Murcia

Murcia (/ˈmʊərsiə/, also US: /ˈmɜːrʃ(i)ə/,[3][4][5] Spanish: [ˈmuɾθja] (listen)) is a city in south-eastern Spain, the capital and most populous city of the Autonomous Community of the Region of Murcia, and the seventh largest city in the country, with a population of 447,182 inhabitants in 2018 (about one third of the total population of the Region). The population of the metropolitan area was 689,591 in 2010. It is located on the Segura River, in the Southeast of the Iberian Peninsula, noted by a climate with hot summers, mild winters, and relatively low precipitation.

Murcia was founded by the emir of Cordoba Abd ar-Rahman II in 825 with the name Mursiyah (Arabic: مرسية). Nowadays, it is mainly a services city and a university town. Highlights for visitors include the Cathedral of Murcia and a number of baroque buildings, renowned local cuisine, Holy Week procession works of art by the famous Murcian sculptor Francisco Salzillo, and the Fiestas de Primavera (Spring Festival).

The city, as the capital of the comarca Huerta de Murcia is called Europe's orchard due to its long agricultural tradition and its fruit, vegetable, and flower production and exports.

Murcia is located near the center of a low-lying fertile plain known as the huerta (orchard or vineyard) of Murcia. The Segura River and its right-hand tributary, the Guadalentín, run through the area. The city has an elevation of 43 metres (141 ft) above sea level and its municipality covers approximately 882 square kilometres (341 sq mi).

The best known and most dominant aspect of the municipal area's landscape is the orchard. In addition to the orchard and urban zones, the great expanse of the municipal area is made up of different landscapes: badlands, groves of Carrasco pine trees in the precoastal mountain ranges and, towards the south, a semi-steppe region. A large natural park, the Parque Regional de Carrascoy y el Valle, lies just to the south of the city.

Murcia
Cathedral Church of Saint Mary in Murcia
Coat of arms of Murcia

Coat of arms
Murcia is located in Murcia
Murcia
Murcia
Murcia is located in Spain
Murcia
Murcia
Coordinates: 37°59′10″N 1°7′49″W / 37.98611°N 1.13028°WCoordinates: 37°59′10″N 1°7′49″W / 37.98611°N 1.13028°W
CountrySpain
Autonomous communityMurcia
ProvinceMurcia
ComarcaHuerta de Murcia
Judicial districtMurcia
Founded825
Government
 • MayorJosé Ballesta Germán (2015) (PP)
Area
 • Municipality881.86 km2 (340.49 sq mi)
Elevation
43 m (141 ft)
Population
 (2018)[2]
 • Municipality447,182
 • Density510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Urban
502,000[1]
Demonym(s)Murciano/a
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
30001 to 30012
Dialing code968 / 868
WebsiteOfficial website

History

Monumento a Abderramán I en Murcia
Statue of Abd ar-Rahman II in Murcia
EntradadeJaimeIenMurcia
Entrance of James I of Aragon at Murcia in 1266

It is widely believed that Murcia's name is derived from the Latin words of Myrtea or Murtea, meaning land of myrtle (the plant is known to grow in the general area), although it may also be a derivation of the word Murtia, which would mean Murtius Village (Murtius was a common Roman name). Other research suggests that it may owe its name to the Latin Murtae (Mulberry), which covered the regional landscape for many centuries. The Latin name eventually changed into the Arabic Mursiya, and then, Murcia.

The city in its present location was founded with the name Madinat Mursiyah (city of Murcia) in AD 825 by Abd ar-Rahman II, who was then the emir of Córdoba.[6] Umayyad planners, taking advantage of the course of the river Segura, created a complex network of irrigation channels that made the town's agricultural existence prosperous. In the 12th century the traveler and writer Muhammad al-Idrisi described the city of Murcia as populous and strongly fortified. After the fall of the Caliphate of Córdoba in 1031, Murcia passed under the successive rules of the powers seated variously at Almería and Toledo, but finally became capital of its own kingdom with Ibn Tahir.[6] After the fall of the Almoravide empire, Muhammad Ibn Mardanis made Murcia the capital of a new independent kingdom. At this time, Murcia was a very prosperous city, famous for its ceramics, exported to Italian towns, as well as for silk and paper industries, the first in Europe. The coinage of Murcia was considered as model in all the continent. The mystic Ibn Arabi (1165–1240)[7] and the poet Ibn al-Jinan (d.1214) were born in Murcia during this period.

