A moving violation is any violation of the law committed by the driver of a vehicle while it is in motion. The term "motion" distinguishes it from other motor vehicle violations, such as paperwork violations (which include violations involving automobile insurance, registration and inspection), parking violations, or equipment violations. Moving violations often increase insurance premiums.
While some violations, like parking violations, are civil matters involving a vehicle's owner, moving violations are charged against the actual driver.
Moving violations involve fines which must be paid as well and sometimes punitive points assessed to the license of the driver. As a driver accumulates points, he or she may be required to attend defensive driving lessons, re-take his or her driving test, pay additional taxes, or even surrender his or her license. Additionally, drivers with more points on their driving record often must pay more for car insurance than drivers with fewer.
Sometimes tickets are used in a speed trap as a form of fundraising. For example, a local government that is suffering a budget shortfall may ticket more aggressively within its jurisdiction to increase revenue.
In the United States, citation fines can vary widely between jurisdictions for the same behaviour, usually between $25 and $1000. In countries such as Finland, however, they are specific proportions of the violator's income, and fines in excess of $100,000 can be assessed to wealthy individuals. In Canada, each province is individual in how they treat similar behaviour and each violation usually includes a set fine and demerit points against the driver's license. For example, a speeding ticket in Ontario of 50+ km over is 6 demerit points against the driver's licence with the approximate fine calculated as (km over x 9.75) x 1.25, as well it carries a one-week automatic licence suspension and car impoundment. In Manitoba speeding in excess of 49 km is 8 demerit points and a fine of 557 dollars.
More serious moving violations include:
"All I Do Is Think of You" is a song released by The Jackson 5 as the B-side to the group's single, "Forever Came Today" on the Motown label in 1975, and was the final charted single the group issued as The Jackson 5 before they left Motown for CBS the following year. It was featured on their final Motown album, Moving Violation.Dancing Machine (album)
Dancing Machine is the ninth studio album released by Motown quintet the Jackson 5 in 1974. The album's title track was a No. 2 pop hit and a No. 1 R&B hit in the United States, and the album sold over 2.6 million copies worldwide briefly returning the group to their former prominence. The group released two additional singles from the album: the funky "Whatever You Got, I Want" and the group's last Top 20 hit for Motown called "I Am Love".Gold (Jackson 5 album)
Gold is a compilation album of songs by the Jackson 5, an American popular music family group from Gary, Indiana. The founding members were Jackie, Tito, Jermaine, Marlon and Michael. This album features selections from their nine official studio albums during their Motown years. From their 1969 debut album Diana Ross Presents The Jackson 5 to the last album they recorded together with Motown, 1975's Moving Violation. The album also includes five new Motown tracks never released before.I Am Love (song)
"I Am Love" (from Dancing Machine) was the Jackson 5's last Top 20 hit (#15 in 1975) as the group later left Motown for CBS.
Released in Late 1974 as a single, it was one of the group's album-oriented efforts as the song went beyond the usual playing time of a pop song, at around 7 minutes and 30 seconds. The song was part-soul ballad (led by Jermaine) and part-funk/rock dance anthem (led mostly by Michael).
On the single release, "Part 1" is an edited version of the entire album track, while "Part 2" is an edit of the faster-tempo second section. After the song's success, the group released their last Motown album, Moving Violation, before leaving the label in 1976.
It charted at #3 on the US Billboard R&B chart and #15 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the US, but was not a hit in the UK Singles Chart.
It was performed by the Jackson 5 on The Cher Show in 1975, and by the Jacksons on their TV series in 1977. A live performance by the Jacksons, at a concert in Mexico in Late 1975, was included on the home video, The Jacksons In Concert, released in 1981 in the UK (no USA release).Joyful Jukebox Music
Joyful Jukebox Music is a compilation album by the Jackson 5 released on the Motown label on October 26, 1976, over a year after the Jackson 5 broke their contract with Motown; Michael and his brothers had already released the album The Jacksons on Epic Records when Joyful Jukebox Music landed in the bins. Before this break, the Jackson 5 were working hard, recording dozens of songs per album; Motown gathered some that had been recorded around the years 1972–1975, for recording sessions and albums: Skywriter, G.I.T.: Get It Together, Dancing Machine and Moving Violation. Those years were very prolific for the Jackson brothers, since in addition to the aforementioned two albums and tracks, Jermaine, Michael and Jackie each had a solo album at that time (respectively Come Into My Life, Music & Me, Jackie Jackson and Forever, Michael), Tito also recorded instrumental solos.
