Muriel Mussells Seyfert

Muriel E. Mussells Seyfert (born Muriel Elizabeth Mussells, 3 February 1909 – 9 November 1997) was an American astronomer best known for discovery of "ring nebulae" (planetary nebulae) in the Milky Way while working at the Harvard College Observatory in 1936.

Muriel M. Seyfert
Muriel E Mussells Seyfert
BornFebruary 3, 1909
DiedNovember 9, 1997 (aged 88)
Resting placeHall County Memorial Park, Gainesville, GA
34°16′06″N 83°51′46″W / 34.26833°N 83.86278°W
Scientific career
FieldsAstronomer, Portrait artist

Early life

Muriel was born on 3 February 1909 in Danvers, Massachusetts, the daughter of George and Stella Mussells.[1]

Scientific contributions

Mussells Seyfert was employed as a human computer at the Harvard College Observatory. She is best known for discovery of new ring nebulae in the Milky Way.[2]

Personal life

Sylvia Mussells Lindsay, wife of Eric Mervyn Lindsay, was Muriel's sister. In May 20, 1935, she married Carl Keenan Seyfert[3] after whom the Seyfert galaxies and the Seyfert's Sextet were named. The couple had two children.


  1. ^ McFarland, John (1 February 2004). "A modern vision: Eric Lindsay at Armagh". Oxford Journal. 45 (1): 18–22. ISSN 1468-4004.
  2. ^ Fuller, Wesley (1936-03-16). "Muriel E. Mussells Seyfert (b. 1909)". SIA Collections. Smithsonian Institution Archives. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  3. ^ "Eric Mervyn Lindsay". Lindsay's International. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
List of women astronomers

The following is a list of astronomers, astrophysicists and other notable women who have made contributions to the field of astronomy.

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