Muthappan Temple

Parassinikadavu Muthappan temple is a temple, located at Anthoor Municipality on the banks of the Valapattanam river about 10 km from Taliparamba and 16 km from Kannur City in Kannur District, Kerala.[2][3] Principal deity of the temple is Sree Muthappan, whose divinity is presented as a ritualistic theyyam enactment in two versions called Thiruvappana and Vellattam. According to the local tradition the presiding deity is a manifestation of Shiva.[4]

Vellattam and Thiruvappana are the generic names for two types of ' Theyyam Ketti-aadal ' in the kavu/temples of North Malabar.

Vellattom is a minor version of the ritual enactment where the ornaments, decorations and parapharnelia are minimal thanks to which all actions including vaaythari (speech) is maximum and Attam (dance) will be at its peak. If you compare this level of enactment to the idol of a deity in a temple sanctum which is installed as per sathwic sasthra and vedic rituals, Vellattom is at par with the idol alone without the prabha-mandalam which circles it. A more easier example is the Seeveli ceremony with only the small idol on top of the elephant.

On the other hand, Thiruvappana is the full version, with royal regalia and bigger dimension of prabhamandalam. Because the decorations are more and are of binding nature, the action is minimal and sluggish and the uriyaadal (replies to prayers) will be crisp, to the point and predictions will be accurate. To compare, Thiruvappana stands at par with temple idol with the Prabha-mandalam (representing the auric circle) around it and the Seeveli with the big Swarna-Kolam covering the small idol on top of the elephant .

Muthappan is considered as the manifestation of Lord Shiva himself in Nayattu (hunter) format. The Vellattam which comes initially is Siva himself as the said minimal version. But the Vellattom which comes along with the grand Thiruvappana of Muthappan later on, is the minimal version of Vishnu who according to mythology, comes to Siva’s assistance when he started travelling with the poykannu (blindfold) and started suffering serious difficulties to travel and hunt for food.

Rituals of the temple is unique in that it does not follow the Satvic Brahminical form of worship, as in other Hindu temples of Kerala. The main mode of worship is the ritual enactment of both the versions of Muthappan, through a traditional dance known as Muthappan Theyyam.[4][5] Fish, meat and toddy are the customary offerings to Muthappan.[6] Muthappan Thiruvoppana Mahothsavam is the major festival of the temple, celebrated for three days every year on 19, 20 and 21 of Kumbham (the days correspond to 3, 4 and 5 March).

Parassinikadavu Muthappan Temple
Parassinikadavu Madappura
Parassinikadavu Temple
Parassinikadavu Temple
Muthappan Temple is located in Kerala
Muthappan Temple
Location within Kerala
Geography
CountryIndia
StateKerala
DistrictKannur district
Coordinates11°58′56.87″N 75°24′7.22″E / 11.9824639°N 75.4020056°ECoordinates: 11°58′56.87″N 75°24′7.22″E / 11.9824639°N 75.4020056°E
Culture
SanctumMuthappan
Architecture
ArchitectureKerala Kavu Architecture
History
Temple boardMalabar Devaswom Board[1]

The legends of Muthappan

Parassini Madappura Sree MuthappanTemple
A view of the Muthappan temple
Muthappan2

A version of the legend of Ponnu Muthappan is narrated here: The King of Ancharamana in Eruvessi village and his wife, Padikutty Antharjanam, had no offsprings. Padikutty was an ardent devotee of Shiva and when she found a baby floating in a basket of flowers in the river water when she was coming back after a bath in the river, she took it as the blessing of Lord Shiva, and so was her husband. The child grew up and in his boyhood, he was always for the benefit of downtrodden and poor people. However, to the agony of his family he practiced hunting, and also started eating flesh, which was not allowed for a Naduvazhi. Unable to bear the indictments from his family, the boy decided to leave home. When his mother attempted to stop him, he looked at her in fury and appeared in his original godly figure before the parent. She bowed down before her son. Nonetheless, she requested him to cover his eyes with a Poikannu, a type of shield for the eyes, since she was afraid that such a fiery look on another occasion may cause to emanate the cosmic force, Shakti, that could change the entire world. Wearing a shield on his eyes, he left the family, and passed through various villages in Malabar, such as Kunnathurpadi, Puralimala, Padavil, Thillenkeri, Kannapuram, Parassinikadavu and Valluvankadav.[5][7]

The legend relates Muthappan with a tribal family for the divine boy started being called as "Muthappan". Accordingly, when he reached a village called Kunnathurpadi, he got a tribalman, Chantan as his friend. One day, when he saw Chantan tapping toddy from Palm tree the boy asked for it but was denied. All of sudden, Chantan was cursed and became a stone. His wife prayed and offered to perform the rituals, Oottu, Tiruvappana and Amruthakalasam, to propitiate the boy in the month of Dhanu. The boy relented and gave her husband back. The Chantan family started to conduct pooja to propitiate the boy and they called him in the name: "Muthappan".

