendment and adoption at the Assembly's Annual Session in the Autumn.
At the Annual Session, the Committees also produce policy recommendations, which are voted on by the full Assembly and forwarded to the North Atlantic Council and the NATO Secretary General and posted on the Assembly's website. The NATO Secretary General responds in writing to the Assembly's recommendations.
Members of the Assembly's Committees undertake regular visits and meetings where they receive briefings from leading government and parliamentary representatives, as well as senior academics and experts. NATO-PA Delegations also undertake visits to NATO mission areas such as Afghanistan and the Balkans.
Other Assembly bodies include the Mediterranean and Middle East Special Group to enhance parliamentary dialogue and understanding with countries of the Middle East and the North African region, the Ukraine-NATO Interparliamentary Council, and the NATO-Georgia Interparliamentary Council. The NATO-Russia Parliamentary Committee was discontinued in April 2014 following Russia's military intervention in Ukraine and illegal annexation of Crimea.
The Rose-Roth Programme of partnership and co-operation is designed to extend assistance to countries undergoing transition through difficult political and economic reforms. The program was initially designed to support Central and Eastern European countries but has subsequently focused mainly on the Balkans and the South Caucasus.
Under this Programme, every year two to three Rose-Roth seminars are organized in a non-NATO country in partnership with the host nation parliament. These events, attended by members of parliament from member and partner states as well as independent experts, focus on regional and topical security issues. Along with additional training programmes for parliamentary staff and members of parliament, these events emphasize issues such as effective parliamentary oversight of defence and the military.
The NATO Orientation programme is focused primarily on young or newly elected members of parliament from NATO and Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC) nations, as well as those newly assigned to security or foreign affairs responsibilities. The programme aims at providing an in-depth overview of the functioning and policies of NATO and SHAPE as well as of the Alliance's evolving relationships with its many partners. The Programme was launched in 2000 and is held annually in Brussels.
In 2001, growing concern about the apparent drift in transatlantic attitudes, perceptions and policies, the Assembly launched an annual "Parliamentary Transatlantic Forum" which brings together members of the Assembly with senior US administration figures and academic experts. The Forum is held annually in Washington DC in co-operation with the U.S. National Defense University and the Atlantic Council of the United States.
Many members of the Parliamentary Assembly belong to one of the informal parliamentary groups. The largest groups are the Socialist Group and the Group of Conservatives, Christian Democrats and Associates.
There is no formal link between the NATO-PA and NATO although there is long history of cooperation that has intensified in the post–Cold War era.
The Assembly's Standing Committee meets annually with both the Secretary General and the Permanent Representatives to the North Atlantic Council at NATO Headquarters to exchange views on the state of the Alliance and to provide the perspectives of legislators. The Secretary General participates in the spring and autumn sessions of the Assembly as well as other special activities; he also provides a written response to the recommendations passed by the Assembly at its autumn session. The Assembly's Presidents, in turn, participate in Summit meetings of the Alliance.
Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) and other senior military officials in the NATO chain of command also regularly meet with Assembly members in various formats.
Expanding on the relationship the Assembly had developed with parliaments in Russia and Ukraine at the end of the Cold War, the Founding Act on Mutual Relations, Cooperation and Security between the Russian Federation and NATO, signed in May 1997, and the NATO-Ukraine Charter signed in July 1997, explicitly charged the Assembly with expanding its dialogue and cooperation with both the Russian Federal Assembly and the Ukrainian Rada. Relations with the Russian Federal Parliament were reappraised entirely following Russia's perceived military intervention in Ukraine and annexation of Crimea.
The Assembly also created a bilateral group with the Georgian Parliament in 2009 to support Georgia's integration into Euro-Atlantic structures.
Mirroring the creation in May 2002 of the NATO-Russia Council, a major step forward in NATO's cooperation with Russia, the Assembly created the NATO-Russia parliamentary Committee (NRPC). Until it was discontinued in April 2014, the NATO-Russia Parliamentary Committee met twice a year during each of the Assembly's sessions in an "at 29" format and had become the main framework for direct NATO-Russia parliamentary relations. It consisted of the leaders of the Assembly's 28 member delegations and the leaders of the Russian delegation to the Assembly. In addition to the dialogue held within this the Committee, a 10-person delegation of the Russian Federal Assembly participated in the Assembly's Plenary Sessions as well as in many Assembly Committee and Sub-Committee meetings and seminars. In April 2014, the NATO PA decided to withdraw the Russian Parliament's associate membership of the Assembly, thus effectively ending regular institutional relations with the Russian Parliament.
In 2002, the Assembly also decided to upgrade its special relationship with Ukraine by creating the Ukraine-NATO Interparliamentary Council (UNIC). The Assembly's cooperation with the Verkhovna Rada was progressively strengthened in the run-up to the Ukrainian Presidential elections in 2004. Members of the NATO-PA were involved in election monitoring, supporting the international community's effort.
