NASA TV

NASA TV (originally NASA Select) is the television service of the United States government agency NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration). It is broadcast by satellite with a simulcast over the Internet. Local cable television providers across the United States and amateur television repeaters may carry NASA TV at their own discretion, as NASA-created content is considered a work of the U.S. government and is within the public domain. NASA TV is also available via various cable, satellite, and over-the-top media services around the world. The network was formally created in the early 1980s to provide NASA managers and engineers with real-time video of missions.[3][4] NASA has operated a television service since the beginning of the space program for archival purposes, and in order to provide media outlets with video footage.[5]

The network airs a large amount of educational programming, and provides live coverage of an array of manned missions (including the International Space Station), robotic missions, and domestic and international launches. The network completed its conversion from analog to digital transmission in late 2005 following the launch of STS-114, ending a period of dual analog and digital broadcasting, although some cable television systems may still have transmitted in analog prior to the U.S. digital television transition. The satellite link uses the DVB-S system for transmission.

NASA TV
NASA TV
NASA TV logo
Owned byNASA
Picture format720p (HDTV)
480i (SDTV)
4K (UHDTV)
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Broadcast areaNorth America, Europe, Middle East, Africa[1] (television)
Worldwide (online)
HeadquartersWashington, D.C.
Formerly calledNASA Select
WebsiteNASA TV
Availability
Satellite
DirecTVChannel 352
Dish NetworkChannel 286
Galaxy 13127°W: 3920 V / 28.0681 / 3/4
Transp. 11 using DVB-S[2]
Hot Bird13°E: 11373 H / 27500 / 3/4[1]
Eutelsat 7B7°E: 10887 H / 30000 / 4/5[1]
Eutelsat 5 West A5°W: 12732 V / 29950 / 3/4[1]
Cable
Available on U.S. cable systemsConsult local cable provider for availability
Streaming media
Ustream
YouTubeLive streams playlist

Channels

NASA TV truck
NASA TV broadcasting truck

NASA TV operates three channels. The "Public Channel" provides 24-hour broadcasting of live and recorded events and documentaries aimed toward the general public, as well as space and science programming for schools, museums, and other educational institutions. The "Media Channel" is dedicated to broadcast news organizations and other members of the press, featuring press release video, interviews, mission press conferences and other services. The final is the "NASA TV UHD", an experimental ultra-high-definition television channel created through a Space Act Agreement with Harmonic Inc., featuring content from NASA's archives that takes advantage of the large format, with a musical audio track.[6][7] A high definition simulcast feed of the "Public Channel" was launched on July 19, 2010.[8] The "Education Channel" was discontinued in 2016, with its programming merged into the main Public Channel. The NASA TV website also provides a channel featuring continuous live footage from inside and outside the ISS, established to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the station in orbit.[9]

While NASA TV is distributed by NASA in high definition, some redistributors, such as Dish Network and DirecTV, downconvert to standard definition before delivering to their customers.[10][11]

Programming

NASA TV carries a variety of regularly scheduled, pre-recorded educational and public relations programming 24 hours a day on its various channels. Programs include NASA Gallery, which features photographs and video from NASA's history; Video File, which broadcasts b-roll footage for news and media outlets; Education File, which provides special programming for schools; This Week @ NASA, which shows news from NASA centers around the country; and NASA Edge and NASA 360, hosted programs that focus on various projects and activities within NASA. Live ISS coverage and related commentary is aired in hour-long segments throughout the day.[12]

The network also provides an array of live programming, such as ISS events (spacewalks, media interviews, educational broadcasts), press conferences and rocket launches. These often include running commentary by members of the NASA Public Affairs Office who serve as the "voice of Mission Control", including Rob Navias, Nicole Cloutier, Brandi Dean, and formerly, Josh Byerly and the retired George Diller.

Past issues with Canada's broadcasting authority

Prior to 2007, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) prohibited NASA TV from being aired by local satellite and cable providers within Canada, with the exception of specific broadcast events. Under existing CRTC rules, a cable or satellite provider had to offer a minimum amount of Canadian content from domestic Canadian companies, and the only involvement the equivalent Canadian Space Agency had with space missions involved shared American space shuttle missions at the time, along with the Canadarms. Additionally, CRTC stated in September 2000 that there simply was not enough room left under the analog television frequency allocation plan, and standards for dealing with foreign digital television signals had not been finalized.[13] On April 20, 2007, the Commission issued a notice stating that after receiving an initial request from Mountain Cablevision and support from other Canadian broadcasters and members of the public, NASA TV had been added to the list of foreign television channels available in Canada.[14]

Broadcast partnerships

NASA TV Orion Pad Abort 1 White Sands Missile Range
NASA TV broadcasting live from White Sands Missile Range in 2010.