The albums Joyful Jukebox Music and Boogie were distributed for a very short period, and the album is one of the rarest albums of the Jackson 5, though not as scarce as Boogie. In 2004, it was available for a limited time from Hip-O Select, to complement Motown's 2001 "2 Albums on 1 CD" re-issue set of the Jackson 5's albums, on which some of these songs were issued as bonus tracks. Although only 5,000 copies were pressed, the album contains the previously unreleased full 15+ minute take of the song "Hum Along and Dance."Julie Corman
Julie Halloran Corman is an American film producer. Corman is married to film producer and director Roger Corman.Kay Lenz
Kay Ann Lenz (born March 4, 1953) is an American actress. A former child performer, Lenz has worked primarily in television and has won two Emmy Awards.List of CHiPs episodes
This is a list of episodes for the NBC television series CHiPs, which ran for 139 episodes over the course of six seasons, plus one reunion TV movie from October 27, 1998.List of songs recorded by the Jackson 5
The Jackson 5 was an American music group, which began forming around 1963-1965 by the Jackson family brothers Jackie, Jermaine, Marlon, Michael and Tito. In 1967, the quintet's first singles were recorded in Chicago and released by Steeltown Records, which was located in their hometown of Gary, Indiana. The songs released by "Steeltown" in 1968 included "Big Boy" (sung by Michael Jackson), "You've Changed", and "We Don't Have To Be Over 21 (to Fall in Love)". Although "Steeltown" is best known in Gary and northwest Indiana for giving the Jackson 5 their actual start in the music industry (and "Motown") by releasing their first records, music journalist Nelson George claimed that Michael Jackson and the Jackson 5's "real" recording history did not begin until their move to Motown Records in 1968. The then Detroit-based company, led by Berry Gordy, housed established recording artists such as Stevie Wonder, Marvin Gaye and Diana Ross, as well as a producing-writing team known as "The Corporation". In 1969 and 1970, the Jackson 5 hit singles such as "I Want You Back", "ABC", and "The Love You Save" (1970), were written by the Motown team, and aided the five brothers in becoming the first black teen idols.The success of the Jackson 5 continued throughout the early 1970s, as "Jackson mania" emerged due to the fan frenzy caused by American teens. A notable hit single for the group at this time was "Dancing Machine", a dance song produced by Hal Davis, which also contained elements of the emerging disco sound. Despite the success of the single and their overall success at Motown, four of the Jackson brothers decided to part with the company in 1976, and moved to Epic Records. The group left behind brother Jermaine and the "5" at the end of their name, as they established themselves as "the Jacksons" with the addition of younger sibling Randy. At Epic, the five entered into a two-album collaboration with songwriters Kenny Gamble and Leon Huff, who produced "Enjoy Yourself", the biggest success from the partnership.As Michael Jackson achieved solo success with the studio albums Off the Wall (1979) and Thriller (1982), his musical artistry matured on collaborations with his brothers. The Jacksons' "This Place Hotel"—from the siblings' Triumph (1980)—contained the singer's first use of sound effects, horror film motifs and vocal trickery to convey a sense of danger to listeners. The song preceded similar large-scale solo productions, such as "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'", "Thriller" and "Smooth Criminal". The singing efforts of Michael and his brothers led to the group being inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997 and the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 1999. Two of the band's recordings ("ABC" and "I Want You Back") are among the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's "500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll", with the latter track also included in the Grammy Hall of Fame.Moving Violation (film)
Moving Violation is a 1976 action film. It was one of several films Roger Corman produced for 20th Century Fox.Reflections (Supremes album)
Reflections is the twelfth studio album recorded for Motown by Diana Ross & the Supremes. Released in 1968, it was the first regular studio LP to display the new billing of the group formerly known as "The Supremes." It contains the singles "Reflections", "In and Out of Love" and "Forever Came Today". Also included are covers of songs made famous by Martha and the Vandellas ("Love (Makes Me Do Foolish Things)") and The 5th Dimension ("Up, Up and Away"). Also present are songs written by other famous names, including "Bah-Bah-Bah" co-written by Motown singer Brenda Holloway with her younger sister, Patrice, an original Smokey Robinson composition titled "Then", and "What the World Needs Now Is Love" by Burt Bacharach and Hal David, which Motown planned to release as a single in the spring of 1968, but cancelled. It also contains a cover of Bobbie Gentry's "Ode to Billie Joe," whose original recording kept the single #2 "Reflections" from peaking at the top spot on the Billboard Hot 100 in September 1967, and it hit #2 on Cashbox.
The album includes the final songs the Supremes recorded with their main creative team of Holland–Dozier–Holland before the three writers/producers departed Motown over royalty and title disputes. Although Florence Ballard recorded some of this album before being fired from the group in July 1967, her replacement Cindy Birdsong along with Mary Wilson recorded several songs and appears on the album cover. Initially, the album cover included three photos with Ballard but it was quickly replaced with the cover featuring just Ross, Wilson and Birdsong. A photo of the original album cover can be found on Motown 45 rpm promotional sleeves issued in early 1968. One of the album's singles, "Forever Came Today", was later covered by The Jackson 5 on their 1975 album Moving Violation.
"In and Out of Love" was chosen to be the key song for the American Bandstand dance contest that year. Because of that exposure, the single remained #1 on American Bandstand's chart for an impressive four weeks. It outperformed "Reflections" with Dick Clark's audience affording the album two top three singles on that pivotal show.Soulsation!
