Mytilidae

The Mytilidae are a family of small to large saltwater mussels, marine bivalve mollusks in the order Mytiloida. One of the genera, Limnoperna, inhabits brackish or freshwater environments. The order has only this one family which contains some 52 genera.[1]

Species in the family Mytilidae are found worldwide, but they are more abundant in colder seas, where they often form uninterrupted beds on rocky shores in the intertidal zone and the shallow subtidal. The subfamily Bathymodiolinae is found in deep-sea habitats.

Mytilids include the well-known edible sea mussels.

A common feature of the shells of mussels is an asymmetrical shell which has a thick, adherent periostracum. The animals attach themselves to a solid substrate using a byssus.

Mytilidae
Miesmuscheln Mytilus 1
Two shells of Mytilus edulis washed up on a beach
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Subclass: Pteriomorphia
Order: Mytiloida
Family: Mytilidae
Genera

52, See text.

Genera

California mussel (Mytilus californianus) 01
A bed of the edible California mussel, Mytilus californianus
CornishMussels
Mussels and attached barnacles on the Cornish coast near Newquay
Mytilus (Falcimytilus) jurensis
Mytilus (Falcimytilus) jurensis from the Middle Jurassic (Callovian) Matmor Formation of southern Israel

Genera within the family Mytilidae include:[1]

References

  1. ^ a b Bouchet, P. (2014).Mytilidae Rafinesque, 1815 World Register of Marine Species

External links

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