NASA has used external companies to provide streaming services for internet viewers, both embedded into NASA's website and through streams branded by those companies. The variety of stream formats used have varied with the available technology and with the popularity of formats, including RealMedia, QuickTime, Windows Media, Flash Video and H.264.

In July 2005, NASA entered into an agreement with Yahoo! and Akamai Technologies to provide streaming services for NASA TV ahead of the STS-114 mission and associated Return to Flight program after the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.[15] As of 2011, NASA has entered agreements with Ustream to provide high definition streaming of NASA TV and high definition cameras aboard the International Space Station, along with mission audio. Archives of press conferences, NASA Social events, and other events are also made available via UStream.[16] Other NASA TV programs and events are archived via the NASA TV YouTube channel.

Awards

In 2009, NASA TV received two Emmy Awards. On January 24, the Midsouth Chapter of the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences awarded NASA TV and the Marshall Space Flight Center with the Governor's Award for Lifetime Achievement in recognition of NASA's 50th anniversary.[17] On August 22, NASA TV was awarded a national Primetime Emmy Award, the Philo T. Farnsworth Award, for engineering excellence in recognition of the 40th anniversary of Apollo 11's first television broadcast from the surface of the moon.[5][18]

Broadcast television affiliates

City Station Channel Owner
Barstow, California K36JH-D 36.1 Brent Gaddis
Redding, California KGEC-LD 26.4 Cooper Communications, LLC
Gunnison, Colorado K13AV-D 13.3 Gunnison Co. Recreation District
Cocoa, Florida WEFS 68.3 Eastern Florida State College
Alexandria, Minnesota K47OQ-D 17.1 Selective TV, Inc.
Syracuse, New York WHSU-CD 51.2 Renard Communications
  • Source: RabbitEars[19]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Ecuer, Marie-Sophie (April 12, 2018). "NASA TV HD and NASA TV UHD distributed on Eutelsat satellites" (Press release). Eutelsat. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  2. ^ "NASA TV on Satellite Galaxy 13". NASA. October 6, 2016. Retrieved March 14, 2017.
  3. ^ McAuliffe, Tom Patrick (September 2007). "The Video Horizon". Digital Content Producer. Retrieved December 31, 2009.
  4. ^ Heimberger, Mike (July 12, 2005). "NASA Digital Conversion Information". NASADigitalTV.com. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved July 16, 2010.
  5. ^ a b Smith, Yvette (August 20, 2009). "NASA Television Receives Philo T. Farnsworth Primetime Emmy Award". NASA.gov. Retrieved January 1, 2010.
  6. ^ "NASA TV UHD Channel Access Information" (PDF). NASA/Harmonic. April 11, 2017. Retrieved June 9, 2018.
  7. ^ Dunbar, Brian (July 15, 2010). "Digital NASA TV". NASA.gov. Retrieved July 16, 2010.
  8. ^ "NASA Television Debuts Full-Time High Definition Channel" (Press release). PR Newswire via HDTV Magazine. July 15, 2010. Retrieved July 16, 2010.
  9. ^ Wilson, Jim (January 29, 2010). "Live Space Station Video". NASA.gov. Retrieved July 16, 2010.
  10. ^ "Channel Guide" (PDF). Dish Network. 2018. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
  11. ^ "Channel Lineup" (PDF). DirecTV. 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
  12. ^ Wilson, Jim (April 6, 2010). "NASA TV Schedule". NASA.gov. Retrieved July 16, 2010.
  13. ^ Anderson, Stephen (September 20, 2000). "NASA TV: Banned In Canada?". Space.com. Archived from the original on February 10, 2001.
  14. ^ Secretary General (April 20, 2007). "Broadcasting Public Notice CRTC 2007-43" (PDF). Ottawa: Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission. Retrieved December 15, 2009.
  15. ^ Dunbar, Brian; Mirelson, Doc (July 12, 2005). "NASA Signs With Yahoo! and Akamai To Bring Shuttle Mission Online". NASA.gov. Retrieved October 30, 2011.
  16. ^ "Amendment to Ustream.tv's Terms of Service Applicable to Government Users/Members" (PDF). Webcontent.gov. September 25, 2009. Retrieved October 30, 2011.
  17. ^ Cabbage, Michael; Storey, Angela (January 22, 2009). "NASA Television Honored by Midsouth Emmy Chapter". NASA.gov. Retrieved July 16, 2010.
  18. ^ "NASA Wins Emmy for Apollo 11 Moon Broadcast". Space.com. August 20, 2009. Retrieved January 1, 2010.
  19. ^ "Stations for Network - NASA". RabbitEars. Retrieved March 14, 2017.