In 1172 Murcia was conquered by the north African based Almohades, the last Muslim empire to rule southern Spain,[6] and as the forces of the Christian Reconquista gained the upper hand, was the capital of a small Muslim emirate from 1223 to 1243. By the treaty of Alcaraz, in 1243, the Christian king Ferdinand III of Castile made Murcia a protectorate, getting access to the Mediterranean sea while Murcia was protected against Granada and Aragon.[6] The Christian population of the town became the majority as immigrants poured in from almost all parts of the Iberian Peninsula. Christian immigration was encouraged with the goal of establishing a loyal Christian base. These measures led to the Muslim popular revolt in 1264, which was quelled by James I of Aragon in 1266, conquering Murcia and bringing Aragonese and Catalan immigrants with him.

After this, during the reign of Alfonso X of Castile, Murcia was one of his capitals with Toledo and Seville.

The Murcian duality: Catalan population in a Castillian territory, brought the subsequent conquest of the city by James II of Aragon in 1296. In 1304, Murcia was finally incorporated into Castile under the Treaty of Torrellas.[8]

Murcia's prosperity declined as the Mediterranean lost trade to the ocean routes and from the wars between the Christians and the Ottoman Empire. The old prosperity of Murcia became crises during 14th century because of its border location with the neighbouring Muslim kingdom of Granada, but flourished after its conquest in 1492 and again in the 18th century, benefiting greatly from a boom in the silk industry. Most of the modern city's landmark churches, monuments and old architecture date from this period. In this century, Murcia lived an important role in Bourbon victory in the War of the Spanish Succession, thanks to Cardinal Belluga. In 1810, Murcia was looted by Napoleonic troops; it then suffered a major earthquake in 1829. According to contemporaneous accounts, an estimated 6,000 people died from the disaster's effects across the province. Plague and cholera followed.

Huertos del malecon
Murcia Flood in 1879

The town and surrounding area suffered badly from floods in 1651, 1879, and 1907, though the construction of a levee helped to stave off the repeated floods from the Segura. A popular pedestrian walkway, the Malecon, runs along the top of the levee.

Murcia has been the capital of the province of Murcia since 1833 and, with its creation by the central government in 1982, capital of the autonomous community (which includes only the city and the province). Since then, it has become the seventh most populated municipality in Spain, and a thriving services city.

The 5.1 Mw Lorca earthquake shook the Region of Murcia with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VII (Very strong) on May 11, 2011. Nine people were killed and over 400 were injured.

Geography

Segura River

The Segura River crosses an alluvial plain (Vega Media del Segura), part of a Mediterranean pluvial system. The river crosses the city from west to east. Its volumetric flow is mostly small but the river is known to produce occasional flooding, like the times when the capital was inundated, in 1946, 1948, 1973 and 1989.

Murcia1 tango7174
Murcia is located in the Segura valley

Mountains and hills

The Segura river's Valley is surrounded by two mountain ranges, the hills of Guadalupe, Espinardo, Cabezo de Torres, Esparragal and Monteagudo in the north and the Cordillera Sur in the south. The municipality itself is divided into southern and northern zones by a series of mountain ranges, the aforementioned Cordillera Sur (Carrascoy, El Puerto, Villares, Columbares, Altaona, and Escalona). These two zones are known as Field of Murcia (in the south of Cordillera Sur) and Orchard of Murcia (the Segura Valley in the north of Cordillera Sur). Near the plain's center, the steep hill of Monteagudo protrudes dramatically.

Districts

The 881.86-square-kilometre (340.49 sq mi) territory of Murcia's municipality is made up of 54 pedanías (suburban districts) and 28 barrios (city neighbourhood districts).[9] The barrios make up the 12.86-square-kilometre (4.97 sq mi) the main urban portion of the city. The historic city center is approximately 3 square kilometres (1 sq mi) of the urbanized downtown portion of Murcia.

District Population[10]
La Albatalía 2,023
La Alberca 12,528
Aljucer 7,620
Alquerías 6,033
La Arboleja 2,079
Baños y Mendigo 581
Barqueros 1,047
Beniaján 10,916
Cabezo de Torres 12,885
Cañada Hermosa 189
Cañadas de San Pedro 340
Carrascoy 96
Casillas 4,743
Churra 7,614
Cobatillas 2,508
Corvera 2,457
Los Dolores 4,787
Era Alta 3,090
El Esparragal 7,188
Garre y Lages 7,393
Gea y Truyols 1,055
Javalí Nuevo 3,253
Javalí Viejo 2,255
Jerónimo y Avileses y Balsicas de Arriba 1,470
Lobosillo 1,930
Llano de Brujas 5,639
Los Martínez del Puerto 821
Monteagudo 3,861
Nonduermas 2,290
La Ñora 4,802
El Palmar 23,107
Puebla de Soto 1,765
Puente Tocinos 16,418
El Puntal 6,622
El Raal 6,311
Los Ramos 3,290
La Raya 2,221
Rincón Beniscornia 939
Rincón de Seca 2,232
San Benito 13,900
San Ginés 2,598
San José de la Vega 4,605
Sangonera la Seca 5,521
Sangonera la Verde 11,296
Santa Cruz 2,543
Santiago y Zaraiche 9,827
Santo Ángel 4,851
Sucina 2,014
Torreagüera 8,853
Valladolises y Lo Jurado 687
Zarandona 6,817
Zeneta 1,793

