Municipal district

A municipal district is an administrative entity comprising a clearly defined territory and its population. It can refer to a city, town, village or a small grouping of them, or a rural area.

Canada

In Canada, municipal districts are a type of rural municipality within the Province of Alberta governed by elected councils with the mandate to administer rural areas that can include farmlands, resource areas and unincorporated hamlets and rural residential subdivisions.[1] Statistics Canada recognizes Alberta's 64 municipal districts as a type of census subdivision for statistical purposes.[2] Statistics Canada also refers to Nova Scotia's 12 district municipalities as municipal districts for census subdivision purposes.[2] The City of Flin Flon in Manitoba also held a municipal district status between 1933 and 1946.[3]

Dominican Republic

In the Dominican Republic, when a municipality consists of more than one urban center, those beside the municipalities seat can be elevated to the status of a municipal district (distrito municipal). A municipal council (Junta Municipal) for such a municipal district is nominated by the municipal council of the municipality to which it belongs (Ley 3455 Titulo I Capitulo IV).[4]

Republic of Ireland

In Ireland, the Local Government Reform Act 2014 brought in a system of municipal districts for local government purposes from 1 June 2014 following local elections in May, replacing town and borough councils. The districts are second-tier units below counties, with the exception of the Dublin Region and Cork and Galway cities which retained their existing local government structures. The districts act as constituencies for county councils, with councillors being simultaneously elected to both bodies. Some municipal districts are titled "borough districts" (Clonmel, Drogheda, Sligo and Wexford) or "metropolitan districts" (Limerick and Waterford), though they have no additional powers.[5][6]

Russia

In Russia, municipal districts are a form of local self-government,[7] and one of the types of municipal formations. They are usually (but not always) formed within the borders of existing administrative districts.

References

  1. ^ "Types of Municipalities in Alberta: Rural Municipal Governments (Municipal Districts)". Alberta Municipal Affairs. Retrieved September 16, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names: From January 2, 2012 to January 1, 2013" (PDF). Statistics Canada. p. 5. Retrieved September 16, 2013.
  3. ^ "Manitoba Municipalities: Flin Flon". The Manitoba Historical Society. May 13, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2013.
  4. ^ Congreso Nacional. "Ley No. 3455, Organización Municipal, del 18 de diciembre del 1952" (PDF) (in Spanish). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 29, 2007. Retrieved March 2, 2007.
  5. ^ Department of Environment, Community and Local Government - Local Government Reform (2014)
  6. ^ Local Government Reform Act 2014
  7. ^ Государственная Дума Российской Федерации. Федеральный Закон №131-ФЗ от 06.10.2003 «Об общих принципах организации местного самоуправления в Российской Федерации», в ред. Федерального Закона №260-ФЗ от 08.11.2007. (State Duma of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #131-FZ of October 6, 2003 On General Principles of the Organization of Local Self-Government in the Russian Federation, as amended by the Federal Law #260-FZ of November 8, 2007. ).
Districts of Ghana

The Districts of Ghana are second-level administrative subdivisions of Ghana, below the level of region. There are 216 districts.

Districts of Russia

A district (raion) is an administrative and municipal division of a federal subject of Russia.

As of 2014, excluding Moscow, St. Petersburg, and Sevastopol, there are 1,873 administrative districts (including the 14 in the Republic of Crimea) and 1,823 municipal districts (also including the 14 in the Republic of Crimea) in Russia. All these districts have an administrative center, which is usually the same locality for both the administrative and municipal entity.

In modern Russia, division into administrative districts largely remained unchanged after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The term "district" ("raion") is used to refer to an administrative division of a federal subject or to a district of a big city.

In two federal subjects, however, the terminology was changed to reflect national specifics: in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, where they are known as ulus (улус), and in Tyva Republic, where they are known as kozhuun (кожуун).

Foothills County

Foothills County is a municipal district in southern Alberta, Canada adjacent to the south side of Calgary in Census Division No. 6. Despite sharing a common border with the City of Calgary, it does not form part of the Calgary census metropolitan area (CMA) as defined by Statistics Canada. It is however a member municipality of the Calgary Metropolitan Region Board.

Founded as the Municipal District of Sheep River No. 31 in January 1954, its name was changed to the Municipal District of Foothills No. 31 in March of that same year. The municipality assumed its present name on January 2, 2019.

