Municipio (Spanish: [muniˈθipjo], Italian: [muniˈtʃiːpjo]) and município (Portuguese: [muniˈsipiu]) are country subdivisions in Italy and several Hispanophone and Lusophone nations, respectively. They are often translated as "municipality". In the English language, a municipality often is defined as relating to a single city or town; however, in Spanish, the term "municipio" may not mean a single city or town, but rather a jurisdiction housing several towns and cities, like a township, county, borough or civil parish. The Italian term "municipalità" refers either to a single city or a group of cities and towns in a township, but the Portuguese use is almost entirely restricted to group of cities or towns like in a county, township and so forth.
|Country||Term||Detailed article||Administered by||Comment|
|Angola||Município is used||Municipalities of Angola|
|Argentina||Municipio is used||Municipalities of Argentina||According to laws of the provinces|
|Bolivia||Municipio is used||Municipalities of Bolivia||Below the provinces|
|Brazil||Município is used||Municipalities of Brazil||Município with elected Prefeito (mayor) and Vereador (plural: Vereadores) (councilors)|
|Chile||Comuna is used||Communes of Chile||Municipalidad with elected alcalde (mayor) and councilors|
|Colombia||Municipio is used||Municipalities of Colombia||Below departments|
|Costa Rica||Municipalidad is used||Municipalities of Costa Rica||Coterminous with the Cantones|
|Cuba||Municipio is used||Municipalities of Cuba|
|Dominican Republic||Municipio is used||Municipalities of the Dominican Republic||ayuntamiento (elected municipal council) and síndico (mayor)|
|Ecuador||Municipalidad is used||Municipalities of Ecuador|
|El Salvador||Municipio is used||Municipalities of El Salvador||Alcalde||Below departments|
|Guatemala||Municipio is used||Municipalities of Guatemala||Municipalidad||Below departments|
|Honduras||Municipalidad is used||Municipalities of Honduras||Alcalde||Below departments|
|Italy||Municipalità (municipio is the comune hall, the building housing the government.)
Municipio is also a station on the Naples Metro.
|Municipalities of Italy||Sometimes a subdivision of comune[a]|
|Mexico||Municipio is used||Municipalities of Mexico||Ayuntamiento, headed by a municipal president||Below states|
|Nicaragua||Municipio is used||Municipalities of Nicaragua||Alcalde||Below departments|
|Paraguay||Municipalidad is used||Municipalities of Paraguay|
|Peru||Municipalidad is used||Municipalities of Peru|
|Philippines||Municipalidad (Spanish), Munisipalidad, or Munisipyo (Tagalog and Cebuano)||Municipalities of the Philippines||alkalde (informal expression for mayor) and councilors (konsehal, a Spanish loanword in local languages)||Below provinces|
|Portugal||Município is used (also called concelho)||Municipalities of Portugal||Câmara Municipal (executive) and Assembleia Municipal (legislative)|
|Puerto Rico||Municipio is used||Municipalities of Puerto Rico||Alcalde and municipal legislature|
|Spain||Municipio is used[b]||Municipalities of Spain||Ayuntamiento, headed by an alcalde or Presidente de la Corporación|
|Uruguay||Municipio is used||Municipalities of Uruguay||Alcaldía (municipal council), headed by an alcalde|
|Venezuela||Municipio is used||Municipalities of Venezuela||Consejo Municipal (municipal council) with separately elected alcalde and independent comptroller||Below state|
English: township - borough - county - township line
Armazém is a municipality in the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina. Is located at latitude 28º15'43" south and longitude 49º01'03" west, with an altitude of 30 meters. The city's streets are embellished with manicured gardens. Armazém has an area of 138.6 km ² and was emancipated from the city of Tubarão on December 19, 1958.Canaã
Canaã (Portuguese for "Canaan") is a municipality (município) in the state of Minas Gerais in Brazil. The population is 4,713 (2015 est.) in an area of 175 km².Chayanta Municipality
Chayanta Municipality is the second municipal section of the Rafael Bustillo Province in the Bolivian Potosí Department. It was created on October 8, 1908, during the presidency of Ismael Montes and is now one of four (until June 2009: three) municipalities of the province. Its seat is Chayanta.Comune
The comune (Italian pronunciation: [koˈmuːne]; plural: comuni [koˈmuːni]) is a basic administrative division in Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality.Frazione
"Frazione" (Italian pronunciation: [fratˈtsjoːne]; pl. frazioni [fratˈtsjoːni]) is the Italian name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a comune; for other administrative divisions, see municipio, circoscrizione, quartiere. It is cognate to the English word fraction, but in practice is roughly equivalent to "parishes" or "wards" in other countries.Fundação Educacional do Município de Assis
The Instituto Municipal de Ensino Superior de Assis (IMESA) (or in English Assis's Municipal Institute of Higher Education) is a city university in the city of Assis in Brazil. It is governed by the Fundação Educacional do Município de Assis and was founded in 1985 and is controlled by Prefeitura Municipal de Assis. IMESA have 15 undergraduate and 4 postgraduate courses.
