Municipal Corporation of Delhi

The Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) was a municipal corporation, an autonomous body that governed 8 of the 11 Districts of Delhi, in the state of Delhi, India. It was one of three municipalities in the National Capital Territory of Delhi, the others being New Delhi Municipal Council, and Delhi Cantonment Board. "The MCD was among the largest municipal bodies in the world providing civic services to more than estimated population of 11 million citizens in the capital city.[1] The municipal corporation covered an area of 1,397.3 km² (539.5 mi²).

MCD Civic Center, New Delhi
Civic Centre (28 floor)located on Minto Road, New Delhi is the headquarters of Municipal Corporation of Delhi.

Within its jurisdiction were some of the most densely populated areas in the world. It also had the unique distinction of providing civic services to rural and urban villages, resettlement colonies, regularised unauthorised colonies, unregularised slum/squatter settlements, private 'katras' etc, all at the same time.

Municipal Corporation of Delhi

दिल्ली नगर निगम
Municipal Corporation of Delhi Logo
Type
Type
Structure
Seats272 (Now trifurcated into North, South and East - North and South civic bodies with 104 members each and the East civic body with 64 members)
Political groups
  Bharatiya Janata Party (181)

  Aam Aadmi Party (49)

  Indian National Congress (31)
Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
April, 2017
Meeting place
MCD Civic Centre
Website
mcdonline.gov.in

History

MCD HQ
Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Civic centre - Headquarters of Municipal Corporation of Delhi

MCD came into existence on the 7th of April, 1958 under and Act of Parliament. Prior to that DMC ( Delhi Municipal Committee ) was the principal civic body of Delhi. Eminent Freedom Fighter Guru Radha Kishan has the honour to represent MCD ( initially Delhi Municipal Committee ) for most consecutive years as a Councillor.[2] The first elected Mayor of Delhi was Pt. Trilok Chand Sharma served as First Mayor of Delhi. Since then, the Municipal Body has always been alive in its constitution and functioning to the growing needs of citizens. The 1993 amendment of the Act brought about fundamental changes in composition, functions, governance and administration of the corporation.

Trifurcation

On 13 January 2012,[3] the Municipal Corporation of Delhi was 'trifurcated', ie split into three smaller municipal corporations. The new North Delhi Municipal Corporation and South Delhi Municipal Corporation each contain 104 municipal wards, the smaller East Delhi Municipal Corporation contains 64 wards.[4][5]

MCD zones and employee list

The entire MCD area was divided into 12 zones spread across three smaller municipal corporations:

  1. City
  2. Karol Bagh
  3. Sadar Paharganj
  4. Civil Lines
  5. Narela
  6. Rohini
  1. Central Delhi
  2. South Delhi
  3. West Delhi
  4. Najafgarh
  • East Delhi Municipal Corporation[8]
  1. Shahdara South
  2. Shahdara North

[9]

Amendment

The 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments were introduced in 1992 and were meant to facilitate greater decentralization at the rural and urban level respectively. They did so through providing legal status to local assemblies and entrusting them with greater functions and powers. The inclusion of certain social categories that had historically been marginalized from policy making and implementing structures was fundamental to the project of decentralization. These social categories were the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and women. While the 73rd Amendment applies to the Panchayati Raj system, the 74th Amendment applies to Municipal Corporations, Municipal Councils and Nagar Panchayats depending on the size of the city. The 74th Amendment states:

“Not less than one – third (including the number of seats reserved for women belonging to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes) of the total number of seats to be filled by direct election in every Municipality shall be reserved for women and such seats may be allotted by rotation to different constituencies in a Municipality.

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[1] Delhi Municipal Corporation (U) had a population of 11,007,835. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Delhi Municipal Corporation (U) has an average literacy rate of 87.6%, higher than the national average of 74.0%: male literacy is 91.44% and, female literacy is 83.20%. In Delhi Municipal Corporation (U), 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Municipal elections

The municipal election of April 2017 saw the Bharatiya Janata Party of India (BJP) won the highest number of seats in each of the three new corporations. After nearly 12 years of running the MCD this was the fourth consecutive victory for the BJP.[10]

The results of the election were counted and declared on 26 April 2017.