List of Ghana Parliament constituencies

This is a list of the 275 constituencies represented in the Parliament of the Republic of Ghana, as at the December 2012 parliamentary election. Each constituency is represented by a single Member of Parliament (MP). There are 275 parliamentary constituencies.

List of municipal districts in Alberta

A municipal district is the most common form of all rural municipality statuses used in the Canadian province of Alberta. Alberta's municipal districts, most of which are branded as counties, are predominantly rural areas that may include either farmland, Crown land or a combination of both depending on their geographic location. They may also include country residential subdivisions and unincorporated communities, some of which are recognized as hamlets by Alberta Municipal Affairs.

Municipal districts are created when predominantly rural areas with populations of at least 1,000 people, where a majority of their residential buildings are on parcels of land greater than 1,850 m², apply to Alberta Municipal Affairs for municipal district status under the authority of the Municipal Government Act. Applications for municipal district status are approved via orders in council made by the Lieutenant Governor in Council under recommendation from the Minister of Municipal Affairs.Alberta has 64 municipal districts that had a cumulative population of 451,979 and an average population of 7,062 in the 2011 Census. Alberta's largest and smallest municipal districts are Rocky View County and the Municipal District (MD) of Ranchland No. 66 with populations of 36,461 and 79 respectively.437 elected officials (eight mayors, 56 reeves and 373 councillors) provide municipal district governance throughout the province.

List of municipalities in Alberta

Alberta is the fourth-most populous province in Canada with 4,067,175 residents as of 2016 Census of Population and is the fourth-largest in land area at 640,330 km2 (247,230 sq mi). Alberta's 352 municipalities cover 98.1% of the province's land mass and are home to 98.6% of its population. These municipalities provide local government services, including roads, water, sewer and garbage collection among others, and a variety of programs to their residents.According to the Municipal Government Act (MGA), which was enacted in 2000, a municipality in Alberta is "a city, town, village, summer village, municipal district or specialized municipality, a town under the Parks Towns Act, or a municipality formed by special Act". The MGA also recognizes improvement districts and special areas as municipal authorities while Metis settlements are recognized as municipalities by the Government of Alberta's Ministry of Municipal Affairs. Cities, towns, villages, summer villages, municipal districts, specialized municipalities and improvement districts are formed under the provincial authority of the MGA. Special areas and Metis settlements are formed under the provincial authority of the Special Areas Act (SAA) and the Metis Settlements Act (MSA) respectively, of which both were enacted in 2000. As provincial law, the MGA, the SAA and the MSA were passed by the Legislative Assembly of Alberta with royal assent granted by the Lieutenant Governor.Of Alberta's 352 municipalities, 264 of them are urban municipalities (18 cities, 108 towns, 87 villages and 51 summer villages), 6 are specialized municipalities, 74 are rural municipalities (63 municipal districts, 8 improvement districts and 3 special areas) and 8 are Metis settlements. The MGA, the SAA and the MSA stipulate governance of these municipalities. Alberta's Ministry of Municipal Affairs is responsible for providing provincial services to municipalities.Over half of Alberta's population resides in its two largest cities. Calgary, the largest city, is home to 30.5% of the province's population (1,239,220 residents), while Edmonton, Alberta's capital city, is home to 22.9% (932,546 residents). Improvement District No. 13 (Elk Island), Improvement District No. 25 (Willmore Wilderness) and Improvement District No. 349 are Alberta's smallest municipalities by population; all four are unpopulated according to the 2016 Census of Population. The largest municipality by land area is Mackenzie County at 80,458.19 km2 (31,065.08 sq mi), while the smallest by land area is the Summer Village of Castle Island at 0.05 km2 (0.019 sq mi).

Municipal District of Greenview No. 16

The Municipal District of Greenview No. 16 is a municipal district in northwest Alberta, Canada.

It covers the full extent of Census Division 18 and with an area of 32984.24 square kilometers; it is the third largest municipal district in Alberta. Its municipal office is located in the Town of Valleyview.

Municipality of the District of Argyle

Argyle, officially named the Municipality of the District of Argyle, is a district municipality in Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia. Statistics Canada classifies the district municipality as a municipal district.

The district municipality occupies the eastern portion of the county and is one of three municipal units - the other two being the Town of Yarmouth and the Municipality of the District of Yarmouth. Argyle is a bilingual community, in which native speakers of English and French each account for about half of the population. As of 2016, 60% of the population speaks both French and English, one of the highest rates of bilingualism in Canada.