External links

AMC-18

AMC-18 is a geostationary Lockheed Martin A2100A communications satellite owned by SES Americom. It was launched on December 8, 2006 from Kourou aboard an Ariane 5 launch vehicle and is situated at 105° west longitude, providing coverage of North America with twenty-four C band transponders of 12-18 watts each. Future users in May 2007 include The CW Television Network, NASA TV and Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, among other services.

AMC-18 is used by thousands of terrestrial radio stations for network feeds using ground equipment from Starguide, X-Digital Systems, Wegener and International Datacasting. Major tenants are Cumulus Media Networks Satellite Services (which includes Citadel Media, Westwood One Networks, Talk Radio Network, WOR Radio Network and others), Skyview Networks (which includes ABC News, ABC Radio, California News Network, Arizona News Network, numerous Professional and Collegian Sports networks, and others), Orbital Media Networks (which includes United Stations Radio Networks, John Tesh, and others), Premiere Radio Networks, Dial Global, Westwood One, Learfield Communications, The Free Beer and Hot Wings Show, etc.

The spacecraft can deliver and receive signals from 50 states, the Caribbean and Mexico and has been designated as the third HD-PRIME satellite.

Originally built as a ground spare to the AMC-10 and AMC-11 satellite program, AMC-18 is optimized for digital television distribution from the center of the U.S. orbital arc.The satellite has an expected lifetime of at least 15 years.

Expedition 55

Expedition 55 was the 55th expedition to the International Space Station, which began upon the departure of Soyuz MS-06 on February 27, 2018. Anton Shkaplerov, Scott D. Tingle and Norishige Kanai were transferred from Expedition 54, with Anton Shkaplerov taking the commander role. Expedition 55 ended upon the departure of Soyuz MS-07 in June 2018.

Hartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy Observatory

The Hartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy Observatory (HartRAO) is a radio astronomy observatory, located in a natural bowl of hills at Hartebeesthoek just south of the Magaliesberg mountain range, Gauteng, South Africa, about 50 km west of Johannesburg. It is a National Research Facility run by South Africa's National Research Foundation. HartRAO was the only major radio astronomy observatory in Africa until the construction of the KAT-7 test bed for the future MeerKAT array.

High Definition Earth Viewing cameras

High Definition Earth Viewing (HDEV) cameras are a payload package delivered to the International Space Station on the SpaceX CRS-3 Mission, launched on April 18, 2014. The High-Definition Earth Viewing camera suite was carried aboard the Dragon spacecraft and is configured on a platform on the exterior of the European Space Agency's Columbus laboratory module. It is the first large unpressurized NASA experiment to be assigned for delivery to the International Space Station by SpaceX. The system is composed of four commercial high definition video cameras which have been built to record video of the Earth from multiple angles by having them mounted on the International Space Station. The cameras stream live video of Earth to be viewed online and on NASA TV on the show Earth Views which is streamed live. (see External Links below).

The HDEV system was developed by engineers at the Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas. High school students also helped design some of the cameras' components, through the High Schools United with NASA to Create Hardware program, and teams of students are expected to remotely operate the experiment.The system is configured on the Columbus – External Payload Facility, which is a platform on the exterior of the European Space Agency's Columbus laboratory module where it is used to perform experiments to help NASA determine which cameras work best in outer space. The cameras are enclosed in a temperature-specific housing and exposed to the harsh radiation of space.The German educational project “Columbus Eye - Live Imagery from the ISS in Schools”, which is executed by the University of Bonn and is funded by the German Aerospace Center (DLR), aims at the implementation of the ISS live imagery and videos in a web portal. It primarily acts as a learning portal for pupils, but also serves as a free access archive for the footage of the ISS HDEV cameras. Columbus Eye accompanied the ISS mission of the German ESA astronaut Alexander Gerst (May to November 2014).

