Mountain running

Mountain running is a sports discipline which takes place mainly off-road in mountainous terrain, but if there is significant elevation gain on the route, surfaced roads may be used.[1] In this it differs from fell running; also its courses are more clearly marked and avoid dangerous sections.[2] It is a form of trail running if it is run on unpaved surfaces.[3] Mountain running is a combination of running, jogging, and walking, depending on how steep the trail is.

It is recognized by the International Association of Athletics Federations and governed by the World Mountain Running Association that since 1985 organizes world championships.[4]

Mountain Running
Mountain running 2
A phase of a mountain running race.
Highest governing bodyIAAF
World Championships1985–

International federation

The World Mountain Running Association (WMRA) is the global governing body of mountain running. For IAAF purposes, mountain running takes place on terrain that is mainly off-road, but if there is significant elevation gain on the route, surfaced roads may be used. Courses involve considerable amounts of ascent (for mainly uphill races), or both ascent and descent (for up and down races with the start and finish at similar heights). The average incline is normally between five and twenty per cent. Courses are clearly marked and should avoid dangerous sections.[5]

World championships

The WMRA organizes two different types of world championships, for regular distances the World Mountain Running Championships (until 2008 called World Mountain Running Trophy) and long distances the World Long Distance Mountain Running Championships (until 2014 called World Long Distance Mountain Running Challenge).

Long distance mountain running

Races more than 20 km, but no longer than 45 km, includes an uphill ascent of at least 1.6 km.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Trail Running or Fell Running? - Fell Running Guide". Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  2. ^ "IAAF Competition Rules 2016-2017, rule 251". Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  3. ^ Lisa Jhung. "What Is Mountain Running? Runners World 13 Feb. 2014.
  4. ^ "Celebrating 30 Years 1985 - 2014" (PDF). wmra.ch. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  5. ^ "IAAF Competition Rules 2016-2017, rule 251". Retrieved 4 October 2017.

External links

Media related to Mountain running at Wikimedia Commons

2004 European Mountain Running Championships

The 2004 European Mountain Running Championships were held in Korbielów, Poland,

2005 European Mountain Running Championships

The 2005 European Mountain Running Championships were held in Heiligenblut am Großglockner, Austria,

2006 European Mountain Running Championships

The 2006 European Mountain Running Championships were held in north-eastern Bohemia, Czech Republic, between 8 July and 9 July 2006. They were that year's area championships for mountain running, held by the European Athletic Association.

Teams arrived in Trutnov, at the Hotel Patria on 7 July and the competition officially began on 8 July in Malé Svatoňovice at the bottom of the Jestřebí Mountains (16 km from Trutnov, 5 km from Úpice).

2007 European Mountain Running Championships

The 2007 European Mountain Running Championships were held on 14 July in Cauterets, France. Held by the European Athletic Association.

The championships comprised four races, incorporating junior races for the first time: the men's race, which was 12.8 km long with a 1,570 m ascent, the women's and under-20s men's competitions over 8.5 km and containing a 1,010 m ascent, and finally the under-20s women's race which was competed over 4 km with a rise of 400 m.Ahmet Arslan of Turkey won the title in the men's senior race while the Norwegian Anita Evertsen took the gold medal in the women's race. Italy reached to the senior men's team gold medal and Switzerland won the women's team gold. The junior men's competition was largely a Turkish affair, with Mehmet Akkoyun winning gold and leading a 1-2-3 for his country. The women's junior race was won by Lucija Krkoc from Slovenia. United Kingdom took the team gold.

2008 European Mountain Running Championships

The 2008 European Mountain Running Championships were held on 12 July in Zell am Harmersbach, Germany. Held by the European Athletic Association, the competition was held on an up- and downhill course in the Black Forest. The championships featured 227 athletes representing 25 nations.The championships comprised four races: the men's race which was 12 km long with an 804 m ascent and 714 m descent, the women's and under-20s men's competitions over 8.75 km and containing a 566 m ascent and 476 m descent, and finally the under-20s women's race which was competed over 4 km with a rise and fall of 238 m.Ahmet Arslan defended his title in the men's senior race while Elisa Desco took the gold medal in the women's race. Bernard Dematteis headed home Italy to the senior men's team gold medal and Great Britain won the women's team gold, with bronze medallist Sarah Tunstall the nation's best finisher. The junior men's competition was largely a Turkish affair, with Hasan Pak winning gold and leading a 1-2-3 for his country. The women's junior race was won by Mariya Bykova who, along with Tatyana Prorokova, took the team gold.

2009 European Mountain Running Championships

The 2009 European Mountain Running Championships were held on 12 July in Telfes im Stubai, Austria. They were that year's area championships for mountain running, held by the European Athletic Association. The 2009 edition saw the introduction of two under-20s competitions into the championships programme, complementing the usual men's and women's senior races. The men's race was 11 km long and featured a total climb of 1300 m in altitude, while the women's and under-20s men's competitions were over 9.5 km and scaled a height of 950 m. The women's junior competition was held over 4 km with a total climb of 400 m.Turkish runner Ahmet Arslan retained his European title for a second time in the men's senior race, following wins in 2007 and 2008. In the women's senior race, Martina Strähl took the honours over home favourite Andrea Mayr. Italian athletes dominated the team competitions at the championships, taking the gold medals in the senior men's and women's races, as well as the men's under-20s event. Turkish runners topped the podium in both the under-20s contests; Yusuf Alici and Derya Altintas won the boys and girls titles respectively.