However, according to another version of the legend Muthappan climbed the coconut tree and emptied the toddy jar in the absence of Chantan. When Chantan returned and saw Muthappan holding the jar, he was provoked and defied the latter. It was at this instant, Chantan was cursed.[7]

The legend also describes a dog which always followed Muthappan throughout his journey. Hence, in the temple of Muthappan, dogs are considered divine and the temple entrance has an idol of dog, at both sides.[5]

Rituals and festivals

The ritualistic enactment of both the minimal and maxima versions of Sree Muthappan, Thiruvappana and Vellattam, is performed daily in the early morning and in the evening. Puthari Thiruvappana festival, conducted on 16 Vrichikam (this Malayalam day corresponds to 1 or 2 December), is the first Thiruvappana of the temple year. It is associated with the harvesting season of the region. The last Thiruvappana of the temple year is on 30 Kanni every year.[8]

See also

Photo gallery

Thiruvappana and Muthappan

Muthappan Theyyam as Lord Vishnu & Lord Shiva.

വിസ്മയ പാർക്ക്

The main attraction

ഊഞ്ഞാൽ

The Cradle

VismayaParkGate

The entrance

Vismaya water theam park parassinikadavu

Inside the park

ParassinikkadavuBridge

Parassinikkadavu Bridge.

ParassinikkadavuValapattamRiver

A view of Valapattanam river from Parassinikkadavu Bridge.

References

  1. ^ "Temples under Malabar Devaswam Board, Division : Thalassery" (PDF). Malabar Devaswam Board. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
  2. ^ A. Sreedhara Menon (1982). The Legacy of Kerala. Department of Public Relations, Government of Kerala. pp. 25–. ISBN 978-81-264-2157-2. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
  3. ^ Official website of Kannur
  4. ^ a b "Muthappan festival". The Hindu. January 24, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2012.
  5. ^ a b c "About Muthappan". Railway Muthappan. Retrieved August 27, 2012.
  6. ^ A Sreedhara Menon (2008). Cultural Heritage of Kerala. D C Books. p. 42. ISBN 978-81-264-1903-6. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
  7. ^ a b "Muthappan". Global Openness Community. Retrieved August 25, 2012.
  8. ^ "Rituals". Temple website. Retrieved August 27, 2012.

External links

Anthoor

Anthoor is a town with a municipality in the Kannur district of the North Malabar region in the Indian state of Kerala. Anthoor is located roughly 14 km from the Kannur Corporation, and it is adjacent to the Taliparamba municipality.

Chirakkal railway station

Chirakkal railway station (Code: CQL) is a railway station in Kannur District, Kerala, and falls under the Palakkad railway division of the Southern Railway Zone, Indian Railways.

Dharmashala, Kannur

Dharmashala is a small town and headquarters of the Anthoor Municipality in Kannur district of the North Malabar region in the Indian state of Kerala. It is located near National Highway 66 between Kannur and Taliparamba. It is located about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) north of Kannur. Dharmashala is an important educational and industrial hub in the Kannur district and also an important tourism destination of Malabar region. Dharmashala is a major government officials settlement area in Kannur. A large number of migrant labourers from various other states are working in the industrial development area in Dharmashala. Students from various parts of country study at institutes such as NIFT. Nearby important institutions and attractions are the Kerala Armed Police (KAP) 4th Battalion Mangattuparamba, Government College of Engineering Kannur, Kannur University, KELTRON, Vismaya water theme park,Parassinikkadavu Sree Muthappan temple, Doordarshankendra, Parassinikkadavu Snake Park, Industrial Development Plot, Central School, EK Nayanar memorial women and child hospital, Si-met college of nursing, M.V.R memorial Ayurveda Medical College, Institute of Co-operative Management (ICM), National Institute of Fashion Technology, Vellikkeel eco tourism park, Hi-Five sports indoor stadium, Kerala Clays and Ceramics Ltd. etc.

Hinduism in Kerala

Hinduism is the largest religion in Kerala and Hindu castes together make up 54% of the population of the state according to the 2011 census.

Several saints and movements existed. Adi Shankara was a Hindu philosopher who contributed to Hinduism and propagated philosophy of Advaita. He was instrumental in establishing four mathas at Sringeri, Dwarka, Puri and Jyotirmath. Melpathur Narayana Bhattathiri was another Brahmin religious figure who composed Narayaniyam, a collection of verses in praise of Krishna.