Municipality of the District of Chester

The Municipality of the District of Chester is a Nova Scotia district municipality occupying the northeastern half of Lunenburg County, Canada. Government in the province has only two tiers: provincial and municipal. The province is divided into 50 municipalities (in some cases called towns, counties, or municipalities).

The district boundary was originally drawn for court sessional purposes, before the existence of elected local government. In 1879 it became a district municipality, to provide local government to the residents who live outside incorporated towns. under the authority of the Municipal Government Act of 1998.The Municipality of the District of Chester is also a census division for Statistics Canada.

Municipality of the District of Clare

Clare, officially named the Municipality of the District of Clare, is a district municipality in western Nova Scotia, Canada. Statistics Canada classifies the district municipality as a municipal district.

Municipality of the District of Digby

Digby, officially named the Municipality of the District of Digby, is a district municipality in Digby County, Nova Scotia, Canada. Statistics Canada classifies the district municipality as a municipal district.

The district municipality forms the eastern part of Digby County. It is one of three municipal units in the county, the other two being the Town of Digby and the Municipality of the District of Clare.

Municipality of the District of East Hants

East Hants, officially named the Municipality of the District of East Hants, is a district municipality in Hants County, Nova Scotia, Canada. Statistics Canada classifies the district municipality as a municipal district.

With its administrative seat in Elmsdale, the district municipality occupies the eastern half of Hants County from the Minas Basin to the boundary with Halifax County, sharing this boundary with the Municipality of the District of West Hants. It was made in 1861 from the former townships of Uniacke, Rawdon, Douglas, Walton, Shubenacadie and Maitland. Its most settled area is in the Shubenacadie Valley.

Municipality of the District of Guysborough

Guysborough, officially named the Municipality of the District of Guysborough, is a district municipality in Guysborough County, Nova Scotia, Canada. Statistics Canada classifies the district municipality as a municipal district.

It is home to the Boylston and Salsman Provincial Parks. The parks are located between Boylston and Guysborough.

Municipality of the District of Lunenburg

The Municipality of the District of Lunenburg, is a district municipality in Lunenburg County, Nova Scotia, Canada. Statistics Canada classifies the district municipality as a municipal district.

Lunenburg surrounds the towns of Bridgewater, Lunenberg, and Mahone Bay, which are incorporated separately and not part of the district municipality.

Municipality of the District of Shelburne

Shelburne, officially named the Municipality of the District of Shelburne, is a district municipality comprising the eastern section of Shelburne County, Nova Scotia, Canada. Statistics Canada classifies the district municipality as a municipal district.

Municipality of the District of St. Mary's

St. Mary's, officially named the Municipality of the District of St. Mary's, is a district municipality in Guysborough County, Nova Scotia, Canada. Statistics Canada classifies the district municipality as a municipal district.

The district municipality occupies the western half of the county and its administrative seat is in the village of Sherbrooke.

Municipality of the District of West Hants

West Hants, officially named the Municipality of the District of West Hants, is a district municipality in Hants County, Nova Scotia, Canada. Statistics Canada classifies the district municipality as a municipal district.

It occupies the western half of Hants County, running from the Minas Basin to the boundary with Halifax County, sharing this boundary with the Municipality of the District of East Hants.

West Hants entirely surrounds the incorporated Town of Windsor.

Municipality of the District of Yarmouth

Yarmouth, officially named the Municipality of the District of Yarmouth, is a district municipality in Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia, Canada. Statistics Canada classifies the district municipality as a municipal district.

The district municipality forms the western part of Yarmouth County. It is one of three municipal units in the county, the other two being the Town of Yarmouth and the Municipality of the District of Argyle.

Rocky View County

Rocky View County is a municipal district in southern Alberta, Canada that is named for its views of the nearby Rocky Mountains to the west. It surrounds most of Calgary, forming the city's northern boundary and most of the city's western and eastern boundaries. At a population of 39,407 in 2016, Rocky View County is the most populous municipal district in Alberta. Though predominantly rural in nature, Rocky View County is home to 14 hamlets, including Langdon, one of Alberta's most populous hamlets. Its rural areas are home to numerous country residential subdivisions.

Designations for types of administrative territorial entities

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