Climate

Murcia has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification: BSh).[11] Given its proximity to the Mediterranean Sea, it has warm winters and hot summers.

It averages more than 320 days of sun per year[12]. Occasionally, Murcia has heavy rains where the precipitation for the entire year will fall over the course of a few days.

In the coldest month, January, the average temperature range is a high of 16.6 °C (62 °F) during the day and a low of 4.7 °C (40 °F) at night. In the warmest month, August, the range goes from 34.2 °C (94 °F) during the day to 20.9 °C (70 °F) at night. Temperatures almost always reach or exceed 40 °C (104 °F) on at least one or two days per year. In fact, Murcia holds close to the highest recorded in southern Europe since reliable meteorological records commenced in 1950. The official record for Murcia stands at 47.2 °C (117.0 °F), at Alcantarilla airport in the western suburbs on July 4, 1994 with 45.7 °C (114.3 °F) being recorded at a station near the city centre on the same day, being only lower than the 47.4 °C measured in Amareleja, Portugal.

Demographics

Ayuntamientodemurcia
Murcia town hall

Murcia has 433,850 inhabitants (INE 2008) making it the seventh-largest Spanish municipality by population. When adding in the municipalities of Alcantarilla, Alguazas, Beniel, Molina de Segura, Santomera, and Las Torres de Cotillas, the metropolitan area has 564,036 inhabitants making it the twelfth most populous metropolitan area in Spain. Nevertheless, due to Murcia's large municipal territory, its population density (472 hab./km², 760 hab./sq.mi.) does not likewise rank among Spain's highest.

According to the official population data of the INE, 10% of the population of the municipality reported belonging to a foreign nationality as of 2005.

The majority of the population identify as Christian. There is also a sizeable Muslim population as well as a growing Jewish community.

Main sights

Arcoarabedesantaclara
Arabic architecture of the Alcázar Seguir in Santa Clara Museum inside of Monasterio de Santa Clara la Real, constructed by Banu Hud in the 13th century.[14]

The Cathedral of Murcia was built between 1394 and 1465 in the Castilian Gothic style. Its tower was completed in 1792 and shows a blend of architectural styles. The first two stories were built in the Renaissance style (1521–1546), while the third is Baroque. The bell pavilion exhibits both Rococo and Neoclassical influences. The main façade (1736–1754) is considered a masterpiece of the Spanish Baroque style.[15]

Calle Trapería-Santo Domingo
Trapería Street in the old town
Elpuenteviejo
Murcia's oldest bridge of Puente de los Peligros

Other noteworthy buildings in the square shared by the Cathedral (Plaza Cardinal Belluga) are the colorful Bishop's Palace (18th century) and a controversial extension to the town hall by Rafael Moneo (built in 1999).

The Glorieta, which lies on the banks of the Segura River, has traditionally been the center of the town. It is a pleasant, landscaped city square that was constructed during the 18th century. The ayuntamiento (city hall) of Murcia is located in this square.

Pedestrian areas cover most of the old town of the city, which is centered around Platería and Trapería Streets. Trapería goes from the Cathedral to the Plaza de Santo Domingo, formerly a bustling market square. Located in Trapería is the Casino, a social club erected in 1847, with a sumptuous interior that includes a Moorish-style patio inspired by the royal chambers of the Alhambra near Granada. The name Plateria refers to plata (silver), as this street was the historical focus for the commerce of rare metals by Murcia's Jewish community. The other street, Traperia, refers to trapos, or cloths, as this was once the focus for the Jewish community's garment trade.

Several bridges of different styles span the river Segura, from the Puente de los Peligros, 18th century stone bridge with a Lady chapel on one of its sides; to modern bridges designed by Santiago Calatrava or Javier Manterola; through others such as the Puente Nuevo, an iron bridge of the early 20th century.

