The municipalities and cities (Serbian: општине и градови, romanized: opštine i gradovi) are the second level administrative subdivisions of Serbia. The country is divided into 145 municipalities (Serbian Latin: opštine, singular: opština; 38 in Southern and Eastern Serbia, 42 in Šumadija and Western Serbia, 37 in Vojvodina and 28 in Kosovo and Metohija) and 29 cities (Serbian Latin: gradovi, singular: grad; 9 in Southern and Eastern Serbia, 10 in Šumadija and Western Serbia, 8 in Vojvodina and one in Kosovo and Metohija), forming the basic level of local government.
A city may and may not be divided into city municipalities (Serbian Latin: gradske opštine, singular: gradska opština) depending on their size. Currently, there are six cities in Serbia with city municipalities: Belgrade, Novi Sad, Niš, Požarevac, Užice and Vranje comprise several city municipalities each, divided into "urban" (in the city proper) and "other" (suburban). There are 30 city municipalities (17 in Belgrade, 5 in Niš, and 2 each in Novi Sad, Požarevac, Užice and Vranje).
|Municipalities and cities of Serbia|
Општине и градови Србије
Opštine i gradovi Srbije
|Also known as:|
Opštine i gradovi
Municipalities and cities of Serbia
|Location||Republic of Serbia|
|Created by||Decree of 29 January 1992|
|Created||29 January 1992|
|Number||145 municipalities + 29 cities|
117 municipalities + 28 cities (de facto, excluding Kosovo[a]) (as of 2018)
|Populations||1,663 (Crna Trava) – 1,659,440 (Belgrade)|
|Areas||20 sq mi (51 km2) (Sremski Karlovci) – 1,245 sq mi (3,225 km2) (Belgrade)|
Like in many other countries, municipalities are the basic entities of local government in Serbia. The head of the municipality is the President of the municipality, while the executive power is held by the Municipal council, and legislative power by the Municipal assembly. Municipal assembly is elected on local elections (held every 4 years), while the President and the Council are elected by the Assembly. Municipalities have their own property (including public service companies) and budget. Only the cities officially have mayors (Serbian Latin: gradonačelnici), although the municipal presidents are often informally referred to as such.
The territory of a municipality is composed of a town (seat of the municipality) and surrounding villages (e.g. the territory of the Municipality of Čoka is composed of the town of Čoka, which is the seat of the municipality, and surrounding villages). The municipality bears the name of the seat town. Only one municipality (Municipality of Gora) does not share the name with the seat town, as the seat of that municipality is the town of Dragaš. This municipality is located in Kosovo, and thus exists only on paper. The territory of the municipality was merged with part of the Municipality of Prizren in 2000 by UNMIK to form new Municipality of Dragaš. This move is not recognised by Serbian Government (see Municipalities and cities of Kosovo section).
Advocates of reform of Serbian local self-government system point out that Serbian municipalities (with 50,000 citizens in average) are the largest in Europe, both by territory and number of residents, and as such can be inefficient in handling citizens' needs and distributing the income from the country budget into most relevant projects.
Cities are another type of local self-government. The territory with the city status usually has more than 100,000 inhabitants, but is otherwise very similar to municipality. There are 27 cities (Serbian Latin: gradovi, singular: grad), each having an assembly and budget of its own. Only the cities have mayors (Serbian Latin: gradonačelnici, singular: gradonačelnik), although the presidents of the municipalities are often referred to as "mayors" in everyday usage.
As with a municipality, the territory of a city is composed of a city proper and surrounding villages (e.g. the territory of the City of Subotica is composed of the Subotica town and surrounding villages). Every city (and municipality) is part of a district. The exception is the capital Belgrade, which is not part of any district.
The city may or may not be divided into city municipalities. Six cities: Belgrade, Novi Sad, Niš, Požarevac, Užice and Vranje comprise several city municipalities. Competences of cities and these municipalities are divided. The municipalities of these cities also have their assemblies and other prerogatives. Two largest city municipalities by number of residents are the Novi Sad (307,760) and New Belgrade (212,104).
Of these six cities, only Novi Sad did not undergo the full transformation, as the newly formed municipality of Petrovaradin exists pretty much only formally; thus, the City municipality of Novi Sad is largely equated to city of Novi Sad. The city of Kragujevac had its own city municipalities from 2002 until 2008. In 2013, the city municipality of Sevojno within the city of Užice was established.