K36JH-D

K36JH-D is a low-power television station in Barstow, California, broadcasting locally on channel 36. It was an affiliate of Tele Vida Abundante. Founded March 14, 2007, the station was owned by David Primm.

The station originally received an original construction permit to broadcast on channel 16 until October 19, 2007, when the station moved to channel 36 to prevent interference from public safety radio operations in Los Angeles County. The station was granted a special temporary authority license by the FCC until March 6, 2008, when the station became licensed.

In April 2015, the license was transferred from David Primm of San Francisco, CA to Brent Gaddis of Apple Valley, CA.

On March 1, 2017, K36JH ceased analog service and completed a digital flash cut and began DTV service from their Quartzsite Peak site with two standard definition channels, 36.1 and 36.2. The station was licensed for digital operation on March 28, 2017, and changed its call sign to K36JH-D.

Programming on 36.1 is documentaries and other content from NASA TV. 36.2 is broadcasting a live camera view toward Victorville, CA from the transmitter site pointed south toward Interstate 15 and the Victorville area. NewsNet, the 24-hour news channel providing only national and world news, weather, sports and feature stories, broadcasts on 36.3.

List of spacewalks since 2015

This list contains all spacewalks performed since the beginning of 2015 where an astronaut has fully, or partially left the spacecraft.

As of 19 August 2016, 215 astronauts have made spacewalks (out of 549 people who have gone into Earth orbit).

List of television stations in Colorado

This is a list of broadcast television stations serving cities in the U.S. state of Colorado.

NASA 360

NASA 360 is a half-hour vodcast developed by NASA in partnership with the National Institute of Aerospace. The show premiered in August 2008. It has aired on more than 450 TV stations across the country, is available on air and cruise lines, and is consistently one of the top-downloaded programs on the NASA.gov website. It is currently in its tenth season.

NASA Edge

NASA EDGE is a video podcast which explores different missions, technologies and projects developed by NASA. The program was released by NASA on March 18, 2007, and as of June 2010, there have been 53 vodcasts produced.

NASA Headquarters

Two Independence Square, better known as NASA Headquarters, is a low-rise building in the two-building Independence Square complex at 300 E Street SW in Washington D.C. The building houses NASA leadership who provide overall guidance and direction to the US government executive branch agency NASA, under the leadership of the NASA administrator. Ten field centers and a variety of installations around the country conduct the day-to-day work.To implement NASA's mission, NASA Headquarters is organized into four Mission Directorates.

Aeronautics: Pioneers and proves new flight technologies that improve our ability to explore and which have practical applications on Earth.

Exploration Systems: Creates new capabilities and spacecraft for affordable, sustainable human and robotic exploration.

Science: Explores the Earth, Moon, Mars, and beyond; charts the best route of discovery; and reaps the benefits of Earth and space exploration for society.

Space Operations: Provides critical enabling technologies for much of the rest of NASA through the Space Shuttle, the International Space Station, and flight support.The James E. Webb Memorial Auditorium, named for NASA's second administrator James E. Webb, hosts agency news conferences and NASA Social events.

A lending library, the history office, archives, production facilities for NASA TV, and a NASA gift shop are also housed in the building.The building is owned by South Korean investment firm Hana Asset Management and leased to NASA through 2028.

NASA eClips

NASA eClips is a web-based video and educator resource repository which focuses on grades K-5, 6-8, 9-12 and the general public.

NGC 7640

NGC 7640 is a barred spiral galaxy in the constellation of Andromeda. There is evidence that this galaxy has experienced an interaction with another galaxy in the (astronomically) recent past.It is not immediately obvious this is a spiral galaxy from the photograph because it is edge on.

Naša TV

Naša TV (Macedonian: Наша ТВ) is a private national and satellite television channel in North Macedonia. The channel mostly retranslates programs it produces.

Naša TV (Bosnia and Herzegovina)

Naša TV is a Herzegovinian/Bosnian local commercial cable television channel based in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Television channel is launched in March 2016 and it produces in Croatian language. "Naša TV" literally means 'Our TV", in Croatian.

Naša TV is available via cable systems throughout the Bosnia and Herzegovina and target audience is in Herzegovina-Neretva Canton, West Herzegovina and Canton 10, Central Bosnia and Posavina Canton and part of Sarajevo Canton.