Soulsation! is a 4-CD box set of music performed by the Jackson 5 throughout their tenure in Motown spanning from 1969 to 1975, when they left for CBS Records. Released in 1995, it was released to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the year the group became the first group to have their first four releases go straight to #1 on the Billboard charts, and featured an intro from the group's baby sister Janet, liner notes from David Ritz and an essay from the brothers' first producer, Bobby Taylor. The fourth disc was completed by unreleased Jackson 5 songs made mostly from mid 1969 to early 1972. The set also included solo numbers from Michael, Jermaine, and Jackie.Traffic code
Traffic code (also motor vehicle code) refers to the collection of local statutes, regulations, ordinances and rules that have been officially adopted in the United States to govern the orderly operation and interaction of motor vehicles, bicycles, pedestrians and others upon the public (and sometimes private) ways.
The traffic code generally includes provisions relating to the establishment of authority and enforcement procedures, statement of the rules of the road, and other safety provisions. Administrative regulations for driver licensing, vehicle ownership and registration, insurance, vehicle safety inspections and parking violations may also be included, though not always directly related to driving safety. Violations of traffic code (i.e., a "moving violation") are often dealt with by forfeiting a fine in response to receiving a valid citation ("getting a ticket"). Other violations, such as drunk driving or vehicular homicide are handled through the criminal courts, although there may also be civil and administrative cases that arise from the same violation (including payment of damages and loss of driving privileges). In some jurisdictions there is a separate code-enforcement branch of government that handles illegal parking and other non-moving violations (e.g., noise and other emissions, illegal equipment). Elsewhere, there may be multiple overlapping police agencies patrolling for violations of state or federal driving regulations.Traffic school
Traffic school is the generic common term for remedial courses in Road-traffic safety and safe driving practices. In the United States, these are offered as part of pre-trial diversion programs to Moving violation offenders by traffic courts, in the interest of improving general safety. To offset the oppression suggested by the compulsory nature of traffic school, some businesses present themselves as a "comedy traffic school" where they attempt to have instructors who are, to some degree, entertaining.Traffic ticket
A traffic ticket is a notice issued by a law enforcement official to a motorist or other road user, indicating that the user has violated traffic laws. Traffic tickets generally come in two forms, citing a moving violation, such as exceeding the speed limit, or a non-moving violation, such as a parking violation, with the ticket also being referred to as a parking citation, or parking ticket.
In some jurisdictions, a traffic ticket constitutes a notice that a penalty, such as a fine or deduction of points, has been or will be assessed against the driver or owner of a vehicle; failure to pay generally leads to prosecution or to civil recovery proceedings for the fine. In others, the ticket constitutes only a citation and summons to appear at traffic court, with a determination of guilt to be made only in court.Victory (Jacksons album)
Victory is the fifteenth studio album by the Jacksons. It was released by Epic Records on July 2, 1984. The album was the only album to include all six Jackson brothers together as an official group; also, it was the band's last album to be entirely recorded with lead singer Michael Jackson, as well as their first album to feature Jermaine Jackson since 1975's Moving Violation. The album sold over seven million copies worldwide, peaking at No. 4 on the US Billboard 200. On July 17, 1984, the album was certified Gold by the BPI for the sales of at least 100.000 copies in the United Kingdom. On October 30, 1984, the album was certified 2× Platinum by RIAA for the sales of over 2 million copies in the United States.Victory was supported by the Victory Tour, with lead singer Michael Jackson, who had recently released the world's all-time best-selling album, Thriller, prominently featured. Shortly after the tour ended, Michael and Marlon Jackson quit the group. Jermaine, Tito, Randy and Jackie Jackson continued on as the Jacksons, and releasing one more album, 1989's 2300 Jackson Street (whose title track did feature all six Jackson brothers, along with their sisters Janet and Rebbie) before splitting up.Violation of law
A violation of law is any act (or, less commonly, failure to act) that fails to abide by existing law. Violations generally include both crimes and civil wrongs. Some acts, such as fraud, can violate both civil and criminal laws.
Civil law violations usually lead to civil penalties like fines, criminal offenses to more severe punishments.
The severity of the punishment should reflect the severity of the violation (retributive justice). In realistic situations and for minor violations, however, altruistic punishment was shown not 'to fit the crime'.This subdivision is similar to the distinction between misdemeanours, and felonies.Other examples of violations of law include:
Infraction, in United States law, minor or petty offenses that do not require jury trial. In common usage, "violations" are treated as synonymous with infraction.
Willful violation, in U.S. law an act with intentional disregard for a regulation, statute and policy
Infringement, various violations of laws or rights, usually used in the context of intellectual property
e.g. copyright violation
Breach of contract
against traffic rules
Moving violation, any violation of law committed by a driver while the vehicle is in motion
Parking violation, parking a motor vehicle in a restricted place or an unauthorized manner
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