NASA Headquarters

Two Independence Square, better known as NASA Headquarters, is a low-rise building in the two-building Independence Square complex at 300 E Street SW in Washington D.C. The building houses NASA leadership who provide overall guidance and direction to the US government executive branch agency NASA, under the leadership of the NASA administrator. Ten field centers and a variety of installations around the country conduct the day-to-day work.[4]

To implement NASA's mission, NASA Headquarters is organized into four Mission Directorates.

  • Aeronautics: Pioneers and proves new flight technologies that improve our ability to explore and which have practical applications on Earth.
  • Exploration Systems: Creates new capabilities and spacecraft for affordable, sustainable human and robotic exploration.
  • Science: Explores the Earth, Moon, Mars, and beyond; charts the best route of discovery; and reaps the benefits of Earth and space exploration for society.
  • Space Operations: Provides critical enabling technologies for much of the rest of NASA through the Space Shuttle, the International Space Station, and flight support.

The James E. Webb Memorial Auditorium, named for NASA's second administrator James E. Webb, hosts agency news conferences and NASA Social events. A lending library, the history office, archives, production facilities for NASA TV, and a NASA gift shop are also housed in the building.[5]

The building is owned by South Korean investment firm Hana Asset Management and leased to NASA through 2028.[1]

NASA history archives

NASA history archives

Two Independence Square
Alternative namesNASA Headquarters
General information
TypeGovernment offices
Commercial offices
Location300 E Street SW
Washington D.C.
Coordinates38°52′59″N 77°00′59″W / 38.8830°N 77.0163°WCoordinates: 38°52′59″N 77°00′59″W / 38.8830°N 77.0163°W
OwnerHana Asset Management[1]
Technical details
Floor count9
Design and construction
ArchitectEvans Heintges Architects
Kohn Pederson Fox
DeveloperBoston Properties


  1. ^ a b "S. Korean Investment Firm Buys NASA HQ in DC". Retrieved 2018-07-29.
  2. ^ NASA Headquarters at Emporis
  3. ^ {{Structurae}} template missing ID and not present in Wikidata.
  4. ^ NASA - About NASA Headquarters
  5. ^ Mather, John C.; Boslough, John (2008). The very first light : the true inside story of the scientific journey back to the dawn of the universe (Rev. and updated. ed.). New York, NY: Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-00529-1.

External links

Adriana Ocampo

Adriana C. Ocampo (born 1955) is a Colombian planetary geologist and the Science Program Manager at NASA Headquarters. Her research contributed to the understanding of the Chicxulub impact crater. She has led six research expeditions to the Chicxulub impact site and worked on the Juno and New Horizons mission. In 1996, Ocampo and her colleagues discovered the Aorounga Crater Chain in Chad.

Carl E. Walz

Carl Erwin Walz (Colonel, USAF, Ret.) (born September 6, 1955) is a former NASA astronaut currently working for Orbital Sciences Corporation's Advanced Programs Group as Vice President for Human Space Flight Operations. Walz was formerly assigned to the Exploration Systems Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters in Washington, DC. He was the Acting Director for the Advanced Capabilities Division in the Exploration Systems Mission Directorate, and was responsible for a broad range of activities to include Human Research, Technology Development, Nuclear Power and Propulsion and the Lunar Robotic Exploration Programs to support the Vision for Space Exploration.

Charles Bolden

Charles Frank Bolden Jr. (born August 19, 1946) is a former NASA administrator, a retired United States Marine Corps Major General, and a former astronaut.

A 1968 graduate of the United States Naval Academy, he became a Marine aviator and test pilot. After his service as an astronaut, he became Deputy Commandant of Midshipmen at the Naval Academy.On May 23, 2009, President Barack Obama announced the nomination of Bolden as NASA administrator and Lori Garver as deputy NASA administrator. Bolden was confirmed by the Senate on July 15, 2009. He was the first African American to head the agency on a permanent basis.On January 12, 2017, Bolden announced his resignation from NASA during a town hall meeting at NASA Headquarters in Washington D.C. His last day would be January 19, and Robert M. Lightfoot Jr. was announced as acting NASA Administrator.