North Delhi
S.No. Party Name Party flag or symbol Number of Corporators Seats Changed
01 Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) 64 5
02 Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) 21 NA
03 Indian National Congress (INC) 16 13
04 Others 03 13
Total 104
South Delhi
S.No. Party Name Party flag or symbol Number of Corporators Seats Changed
01 Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) 70 26
02 Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) 16 NA
03 Indian National Congress (INC) 12 17
04 Others 06 25
Total 104
East Delhi
S.No. Party Name Party flag or symbol Number of Corporators Seats Changed
01 Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) 47 12
02 Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) 12 NA
03 Indian National Congress (INC) 03 16
04 Others 02 08
Total 64

The results of the 2012 elections were:[11]

North Delhi

S.No. Party Name Party flag or symbol Number of Corporators
01 Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) 59
02 Indian National Congress (INC) Flag of the Indian National Congress 29
03 Bhaujan Samaj Party (NCP) Elephant Bahujan Samaj Party 07
04 Others No flag 09

South Delhi

S.No. Party Name Party flag or symbol Number of Corporators
01 Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) 44
04 Indian National Congress (INC) Flag of the Indian National Congress 29
03 Bhaujan Samaj Party (NCP) Elephant Bahujan Samaj Party 05
04 Others No flag 26

The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) did not win a majority in South Delhi, so they allied with independent candidates/other parties that had a small proportion of seats to make that number by which it could administer corporation.

East Delhi

S.No. Party Name Party flag or symbol Number of Corporators
01 Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) 35
02 Indian National Congress (INC) Flag of the Indian National Congress 19
03 Bhaujan Samaj Party (NCP) Elephant Bahujan Samaj Party 03
04 Others No flag 07

2017 Elections

North, South and East MCD, with a total of 272 seats, went to polls in April 2017. BJP won the election for third consecutive time which was conducted in April 2017.[12]

References

  1. ^ a b "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). censusindia. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  2. ^ "Delhi in 70 years.", Hindustan Times, 15 August 2017.
  3. ^ Govt of NCT of Delhi (20 March 2018). Economic Survey of Delhi 2017-18 (PDF) (Report). Govt of NCT of Delhi. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  4. ^ "The Delhi Municipal Corporation (Amendment) Act 2011(Delhi Act 12 of 2011)". delhi.gov.in. Department of Law, Justice & Legislative Affairs. 29 December 2011.
  5. ^ "Economic Survey of Delhi 2014 - 2015" (PDF). Government of NCT of Delhi. p. 1. Retrieved 23 March 2017.
  6. ^ "Zonal Structure of NDMC". North Delhi Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  7. ^ "Zonal Structure of SDMC". South Delhi Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  8. ^ "Zonal Structure of EDMC". East Delhi Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  9. ^ BJP storms Town Hall, infighting breaks out in Congress- Hindustan Times
  10. ^ "Delhi MCD Elections Results 2017". Delhi MCD Elections Results 2017. 23 April 2017.
  11. ^ "MCD election results 2012: BJP voted back to power". Zee News. 17 April 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2017.
  12. ^ Delhi Municipal Election Results

External links

2017 Municipal Corporation of Delhi election

The elections of Municipal Corporation of Delhi 2017 was held on 23 April 2017. Next elections will be held on Saturday,

15th December 2018. The results were declared on 26 April 2017 in which BJP was elected. The total turnout for the election was 54%. The major parties contesting the election are BJP, INC, AAP and Swaraj Abhiyan.

Alipur, Delhi

Alipur is a census town of Mann Jats in North West district in the state of Delhi, India, surrounded by the localities of Bawana, Narela, Budhpur, Bakoli and Mukhmelpur. Alipur comes under the Narela constituency.Mr. Sharad Chauhan is the present MLA of Narela constituency.

Nearest metro station is Jahangirpuri. Alipur situated on the Delhi to Chandigarh highway, The National Highway 1. Nisha Mann is the present Councilor at Municipal Corporation of Delhi and the Nigam Parshad of Alipur. Alipur Village have Many Facilities are Available like : Government Schools, Private Schools, College, SDM Office, Post Office, Mini Stadium, Nehru Yuva Kendra, GYM, Delhi Jal Board Office, Banks, City Forest, Holy Rama Mandir, Gold Loan Provider ( Muthoot Finance or Fincorp ), etc.

Civil Lines, Delhi

The Civil Lines is an affluent residential area and subdivision of North Delhi District in the National Capital Territory of Delhi, India. It is one of the 12 zones under the Municipal Corporation of Delhi. It was the hub of European-style hotels in the city until New Delhi came into being in 1911.

Combined Medical Services Examination

The "Combined Medical Services" Examination or the CMS Exam is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment as Medical Officer in various organizations such as the Indian Ordnance Factories, Indian Railways,municipal corporation of delhi ,new delhi municipal corporation functioning under the Government of India. The Notification for the examination is usually released in the month of march and examination is conducted in June. Successful Candidates are admitted after an interview conducted by the UPSC for those having qualified the written examination.

