Muditā (Pāli and Sanskrit: मुदिता) means joy; especially sympathetic or vicarious joy.

Also: the pleasure that comes from delighting in other people's well-being.[1]

The traditional paradigmatic example of this mind-state is the attitude of a parent observing a growing child's accomplishments and successes.[2] Mudita should not be confused with pride, as a person feeling mudita may not have any interest or direct income from the accomplishments of the other. Mudita is a pure joy unadulterated by self-interest.

When we can be happy of the joys other beings feel, it is called mudita; the opposite word is invidia.

Translations of
EnglishSympathetic joy
(IPA: [mudita])
(rōmaji: ki)
Glossary of Buddhism


Mudita meditation is used to cultivate appreciative joy at the success and good fortune of others.

Buddhist teachers interpret mudita more broadly as an inner spring of infinite joy that is available to everyone at all times, regardless of circumstances. "The more deeply one drinks of this spring, the more securely one becomes in one's own abundant happiness, the more bountiful it becomes to relish the joy of other people."

Joy is also traditionally regarded as the most difficult to cultivate of the four immeasurables (brahmavihārā: also "four sublime attitudes"). To show joy is to celebrate happiness and achievement in others even when we are facing tragedy ourselves.[3]

According to Buddhist teacher Ayya Khema showing joy towards sadistic pleasure is wrong. Here there should instead be compassion (karuṇā).

The "far enemies" of joy are jealousy (envy) and greed, mind-states in obvious opposition. Joy's "near enemy," the quality which superficially resembles joy but is in fact more subtly in opposition to it, is exhilaration, described as a grasping at pleasant experience out of a sense of insufficiency or lack.[4][5]

See also


  1. ^ Salzberg, Sharon (1995). Loving-Kindness: The Revolutionary Art of Happiness. Shambhala Publications. p. 119. ISBN 9781570629037.
  2. ^ U Pandita, Sayadaw (2006). The State of Mind Called Beautiful. Simon and Schuster. p. 51. ISBN 9780861713455.
  3. ^ Elizabeth J. Harris, A Journey into Buddhism Source for Free Distribution with permission from Access to Insight and the Buddhist Publication Society
  4. ^ Buddhagosha, 'Vishudimagga' Section 2.100
  5. ^ "Dhamma Lists: Insight Meditation Center". Insight Meditation Center. Retrieved 27 March 2018.

External links

  • Mudita - A brief passage on mudita from the Brahma-Vihara Foundation

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loving-kindness or benevolence (metta)

compassion (karuna)

empathetic joy (mudita)

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There are Buddhist centers in Caracas, Maracay, Mérida, Puerto Ordáz, San Felipe, and Valencia.

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It was adopted in 1948 following the recommendations of a committee appointed by the 1st Prime Minister of Ceylon, D.S. Senanayake.

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Habla, mudita is a 1973 Spanish drama film directed by Manuel Gutiérrez Aragón. It was entered into the 23rd Berlin International Film Festival. It was also selected as the Spanish entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 46th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.

José Luis García Sánchez

José Luis García Sánchez (born 22 September 1941) is a Spanish film director, screenwriter and producer. He has directed 30 films since 1968. He wrote for the 1973 film Habla, mudita, which was entered into the 23rd Berlin International Film Festival. In 1978, he directed Las truchas, which won the Golden Bear at the 28th Berlin International Film Festival.


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This is a list of historical, contemporary, and legendary figures which at least one school of Buddhism considers to be a Buddha and which have an article on Wikipedia:




Amitābha, principal Buddha of Pure Land Buddhism




Dīpankara Buddha

Five Tathagatas

Gautama Buddha


Kassapa Buddha

Koṇāgamana Buddha



Nichiren Daishonin, Buddha of the Latter Day of the Law (Nikko Lineage)

Padumuttara Buddha




Sumedha Buddha


Tonpa Shenrab

Vairocana, embodiment of the Dharmakaya



Yeshe Tsogyal

List of submissions to the 46th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film

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List of suttas

Suttas from the Sutta Pitaka of the Pali Canon.

List of Digha Nikaya suttas

List of Majjhima Nikaya suttas

List of Samyutta Nikaya suttas

List of Anguttara Nikaya suttas

List of Khuddaka Nikaya suttas

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The word is used in the context of Tibetan Buddhism as a way of showing respect when addressing those recognized as reincarnated, older, respected, notable, learned and/or an accomplished Lamas or teachers of the Dharma. It is also used as an honorific for abbots of monasteries.


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"I experienced schadenfreude after hearing that my horrible manager had been fired."

"Sarah couldn't help but feel a bit of schadenfreude when she discovered that the man who'd stolen her car was now in prison." Schadenfreude is steadily becoming a more popular word according to August 13, 2019

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