Municipalities of Baja California Sur

Baja California Sur is a state in Northwest Mexico that is divided into five municipalities.[1] According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, Baja California Sur is the second least populous state with 712,029 inhabitants and the 11th largest by land area spanning 74,745.12 square kilometres (28,859.25 sq mi).[1][2]

Municipalities in Baja California Sur are administratively autonomous of the state according to the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution of Mexico.[3] Every three years, citizens elect a municipal president (Spanish: presidente municipal) by a plurality voting system who heads a concurrently elected municipal council (ayuntamiento) responsible for providing all the public services for their constituents. The municipal council consists of a variable number of trustees and councillors (regidores y síndicos).[4] Municipalities are responsible for public services (such as water and sewerage), street lighting, public safety, traffic, supervision of slaughterhouses and the maintenance of public parks, gardens and cemeteries.[5] They may also assist the state and federal governments in education, emergency fire and medical services, environmental protection and maintenance of monuments and historical landmarks. Since 1984, they have had the power to collect property taxes and user fees, although more funds are obtained from the state and federal governments than from their own income.[5]

The largest municipality by population in Baja California Sur is Los Cabos, with 287,671 residents, and the smallest is Loreto with 18,912 residents.[1] The largest municipality by area in Baja California Sur and second largest in Mexico is Mulegé, which spans 32,111.91 km2 (12,398.48 sq mi), while Los Cabos is the smallest at 3,760.02 km2 (1,451.75 sq mi).[2] The first municipality to incorporate was Loreto on July 2, 1822, and the newest municipality is Los Cabos which incorporated April 10, 1980.[6]

Baja California Sur in Mexico
Map of Mexico with Baja California Sur highlighted
Municipalities of Baja California Sur


Downtown San Jose del Cabo, BCS, Mexico, Feb 2012

Downtown San José del Cabo, the largest municipality by population in Baja California Sur


La Paz, Baja California Sur's state capital and second largest municipality by population


Downtown Ciudad Constitución in Comondú, the third largest municipality by population in Baja California Sur

State capital State capital

Name Municipal seat Population
Change Land area[2] Population density
Incorporation date[6]
km2 sq mi
Comondú Ciudad Constitución 72,564 70,816 +2.5% 18,367.99 7,091.92 4.0/km2 (10.2/sq mi) April 22, 1850
La PazState capital La Paz 272,711 251,871 +8.3% 15,868.46 6,126.85 17.2/km2 (44.5/sq mi) February 16, 1831
Loreto Loreto 18,912 16,738 +13.0% 4,636.74 1,790.25 4.1/km2 (10.6/sq mi) July 2, 1822
Los Cabos San José del Cabo 287,671 238,487 +20.6% 3,760.02 1,451.75 76.5/km2 (198.2/sq mi) April 10, 1980
Mulegé Santa Rosalía 60,171 59,114 +1.8% 32,111.91 12,398.48 1.9/km2 (4.9/sq mi) April 22, 1850
Baja California Sur 712,029 637,026 +11.8% 74,745.12 28,859.25 9.5/km2 (24.7/sq mi)
Mexico[9] 119,938,473 112,336,538 +6.8% 1,972,550 761,606 60.8/km2 (157.5/sq mi)


  1. ^ a b c d "Número de habitantes". INEGI (National Institute of Statistics and Geography). Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "Unidad de Microrregiones Cédulas de Información Municipal (SCIM)" (in Spanish). Secretaría de Desarrollo Social. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
  3. ^ "Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos". Article 115,  of 1917 (in Spanish). Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  4. ^ OECD (November 12, 2004). New Forms of Governance for Economic Development. OECD Publishing. p. 121. ISBN 9264015329.
  5. ^ a b International Business Publications (2009). Mexico Company Laws and Regulations Handbook. p. 42. ISBN 1-4330-7030-8.
  6. ^ a b Estado de Baja California Sur. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. p. 67. ISBN 970-13-1491-3.
  7. ^ "Tabulados de la Encuesta Intercensal 2015" (xls) (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  8. ^ "Localidades y su población por municipio según tamaño de localidad" (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  9. ^ "Población" (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
Comondú Municipality

Comondú is a municipality of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It had a population of 70,816 inhabitants in 2010 census (INEGI). With a land area of 16,858.3 km² (6,509.03 sq mi), it is the seventh-largest municipality in area in Mexico. The municipal seat is located in Ciudad Constitución.

The Spanish missions of San José de Comondú and San Luis Gonzaga are located in this municipality. Rocas Alijos, a group of tiny rocks that are 300 km west off the coast, are part of the municipality.

La Paz Municipality, Baja California Sur

La Paz is a municipality of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. Its area of 20,275 km² (7,828.2 sq mi) makes it the municipality in Mexico with the fourth-largest area. It had a population of 290,286 inhabitants in the 2015 census. Its municipal seat, also named La Paz, is the state capital.

Loreto Municipality, Baja California Sur

Loreto (Spanish ) is a municipality of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It was created in 1992 from the partition of the neighboring Comondú Municipality. The municipal seat is in the town of Loreto, which was the former capital of Las Californias during Spanish colonial times.

The 2010 census reported a population of 16,738, about 88 percent of whom lived in the town of Loreto. The municipality has an area of 4,311 km² (1,664.49 sq mi).

Los Cabos Municipality

Los Cabos (Spanish pronunciation: [los ˈkaβos]) is a municipality located at the southern tip of Mexico's Baja California Peninsula, in the state of Baja California Sur. It encompasses the two towns of Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo (the municipal seat) linked by a twenty-mile Resort Corridor of beach-front properties and championship golf courses. The area was remote and rural until the latter 20th century, when the Mexican government began to develop Cabo San Lucas for tourism, which then spread east to the municipal seat. The main draw is the climate and geography, where desert meets the sea, along with sport fishing, resorts and golf. This tourism is by far the main economic activity with over two million visitors per year. Over 1 million visit from the United States.

Mulegé Municipality

Mulegé is the northernmost municipality of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It is the second-largest municipality by area in the country (behind only Ensenada to the north), with an area of 32,092.2 km² (12,777 sq mi). In the census of 2010 it had a population of 59,114 inhabitants. Isla Natividad is part of the municipality.

The municipal seat is located in Santa Rosalía.

There is an initiative to split the municipality into two, with the division along the ridge dividing the current municipality, so that the Pacific side, which includes its largest city, Guerrero Negro, and also Villa Alberto Andrés Alvarado Arámburo, would be separated from the Gulf of California side, which includes Santa Rosalía and Mulegé.

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