Christina Richey

Dr. Christina "Chrissy" Richey is an American planetary scientist and astrophysicist working at Jet Propulsion Laboratory in La Canada Flintridge, California. Dr. Richey is a Project Staff Scientist for the Europa Clipper mission and is a Research Technologist in the Astrophysics and Space Sciences Section.

Prior to working at JPL, Dr. Richey worked as contractor for Arctic Slope Regional Corporation at NASA Headquarters in Washington, D.C. She was a Program Officer in NASA's Planetary Science Division, the Deputy Program Scientist for the OSIRIS-REx mission, and the Deputy Science Advisor for Research and Analysis for the Science Mission Directorate.Richey is known for her education about the effects of harassment in the workplace and within the planetary and astronomical sciences. She was the Chair of the American Astronomical Society's Committee on the Status of Women in Astronomy from 2015-2017, was the co-Chair of the Division for Planetary Sciences' Subcommittee on Professional Climate and Culture, from 2015-2017, and is an active blogger for the Women in Astronomy blog

Colleen Hartman

Dr. Colleen Hartman was the deputy center director for Science, Operations and Performance of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center and currently is the Director of the Science and Exploration Directorate (Code 600). Previously she was a presidential management intern, served as a senior policy analyst at the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, and served as deputy division director for technology at NASA Headquarters.Hartman earned a bachelor's degree in zoology from Pomona College in Claremont, Calif., a master's in public administration from the University of Southern California, and a master's, as well as a doctorate, in physics from the Catholic University of America in Washington.

Hartman has spoken both domestically and internationally at innumerable press events, including serving as the NASA press interface for many outer planets missions and launches. Her numerous awards include the Presidential Rank Award of Meritorious Senior Executive, the NASA Outstanding Performance Award, the Claire Booth Luce Fellowship in Science and Engineering, and the Hugh L. Dryden Memorial Space Club Award, and multiple NASA awards.

Dafydd Williams

Dafydd Rhys "Dave" Williams OC OOnt BSc MSc MD CM CCFP FCFP FRCPC FRCP DSc LLD (born May 16, 1954) is a Canadian physician, public speaker, CEO, author and a retired CSA astronaut. Williams was a mission specialist on two space shuttle missions. His first spaceflight, STS-90 in 1998, was a 16-day mission aboard Space Shuttle Columbia dedicated to neuroscience research. His second flight, STS-118 in August 2007, was flown by Space Shuttle Endeavour to the International Space Station. During that mission he performed three spacewalks, becoming the third Canadian to perform a spacewalk and setting a Canadian record for total number of spacewalks. These spacewalks combined for a total duration of 17 hours and 47 minutes.In 1998, Williams became the first non-American to hold a senior management position within NASA, when he held the position of Director of the Space and Life Sciences Directorate at the Johnson Space Center and Deputy Associate Administrator of the Office of Spaceflight at NASA Headquarters.

Dave Lavery

Dave Lavery (born May 28, 1959) is an American scientist and roboticist who is the Program Executive for Solar System Exploration at NASA Headquarters. He also is a member of the FIRST Executive Advisory Board, and is well-known among participants of the FIRST Robotics Competition as a mentor of Team 116.

George Low

George Michael Low (born George Wilhelm Low; June 10, 1926 – July 17, 1984) was a NASA administrator and 14th President of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.

Howard Alan Smith

Howard Alan Smith is a senior astrophysicist at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, and is the former chair of the astronomy department at Smithsonian Institution’s National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC.

A research scientist with several hundred scholarly publications, he served as a visiting astronomer at NASA headquarters.

He was co-investigator of Kuiper Airborne Observatory (KAO) discovery of a stellar laser at MWC 349.Active in public education, he has been recognized by Harvard for excellence in teaching. He is a traditional, observant Jew, and has lectured on cosmology and Kabbalah for over twenty years.