Serbian law still treats Kosovo as an integral part of Serbia (officially the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija), although Kosovo declared independence in 2008. The Law on Territorial Organization defines 28 municipalities and 1 city on the territory of Kosovo. Kosovo was under official United Nations' administration (UNMIK) from 1999 to 2008. The UNMIK administration changed the territorial organisation on the territory of Kosovo. In 2000 the municipality of Gora was merged with Opolje (part of the Municipality of Prizren) into the new municipality of Dragaš and one new municipality was created: Mališevo. Later, from 2005 to 2008, seven new municipalities were created: Gračanica, Elez Han, Junik, Parteš, Klokot, Ranilug and Mamuša. However, the Government of Serbia does not recognise the territorial re-organisation of Kosovo, although some of these new-formed municipalities have Serb majority, and some Serbs participate in local elections. In three of those municipalities: Gračanica, Klokot-Vrbovac and Ranilug, Serbian parties won a majority in the 2009 elections.
In the Brussels Agreement, in 2013, Serbia agreed to disband its parallel municipal institutions in Kosovo, while the authorities of Kosovo agreed on creation of the Community of Serb Municipalities. However, both parties acted slowly to put this agreement in power.
This is a list of the municipalities in Serbia, as defined by the Law on territorial organisation It does not include municipalities in Kosovo created by UNMIK after 1999. The data on population is taken from the 2011 census.
The census was not conducted in Kosovo, which is under administration of UNMIK, so the population numbers are not given for the municipalities in Kosovo.
|29||Veliko Gradište||Braničevo District||344||17,610|
|89||Malo Crniće||Braničevo District||271||11,458|
|105||Petrovac na Mlavi||Braničevo District||655||31,259|
|145||Crna Trava||Jablanica District||312||1,663|
|87||Mali Zvornik||Mačva District||184||12,482|
|43||Gornji Milanovac||Moravica District||836||44,406|
|38||Gadžin Han||Nišava District||325||8,389|
|32||Vladičin Han||Pčinja District||366||20,871|
|15||Bela Palanka||Pirot District||951||12,126|
|127||Smederevska Palanka||Podunavlje District||422||50,284|
|28||Velika Plana||Podunavlje District||345||40,902|
|35||Vrnjačka Banja||Raška District||239||27,527|
|9||Bajina Bašta||Zlatibor District||673||26,022|
|94||Nova Varoš||Zlatibor District||581||16,638|
|96||Novi Bečej||Central Banat District||609||23,925|
|95||Nova Crnja||Central Banat District||273||10,272|
|52||Žitište||Central Banat District||525||16,841|
|125||Sečanj||Central Banat District||523||13,267|
|13||Bačka Topola||North Bačka District||596||33,321|
|88||Mali Iđoš||North Bačka District||175||12,031|
|60||Kanjiža||North Banat District||399||25,343|
|124||Senta||North Banat District||293||23,316|
|1||Ada||North Banat District||229||16,991|
|147||Čoka||North Banat District||321||11,398|
|97||Novi Kneževac||North Banat District||305||11,269|
|130||Srbobran||South Bačka District||284||16,317|
|11||Bač||South Bačka District||367||14,405|
|18||Bečej||South Bačka District||487||37,351|
|34||Vrbas||South Bačka District||376||42,092|
|12||Bačka Palanka||South Bačka District||579||55,528|
|14||Bački Petrovac||South Bačka District||158||13,418|
|49||Žabalj||South Bačka District||400||26,134|
|136||Titel||South Bačka District||262||15,738|
|135||Temerin||South Bačka District||170||28,287|
|17||Beočin||South Bačka District||186||15,726|
|131||Sremski Karlovci||South Bačka District||51||8,750|
|109||Plandište||South Banat District||383||11,336|
|100||Opovo||South Banat District||203||10,440|
|67||Kovačica||South Banat District||419||25,274|
|4||Alibunar||South Banat District||602||20,151|
|16||Bela Crkva||South Banat District||353||17,367|
|68||Kovin||South Banat District||730||33,722|
|132||Stara Pazova||Srem District||351||65,792|
|5||Apatin||West Bačka District||333||28,929|
|103||Odžaci||West Bačka District||411||30,154|
|75||Kula||West Bačka District||481||43,101|
|70||Kosovo Polje||Kosovo District||89|
|71||Kosovska Kamenica||Kosovo-Pomoravlje District||509|
|98||Novo Brdo||Kosovo-Pomoravlje District||81|
|72||Kosovska Mitrovica||Kosovska Mitrovica District||336|
|81||Leposavić||Kosovska Mitrovica District||539|
|129||Srbica||Kosovska Mitrovica District||374|
|37||Vučitrn||Kosovska Mitrovica District||353|
|55||Zubin Potok||Kosovska Mitrovica District||328|
|54||Zvečan||Kosovska Mitrovica District||123|
|133||Suva Reka||Prizren District||434|
|№||Crest||City||District||Crest||City municipality||Area [Km²]||Population|
|3a||Vršac||South Banat District||none||1,324||54,369|
|5||Zrenjanin||Central Banat District||none||1,324||123,362|
|6a||Kikinda||North Banat District||none||782||59,329|