Various practises of Hinduism are unique to Kerala. Different cults of Shiva and Vishnu are popular in Kerala. Lord Krishna is worshipped widely in all parts of Kerala, Guruvayur being one of the most famous temples in the state. Malayali Hindus also worship Bhagavathi as a form of Shakti. Almost every village in Kerala has its own local guardian deity, usually a goddess. Hindus in Kerala also strongly believe in power of snake gods and usually have sacred snake groves known as Sarpa Kavu near to their houses.

Some of the most notable temples are: Guruvayur Temple, Thrissur Vadakkunnathan Temple, Sabarimala Ayyappa Temple, Thiruvananthapuram Padmanabhaswamy Temple, Aranmula Parthasarathy Temple, Chottanikkara Temple, Chengannur Mahadeva Temple, Parassinikadavu Muthappan Temple, Chettikulangara Devi Temple, Mannarasala Temple, Chakkulathukavu Temple, Thiruvalla Sreevallabha Temple, Kaviyoor Mahadevar Temple, Parumala Panayannarkavu Temple, Sree Poornathrayesa Temple, Kodungallur Bhagavathy Temple, and Rajarajeshwara Temple. Temples in Kerala follow elaborate rituals and only priests from the Nambudiri caste can be appointed as priests in major temples.But in 2017 as per the state government's decision, the priests from backward community was appointed. These priests are assisted by a caste known as Ambalavasis.

Malayali Hindus have unique ceremonies such as Chorunu (first feeding of rice to a child) and Vidyāraṃbhaṃ.

K. G. Marar

Kuruvannil Govindan Marar (b.September 17, 1934 - d.25 April 1995) was an Indian social worker,politician, former State president of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in Kerala, India. He was the third son among four children of Narayana Marar and Nayan Marsyar.By occupation he was a teacher at Govt School Parassinikadavu (The school near to the famous Parassinikadavu Muthappan Temple, Kannur District, Kerala)and left his profession for being a full-time social worker. Arrested during Indian Emergency of 25 June 1975 – 21 March 1977, he was imprisoned for 18 months. After getting released from the jail K G Marar became the leader of Janata party and the District President of Kannur. In 1980 K G Marar became the State Secretary of BJP. He was very active in Kerala Political scenario and held various positions including State General Secretary and State President of BJP. He has actively represented BJP in various elections, the last one in 1991 where he got defeated by a wafer thin margin of 1000 votes from Mancheswaram constituency. His body was cremated at Payyambalam beach, Kannur.

Kummanam Rajashekharan became the second full-time worker for the RSS after Marar to hold the party state president portfolio.

The state committee office of Kerala BJP is named after K G Marar as Mararji smruthi mandiram.

Kakkad, Kannur

Kakkad is a suburb of Kannur Town in Kannur district of Kerala state, south India. It is 4 km from Kannur town.

Cannanore Spinning and Weaving Mill is situated in Kakkad. The Kakkad River also flows through the region and is an integral part of the settlement.

Matayan

The Matayan is the sole authority to administer the Muthappan temple, found in the Kannur district of Kerala state, south India.The Matayan family is also known as the Parassani Matappurakal family.

Muthappan

Sree Muthappan (Malayalam: ശ്രീ മുത്തപ്പൻ) is a Thiyya kuladaiva (ancestral) deity commonly worshiped in the North Malabar region of Kerala and Coorg region of Karnataka, India.

Worship of Muthappan is unique in that it does not follow the Satvic Brahminical form of worship, as in other Hindu temples of Kerala. Worshipping system is according to Shakteyam where Panja-ma-kara are offered including Madhyam ( Toddy) and Mamsam (flesh-fish) The main mode of worship is via a ritual enactment of Muthappan, performed daily at the Parassinikadavu temple. Fish and toddy is used as an offering to Muthappan, and people of all castes, religions and nationalities are permitted to enter the temple and take part in the worship.

Muthappan is the principal deity in the ritualistic Theyyam dance (Muthappan Theyyam) performed in the famous Parassinikkadavu temple. The ritual performers of Muthappan Theyyam belong to the Vannan community of Kerala. The puja rituals and rites for Muthappan are performed by the Thiyya community.

Muyyam

Muyyam is a small village in Kannur district of Kerala state, India.

Nileshwar Muthappan Madappura

Nileshwar Muthappan Madappura is a temple dedicated to the God Sree Muthappan in the town Nileshwar of Kasaragode district, Kerala state, South India. Sree Muthappan is the most popular local god in Kannur district and Kasaragod district of north Kerala.