East Delhi (Lok Sabha constituency)

East Delhi Lok Sabha constituency (Hindi: पूर्व दिल्ली लोकसभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 7 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in the Indian National Capital Territory of Delhi. This constituency came into existence in 1966. It presently comprises 40 municipal wards of the Municipal Corporation of Delhi with approximately 16 lakh voters and a population of approx 25 lakhs.East Delhi is one of the larger and highly populated Lok Sabha constituencies not only in Delhi but all over India. The constituency covers areas east of the Yamuna and has a large population, including Seelampur, Shahdara, Gandhi Nagar and Preet Vihar. The current MP from here is Maheish Girri.

East Delhi Municipal Corporation

East Delhi Municipal Corporation (EDMC) is one of the municipal corporations in Delhi, India created after the former Municipal Corporation of Delhi was divided into three ("trifurcation"). Also, it is one of five local bodies in the National Capital Territory of Delhi, the others being North Delhi Municipal Corporation, South Delhi Municipal Corporation, New Delhi Municipal Council and Delhi Cantonment Board.

Prior to trifurcation, the Municipal Corporation of Delhi was a mega Municipal Corporation, an autonomous body that used to govern 8 of the 9 Districts of Delhi in the state of Delhi, India. The MCD was among the largest municipal bodies in the world providing civic services to more than estimated population of 11 million citizens in the capital city. The then unified municipal corporation used to cover an area of 1,397.3 km² (539.5 mi²).

Mahabal Mishra

Mahabal Mishra was a Member of Parliament of India from West Delhi. Before getting elected for Parliament, he was MLA from Dwarka assembly constituency in New Delhi. He started his political career being as a Delhi councilor from Municipal Corporation of Delhi, representing Dabri ward in 1997. In the 1998 Delhi assembly elections, he was elected MLA from Nasirpur assembly constituency. He was re-elected and held his seat in 2003 and 2008 assembly elections also.

Mandawali Fazalpur, Delhi

Mandawali Fazalpur is a political constituency of East Delhi. Previously an unauthorized colony, Mandawali was regularized in 2012. It comes under Municipal Corporation of East delhi. It comes under the jurisdiction on Municipal Corporation of Delhi or MCD.

Mira Aggarwal

Mira Aggarwal (Hindi: मीरा अग्रवाल), (born 15 May 1961) is an Indian politician of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). She is the first Mayor of newly constituted North Delhi Municipal Corporation. She was the first lady to be appointed at the post of Deputy Mayor of Delhi (MCD) in 1998. She is a third time councillor holds an LLB degree and has been elected from Sawan Park ward.

New Delhi Municipal Council

New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) is the municipal council of the city of New Delhi, India, and the area under its administration is referred to as the NDMC area. NDMC, covering an area of 43.7 km2.

It is governed by a council headed by a chairperson, who is usually a career civil servant and holds the rank of Joint Secretary to Government of India appointed by Government of India. The council also includes the Chief Minister of Delhi as an Ex officio member.

The Union Territory of Delhi is divided into three statutory urban regions: the Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD), the New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC), and the Delhi Cantonment Board.

North Delhi Municipal Corporation

North Delhi Municipal Corporation (NDMC) is one of the municipal corporations in Delhi, India created after the former Municipal Corporation of Delhi was divided into three ("trifurcation"). Also, it is one of five local bodies in the National Capital Territory of Delhi, the others being East Delhi Municipal Corporation, South Delhi Municipal Corporation, New Delhi Municipal Council and Delhi Cantonment Board.

Prior to trifurcation, the Municipal Corporation of Delhi was a mega Municipal Corporation, an autonomous body that used to govern 8 of the 9 Districts of Delhi in the state of Delhi, India. The MCD was among the largest municipal bodies in the world providing civic services to more than estimated population of 11 million citizens in the capital city. The then unified municipal corporation used to cover an area of 1,397.3 km² (539.5 mi²).

Old Delhi

Old Delhi or Purani Dilli was founded as a walled city of Delhi, India, founded as Shahjahanabad in 1639, when Shah Jahan, the Mughal emperor at the time, decided to shift the Mughal capital from Agra. The construction of the city was completed in 1648, and it remained the capital of the Mughal Empire until its fall in 1857, when the British Raj took over a paramount power in India.

It was once filled with mansions of nobles and members of the royal court, along with elegant mosques and gardens. Today, despite having become extremely crowded and dilapidated, it still serves as the symbolic heart of metropolitan Delhi.