|13||Novi Pazar||Raška District||none||742||100,410|
|14||Novi Sad||South Bačka District||Novi Sad||671.8||307,760|
|15||Pančevo||South Banat District||none||759||123,414|
|20||Sombor||West Bačka District||none||1,178||87,815|
|21||Sremska Mitrovica||Srem District||none||762||85,902|
|22||Subotica||North Bačka District||none||1,008||141,554|
The administrative divisions of Serbia (Serbian: административна подела Србије, romanized: аdministrativna podela Srbije) are regulated by the Government of Serbia Enactment of 29 January 1992, and by the Law on Territorial Organization adopted by the National Assembly of Serbia on 29 December 2007.Serbia is divided into 29 districts by the Enactment of 29 January 1992, while the units of the territorial organization are: municipalities and cities and autonomous provinces, by the Law on Territorial Organization.Batočina
Batočina (Serbian: Баточина, pronounced [bâtɔtʃina]) is a town and municipality located in the Šumadija District of central Serbia. According to 2011 census, the population of the town is 5,804, while population of the municipality is 11,760.Brzohode
Brzohode is a village in the municipality of Žabari, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 825 people.City municipality of Užice
The City municipality of Užice (Serbian: Градска општина Ужице, romanized: Gradska opština Užice) is one of two city municipalities which constitute the City of Užice. According to the 2011 census results, the municipality has 70,939 inhabitants.Knić
Knić (Serbian Cyrillic: Кнић) is a village and municipality located in the Šumadija District of central Serbia. According to 2011 census, the population of the town is 2,166, while population of the municipality is 14,237.Koceljeva
Koceljeva (Serbian Cyrillic: Коцељева) is a City and municipality located in the Mačva District of western Serbia. In 2019, the population of the municipality is 20,129 inhabitants.Kočetin
Kočetin is a village in the municipality of Žabari, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 404 people.Ljubovija
Ljubovija (Serbian: Љубовија, [ʎubɔ̌ʋija]) is a small town and municipality located in the Mačva District of western Serbia. As of 2011, the population of the municipality is 14,469 inhabitants.Mirijevo (Žabari)
Mirijevo is a village in the municipality of Žabari, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 474 people.Nova Crnja
Nova Crnja (Serbian Cyrillic: Нова Црња; Hungarian: Magyarcsernye, pronounced [ˈmɒɟɒrt͡ʃɛrɲɛ]; German: Neuzerne) is a village and municipality located in the Central Banat District of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. The village has a population of 1,491, while the municipality has 10,272 inhabitants.Oreovica (Žabari)
Oreovica is a village in the municipality of Žabari, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 862 people.Osečina
Osečina (Serbian Cyrillic: Осечина, pronounced [ɔsɛ̌tʃina]) is a town and municipality located in the Kolubara District of western Serbia. As of 2011, the population of the town is 2,730, while population of the municipality is 12,571 inhabitants.Polatna
Polatna is a village in the municipality of Žabari, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 281 people.Porodin
Porodin is a village in the municipality of Žabari, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 2036 people.Rača
Rača (Serbian Cyrillic: Рача) is a town and municipality located in the Šumadija District of central Serbia. According to 2011 census, the population of the town is 2,595, while population of the municipality is 11,475.Rekovac
Rekovac (Serbian Cyrillic: Рековац) is a village and municipality located in the Pomoravlje District of central Serbia. According to 2011 census, the population of the village is 1,587, while population of the municipality is 10,971. Rekovac is the center of small geographical region called Levač.
The village has a river called Dulenka, named after one of the settlements in the municipality. There are two schools in Rekovac: a primary school called Svetozar Marković, and a highschool called Poljoprivredno-veterinarska škola.Sečanj
Sečanj (Serbian Cyrillic: Сечањ) is a town located in the Central Banat District of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. The town itself has a population of 2,373, while the Sečanj municipality has 13,267 inhabitants.Vladimirci
Vladimirci (Serbian Cyrillic: Владимирци) is a village and municipality located in the Mačva District of western Serbia. According to the 2011 census results, the population of the village is 1,898, while population of the municipality is 14,546.Četereže
Četereže is a village in the municipality of Žabari, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 641 people.
Articles on second-level administrative divisions of European countries