The Ukraine-NATO Interparliamentary Council (UNIC) monitors NATO's relationship with Ukraine, paying particular attention to the parliamentary aspects of Ukraine's defence and political reform. In addition to the UNIC meetings biannually held in both Brussels and Kyiv, there is usually one Committee or Sub-Committee visit to Kiev each year.
In 2009, the Assembly approved the creation of a Georgia-NATO inter-parliamentary council. The Georgia-NATO Interparliamentary Council is composed of the Assembly's Bureau (President, Vice-Presidents and Treasurer) and the 4-member Georgian delegation to the NATO PA. The Group meets twice a year to discuss all aspects of Georgia-NATO cooperation and coordinate Assembly activities related to Georgia.
The Assembly created in 1995 a Mediterranean Special Group with the aim of opening a political dialogue with legislators from countries of the Middle East and North Africa. The programme gradually expanded and the Assembly has now established relations at various levels with many parliaments across the Mediterranean, Northern and Central Africa, and the Middle East.
The Group meets three times a year either in NATO member countries or in the region. These meetings seek to enhance parliamentary awareness of the problems of the region, promote a political dialogue between parliamentarians, and share best practices among members of the respective parliaments.
The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE; French: Alliance des Démocrates et des Libéraux pour l'Europe, ADLE) is a transnational alliance between two European political parties, the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party and the European Democratic Party. ALDE has political groups in the European Parliament, the EU Committee of the Regions, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and the NATO Parliamentary Assembly. There are assorted independents in these groups as well as national-level affiliate parties of the European-level parties.
The pro-European platform of ALDE espouses liberal economics, and support for European integration and the European single market.Angelika Beer
Angelika Beer (born 24 May 1957 in Kiel) is a German politician.
2004 to 2009 she was a Member of the European Parliament for Alliance '90/The Greens, part of the European Greens. She was chair of the delegation for relations with Iran and a member on the delegation for relations with Afghanistan and the Delegation for relations with the NATO Parliamentary Assembly, the Foreign Affairs committee and the Subcommittee on Security and Defence.
In January, she was not reelected on a place on the European Parliamentary election list for Alliance '90/The Greens. She left the Green Party at the end of March 2009. As a reason for her exit, she criticised the Green Party's aspiration after power and the loss of its pacifistic orientation.
In November 2009 she became a member of Pirate Party Germany. In May 2012 she was elected as one of six Pirates to become a member of the state parliament of Schleswig-Holstein.
Angelika Beer is married since 2003 with Bundeswehr Colonel lieutenant Peter Matthiesen.Dejan Radenković
Dejan Radenković (Serbian Cyrillic: Дејан Раденковић; born September 9, 1971) is a politician in Serbia. He has served in the National Assembly of Serbia on an almost continuous basis since 2008 as a member of the Socialist Party of Serbia.Igor Bečić
Igor Bečić (Serbian Cyrillic: Игор Бечић; born June 5, 1971) is a politician in Serbia. He has served in the National Assembly of Serbia for most of the time since 1997, originally as a member of the Serbian Radical Party and since 2008 as a member of the Serbian Progressive Party.Ivan Bauer
Ivan Bauer (Serbian Cyrillic: Иван Бауер; born November 28, 1967) is a politician, academic, and media personality in Serbia. He has served in the National Assembly of Serbia since 2012, aside from a brief interruption in 2016. Bauer is a member of the Social Democratic Party of Serbia (SDPS).Jasmina Nikolić
Jasmina Nikolić (Serbian Cyrillic: Јасмина Николић; born 1971) is an educator, academic, and politician in Serbia. She served in the National Assembly of Serbia from 2016 to 2018 as a member of the reformist It's Enough – Restart (Dosta je bilo, DJB) association, better known in English by the name "Enough Is Enough."Karl A. Lamers
Karl A. Lamers (born 12 February 1951 in Duisburg) is a German politician of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), currently serving as Deputy Chairman of the Defence Committee of the German Parliament. From 2010 to 2012 he was the President of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly.Marit Nybakk
Marit Nybakk (born 14 February 1947 in Nord-Odal) is a Norwegian politician for the Labour Party, a former First Vice-President of the Norwegian Parliament, the Storting, and a former President of the Nordic Council. From 2016 to 2018 she was President of the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights, the preeminent women's and girls' rights organisation in Norway.A pragmatic social democrat and a proponent of the Third Way, she became a Member of Parliament in 1986 as the substitute for Gro Harlem Brundtland when the latter became Prime Minister. In 2009 she became the Storting's Third Vice President, before becoming First Vice President in 2013. She did not stand for reelection in 2017; at that point she was both Norway's longest-serving incumbent member of parliament and the longest-serving woman of all times. Nybakk served as President of the Nordic Council for the term 2013.