Muthappan is also the theyyam (Muthappan theyyam) performed in the famous Parassinikkadavu temple.

Parassinikkadavu

Parassinkkadavu pronunciation is a small Templetown in Anthoor Municipality. This town is located about 16 km from Kannur Corporation in the Kannur district of Kerala state, south India. It is a famous tourist destination in North Malabar.

Perumudiyoor

Perumudiyoor is a village situated on the banks of River Bharathappuzha (also known as Nila River), about 1.5 km from Pattambi town. Perumudiyoor includes in Palakkad district "Lokhsabha". The village is blessed with lots of famous temples. Muthassiyar Kavu temple, Cherussery Siva temple, Vadakkekalam SIva temple, Tekkekalam Erinjupuraan Temple, Muthappan temple, Maariamman temple, Eehaapureswari temple are some of them. The great Sree Neela Kanda Sharma's birthplace is Perumudiyoor. The main job of the villagers are farming and business. The Shornur - Mangalapuram rail route goes through the middle of this village.

Pilgrimage centres in Kannur district

Kannur District (Malayalam: കണ്ണൂര്‍) or Cannanore District is one of the 14 districts in the state of Kerala, India. The town of Kannur is the district headquarters, and gives the district its name. The old name 'Cannanore' is the anglicised form of the Malayalam name Kannur.

Peralasseri Ambalam

Makrery Ambalam

Muthappan temple

Rajarajeshwara Temple

Kunnathoor padi

St. Mary's Forane Church Edoor (Iritty).

Places of Interest in Kannur district

Kannur, (Malayalam:കണ്ണൂര്‍) formerly known as Cannanore, is a town in Kerala state of southern India. It is the administrative headquarters of Kannur District.

V-Pra Kaayal Floating Park, Vayalapra Parappu, Chemballikundu, Payangadi

St. Angelo Fort - (Kannur Fort)

Thalassery Fort

Mappila Bay

Payyambalam Beach

Meenkunnu Beach

Muzhappilangad Beach

Parassini Muthappan temple

Rajarajeshwara Temple

Kunnathoor padi

Kerala Folklore Academy

Parassinikkadavu Snake Park

Dharmadam Island

Katampalli Resort

Narath

Chalode

Pinarayi

Manal

Maamaanam temple, Irikkur

Aralam state farm

Thodikkalam temple for mural paintings

Subrahmanya Swami Temple, Payyanur Payyanur Perumal

Palakkayam Thattu

Paithal Mala

Choottad Beach

Chaal Beach

Vismaya Water Theme Park

Therlai & Korlai Islands

Kanjirakkolli Waterfalls

Sasippara

Pazhassi Dam

Places of worship in Kannur district

There are places of worship considered important in the Kannur district. Kannur District (Malayalam: കണ്ണൂര്‍ ജില്ല) is one of the 14 districts in the state of Kerala, India. The town of Kannur is the district headquarters, and gives the district its name.

Talap

Talap is a suburb of Kannur on NH 17 in Kerala in southern India. Talap is the nearest town or village in kannur district. Whilst seen predominantly residential, Talap has many prominent educational and health institutions in Kannur. It is also famous for its cultural and religious heritage. With the city expanding, Talap is one of the hotspots of commercial activity in Kannur.

Valapattanam

Valapattanam is a small town in the Kannur district, located in the Indian state of Kerala. It is also the smallest panchayath in Kerala.Its area is 2.04 sqr Km. It is about 7 km north of Kannur. Valapattanam is an important Muslim settlement area in Kannur. Valapattanam is known for its communal harmony. On one side Kalarivathukkal Temple is located and on the other bank there is "Kakkulangara Mosque".

Valluvan Kadav Sree Muthapan

The Valluvan Kadav Sree Muthappan temple is situated in Kerala. In the Kannur district there are muthappan temples in every village. The most famous parassini kadav sree muthappan temple attracts thousands of pilgrims every day. The Valluvan Kadav Sree Muthappan Temple is a 400-year-old temple that was recently renovated completely, drawing large numbers of devotees to this temple situated in Kannadiparamba in Kannur district.

Vismaya

Vismaya is an amusement water theme park situated near Taliparamba in Kannur, Kerala. The park is developed and run by Malabar Tourism Development Co-operative Limited (MTDC). It is situated near to the famous Muthappan temple in Parassinikadavu. It was officially inaugurated in August 2008 and since then it has become one of the favorite holiday destination in Malabar. The park is completely operated by the rain water collected by the reservoir spread over two acres of land with a capacity of 50 million litres of water.

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