Mughalsarai is a town and a municipal board in the Chandauli district of Uttar Pradesh. Located around 16 kilometres (10 mi) from Varanasi, it is an important railway junction in Uttar Pradesh. It is the site of the Mughalsarai Junction railway station.
|• Body||Municipal Council|
|• Chairman||Santosh Kharwar|
|Elevation||65 m (213 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Mughalsarai, located along the Grand Trunk Road, also called Sadak-e-Azam by Sher Shah Suri, was one of the corridors connecting North India with the east during the Mughal period. In past centuries, it has been variously known as Mughalchak, Mangalpur and Oven Nagar. The township was named Mughalsarai when Indian railways established a junction here in 1883.
Mughalsarai is bisected by NH 19/ GT Road in three parts. The northern part mainly consists of railway colonies like Vasant Vihar, New Central Colony, Diesel Colony, Haper Colony, Mahmoodpur, Shubhash Nagar, Loco Colony and Roza Colony, Plant-Depot Colony and Saresar, Alampur. It starts after the Parao Road in Varanasi and continue until Alinagar Road which comes after Railway Colony on the south. A few mohallas are near the railway station like Qassab mohal, and gram panchayats like Amoghpur, Taranpur, Pashurampur, Dharamshala, Mainatali and Galla mandi.
The Mughalsarai Junction railway station is the fourth busiest station in India, with about 125 passenger trains passing through it. Two important railway lines intersect at the junction. The station was officially renamed to Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya junction in August 2018.
There are a number of private and government schools in the city such as Eastern central railway college, Ambition Institute of Technology, Nagar Palika Inter College, Lal Bahadur Shastri Degree College, Ram Krishna Mahila Vidyalaya, Brilliant public school, Laxmi Public School, S.G.Public School, Seth M R Jaipuriya school, Sunbeam Mughalsarai, S.R.V.S. School, Manas Convent School, Kendriya Vidhyalaya, Rasool Bagh School, Sarvodaya Rose Bud Public School and Gurukulam Public School.
Its importance as a railway junction can well be understood by the fact that more than 50 passenger trains and over 150 goods trains pass through it within 24 hours. The amount of coal passing through mughalsarai was about 39,000 tons daily in 1960 and the wagons carrying coal from this end to other stations numbered 1,729 per day.