Muji language

Muji, or Bokha, is a Loloish language cluster spoken by the Phula people of China. It is one of several such languages to go by the name Muji. Muji varieties are Northern Muji, Qila Muji, Southern Muji, and Bokha–Phuma (Pelkey 2011).

The representative Southern Muji dialect studied in Pelkey (2011) is that of Pujiazhai 普家寨, Adebo Township 阿德博乡, Jinping County.

Qila Muji is spoken the following 3 villages (Pelkey 2011:166).

  • Qila 期腊,[3] Laojizhai Township 老集寨乡, southern Jinping County, China
  • Wantan, Jinshuihe Township 金水河镇, southern Jinping County, China
  • Muong Gong, northwestern Lai Chau Province, Vietnam
Muji
Bokha
Native toChina
Native speakers
55,000 (2007)[1]
Sino-Tibetan
Language codes
ISO 639-3Variously:
ymc – Southern Muji
ymq – Qila Muji
ymx – Northern Muji (Bokha)
ybk – Bokha (Black Muji)
ypm – Phuma (Black Muji)
Glottologcore1246[2]

Phonology

Qila dialect has velar lateral affricates /kʰ, k, ɡʟ̝/ (Pelkey 2011: 243).

References

  1. ^ Southern Muji at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
    Qila Muji at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
    Northern Muji (Bokha) at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Core Muji". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188162
List of endangered languages in China

An endangered language is a language that it is at risk of falling out of use, generally because it has few surviving speakers. If it loses all of its native speakers, it becomes an extinct language. UNESCO defines four levels of language endangerment between "safe" (not endangered) and "extinct":

Vulnerable

Definitely endangered

Severely endangered

Critically endangered

Official
Regional
Indigenous
Minority
Varieties of
Chinese
Creole/Mixed
Extinct
Sign
Mondzish
Burmish
Loloish
(Ngwi)
unclassified

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