Mughalsarai is a town and a municipal board in the Chandauli district of Uttar Pradesh. Located around 16 kilometres (10 mi) from Varanasi, it is an important railway junction in Uttar Pradesh. It is the site of the Mughalsarai Junction railway station.
|• Body||Municipal Council|
|• Chairman||Santosh Kharwar|
|Elevation||65 m (213 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Mughalsarai, located along the Grand Trunk Road, also called Sadak-e-Azam by Sher Shah Suri, was one of the corridors connecting North India with the east during the Mughal period. In past centuries, it has been variously known as Mughalchak, Mangalpur and Oven Nagar. The township was named Mughalsarai when Indian railways established a junction here in 1883.
Mughalsarai railway station of Uttar Pradesh is now Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Junction station after the approval of Governor Ram Naik on 4 June 2018.
Mughalsarai is among one of the richest nagarpalikas in Uttar Pradesh and is called mini mahanagar.
Sadhana Singh is MLA (BJP), and Santosh Kharwar is the present chairman (BJP) of nagarpalika parishad Mughalsarai.
Mughalsarai is bisected by NH 19/GT Road in three parts. The northern part mainly consists of railway colonies like Manas Nagar, Vasant Vihar, New Central Colony, Diesel Colony, Haper Colony, Mahmoodpur, Shubhash Nagar, Loco Colony and Roza Colony, Plant-Depot Colony and Saresar, Alampur. It starts after the Parao Road in Varanasi and continues until Alinagar Road which comes after Railway Colony on the south. It also has a few mohallas near the railway station, like Qassab mohal, and gram panchayats like Amoghpur, Taranpur, Pashurampur, Dharamshala, Mainatali and Galla mandi. Colonies in other parts of town are Kailashpuri, Ravinagar, and Patel Nagarand Shubhash Nagar.
The Mughalsarai Railway Station is the fourth busiest station in India, with about 125 passenger trains passing through the Mughalsarai Junction. Two important railway lines intersect at the junction.
There are many private and government schools in the city, including Eastern Central Railway College, Ambition Institute of Technology, Nagar Palika Inter College, Lal Bahadur Shastri Degree College, Ram Krishna Mahila Vidyalaya, Laxmi Public School, S.G. Public School, Seth M R Jaipuriya School, Sunbeam Mughalsarai, S.R.V.S. School, Manas Convent School, Kendriya Vidyalaya, Rasool Bagh School, Sarvodaya Rose Bud Public School and Gurukulam Public School.
Its importance as a railway junction can well be understood by the fact that more than 50 passenger trains and over 150 goods trains pass through it within 24 hours. The amount of coal passing through mughalsarai was about 39,000 tons daily in 1960 and the wagons carrying coal from this end to other stations numbered 1,729 per day.