Castillo de Monteagudo
Castillo de Monteagudo

Other notable places around Murcia include:[16][17]

  • Santa Clara monastery, a Gothic and Baroque monument where is located a museum with the Moorish palace's remains from the 13th century, called Alcázar Seguir.
  • The Malecón boulevard, a former retaining wall for the Río Segura's floods.
  • La Fuensanta sanctuary and adjacent El Valle regional park
  • Los Jerónimos monastery (18th century)
  • Romea theatre (19th century)
  • Almudí Palace (17th century), a historic building with coats of arms on its façade. On its interior there are Tuscan columns, and since 1985 it hosts the city archives and usually houses exhibitions.
  • Monteagudo Castle (11th century)
  • Salzillo Museum
  • San Juan de Dios church-museum, Baroque and Rococo circular church with the remains of the Moorish palace mosque from the 12th century in the basement, called Alcázar Nasir.

In the metropolitan area are also the Azud de la Contraparada reservoir and the Noria de La Ñora water wheel.

Festivals

The Holy Week procession hosted by the city is among the most famous throughout Spain. This traditional festival portrays the events which lead up to and include the Crucifixion according to the New Testament. Life-sized, finely detailed sculptures by Francisco Salzillo (1707–1783) are removed from their museums and carried around the city in elegant processions amid flowers and, at night, candles, pausing at stations which are meant to re-enact the final moments before the crucifixion of Jesus.[18]

The most colorful festival in Murcia may come one week after Holy Week, when locals dress up in traditional huertano clothing to celebrate the Bando de la Huerta (Orchard parade) on Tuesday and fill the streets for The Burial of the Sardine in Murcia. parade the following Saturday. This whole week receives the name of Fiestas de Primavera (Spring Fest).[19]

Murcia's Three Cultures International Festival happens each May and was first organized with the intent of overcoming racism and xenophobia in the culture. The festival seeks to foster understanding and reconciliation between the three cultures that have cohabited the peninsula for centuries, if not millennia: Christians, Jews and Muslims. Each year, the festival celebrates these three cultures through music, exhibitions, symposiums and conferences.[20]

Economy

Casa Cerdá
Casa Cerdá in Santo Domingo square
Casino de Murcia
Casino of Murcia

Economically, Murcia predominantly acts as a centre for agriculture and tourism. It is common to find Murcia's tomatoes and lettuce, and especially lemons and oranges, in European supermarkets. Murcia is a producer of wines, with about 40,000 hectares (100,000 acres) devoted to grape vineyards. Most of the vineyards are located in Ricote and Jumilla. Jumilla is a plateau where the vineyards are surrounded by mountains.

Murcia has some industry, with foreign companies choosing it as a location for factories, such as Henry Milward & Sons (which manufactures surgical and knitting needles) and American firms like General Electric and Paramount Park Studios.

During the 2000s, the economy of the region turned towards "residential tourism" in which people from northern European countries have a second home in the area. Europeans and Americans are able to learn Spanish in the academies in the town center.

The economy of Murcia is supported by fairs and congresses, museums, theatres, cinema, music, aquariums, restaurants, hotels, shopping centres, campings, sports, foreign students, and tourism.

Transportation

By plane

Region of Murcia International Airport (RMU) is located 14 miles from the city centre, in the suburban district of Corvera. The airport operates several international and domestic routes. It was opened the 15th January 2019.

By bus

Bus service is provided by LatBus, which operates the interurban services. Urban bus services is offered by a new operator, TM(Transportes de Murcia), an UTE (Joint Venture) formed by Ruiz, Marín & Fernanbús.

By tram
Citadis 302 Tranvia de Murcia
Tram of Murcia

The Murcia tram is managed by Tranvimur. As of 2007, 2 kilometres (1 mile) of line were available. Since 2011, two lines connect the city center (Plaza Circular) with the University Campus and the Football Stadium. Line 1B or Line L connects the neighbourhood of Espinardo with the UCAM and Los Jerónimos.

By train

Train connections are provided by RENFE. Murcia has a railway station called Murcia del Carmen, located in the neighborhood of the same name. Several long-distance lines link the city with Madrid, through Albacete, as well as Valencia, and Catalonia up to Montpellier in France. Murcia is also the center of a local network. The line C-1 connects the city to Alicante, and the line C-2 connects Murcia to Alcantarilla, Lorca and Águilas. It also has a regional line connecting it to Cartagena and a medium-range linea to Valencia and Zaragoza.