STS-121

STS-121 was a 2006 NASA Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS) flown by Space Shuttle Discovery. The main purposes of the mission were to test new safety and repair techniques introduced following the Columbia disaster of February 2003 as well as to deliver supplies, equipment and European Space Agency (ESA) astronaut Thomas Reiter from Germany to the ISS.After two weather-related delays, the shuttle successfully launched on Tuesday, 4 July 2006 at 14:37:55 EDT. It was the first and only shuttle launch on the United States' Independence Day. The mission lasted for 13 days before landing at the Kennedy Space Center on 17 July 2006 at 09:14:43 EDT.

STS-121 was also designated the ISS Assembly Mission ULF 1.1. As the mission followed on from STS-114 in carrying out the recommendations made in response to the Columbia Accident Investigation Board report, it was considered a Return to Flight test mission. Its successful launch and landing led NASA to fully resume regular Space Shuttle launches in the construction of the ISS.

Soyuz MS-10

Soyuz MS-10 was a manned Soyuz MS spaceflight which aborted shortly after launch on 11 October 2018 due to a failure of the Soyuz-FG launch vehicle boosters. MS-10 was the 139th flight of a Soyuz spacecraft. It was intended to transport two members of the Expedition 57 crew to the International Space Station. A few minutes after liftoff, the craft went into contingency abort due to a booster failure and had to return to Earth. By the time the contingency abort was declared, the launch escape system (LES) tower had already been ejected and the capsule was pulled away from the rocket using the back-up motors on the capsule fairing. Both crew members, Roscosmos cosmonaut Aleksey Ovchinin and NASA astronaut Nick Hague, were recovered alive in good health. The MS-10 flight abort was the first instance of a Russian manned booster accident in 35 years, since Soyuz T-10-1 exploded on the launch pad in September 1983. On 1 November 2018, Russian scientists released a video recording of the mission.

Soyuz TMA-15

Soyuz TMA-15 was a manned spaceflight to the International Space Station. Part of the Soyuz programme, it transported three members of the Expedition 20 crew to the space station. TMA-15 was the 102nd manned flight of a Soyuz spacecraft, since Soyuz 1 in 1967. The Soyuz spacecraft remain docked to the space station during Expedition 20 and Expedition 21 as an emergency escape vehicle. The mission marked the start of six-person crew operations on the ISS.

TV Roskosmos

TV Roskosmos (Russian: Телестудия Роскосмоса - TeleStudio of Roskosmos) is the television station of the Russian Federal Space Agency. The channel and studio is managed by Alexander Nikolayevich Ostrovsky (Russian: Александр Николаевич Островский). Unlike its United States counterpart, NASA TV, it does not operate 24 hours a day. When available, TV Roskosmos is streamed live over YouTube. During coverage related to the International Space Station, NASA TV will sometimes carry Roskosmos TV segments with English voiceover translation.

Roscosmos TV-Studio is a TV production studio, affiliated within the structure of Roscosmos, producing and promoting documentaries that highlight the most timely and historic events of the national space industry in Russia and abroad. The Studio's films, programmes and reports dwell on cutting-edge space equipment and people participating in space programmes including scientists, designers, cosmonauts. Video materials devoted to the history of Soviet and Russian cosmonautics touch upon the issues of astronomy and planetology.

WVOA-LP

WVOA-LP is a low-power analog television station that operates as a radio station. The station, formerly known as WMBO-LP, operates a brokered religious format known as Love Radio; Love Radio had previously aired in the Syracuse area on FM 103.9, now known as WSEN. WVOA-LP operates on analog channel 6, allowing its audio feed to be heard on the FM radio dial at 87.7 MHz. It is not to be confused with WSTQ-LP, Syracuse's CW affiliate, which broadcasts on channel 14 but uses its cable position of channel 6 to brand as "CW 6".

Prior to adopting its current format in October 2013, WMBO-LP carried a feed of NASA TV, which it had carried since returning to the air in November 2010.WVOA-LP's programming consists mostly of brokered religious programming from around the United States, with Salem Radio Network's “The Fish” network filling in unsold gaps. A few secular music programs also air, primarily on weekends.

Despite a similarity in call signs, there is no relation between WVOA-LP and the Voice of America service. The VOA call sign was requested when the station changed to a Classical music format in the late 80's. The meaning was Voice Of (the) Arts. The WVOA call sign was retained when the station was returned to Christian Broadcasting about 2 years later.

Policy and history
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Individual featured
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Communications
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Related
Legislative and public affairs television channels in the United States
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