He taught a cosmology telecourse for Our Learning Company.

Jay F. Honeycutt

Jay F. Honeycutt became the director of NASA's John F. Kennedy Space Center effective January 22, 1995.

From 1989 to 1995, he was the director of Shuttle Management and Operations at the Kennedy Space Center. He was appointed director of the Space Center by NASA Administrator Daniel Goldin. Honeycutt was responsible for engineering management and technical direction of pre-flight, launch, landing and recovery activities for Space shuttle vehicles.

Honeycutt began his Government career at Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama, as an engineer in 1960. He began his NASA career at the Johnson Space Center (JSC), Houston, Texas, in 1966 as an engineer in Flight Operations for the Apollo Program. Honeycutt subsequently served in several key positions in Flight Operations until 1988.

In 1981 Honeycutt served as technical assistant to the associate administrator for the Space Transportation System, NASA Headquarters. From 1982 to 1986, he served in management positions in the Space Shuttle Program Office at JSC.

From 1986-1987, he was special assistant to the associate administrator for Space Flight, and coordinated Presidential Commission and Congressional activities relative to the Challenger accident. Honeycutt served as deputy manager, NSTS Program Office, NASA Headquarters, from 1987 to 1989.

Honeycutt was born May 7, 1937, in Jena in La Salle Parish in North Louisiana. He graduated in 1955 from Pineville High School in Pineville in Rapides Parish in Central Louisiana. He obtained a Bachelor of Science in electrical engineering from the University of Louisiana at Lafayette, then known as the University of Southwestern Louisiana in Lafayette.

Among the significant awards Honeycutt has earned are: Exceptional Service Medal, April 1974; Special Achievement Award, February 1978 and July 1982; NASA Outstanding Leadership Medal, February 1988 and April 1995; NASA Exceptional Service Medal, December 1988; NASA Equal Employment Opportunity Award, March 1993; Meritorious Executive Presidential Rank Award, 1993.

Honeycutt and his wife Peggy live in Cocoa Beach, Florida; they have four children: Barry Honeycutt, Jeff Honeycutt, Delise DelFavero, and Daniel DelFavero. H

NASA Social

NASA has hosted many events for its social media enthusiasts called NASA Socials (formerly NASA Tweetups) beginning in 2009. These events are targeted at the social media followers of NASA through platforms such as Twitter, Facebook, Google Plus, Instagram, YouTube and more. They provide guests with VIP access to NASA facilities and speakers with the goal of leveraging participants' social networks to further the outreach requirements of NASA as laid out in the National Aeronautics and Space Act. NASA re-branded these events as "Socials" in March 2012 as it expanded participation to services beyond just Twitter.As of 2015, all NASA field centers and NASA Headquarters have hosted NASA Tweetup/Social events. There were 5 NASA Tweetups in 2009, 10 in 2010, 16 in 2011, 21 in 2012, 22 in 2013, and 23 in 2014. In August 2011, over 2,000 participants had been part of official NASA Tweetups. By July 2014, that number had swelled to over 6,000 total participants in over 5 years of NASA Social programs.Many NASA Social events are at least partially broadcast on NASA TV and UStream. NASA Socials are held at NASA centers, NASA Headquarters, observatories, engine test sites, museums such as the Newseum and National Air and Space Museum, and during larger events such as SXSW and World Space Week. The length of socials range from a few hours to a couple days to much longer in the case of some events, such as the STS-133 launch tweetup.

NASA insignia

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) logo has three main official designs, although the one with stylized red curved text (the "worm") has been retired from official use since 1992. The three logos include the NASA insignia (also known as the "meatball"), the NASA logotype (also known as the "worm"), and the NASA seal.The NASA seal was approved by President Eisenhower in 1959, and slightly modified by President Kennedy in 1961.