Healthcare

The hospitals and other public primary healthcare centers belong to the Murcian Healthcare Service. There are three public hospitals in Murcia:

  • Ciudad Sanitaria Virgen de La Arrixaca in El Palmar that includes obstetrics and paediatrics units
  • Hospital Reina Sofía
  • Hospital Morales Meseguer

Education

Murcia has two universities:

There are several high schools, elementary schools, and professional schools. Murcia has three types of schools for children: private schools such as El Limonar International School, Murcia (a British international school) and King's College, Murcia (a British international school), semi-private schools (concertado), which are private schools that receive government funding and sometimes offer religious instruction, and public schools such as Colegio Publico (CP) San Pablo, IES Licenciado Francisco Cascales or the centenary CP Cierva Peñafiel, one of the oldest ones. The French international school, Lycée Français André Malraux de Murcie, is in nearby Molina de Segura.[21]

The private schools and concertados can be religious (Catholic mostly but any religion is acceptable) or secular, but the public schools are strictly secular. Concertado or semi-private or quasi-private schools fill a need by providing schools where the government isn't able to or predate the national school system.

Murcia also offers Adult Education for people who want to return to complete high school and possibly continue on to the university.

Notable people

Sports teams

Twin towns—Sister cities

Murcia is twinned with:[22]

See also

References

  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Murcia (town)". Encyclopædia Britannica. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 33.

Notes

  1. ^ Demographia: World Urban Areas – Demographia, 2015
  2. ^ "Municipal Register of Spain 2018". National Statistics Institute. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. ^ "Murcia". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Murcia" (US) and "Murcia". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  5. ^ "Murcia". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d "La invasión musulmana y el pacto de Teodomiro". Región de Murcia Digital (in Spanish). Fundación Integra. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
  7. ^ a b "The Meccan Revelations". World Digital Library. Library of Congress. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. 1900–1999. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  8. ^ "La Reconquista de Murcia". Región de Murcia Digital (in Spanish). Fundación Integra. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  9. ^ "Pedanías". Portal Ayuntamiento de Murcia (in Spanish). Ministerio de Industria, Turismo y Comercio. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  10. ^ "Nomenclátor o Población del Padrón Continuo por unidad poblacional". Instituto Nacional de Estadística (in Spanish). Retrieved 21 September 2018.
  11. ^ M. Kottek; J. Grieser; C. Beck; B. Rudolf; F. Rubel (2006). "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated". Meteorol. Z. 15: 259–263. doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130. Retrieved April 22, 2009.
  12. ^ "Murcia – Geography And Climate | The English knowledge database". science-train.com. Retrieved 2018-02-21.
  13. ^ a b "Guía resumida del clima en España (1981–2010)".
  14. ^ Boase, Roger (2017). Secrets of Pinar's Game (2 vols): Court Ladies and Courtly Verse in Fifteenth-Century Spain. BRILL. p. 755.
  15. ^ "Iglesia Catedral de Santa María-Historia – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-09-12.
  16. ^ "Monumentos y lugares" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-09-12.
  17. ^ "Museos – Portal Ayuntamiento de Murcia" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-09-15.
  18. ^ "Murcia – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-09-22.
  19. ^ "Concejalía de Cultura" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-09-22.
  20. ^ "Murcia Three Cultures International Festival | Murcia, Spain". Whatsonwhen. Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2011-04-10.
  21. ^ "Nous contacter" (in French). Lycée Français André Malraux de Murcie. Archived from the original on 2016-02-27. Retrieved 13 February 2016. Adresse: Avenida del Golf, 107 Urbanización Altorreal Apartado de correos 133 30506 MOLINA DE SEGURA (Provincia de Murcia) ESPAGNE
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h "Hermanamientos sí, pero con estrategia" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-09-22.
  23. ^ "Miasta partnerskie Łodzi". Urząd Miasta Łodzi (in Polish). City of Łódź. Archived from the original on 24 June 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2013.

Bibliography

See also: Bibliography of the history of Murcia

External links

CB Murcia

Club Baloncesto Murcia, S.A.D., more commonly referred to as UCAM Murcia, is a professional basketball team based in Murcia, Spain. The team plays in the Liga ACB and the Champions League. It plays their home games at Palacio de Deportes.

Cartagena, Spain

Cartagena (Spanish pronunciation: [kaɾtaˈxena]; Latin: Carthago Nova) is a Spanish city and a major naval station located in the Region of Murcia, by the Mediterranean coast, south-eastern Spain. As of January 2018, it has a population of 213,943 inhabitants, being the Region’s second-largest municipality and the country’s sixth-largest non-Province-capital city. The metropolitan area of Cartagena, known as Campo de Cartagena, has a population of 409,586 inhabitants.

