Mughalsarai (/ˌmuːɡhælˈsɑːreɪɪ/; English: Mughal Tavern)[1] is a town and a municipal board in the Chandauli district of Uttar Pradesh. Located around 16 kilometres (10 mi) from Varanasi, it is an important railway junction in Uttar Pradesh.[2][3] It is the site of the Mughalsarai Junction railway station.

Station Yard
Pt. Deendayal Upadhyaya
Mughalsarai Yard
Mughalsarai is located in Uttar Pradesh
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 25°18′N 83°07′E / 25.3°N 83.12°ECoordinates: 25°18′N 83°07′E / 25.3°N 83.12°E
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
 • BodyMunicipal Council
 • ChairmanSantosh Kharwar
65 m (213 ft)
 • Total154,692
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUP-67


Mughalsarai is located along the Grand Trunk Road NH19 (GT ROAD), also called Sadak-e-Azam by Sher Shah Suri, was one of the corridors connecting North India with the east during the Mughal period. In past centuries, it has been variously known as Mughalchak, Mangalpur and Oven Nagar.[4] The township was named Mughalsarai when Indian railways established a junction here in 1883.


Mughalsarai is bisected by NH 19 / GT Road in three parts. The northern part mainly consists of railway colonies like Vasant Vihar, New Central Colony, Diesel Colony, Haper Colony, European colony, Shubhash Nagar, Loco Colony, and Roza Colony, Plant-Depot Colony and Saresar, Alampur. It starts after the Parao Road in Varanasi and continues until Alinagar Road which comes after Railway Colony on the south. A few mohallas are near the railway station like Qassab Mohal, and Gram Panchayats like Amoghpur, Taranpur, Pashurampur, Dharamshala, Mainatali and Galla Mandi. However, situated on the west side are the Kailashpuri and Ravinagar colonies which compose the poshest area in town.


The Mughalsarai Junction railway station is the fourth busiest station in India, with about 125 passenger trains passing through it. Two important railway lines intersect at the junction. The station was officially renamed to Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya junction (DDU) in August 2018.[5]

Schools and colleges

There are a number of private and government schools in the city such as Eastern Central Railway College, Ambition Institute of Technology, Nagar Palika Inter-College, Lal Bahadur Shastri Degree College, Ram Krishna Mahila Vidyalaya, Brilliant Public School, Laxmi Public School, S.G. Public School, Seth M. R. Jaipuriya school, Sunbeam Mughalsarai, S.R.V.S. School, Manas Convent School, Kendriya Vidhyalaya, Rasool Bagh School, Sarvodaya Rose Bud Public School and Gurukulam Public School, Vikram Singh Kanya Mahavidyalaya.

Notable residents


  1. ^ "Roads and Sarais of Sher Shah Suri". Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  2. ^ The National Geographical Journal of India, Volume 10. National Geographical Society of India. 1964. p. 136. Its importance as a railway junction can well be understood by the fact that more than 50 passenger trains and over 150 goods trains pass through it within 24 hours. The amount of coal passing through mughalsarai was about 39,000 tons daily in 1960 and the wagons carrying coal from this end to other stations numbered 1,729 per day.
  3. ^ "About Mughalsarai, Interesting Facts About Mughalsarai City".
  4. ^ "The many names of Mughalsarai".
  5. ^ "Mughalsarai station is now Deen Dayal Upadhyay station". India Today. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
Bhabua Road railway station

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Chandauli Majhwar railway station

Chandauli Majhwar railway station is on the Delhi-Howrah line. It is located in Chandauli district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It serves Chandauli and the surrounding areas.

Danapur railway station

Danapur Station, station code DNR, is a railway station and headquarters of Danapur railway division of East Central Railway. Danapur is connected to metropolitan areas of India, by the Delhi-Kolkata Main Line via Mughalsarai-Patna route. Danapur is located in Danapur city in Patna district in the

Indian state of Bihar. Due to its location on the Howrah-Patna-Mughalsarai main line many Patna, Barauni bound express trains coming from Howrah, Sealdah stop here. Another line branches from here and joins Patna Sonepur line at Patliputra Junction railway station.

There are refreshment rooms vegetarian and non-vegetarian, tea stall, book stall, post and telegraphic office and Government Railway police (G.R.P) office.

Dehri-on-Sone railway station

Dehri-on-Sone railway station is on the Gaya-Mughalsarai section of the Grand Chord line. It stands next to the Nehru Setu and serves Dehri, Dalmianagar and the surrounding areas in Rohtas district in the Indian state of Bihar.

Fatehpur railway station

Fatehpur railway station is on the Mughalsarai-Kanpur section of the Howrah-Delhi main line. It is located in Fatehpur district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It serves Fatehpur and the surrounding areas.

Gaya Junction railway station

Gaya Junction railway station is a junction station serving the city of Gaya, the headquarters of Gaya district and Magadh Division in the Indian state of Bihar. Gaya is in the Mugalsarai Rail Division of the East Central Railway zone. Grand Chord rail-line that connects Howrah and New Delhi passes through Gaya. It lies between Mughalsarai Junction on the Delhi side and Dhanbad Junction on the Howrah side. It is located at 24°48′13″N 84°59′57″E. It has an elevation of 117 metres (384 ft). Gaya is connected with most of the states through rail network. Very few trains do-not stop here. There are also two other broad gauge train lines from Gaya, one to Patna and the other to Kiul Junction. The city has major two railway station Gaya Junction & Manpur Junction. Gaya is well connected with Patna, Jehanabad, Biharsharif, Rajgir, Islampur, Nawada through daily passenger and express train services.

