Nā Pali Coast State Park

The Nā Pali Coast State Park is a 6,175 acres (2,499 ha) Hawaiian state park located in the center of the rugged 16 miles (26 km) along the northwest side of Kauaʻi, the oldest inhabited Hawaiian island. The Nā Pali coast itself extends southwest starting at Keʻe Beach extending all the way to Polihale State Park. The na pali (high cliffs) along the shoreline rise as much as 4,000 feet (1,200 m) above the Pacific Ocean. The state park was formed to protect the Kalalau Valley.

To the east of the state park is the Hono O Nā Pali State Natural Reserve. It was established in 1983, and then extended to over 3,578 acres (14.5 km2) in 2009.[1] Hiking trails and hunters roads have access to the sharp ridges from Koke'e Road (route 550) in Waimea Canyon.

Nā Pali Coast State Park
NaPali overlook Kalalau Valley
Nā Pali overlook Kalalau Valley
Map showing the location of Nā Pali Coast State Park
Map showing the location of Nā Pali Coast State Park
Map showing the location of Nā Pali Coast State Park
Map showing the location of Nā Pali Coast State Park
LocationKauaʻi, United States
Coordinates22°10′32″N 159°38′37″W / 22.17552°N 159.64362°WCoordinates: 22°10′32″N 159°38′37″W / 22.17552°N 159.64362°W
Area6,175 acres (24.99 km2)
Governing bodyHawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources
Kalalau Trail 2004-08-22
Along the Kalalau Trail
Na pali
Honopū Valley, aerial view
Na Pali Coast
Na Pali Coast view from a boat

Accessibility

Although inaccessible to vehicles, this coast can be enjoyed over land by hiking or in a helicopter, and from the ocean by kayak and paddleboard. Charter tours are available on rigid-hulled inflatable boat or catamaran, originating from Port Allen and Hanalei Bay. The Kalalau Trail from the end of Hawaii Route 56 (called the Kuhio Highway) provides the only land access along the coast, traversing 11 miles (18 km) and crossing five major valleys (and many smaller ones) before reaching Kalalau Beach at the base of Kalalau Valley.[2] Side trails along the way lead to waterfalls in the valleys above.

History

The first settlers on the Nā Pali Coast were Polynesian navigators around 1200 AD. Soon after, many Tahitian migrants followed, shaping the culture of Kauai and other Hawaiian islands today. The coast was a center for trade between Hanalei, Waimea and Ni`ihau, and branched out to nearby island colonies. After Kauai was visited by Captain Cook in 1778, many Westerners began traveling to the island. As more foreigners arrived, the Hawaiian tribes along the Nā Pali Coast, where Nā Pali Coast State Park now exists, began to die off from Western diseases. The last known native Hawaiians to live along the Nā Pali Coast were sighted in the 20th century.[3]

Camping

Camping in Nā Pali Coast State Park is only allowed with a valid permit. There are three sites that allow camping access. During the summer season from May 15 to September 7, access from the ocean via boat or kayak is only allowed with a valid camping permit. Along the Kalalau Trail, the two authorized spots for camping are in Kalalau and Hanakoa . Both are covered by the same permit and can be accessed by hiking. These locations include facilities to accommodate campers. Five nights is the maximum stay on the Kalalau Trail, and one night maximum for Hanakoa. The camp site at Miloli'i is only accessible by boat or kayak. Permits allow access for maximum of three days. Composting toilets are available at all three camp sites.[4]

Real Kaui Panorama1
A view of the Nā Pali Coast from the ocean
Napali Coast view
Napali Coast view

See also

References

  1. ^ "Hono O Na Pali". official web site. Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources. Retrieved 2010-04-13.
  2. ^ "Nā Pali Coast Wilderness Park". Hawaiʻi State Park web site. Retrieved 2010-04-13.
  3. ^ "Nā Pali Coast State Park (History)". Napali. Capt. Andy’s Sailing Adventures. Retrieved 2015-07-20.
  4. ^ "Nā Pali Coast State Park (Camping)". Hawaii State Parks. Hawaii Information Consortium, LLC. Retrieved 2015-07-20.