Cartagena has been inhabited for over two millennia, being founded around 227 BC by the Carthaginian Hasdrubal the Fair as Qart Hadasht (Phoenician, meaning 'New Town'), the same name as the original city of Carthage. The city had its heyday during the Roman Empire, when it was known as Carthago Nova (the New Carthage) and Carthago Spartaria, capital of the province of Carthaginensis. It was one of the important cities during the Umayyad invasion of Hispania, under its Arabic name of Qartayannat al-Halfa.Much of the historical weight of Cartagena in the past goes to its coveted defensive port, one of the most important in the western Mediterranean. Cartagena has been the capital of the Spanish Navy's Maritime Department of the Mediterranean since the arrival of the Spanish Bourbons in the 18th century. As far back as the 16th century it was one of the most important naval ports in Spain, together with Ferrol in the North. It is still an important naval seaport, the main military haven of Spain, and is home to a large naval shipyard.

The confluence of civilizations as well as its strategic harbour, together with the rise of the local mining industry is manifested by a unique artistic heritage, with a number of landmarks such as the Roman Theatre, the second largest of the Iberian Peninsula after the one in Mérida, an abundance of Phoenician, Roman, Byzantine and Moorish remains, and a plethora of Art Nouveau buildings, a result of the bourgeoisie from the early 20th century. Cartagena is now established as a major cruise ship destination in the Mediterranean and an emerging cultural focus.

It is the first of a number of cities that eventually have been named Cartagena, most notably Cartagena de Indias (Cartagena of the Indies) in Colombia.

Ciudad de Murcia

Club de Fútbol Ciudad de Murcia, usually abbreviated to Ciudad de Murcia, was a Spanish football club based in Murcia, in the namesake autonomous community. They played at the 16,000-seater Estadio de La Condomina.

Ciudad Murcia was relocated to Granada and renamed Granada 74 CF after the end of the 2006–07 season.

Coat of arms

A coat of arms is a heraldic visual design on an escutcheon (i.e., shield), surcoat, or tabard. The coat of arms on an escutcheon forms the central element of the full heraldic achievement which in its whole consists of shield, supporters, crest, and motto. A coat of arms is traditionally unique to an individual person, family, state, organization or corporation.

The Roll of Arms is a collection of many coats of arms, and since the early Modern Age centuries it has been a source of information for public showing and tracing the membership of a noble family, and therefore its genealogy across time.

Divisiones Regionales de Fútbol in the Region of Murcia

The Divisiones Regionales de Fútbol in the Region of Murcia.

Preferente Autonómica de la Región de Murcia (Level 5)

Primera Autonómica de Murcia (Level 6)

Segunda Autonómica de Murcia (Level 7)

FC Cartagena

Fútbol Club Cartagena, S.A.D. is a Spanish football team based in Cartagena, in the autonomous community of Murcia. Founded in 1995 it currently plays in Segunda División B, holding home games at Estadio Cartagonova, with a capacity of 15,105 spectators.

The club is considered to be a continuation of Cartagena CF, founded in 1919.

Felipe Mesones

Felipe Mesones Temperán (9 February 1936 – 15 December 2017) was an Argentine football right winger and coach.

José Murcia

José 'Pepe' Murcia González (born 3 December 1964) is a Spanish football coach. He is the current manager of Qatari club Al-Shahania SC.

Murcia–San Javier Airport

Murcia–San Javier Airport (IATA: MJV, ICAO: LELC) is a military air base and former civilian passenger airport located in San Javier, 26 miles (42 km) southeast of Murcia, Spain. It is owned by the Spanish Air Force. It was replaced (after several delays) by the new Región de Murcia International Airport, when it opened on 15 January 2019.

Ovie Soko

Ovie Paul Soko (born 7 February 1991) is a British professional basketball player who last played for UCAM Murcia of the Liga ACB. Soko played college basketball for the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) and Duquesne University. He entered the 2014 NBA draft but he was not selected in the draft's two rounds. Soko's background is of the Urhobo people ethnic group in Nigeria. In 2019, he began appearing on the fifth series of the ITV2 dating reality series Love Island.

Real Murcia

Real Murcia Club de Fútbol, S.A.D., commonly known as Real Murcia ([reˈal ˈmuɾθja], "Royal Murcia"), is a Spanish football club based in Murcia, in the namesake region. Founded in 8 February 1908, it currently plays in Segunda División B – Group 4, playing home matches at Estadio Nueva Condomina, which holds 31,179 spectators.

In domestic football, the club has won a record 9 Segunda División titles.

Home colours are mainly scarlet shirt and white shorts.

In 2018, after facing financial difficulties, the club started a crowdfunding campaign to sell shares, with people all around the world becoming minority shareholders, including Marco Risi and Kristian Faraglia who currently own 0.1% of the club.