Gaya–Kiul line

The Gaya–Kiul line is a railway line connecting Gaya on the Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line and Kiul on the Howrah-Delhi main line both in the Indian state of Bihar.

Gaya–Mughalsarai section

The Gaya–Mughalsarai section is a railway line connecting Gaya and Mughalsarai. This 197-kilometre (122 mi) track is part of the Grand Chord, Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line and Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line. This section includes Arrah-Sasaram and Son Nagar branch lines. It is under the jurisdiction of East Central Railway.

Howrah–Delhi main line

The Howrah–Delhi main line is a railway line connecting Delhi and Kolkata cutting across northern India. The 1,532 km (952 mi) railway line was opened to traffic in 1866 with the introduction of the "1 Down/2 Up Mail" train.

Howrah–Gaya–Delhi line

The Howrah–Gaya–Delhi is a railway line connecting Howrah and Delhi cutting across Indo-Gangetic Plain and a comparatively small stretch of the line crossing over the Chota Nagpur Plateau. It covers a distance of 1,449 kilometres (900 mi) across, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi. The Grand Chord is a part of this line and as such is referred to by many as Howrah-Delhi line (via Grand Chord).

Kashi railway station

Kashi Railway station is one of the railway stations in Varanasi district. It is 6 km east of Varanasi Junction railway station, 11 km North-West of Mughalsarai Junction railway station and 26 km South-East of Lal Bahadur Shastri Airport. Kashi railway station serves the Eastern suburbs of Varanasi district and serves as major secondary railway station to Varanasi and Mughalsarai railway stations.

Mughalsarai (Assembly constituency)

Mughalsarai is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Mughalsarai in the Chandauli district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Mughalsarai is one of five assembly constituencies in the Chandauli (Lok Sabha constituency). Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 380 amongst 403 constituencies.

As of now, this seat belongs to Bharatiya Janta Party candidate Sadhana Singh who won in 2017 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Elections by defeating Samajwadi Party candidate Babulal by a margin of 13,243 votes.

Mughalsarai Junction railway station

Mughalsarai Jn. (officially known as Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Junction, station code: DDU, MGS (former)), is a railway station in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the fourth busiest railway junction in India. The station contains the largest railway marshaling yard in Asia. Mughalsarai yard cater to around 450-500 trains in a month. All east bound Rajdhani trains halt at this station.

Mughalsarai railway division

Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya railway division is one of the five railway divisions under East Central Railway zone of Indian Railways. This railway division was formed on 5 November 1951 and its headquarter is located at Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya in the state of Uttar Pradesh of India. Mughalsarai and Gaya junction are most busiest station in term of passenger then followed by Sasaram, Anugrah Narayan Road and Dehri - On - Sone . Mughalsarai station (Now Deen Dayal Upadhaya Junction) holds most stoppage of Rajdhani express in india.

Danapur railway division, Dhanbad railway division, Samastipur railway division, and Sonpur railway division are the other railway divisions under ECR Zone headquartered at Hajipur.

Mughalsarai–Kanpur section

The Mughalsarai–Kanpur section is a railway line connecting Mughalsarai Junction and Kanpur Central. This 346 km (215 mi) track is part of the Howrah-Delhi main line and Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line. The main line is under the jurisdiction of North Central Railway. Mughalsarai is under the jurisdiction of East Central Railway. Some branch lines are under the jurisdiction of the North Eastern Railway and Northern Railway.

Patna–Gaya line

The Patna–Gaya line is a railway line connecting Patna on the Howrah-Delhi main line and Gaya on the Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line both in the Indian state of Bihar.

Patna–Mughalsarai section

The Patna–Mughalsarai section is a railway line connecting Patna Junction in the Indian state of Bihar and Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Nagar Junction in Uttar Pradesh.

Sasaram Junction railway station

Sasaram Junction Railway Station is on the Gaya-Mughalsarai section of the Grand Chord line in India. It serves Sasaram and the surrounding areas in Rohtas district in the Indian state of Bihar. Sasaram is well connected to Delhi and Kolkata. It is also connected directly connected to Ara Railway Station which gives direct connectivity to Patna via Howrah-Delhi Main Line.

This Place is also known for preparation of competitive exams at Sasaram Railway junction. Actually, According to earlier natives of this city, there was not proper electrification of city around 2007 - 2008 which hampered the studies of students seeking for competitive exams. Still Indian Railways had 24 hours power supply at Sasaram junction. This led a small group of students to study there at night under electric lights. Currently, Now there is continuous 18 hours + power supply in city but still students only come here to study with other students. This gives them additional knowledge and preparatory materials for their exams. With the support of Indian Railways; There are many street lights built to provide light to students at end of junction. Even Railways has supported students by giving them identity cards for surveying and security purposes.

Son Nagar Junction railway station

Son Nagar Junction is a railway station in Aurangabad district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is located on the east bank of the Son River and was earlier known as Son East Bank.

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