Muhammad Khwandamir

Ghiyāś ad-Dīn Muḥammad Khwāndamīr, Khvandamir, or Khondamir or Hondemir (Persian: غياث الدين محمد خواندامير‎) (1475–1534) was a Persian[2] Islamic scholar[1] born in Herat, in 880 AH or 1475 CE,[3] a grandson and successor to noted historian Mirkhond.

Muhammad Khwandamir
Born c. 1475
Herat, Khurasan (now in Afghanistan) [1]
Died 1534/37
buried in Delhi, India [1]
Era Medieval era
Region Islamic scholar


Hondamir, like his grandfather, belonged to the Herat literary circle of Timurid vizier Mir Ali-Shir Navai. In 1527 the Moghul conqueror Babur invited Hondamir to India, where he lived and died. Hondamir edited and completed 7th and 8th volums of the general history composed by his grandfather, and approximately in 1500 composed an extract from it "Holaset el-ehbar".[4] Following the same pattern, in 1521 Hondamir composed for Ali-Shir Navai a three-volume general history entitled "Habib al-Siyar", and brought it to his time.[5] Another notable work was "Al-Destour Voser".[6] In the European languages, other works of Hondemir were not published.


See also


  1. ^ a b c Ghiyas ad-Din Muhammad Khwandamir - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  2. ^ Donzel, E. J. van (1 January 1994). Islamic Desk Reference. BRILL. p. 212. ISBN 90-04-09738-4. Khwandamir: surname of the Persian historian Ghiyath al-Din; ca. 1475ca. 1535. His most valuable work is a general history from the earliest times down to the end of the reign of Shah Ismail.
  3. ^ Elliot, H. M. (Henry Miers), Sir; John Dowson (1871). "24. Khulásatu-l Akhbár, of Khondamir". The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians. The Muhammadan Period (Vol 4.). London: Trübner & Co. p. 141..
  4. ^ Price D., Memoirs of the Principal Events of Mahommedan History, London, 1821, reprint General Books, 2010, ISBN 978-1-154-13938-9, (partial English translation)
  5. ^ Grigoriev, History of the Mongols from ancientest Times to Tamerlane, Composition by Hondemir, St. Petersburg, 1849 (translation)
  6. ^ Elliot, History of India, IV, 148-153

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