Nybakk has been one of the Labour Party's principal politicians in foreign and defence affairs since the 1990s and has been her party's spokesperson on defence. She was Chairman of the Standing Committee on Defence between 2001 and 2005 and Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs between 2005 and 2009. She is a former leader of the Socialist Group in the NATO Parliamentary Assembly.Mike Turner
Michael Ray Turner (born January 11, 1960) is the U.S. Representative for Ohio's 10th congressional district, serving in Congress since 2003. He is a member of the Republican Party. Turner's district, numbered as the 3rd District from 2003 to 2013, is based in Dayton and consists of Montgomery, Greene and Fayette counties.
Turner also previously served as the president of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly from 2014 to 2016.Miletić Mihajlović
Miletić Mihajlović (Serbian Cyrillic: Милетић Михајловић; born 1 October 1951) is a politician in Serbia. He has served in the National Assembly of Serbia since 2007 as a member of the Socialist Party of Serbia.Niki Bettendorf
Niki Bettendorf (20 December 1936 – 27 January 2018) was a Luxembourgish politician. He served as Mayor of Bertrange from 1982 until 2001.
He was a member of the Chamber of Deputies for sixteen years, from 19 June 1990 until he resigned on 10 October 2006, when he resigned in favour of the younger Alex Krieps. During his tenure in the Chamber of Deputies, Bettendorf was one of the Chamber's three Vice Presidents (1999–2006), and also led Luxembourg's delegation to the NATO Parliamentary Assembly.Paolo Alli
Paolo Alli is an Italian politician and former President of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly after being appointed in November 2016. He left this role in March 2018.
Alli has been a member of the Italian Chamber of Deputies since March 2013 and currently sits on the Foreign Affairs Committee and the European Union Policies Committee and the Joint Committee on the Implementation of Fiscal Federalism.Pierre Lellouche
Pierre Lellouche (born 3 May 1951) is a French politician and a member of The Republicans party. He was Secretary of State for Foreign Trade under the Minister of Economy, Finance and Industry, Christine Lagarde. He was also the President of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly from November 2004 to 17 November 2006. He was elected deputy of Sarcelles in 1993, and retained his seat at the National Assembly until 2002. He has been director of the Nuclear Threat Initiative and a member of the Trilateral Commission. He is of Jewish origin.Rasa Juknevičienė
Rasa Juknevičienė (born 26 January 1958) is a Lithuanian politician. Elected to the Parliament for the 7th legislative term in office. The Signatory to the Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania, signed on March 11, 1990. Served as Minister of Defense from 2008 to 2012.
Currently member of the Lithuanian Parliament (Seimas), as well as Deputy Chair of the Committee on National Security and Defense, Head of the Seimas Delegation to the NATO Parliamentary Assembly; a member of the Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats party.
2018 - President of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly
2016-2018 – Vice-President of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly.
Since 2014 – a member of an Advisory Council of the Center for European Policy Analysis.
In 2008 Rasa Juknevičienė was elected as the Vice-President of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly.
Rasa Juknevičienė is a graduate of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences and worked as a doctor until 1992.
Juknevičienė has been member of the Lithuanian delegation to the NATO Parliamentary Assembly since 1999. She was rapporteur of the Sub-Committee on NATO Partnerships from 2007 to 2008.Socialist Group (NATO Parliamentary Assembly)
The Socialist Group is one of the parliamentary groups in the NATO Parliamentary Assembly (known as the North Atlantic Assembly until 1999). It consists of members of social democratic and democratic socialist parties from NATO member states, who are members of their countries' national parliaments, for example of members of the British Labour Party and the Social Democratic Party of Germany. It is one of the two main political groups in the assembly, along with the Group of Conservatives, Christian Democrats and Associates.Tanja Tomašević Damnjanović
Tanja Tomašević Damnjanović (Serbian Cyrillic: Тања Томашевић Дамњановић; born 1982) is a politician in Serbia. She has served in the National Assembly of Serbia since 2014 as a member of the Serbian Progressive Party.Vladimir Đukanović
Vladimir Đukanović (Serbian Cyrillic: Владимир Ђукановић; born 1979) is a politician in Serbia. He has served in the National Assembly of Serbia since 2014 as a member of the Serbian Progressive Party. He is on the right wing of the party and has sometimes clashed with the party's leadership.Zoran Dragišić
Zoran Dragišić (Serbian Cyrillic: Зоран Драгишић; born January 21, 1967) is a politician and security analyst in Serbia. He has served in the National Assembly of Serbia since 2016 as part of the parliamentary grouping of the Serbian Progressive Party (Srpska napredna stranka; SNS). He was previously a candidate for president of Serbia in the 2012 presidential election.Žarko Mićin
Žarko Mićin (Serbian Cyrillic: Жарко Мићин; born 1982) is a lawyer and politician in Serbia. He has served in the National Assembly of Serbia since 2014 as a member of the Serbian Progressive Party.