External links

Ahukini State Recreation Pier

The Ahukini State Recreation Pier is located on the Southeast shore of Kauai in the U.S. state of Hawaii. It is near the Lihu'e Airport, near the edge of the Hanama'ulu Bay.

The Pier is the end point for the Ahukini Terminal and Railway Company, which operated the railway along Kauai's Coconut Coast beginning in Anahola, Hawaii.

Gouania meyenii

Gouania meyenii is a rare species of flowering plant known by the common name smoothfruit chewstick. It is endemic to Hawaii, where it is known only from Oahu and Kauai. It is estimated that there are between 38 and 63 individuals of this species remaining in the wild. It is a federally listed endangered species of the United States.

This is a shrub with stems growing erect or spreading and growing one half to over two meters in length. The leaves have oval blades up to 7.5 centimeters long by 4.5 wide borne on short petioles. The inflorescence is a cyme of several flowers with tiny white petals and slightly larger white sepals no more than 3 millimeters long. The small winged fruit contains shiny brown seeds.This shrub grows in dry or moist forest and shrubland habitat in the Waianae Mountains of Oahu and Nā Pali Coast State Park on Kauai. It is associated with other plants such as koa (Acacia koa), maile (Alyxia stellata), kookoolau (Bidens torta), lama (Diospyros sandwicensis), aalii (Dodonaea viscosa), and naenae (Dubautia plantaginea).Threats to this rare species and its habitat include introduced plant species, such as mistflower (Ageratina riparia), silk oak (Grevillea robusta), airplant (Kalanchoe pinnata), lantana (Lantana camara), haole koa (Leucaena leucocephala). Feral pigs and feral goats degrade the habitat. Fire, rockslides, and landslides can also damage populations.

Haʻena State Park

Hāʻena State Park is a state park located on the north shore of the Hawaiian island of Kauaʻi. It is often referred to as the "end of the road" and marks the end point of the Kuhio Highway. The park provides access to beaches, trails, and several ancient Hawaiian sites, including sea caves estimated to be more than 4,000 years old. Archaeological sites associated with the hula, including a heiau (shrine) dedicated to Laka, are located above the park's beaches.

Honopū Valley

Honopū Valley is a landmark valley within Nā Pali Coast State Park along the northwest shore of Kauaʻi, Hawaiʻi, United States. It is known for its distinctive natural arch, which at approximately 90 feet (27 m) tall is the tallest in Hawaii. At the lower end of the valley is Honopū's secluded, 0.25-mile (0.40 km) beach, also known as Cathedral Beach.

Honopū means "conch shell", and the valley's name is derived from the conch shell-like sound its arch makes when hit by winds from the north.

Kalalau Valley

The Kalalau Valley is located on the northwest side of the island of Kauaʻi in the state of Hawaiʻi. The valley is located in the Nā Pali Coast State Park and houses the Kalalau Beach. The Nā Pali Coast is rugged and is inaccessible to automobiles. The only legal ways to access the valley are by kayak or by hiking the Kalalau Trail.

The valley is surrounded by cliffs more than 2,000 feet (610 m) high. This valley's bottom is broad and relatively flat, with an accessible region about 2 miles (3.2 km) long and 0.5 miles (0.80 km) wide. The abundant sun and rain provides an ideal environment for flora and fauna. Many native Hawaiians lived in the valley into the 20th century, farming taro from a vast complex of terraced fields. Today, its designation as a state park forbids anyone from residing there.

Kaumahina State Wayside Park

Kaumahina State Wayside Park or Kaumahina State Park, is located in Maui County, Hawaii, 28.3 miles (45.5 km) East of Kahului and 22.4 miles (36.0 km) West of Hana along the Hana Highway. The park consists of 7.8 acres (32,000 m2) of forest and exotic plants. Amenities include a rest stop and scenic views of the northeast Maui coastline and Ke'anae Peninsula.