Real Murcia Imperial

Real Murcia Club de Fútbol "B", known as Real Murcia Imperial is a Spanish football team based in Murcia, in the namesake community. Founded in 1922, it is the reserve team of Real Murcia and plays in Tercera División – Group 13, holding home games at Campo de Fútbol Campus Universitario, with a 1,000-seat capacity.

Region of Murcia

The Region of Murcia (, also US: ; Spanish: Región de Murcia [reˈxjon de ˈmuɾθja]), is an autonomous community of Spain located in the southeast of the state, between Andalusia and the Valencian Community, on the Mediterranean coast.

The autonomous community consists of a single province, unlike most autonomous communities, which have several provinces within the same territory. Because of this, the autonomous community and the province are operated as one unit of government. The city of Murcia is the capital of the region and seat of government organs, except for the parliament, the Regional Assembly of Murcia, which is located in Cartagena. The autonomous community and province is subdivided into municipalities.The Region of Murcia is bordered by Andalusia (the provinces of Almería and Granada), Castile–La Mancha (the province of Albacete, which was historically connected to Murcia until 1980), the Valencian Community (province of Alicante), and the Mediterranean Sea. The community covers 11,313 km² in area and has a population of 1.4 million. About one-third of its population lives in the capital. Its highest mountain is Los Obispos, which measures 2,015 m high.

The region is a major producer of fruits, vegetables, and flowers for the rest of Spain and Europe. Wineries have developed near the towns of Bullas, Yecla, and Jumilla, as well as olive oil near Moratalla. Murcia is mainly a warm region which has made it very suitable for agriculture. However the precipitation level is low and water supply is a hot subject today since, in addition to the traditional water demand for crops, there is now also a demand of water for the booming tourist developments. Water is supplied by the Segura River and, since the 1970s, by the Tajo transvasement, a major civil engineering project which, under some environmental and sustainability restraints, brings water from the Tajo into the Segura.

Segunda División

The Segunda División, officially known as La Liga 2 and stylized as La Liga 1|2|3 for sponsorship reasons, is the men's second professional association football division of the Spanish football league system. Administrated by the Liga de Fútbol Profesional (LFP), it is contested by 22 teams, with the top two teams plus the winner of a play-off promoted to La Liga and replaced by the three lowest-placed teams in that division.

Taifa of Murcia

The Taifa of Murcia was an Arab taifa of medieval Al-Andalus, in what is now southern Spain. It became independent as a taifa centered on the Moorish city of Murcia after the fall of the Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba (11th century). Moorish Taifa of Murcia included Albacete and part of Almería as well.

The taifa is apparently the one that existed the greatest number of separate time periods (five): from 1011 to 1014, from 1065 to 1078, in 1145, from 1147 to 1172 and finally from 1228 to 1266 when it was absorbed by Castile.

The Kingdom of Murcia later would become one of the kingdoms of the Crown of Castile.

UCAM Murcia CF

Universidad Católica de Murcia Club de Fútbol, commonly known as UCAM Murcia or simply UCAM, is a Spanish football club based in Murcia. Founded in 1999 it plays in Segunda División B – Group 4, holding home games at Estadio de La Condomina, with a capacity of 6,500 spectators.

University of Murcia

The University of Murcia (Spanish: Universidad de Murcia) is the main university in Murcia, Spain. With 38,000 students, it is the largest university in the Región de Murcia. The University of Murcia is the third oldest university in Spain, after the University of Salamanca (1218 AD) and the University of Valladolid (1241 AD), and the thirteenth in the world. The University of Murcia was established in 1272 by the King Alfonso X of Castile under the Crown of Castile.

The majority of the University's facilities and buildings are spread over two campuses: the older is La Merced, situated in the town centre, and the larger is Espinardo, just 5 km to the north of Murcia. A third campus for Medical and Health Studies is currently being built next to the suburban area known as Ciudad Sanitaria Virgen de la Arrixaca, 5 km south of the city. A new campus had been made in San Javier too, that hosts the Sports Science faculty.

Vuelta a Murcia

The Vuelta Ciclista a Murcia (English: Tour of Murcia) is a road bicycle race held in and around Murcia, Spain. The first four editions were reserved to amateurs. Originally the race was held in early March and consisted of five stages. However, due to Spain's financial turmoil, the race was scaled back to three stages in 2011 and two stages in 2012. From 2013 to 2018 the Vuelta a Murcia was organised as a single-day race and shifted to mid-February on the international calendar. In 2019 the race was expanded to two stages. It is part of the UCI Europe Tour as a 2.1 event.