Upon the 2012 trifurcation of the Municipal Corporation of Delhi, Old Delhi became administered by the North Delhi Municipal Corporation.

Pitam Pura

Pitampura is a residential area in North West Delhi district of Delhi, India. It is a planned neighbourhood developed by the DDA in the 1980s, and Pitampura TV Tower, was built in 1988. Dilli Haat Pitampura is also situated near the TV tower.

Situated in North -part of Delhi, it is an upscale residential, commercial and retail centre. The area is encompassed between Outer and Inner Ring Roads, NH-1 and Rohtak Road. It has two wards, Pitampura and Pitampura North, under the Rohini zone of Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD).It is serviced by the Pitam Pura, Kohat Enclave and Netaji Subhash Place metro station of Delhi Metro's Red Line.

Rajendra Nagar, Delhi

Rajendra Nagar (often spelled unofficially as 'Rajender Nagar' or 'Rajinder Nagar') is a residential colony in West Delhi Delhi, India. The name comes from Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first president of India. It is bordered by the Central Ridge Protected Forest on the east and south, IARI on the west, and Karol Bagh on the north. It is a constituency in the Legislative Assembly of Delhi. The current Councillor for the Municipal Corporation of Delhi is Mr. Rajesh Bhatia of the Bhartiya Janata Party. Vijender Garg is an MLA from Rajendra nagar of AAP (Aam Admi Party) who won with wooping margin of 20,051 votes, defeating two major party canditates from BJP and Congress in recent 2015 Concluded Election.

Ram Kishan Singhal

Ram Kishan Singhal is a leader of Bharatiya Janata Party and a former member of the Delhi Legislative Assembly. He was born in 1951 in Karnal in Haryana and has been member of Municipal Corporation of Delhi.

Rohini, Delhi

Rohini is a well developed residential city in North West Delhi in India. It was the first sub-city project of Delhi Development Authority (DDA), which was started in the 1980s to provide a composite society for all income groups. Rohini is one of the 12 zones administered under the Municipal Corporation of Delhi.Vijender Gupta is the Member of Legislative Assembly for Rohini Vidhan Sabha Constituency. The location has composite demographics with its inhabitants following different faiths and religions and speaking an array of languages including viHindi and Punjabi.

The neighbouring areas are Badli, Pitampura, Shalimar Bagh, Haider Pur, Mangol Puri, Paschim Vihar, Narela Sub City, Budh Vihar, Mukarba Chowk, Shahbaad Daulatpur (Delhi Technological University) and Bawana.

Rohini Heliport owned by Pawan Hans, was inaugurated by Union Civil Aviation Minister, Ashok Gajapathi Raju on 28 February 2017. The heliport, spread over 25 acres and situated a few kilometres away from the Rithala metro station, is the first of its kind in the country.

South Delhi Municipal Corporation

South Delhi Municipal Corporation (SDMC) is one of the municipal corporations in Delhi, India created after the former Municipal Corporation of Delhi was divided into three ("trifurcation"). Also, it is one of five local bodies in the National Capital Territory of Delhi, the others being North Delhi Municipal Corporation, East Delhi Municipal Corporation, New Delhi Municipal Council and Delhi Cantonment Board.

Prior to trifurcation, the Municipal Corporation of Delhi was a mega Municipal Corporation, an autonomous body that used to govern 8 of the 9 Districts of Delhi in the state of Delhi, India. The MCD was among the largest municipal bodies in the world providing civic services to more than estimated population of 11 million citizens in the capital city. The then unified municipal corporation used to cover an area of 1,397.3 km² (539.5 mi²).

V. K. Duggal

V K Duggal, formerly India's Water Resources Secretary, was Indian Union Home Secretary from March 2005 until April 1, 2007 when Madhukar Gupta took over the post. Duggal was born on 26 November 1944. He belongs to U.T. cadre as well as the former advisor of Chandigarh.

Duggal has held a variety of posts after a period as a short service commission officer in the Army.

He served in the Municipal Corporation of Delhi as commissioner between 1996-2000.

He served as the Sri Krishna Committee member to look into the demand of Telangana state.

West Patel Nagar

West Patel Nagar is a place in Central Delhi. It covers the Western Part of the Patel Nagar Area. In the past West Patel Nagar was counted in Central Delhi but due continues City expansion West Patel Nagar and its Sub division colonies like New Ranjit Nagar or Baljeet Nagar come under West Delhi. However, among the 3 divisions of Municipal Corporation Of Delhi(MCD), North, South and East, West Patel Nagar falls under MCD-North

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