Kewalo Basin

Kewalo Basin is a commercial boat harbor that serves as home to some of Honolulu's commercial fishing fleet, and charter and excursion vessels that serve the Hawaii tourist market. Pre-European contact, the area was historically used for human sacrifice. The land was given to Ihu by Kamehameha I and inherited by his daughter Kamakeʻe and her husband Jonah Piikoi. On the ocean side of the harbor is a small beach park on the Honolulu waterfront, located adjacent to the larger Ala Moana Beach Park. This park is good for swimming, picnicking and sightseeing. It can be accessed from the corners of Ala Moana Boulevard and Ward Avenue.

Lava Tree State Monument

Lava Tree State Monument is a public park located 2.7 miles (4.3 km) southeast of Pāhoa in the Puna District on the island of Hawaii.

It preserves lava molds of the tree trunks that were formed when a lava flow swept through a forested area in 1790.

List of National Natural Landmarks in Hawaii

These are the National Natural Landmarks in the U.S. state of Hawaii.

MacKenzie State Recreation Area

The MacKenzie State Recreation Area is a park in southern Puna, on Hawaiʻi Island in the US state of Hawaii.

Melicope haupuensis

Melicope haupuensis is a species of tree in the citrus family, Rutaceae known by the common names Haupa Mountain melicope and Pacific pelea. It is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands, where it is known only from the island of Kauai. It is threatened by habitat loss. It is a federally listed endangered species of the United States. Like other Hawaiian Melicope, this species is known as alani.This is a tree growing to 8 meters in height with inflorescences of 5 to 7 flowers. The species was discovered on Haupu Ridge on Kauai in 1927 and described to science in 1944. By 1994 there were only two plants known to remain, and by 2003 there were thirteen, including specimens located within Nā Pali Coast State Park. A 2008 survey found 30 individuals in three populations.This tree grows in moist forest habitat. It is threatened by the degradation of this habitat by the activity of animals such as deer and rats, and by the presence of non-native plant species such as lantana (Lantana camara), thimbleberry (Rubus argutus), and kahili ginger (Hedychium gardnerianum).

Na Pali

Na Pali can refer to:

Nā Pali Coast State Park (a portion of the Nā Pali coast) in Kaua'i

Return to Na Pali expansion pack for the computer game Unreal

Oahu Forest National Wildlife Refuge

Oʻahu Forest National Wildlife Refuge was established in 2000 to protect fish, wildlife, and plants which are listed as threatened or endangered species. The refuge encompasses approximately 4,525 acres (18.31 km2) and is managed by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Oahu National Wildlife Refuge Complex

Oahu National Wildlife Refuge Complex is a National Wildlife Refuge complex in the state of Hawaii.

Palaʻau State Park

Palaʻau State Park is a state park located on the Hawaiian island of Molokai.

Pua'a Ka'a State Wayside Park

Puaʻa Kaʻa State Wayside Park is a state park on the island of Maui, Hawaiʻi. It is located along the Hana Highway approximately 39 mi (63 km) east of Kahului. The area consists of 5 acres (2.0 ha) of rainforest with waterfalls and pools. The park is at an elevation of 1,200 ft (370 m) and roughly 0.5 mi (0.80 km) away from Waiohue Bay.

Wailoa River State Recreation Area

The Wailoa River State Recreation Area is a park in Hilo, on Hawaiʻi Island in the US state of Hawaii.

Wailua Valley State Wayside Park

Wailua Valley State Wayside Park is located 31 miles east of Kahului, Maui. The lookout provides views into Ke'anae Valley. From the park you can view waterfalls, the Ko'olau Gap, Wailua Peninsula and the rim of Haleakala Crater.

Waiʻanapanapa State Park

Waiʻanapanapa State Park is a 122-acre (0.49 km2) state park in Hana, on the island of Maui, in Hawaii. It is located at the end of Waiʻanapanapa Road off Hana Highway at mile marker 32, 53 miles (85 km) east of Kahului, Maui. Waiʻanapanapa means “glistening fresh water” in the Hawaiian language, referring to nearby fresh water streams and sparkling pools. The camp offers camping facilities, including a small lawn where campers may pitch a tent, and a public bathroom nearby.

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