Climate data for Murcia (1981–2010), extremes (1930–)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.2
(81.0)
30.9
(87.6)
33.6
(92.5)
37.4
(99.3)
42.6
(108.7)
44
(111)
47.2
(117.0)
44.8
(112.6)
44.6
(112.3)
37.2
(99.0)
31.0
(87.8)
27.0
(80.6)
47.2
(117.0)
Average high °C (°F) 16.6
(61.9)
18.4
(65.1)
20.9
(69.6)
23.3
(73.9)
26.6
(79.9)
31.0
(87.8)
34.0
(93.2)
34.2
(93.6)
30.4
(86.7)
25.6
(78.1)
20.3
(68.5)
17.2
(63.0)
24.9
(76.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.6
(51.1)
12.2
(54.0)
14.3
(57.7)
16.5
(61.7)
20.0
(68.0)
24.2
(75.6)
27.2
(81.0)
27.6
(81.7)
24.2
(75.6)
19.8
(67.6)
14.6
(58.3)
11.5
(52.7)
18.6
(65.5)
Average low °C (°F) 4.7
(40.5)
5.9
(42.6)
7.7
(45.9)
9.7
(49.5)
13.3
(55.9)
17.4
(63.3)
20.3
(68.5)
20.9
(69.6)
18.0
(64.4)
13.9
(57.0)
8.9
(48.0)
5.8
(42.4)
12.3
(54.1)
Record low °C (°F) −7.5
(18.5)
−3.9
(25.0)
−2.4
(27.7)
0.0
(32.0)
4.0
(39.2)
8.0
(46.4)
13.0
(55.4)
14.0
(57.2)
9.6
(49.3)
4.4
(39.9)
−1.0
(30.2)
−6.0
(21.2)
−7.5
(18.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 27
(1.1)
27
(1.1)
30
(1.2)
25
(1.0)
28
(1.1)
18
(0.7)
3
(0.1)
8
(0.3)
32
(1.3)
36
(1.4)
32
(1.3)
29
(1.1)
297
(11.7)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 4 4 3 4 4 2 1 1 3 4 4 4 37
Average relative humidity (%) 65 63 59 53 52 49 50 54 59 64 65 68 58
Mean monthly sunshine hours 189 190 223 256 289 323 353 317 239 217 186 172 2,967
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[13]
Climate data for Murcia—San Javier (Airport 4 m, near sea) (1981–2010), extremes (1930–)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 26.2
(79.2)
27.8
(82.0)
30.0
(86.0)
32.0
(89.6)
34.5
(94.1)
36.9
(98.4)
40.5
(104.9)
40.0
(104.0)
39.4
(102.9)
35.5
(95.9)
30.0
(86.0)
27.0
(80.6)
40.5
(104.9)
Average high °C (°F) 16.0
(60.8)
16.7
(62.1)
18.5
(65.3)
20.4
(68.7)
22.9
(73.2)
26.4
(79.5)
28.9
(84.0)
29.5
(85.1)
27.5
(81.5)
24.0
(75.2)
19.8
(67.6)
17.6
(63.7)
22.3
(72.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.8
(51.4)
11.6
(52.9)
13.4
(56.1)
15.3
(59.5)
18.4
(65.1)
22.2
(72.0)
24.8
(76.6)
25.5
(77.9)
23.2
(73.8)
19.4
(66.9)
14.9
(58.8)
11.9
(53.4)
17.6
(63.7)
Average low °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
6.5
(43.7)
8.4
(47.1)
10.2
(50.4)
13.8
(56.8)
17.9
(64.2)
20.7
(69.3)
21.5
(70.7)
18.9
(66.0)
14.7
(58.5)
10.0
(50.0)
6.8
(44.2)
12.9
(55.2)
Record low °C (°F) −3.8
(25.2)
−4.0
(24.8)
−3.0
(26.6)
1.0
(33.8)
4.8
(40.6)
9.5
(49.1)
11.0
(51.8)
12.0
(53.6)
7.9
(46.2)
4.0
(39.2)
−1.5
(29.3)
−5.4
(22.3)
−5.4
(22.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 42
(1.7)
27
(1.1)
24
(0.9)
23
(0.9)
25
(1.0)
7
(0.3)
2
(0.1)
7
(0.3)
39
(1.5)
39
(1.5)
47
(1.9)
30
(1.2)
313
(12.3)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 4 3 3 3 3 1 0 1 3 4 4 4 33
Mean monthly sunshine hours 173 171 206 224 266 288 307 283 224 200 162 156 2,621
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[13]

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