Murlen National Park

Murlen National Park is a national park located in the Champhai district Mizoram in India. The size of the park area is 200 km2 (77 sq mi).[1] The park is situated about 245 km east of Aizawl, and is close to the Chin Hills. It lies north of Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary in the same district.[2] It covers an area of approximately 100 km2. The tropical, semi-evergreen and sub montane Forests of Murlen are home to a rich variety of flora and fauna. About 15 species of mammals, 150 species of birds, 35 species of Medicinal plants, 2 species of bamboos, and 4 species of orchids so far have been recorded in this Park[3]. At present, 36 people are involved in conservation work of Murlen National Park.[4]

Morlen National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Map showing the location of Morlen National Park
Map showing the location of Morlen National Park
Map of India
Locationnear the Myanmar border in Champhai District, India
Coordinates23°37′01″N 93°18′00″E / 23.61694°N 93.30000°ECoordinates: 23°37′01″N 93°18′00″E / 23.61694°N 93.30000°E
Area200 km2 (77 sq mi)
Established1991

History

Murlen National Park is at Murlen Village, which is the Village of Saithuama Sailo, Chief of Hnahlan[5]. It is a part of Hnahlan Village. Murlen National Park was declared in 1991.[6]

Flora

Only about 1% of the sun’s ray can penetrate the forest on a sunny day. So the thickness of the forest in the park is generally compared to the forest found in the Amazon region in South America. Some of the trees found in the park are as old as 350 years. There is an area in the park where not even a single sun’s ray can penetrate. And for this reason the area has been known as ‘losing area of seven fellow-men’ or land of no return.[7] The vegetation is admixture of Quercus, Schima wallichii, Betula, Michelia champaca, Pinus kesiya, Prunus, Myrica, Rhododendron, Chimonobambusa callosa, canes and a variety of orchids and lichens.[8] Two species of Ceropegia belonging to the Asclepiadaceae plant family have been discovered in Murlen National Park[9], These two species of plants have been named as Ceropegia mizoramensis and Ceropegia murlensis which are derived from the state and the locality of Park[10].

Fauna

Fauna found here include the tiger, leopard, sambar, barking deer, Malayan giant squirrel, Himalayan black bear, serow, hoolock gibbon, rhesus macaque, Hume's pheasant, kalij pheasant, grey partridge, hill myna, and dark-rumped swift. Cases of Hunting and poaching have been reported in Murlen National Park.[11]

References

  1. ^ Das, Chhanda (2007). A Treatise On Wildlife Conservation In India. Biswajit Das. ISBN 9788187616221.
  2. ^ "Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary". BirdLife International. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  3. ^ "Murlen National Park, Champhai". Native Planet. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  4. ^ "Lui dunga ngaw humhalh buaipui mek". Vanglaini. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
  5. ^ "lesser known facts about 'Murlen National Park' in Mizoram". The Northeast Today. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  6. ^ "List of National Parks in India". Centre for Ecological Sciences Indian Institute of Science. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
  7. ^ "Murlen National Park and the Losing Area of Seven Fellow-Men". India-north-east.com. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
  8. ^ Logesh; et al. (2015). "Studies on Lichens of Mizoram, Northeast India". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences. 87 (2): 445–457. doi:10.1007/s40011-015-0592-z.
  9. ^ "Rare plants found in Mizoram". Telegraph India. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  10. ^ "Two Rare Plants Discovered in Mizoram". Sentinel Assam. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  11. ^ "Hunters on the prowl in national park". Oneindia. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
Akashiganga Waterfalls

The Akashiganga water falls in Hojai District is in the Indian state of Assam. It rises from a thickly forested hill at an elevation of 900 metres (3,000 ft). The falls drop by 140 feet (43 m), and there is a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva here. The water fall is held in reverence and devotees visit the fall to take bath on the religious occasion of Magh Bihu.

Champhai district

Champhai district is one of the eight districts of Mizoram state in India. The district is bounded on the north by Churachandpur district of Manipur state, on the west by Aizawl and Serchhip districts, and on the south and east by Myanmar. The district occupies an area of 3185.83 km². Champhai town is the administrative headquarters of the district.

Dispur

Dispur ( pronunciation ) is the capital of the Indian state of Assam.

Dispur, a locality of Guwahati, became the capital of Assam in 1973. This was after Shillong, the erstwhile capital, became the capital of the state of Meghalaya that was carved out of Assam.