Near-Earth Asteroid Scout

The Near-Earth Asteroid Scout (NEA Scout) is a planned mission by NASA to develop a controllable low-cost CubeSat solar sail spacecraft capable of encountering near-Earth asteroids (NEA). The NEA Scout will be one of 13 CubeSats to be carried with the Orion EM-1 mission into a heliocentric orbit in cis-lunar space on the maiden flight of the Space Launch System (SLS) scheduled to launch in 2020. The most likely target for the mission is 1991 VG, but this may change based on launch date or other factors. After deployment in cislunar space, NEA Scout will perform a series of lunar flybys to achieve optimum departure trajectory before beginning its two-year-long cruise.

NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) and Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) are jointly developing this mission with support from NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, Langley Research Center, and NASA Headquarters. The Principal Investigator (science) is Julie Castillo-Rogez from NASA's JPL. The Principal Investigator (solar sail) is Les Johnson from NASA MSFC.

Orlando Figueroa

Orlando Figueroa (born September 9, 1955), previously the NASA Mars Czar Director for Mars Exploration and the Director for the Solar System Division in the Office of Space Science at NASA Headquarters and the Deputy Center Director for Science and Technology of the Goddard Space Flight Center. He has since retired in 2010 from NASA.

Planetary Data System

The Planetary Data System (PDS) is a distributed data system that NASA uses to archive data collected by Solar System missions.

The PDS is an active archive that makes available well documented, peer reviewed planetary data to the research community. The data comes from orbital, landed and robotic missions and ground-based support data associated with those missions. It is managed by NASA Headquarters' Planetary Sciences Division.

Ranger program

The Ranger program was a series of unmanned space missions by the United States in the 1960s whose objective was to obtain the first close-up images of the surface of the Moon. The Ranger spacecraft were designed to take images of the lunar surface, transmitting those images to Earth until the spacecraft were destroyed upon impact. A series of mishaps, however, led to the failure of the first six flights. At one point, the program was called "shoot and hope". Congress launched an investigation into "problems of management" at NASA Headquarters and Jet Propulsion Laboratory. After two reorganizations of the agencies, Ranger 7 successfully returned images in July 1964, followed by two more successful missions.

Ranger was originally designed, beginning in 1959, in three distinct phases, called "blocks". Each block had different mission objectives and progressively more advanced system design. The JPL mission designers planned multiple launches in each block, to maximize the engineering experience and scientific value of the mission and to assure at least one successful flight. Total research, development, launch, and support costs for the Ranger series of spacecraft (Rangers 1 through 9) was approximately $170 million (equivalent to $1.05 billion in 2018).

Rocco Petrone

Rocco Anthony Petrone (March 31, 1926 – August 24, 2006) was an American mechanical engineer of Italian ethnicity and U.S. Army officer who was the third director of the NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center, from 1973 to 1974. Petrone previously served as director of launch operations at NASA's Kennedy Space Center (KSC) from July 1966 until September 1969, and then as Apollo program director at NASA Headquarters.

Sarah K. Noble

Sarah K. Noble (born 1975) is a planetary geologist and a program scientist at NASA Headquarters in Washington, D.C. Her area of expertise is space weathering processes. She was the Program Scientist for NASA's LADEE spacecraft, and is the Program Scientist for the Psyche mission.

William F. Readdy

William Francis Readdy is a former Associate Administrator of the Office of Space Flight, at NASA Headquarters.

He was born January 24, 1952, in Quonset Point, Rhode Island, and is married to Colleen Nevius. They have two sons and a daughter.

He graduated from McLean High School, McLean, Virginia, in 1970 and received a Bachelor of Science degree in Aerospace Engineering (with honors) from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1974. He's a distinguished graduate of the U.S. Naval Test Pilot School 1980. Readdy is a Fellow of the Society of Experimental Test Pilots, the Explorers Club, and the Royal Astronautical Society and is an Associate Fellow of the AIAA. He also belongs to the Association of Space Explorers.

Readdy currently serves on the Board of Directors of the Challenger Center for Space Science Education as Treasurer. Readdy is also currently a member of the Board of Directors of Astrobotic Technology, a Carnegie Mellon University spinoff company that is competing for the Google Lunar X Prize.

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