The president of IMESA is Teacher Master Eduardo Augusto Vella Gonçalves and from FEMA is Teacher Doctor Ulysses Telles Guariba NettoGovernment of Pichilemu
The Government of Pichilemu comprises the Mayor of Pichilemu and Pichilemu City Council. They are housed within Pichilemu town hall.Jussara, Bahia
Jussara, Bahia é um Município do Estado da Bahia na Região Nordeste do Brasil.Medellín Municipality, Veracruz
Medellín Municipality is a municipality in the state of Veracruz, Mexico. It is located in central zone of Veracruz, about 100 km from state capital Xalapa. It has a surface of 370.14 km2.
The municipality of Medellín is delimited to the north by Veracruz, to the north-east by Boca del Río, to the east by Alvarado, to the south by Tlalixcoyan and to the west by Jamapa.Municipalidad
Municipalidad (Spanish pronunciation: [munisipaliˈðað]) is a Spanish term for municipality used in many Latin American countries such as Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru , the
Philippines, and Puerto Rico. It refers to the governing body of a particular territory and not to the territory, which is often referred to as "municipio".
In Chile the territory governed is called a "comuna", which is the third-level administrative division of the country.Municipalities of Mexico
Municipalities (municipios in Spanish) are the second-level administrative divisions of Mexico, where the first-level administrative division is the state (Spanish: estado). As of the establishment of two new municipalities in Chiapas in September 2017, there are 2,448 municipalities in Mexico, not including the 16 delegaciones of Mexico City. The internal political organization and their responsibilities are outlined in the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution and detailed in the constitutions of the states to which they belong. Municipalities are distinct from cities, a form of Mexican locality, some municipalities as large as states, while cities can be measured in city blocks.Municipalities of Spain
The municipalities of Spain (Spanish: municipios, IPA: [muniˈθipjos], Catalan: municipis, Galician: concellos, Basque: udalerriak, Asturian: conceyos; sing. municipio) are the basic level of Spanish local government.Municipality
A municipality is usually a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished (usually) from the county, which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns, villages and hamlets.
The term municipality may also mean the governing or ruling body of a given municipality. A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district.
The term is derived from French municipalité and Latin municipalis. The English word municipality derives from the Latin social contract municipium (derived from a word meaning "duty holders"), referring to the Latin communities that supplied Rome with troops in exchange for their own incorporation into the Roman state (granting Roman citizenship to the inhabitants) while permitting the communities to retain their own local governments (a limited autonomy).
A municipality can be any political jurisdiction from a sovereign state, such as the Principality of Monaco, to a small village, such as West Hampton Dunes, New York.
The territory over which a municipality has jurisdiction may encompass
only one populated place such as a city, town, or village
several of such places (e.g., early jurisdictions in the U.S. state of New Jersey (1798–1899) as townships governing several villages, Municipalities of Mexico, Municipalities of Colombia)
only parts of such places, sometimes boroughs of a city such as the 34 municipalities of Santiago, Chile.Puerto Rico statistical areas
The statistical areas of the United States and Puerto Rico comprise the metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), the micropolitan statistical areas (μSAs), and the combined statistical areas (CSAs) currently defined by the United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB).
Most recently on December 1, 2009, the Office of Management and Budget defined 16 statistical areas for the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, including three combined statistical areas, eight metropolitan statistical areas, and five micropolitan statistical areas. The table below shows the recent population of these statistical areas and the 78 municipios of Puerto Rico.Rioni of Rome
A rione of Rome (Italian pronunciation: [riˈoːne], pl. rioni) is a traditional administrative division of the city of Rome. "Rione" is an Italian term used since the 14th century to name a district of a town. The term was born in Rome, originating from the administrative divisions of the city. The word comes from the Latin word regio (pl. regiones, meaning region); during the Middle Ages the Latin word became rejones, from which rione comes. Currently, all the rioni are located in Municipio I of Rome.Taretan
Taretan is a municipality located in the central part of the Mexican state of Michoacán. The municipality has an area of 185.23 square kilometres (0.56% of the surface of the state) and is bordered to the north by the municipality of Ziracuaretiro, to the east by Salvador Escalante and Ario, to the south by Gabriel Zamora and Nuevo Urecho, and to the west by Uruapan The municipality had a population of 12,294 inhabitants according to the 2005 census. Its municipal seat is the city of the same name.Tocos do Moji
Tocos do Moji is a municipality (município) in the state of Minas Gerais in Brazil. The population is 4,124 (2015 est.) in an area of 115 km².Turco Municipality
Turco Municipality is the second municipal section of the Sajama Province in the Oruro Department in Bolivia, and was founded on February 15, 1957. Its seat is Turco, situated 154 km west of Oruro at an altitude of 3,860 m. The municipality covers an area of 3,973 km², not taking into account the area of Laca Laca Canton.It is bordered to the north by the Curahuara de Carangas Municipality and San Pedro de Totora Province, to the south by the Litoral and Sabaya Provinces, to the west by Chile and to the east by the Carangas Province (Qhurqhi (Corque) and Chuqi Quta (Choquecota) Municipalities).