Dispur is the seat of Government of Assam. The Assam Secretariat building is located in Dispur along with the Assam Assembly House, MLA Hostels and the State Emergency Operations Centre. The Assam Trunk road and the G S road passes through Dispur. To the south of Dispur is the theologically important site of Basistha Ashram and the Shankardev Kalakshetra, a cultural centre created in the 1990s. Next to Dispur is the ancient township of Jatia.

Though it is well known as the capital of Assam, Dispur is also known for the Guwahati Tea Auction Centre. A large variety of tea is auctioned here. The centre has seen the largest volume of CTC tea auction in the world.

Economy of Mizoram

Mizoram is one of the fastest growing economies among the states of India with a per capital income of Rs 50,021. Mizoram had the second highest GSDP growth during the 11th Five Year Plan (2007–2012) in Northeast India at 11% exceeding the target of 7.8% which is also much higher than the national average of 7.9%. During the 10th Five Year Plan (2002–2007), the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) was expected to grow at around 5.3% but grew at 5.7%. The biggest contributors to GSDP growth are Agriculture, Public Administration and Construction work. Tertiary sector of service sector continued to have the contribution to the GSDP with its share hovering between 58% and 60% during the past half a decade.

Gurudongmar Lake

Gurudongmar Lake is one of the highest lakes in the world and in India, located at an altitude of 17,800 ft (5,430 m), in the Indian state of Sikkim. It is considered sacred by Buddhists, Sikhs and Hindus. The lake is named after Guru Padmasambhava—also known as Guru Rinpoche—founder of Tibetan Buddhism, who visited in the 8th century.

l1995">Dalvindar Singh Grewal (January 1995). Guru Nanak's travel to Himalayan and East Asian Region: a new light. National Book Shop. pp. 67–68. ISBN 978-81-7116-177-5.

Imphal

Imphal ([ɪmˈfɑl] , Meitei: ꯏꯝꯐꯥꯜ) is the capital city of the Indian state of Manipur. Ruins of the Palace of Kangla, the royal seat of the erstwhile Kingdom of Manipur, are in the city metropolitan centre, surrounded by a moat.

Itanagar

Itanagar (;pronunciation ) is the capital of the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh.

The seat of Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly, the seat of government of Arunachal Pradesh and the seat of Gauhati High Court permanent bench at Naharlagun are all in Itanagar.

Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary

The Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary, established in 1989, is rich in flora and fauna. It is situated in the Lohit District of the northeastern Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. The park is named after the Kamlang River which flows through it. The Mishmi, Digaru, and Mizo tribal people who reside around the periphery of the sanctuary claim their descent from the King Rukmo of the epic Mahabharata. They believe in a myth of an invisible god known as Suto Phenkhenynon jamalu. An important body of water in the sanctuary is the Glow Lake. Located in tropical and sub-tropical climatic zones, the sanctuary is the habitat of the four big cat species of India: tiger, leopard, clouded leopard and snow leopard.

Kohima

Kohima ( pronunciation ) is the hilly capital city of India's north eastern state of Nagaland. With a resident population of 99,039 it is the second largest city in the state.Originally known as Kewhira, it was founded in 1878 when the British Empire established its headquarters of the then Naga Hills. The town was the site of the Battle of Kohima, one of the few World War II battles on Indian soil. It officially became the capital after the state of Nagaland was inaugurated in 1963.

Kohima is the land of the Angami Naga and Rengma Naga tribe. It is situated in the foothills of Japfu range located south of Kohima District (25.67°N 94.12°E / 25.67; 94.12) and has an average elevation of 1261 metres (4137 feet).

Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary

Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected area in Champhai district in eastern Mizoram, northeast India. It is an alpine forest and contains the second highest peak in Mizoram. It is specially a conservation interest on rare species of birds. It was declared a protected area in 1999, and a national wildlife sanctuary by the Indian Ministry of Environment and Forests on 31 May 2001.

List of national parks of India

National parks in India are IUCN category II protected areas. India's first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand. By 1970, India only had five national parks. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard the habitats of conservation reliant species.

Further federal legislation strengthening protection for wildlife was introduced in the 1980s. As of July 2018, there were 110 national parks encompassing an area of 40,501 km2 (15,638 sq mi), under protected areas of India category II comprising 1.23% of India's total surface area.

Namdapha National Park

Namdapha National Park is a 1,985 km2 (766 sq mi) large protected area in Arunachal Pradesh of Northeast India. With more than 1,000 floral and about 1,400 faunal species, it is a biodiversity hotspot in the Eastern Himalayas. The national park harbours the northernmost lowland evergreen rainforests in the world at 27°N latitude. It also harbours extensive dipterocarp forests, comprising the northwestern parts of the Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests ecoregion.It is the fourth largest national park in India.

Northeast India

Northeast India (officially North Eastern Region, NER) is the easternmost region of India representing both a geographic and political administrative division of the country. It comprises eight states – Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura. The Siliguri Corridor in West Bengal, with a width of 21 to 40 kilometres (13 to 25 mi), connects the North Eastern Region with East India. The region shares an international border of 5,182 kilometres (3,220 mi) (about 99 percent of its total geographical boundary) with several neighbouring countries – 1,395 kilometres (867 mi) with Tibet Autonomous Region, China in the north, 1,640 kilometres (1,020 mi) with Myanmar in the east, 1,596 kilometres (992 mi) with Bangladesh in the south-west, 97 kilometres (60 mi) with Nepal in the west, and 455 kilometres (283 mi) with Bhutan in the north-west. It comprises an area of 262,230 square kilometres (101,250 sq mi), almost 8 percent of that of India, and is one of the largest salients (panhandles) in the world.

The states of North Eastern Region are officially recognised under the North Eastern Council (NEC), constituted in 1971 as the acting agency for the development of the north eastern states. Long after induction of NEC, Sikkim formed part of the North Eastern Region as the eighth state in 2002. India's Look-East connectivity projects connect Northeast India to China and ASEAN.

Phawngpui National Park

Phawngpui National Park or Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park is one of the two national parks of India in Mizoram, the other and the larger being Murlen National Park. It is about 300 km from the main city Aizawl, located in the Lawngtlai district, towards the southeast of Mizoram and relatively close to Burma. It bears the name of the mountain Phawngpui, often called the Blue Mountain of Mizoram, which is the highest mountain peak in the state, reaching 2,157 m asl. The national park covers the entire mountain along with the surrounding reserve forest.

Place names in India

Place names in India are usually in Indian languages. Other languages include Portuguese, Dutch, English and Arabic.

Since Indian Independence, several Indian cities have adopted pre-English names, most notably Mumbai (formerly Bombay) and Kolkata (formerly Calcutta).

Purvanchal Range

The Purvanchal Mountains, or Eastern Mountains, are a sub-mountain range of the Himalayas in northeast India. It lies south of the Brahmaputra valley.

Rumtek Monastery

Rumtek Monastery (Tibetan: རུམ་ཐེག་དགོན་པ་, Wylie: rum theg dgon pa), also called the Dharmachakra Centre, is a gompa located in the Indian state of Sikkim near the capital Gangtok. It is a focal point for the sectarian tensions within the Karma Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism that characterize the Karmapa controversy.

Tholung Monastery

Tholung Monastery (Tibetan: ཋོལུང་དགོན་པ་, Wylie: Tho Lung dgon pa) is a gompa located in remote upper Dzongu, in the buffer zone of Khangchendzonga National Park. It is considered one of the most sacred monasteries in Sikkim. Tholung literally means Areasima place or Areasima country.This gompa was originally constructed during the beginning of 18th century by Chogyal Phuntsog Namgyal II. It includes unique and prized manuscripts and relics from other gompas that were placed there for protection at the time of the Nepalese invasion of the area during the end of the 17th and beginning of the 19th centuries. The monastery contains a metal Chorten, in which encloses the ashes of an incarnate of the revered Lama Latsun Chembo. All of these artifacts are contained within over a dozen boxes supervised by the Government of Sikkim. Every three years, the artifacts are unveiled to the public during the Kamsil Ceremony in April.It follows the Nyingmapa school of Tibetan Buddhism. It is a World Heritage Property.

Tourism in Mizoram

Mizoram is a state in the northeast of India. Mizoram is considered by many as a beautiful place due to its dramatic landscape and pleasant climate. There have been many attempts to increase revenue through tourism but many potential tourists find the lack of amenities to be a hurdle. However, the State continues to promote itself and many projects have been initiated. The tourism ministry continues to maintain or upgrade its tourist lodges throughout the state. Foreign tourists are required to obtain an 'inner line permit' under the special permit before visiting. The permit can be obtained from Indian missions abroad for a limited number of days or direct from Mizoram Government authorities within India. The state is rich in bird diversity, which has the potentiality to make it a major birding destination. For Mrs Hume's pheasant (Syrmaticus humiae), Mizoram is a stronghold. There is also a rare record of the wild water buffalo from the state. There are several past records of the Sumatran rhinoceros from Mizoram, then Lushai Hills. The small population of wild elephants can be seen in Ngengpui and Dampa Sanctuaries. Some of the interesting sites are Mizo Poets' Square also known as Mizo Hlakungpui Mual in Mizo, the Great Megaliths locally known as 'Kawtchhuah Ropui'.

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