2010 European Mountain Running Championships

The 2010 European Mountain Running Championships were held on 4 July in Sapareva Banya, Bulgaria. They were that year's area championships for mountain running, held by the European Athletic Association in conjunction with the Bulgarian Athletic Federation. The competition featured four races, with senior and junior races for both men and women. The 2010 competition featured an uphill–downhill course format. A total of 237 runners from 24 nations started the competition and two further nations (Norway and Greece) were present as observers.The men's race was 12.2 km long and featured an ascent and descent of 685 m on each of its three laps. The women's and junior men's races were 9 km long comprising two laps with a rise and fall of 495 m. The junior women's race was one lap of 4.6 km over a hill of 235 m.Ahmet Arslan took his fourth consecutive men's title by some distance, while Italians Martin Dematteis and Marco De Gasperi completed the podium and helped Italy retain its undefeated streak in the men's team competition. The 2010 Grand Ballon race winner Marie Laure Dumergues took the women's title continuing her good form in a breakthrough year. Valentina Belotti was the women's runner-up for a second year running and Elena Nagovitsyna was the bronze medallist. Hüseyin Pak won the junior men's race while Denisa Dragomir was the women's junior champion.

2011 European Mountain Running Championships

The 2011 European Mountain Running Championships were held on 10 July at Uludağ in Bursa, Turkey. They were that year's area championships for mountain running, held by the European Athletic Association in conjunction with the Turkish Athletic Federation. The competition featured four races, with senior and junior races for both men and women. A total of 221 runners from 26 nations started the competition.

The men's race was 12.0 km long and featured an ascent of 1,245 m. The women's and junior men's races were 8.5 km long comprising a rise of 865 m. The junior women's race was 3.5 km over a hill of 405 m.

Ahmet Arslan from Turkey took his fifth consecutive men's title, while Swiss Martina Strahl won the gold medal in senior women's category. Italian senior men's and senior women's teams were the champions. In the junior men's category, Turkish Nuri Kömür became the champion followed by two of his countrymen. Denisa Ionela Dragomir from Romania was the gold medalist in junior women's race. Turkish junior men's and junior women's teams took the gold medals in team ranking.

The event was dominated by the host nation Turkey, which won in total nine medals (four gold, three silver and two bronze) in three categories. It was the senior women's race, at which Turkey was not able to win any medal.

2012 European Mountain Running Championships

The 2012 European Mountain Running Championships were held on 7 July at Pamukkale in Denizli, Turkey. They were that year's area championships for mountain running, held by the European Athletic Association in conjunction with the Turkish Athletic Federation. The competition featured four races, with senior and junior races for both men and women. A total of 163 runners from 21 nations started the competition.

The men's race was 12.2 km long and featured an ascent of 700 m. The women's and junior men's races were 8.3 km long comprising a rise of 470 m. The junior women's race was 4.4 km over a hill of 240 m.Ahmet Arslan from Turkey took his sixth consecutive men's title, while Swiss Monika Furholz won the gold medal in senior women's category. Italian senior men's and British senior women's teams were the champions. In the junior men's category, Turkish Ahmet Özrek became the champion. Annabel Mason from United Kingdom was the gold medalist in junior women's race. Turkish junior men's and junior women's teams took the gold medals in team ranking.The event was dominated by the host nation Turkey, which won in total eight medals (four gold, three silver and one bronze) in six categories. It was the senior women's race, at which Turkey was not able to win any medal.

African Mountain Running Championships

The African Mountain Running Championships is an annual Mountain running competition organized by the CAA for athletes representing the countries of its member associations. The event was established in 2009.

Commonwealth Mountain and Ultradistance Running Championships

The Commonwealth Mountain and Ultradistance Running Championships, founded in 2009, is a biennial fell running tournament operated by the Commonwealth Games Federation.

European Mountain Running Championships

The European Mountain Running Championships is an annual international mountain running race. Inaugurated in 2002, it is organised by the European Athletic Association (EAA) in July each year. The venue for the championships is changed each year.

The history of the competition lies in the European Mountain Running Trophy, which was first held in 1994. It was officially sanctioned by the World Mountain Running Association in 1995 and continued until 2001, at which point the EAA introduced the official European Mountain Running Championships.Exclusively a senior championships until 2009, the competition now features separate senior and junior (under 20s) races for both men and women. Medals are awarded on an individual and national team basis. For the team competition, the finishing positions of each country's top three runners are combined, and the team with the smallest cumulative total wins the medals.

Fell running

Fell running, also sometimes known as hill running, is the sport of running and racing, off-road, over upland country where the gradient climbed is a significant component of the difficulty. The name arises from the origins of the English sport on the fells of northern Britain, especially those in the Lake District. It has elements of trail running, cross country and mountain running, but is also distinct from those disciplines.

Fell races are organised on the premise that contenders possess mountain navigation skills and carry adequate survival equipment as prescribed by the organiser.

Fell running has common characteristics with cross-country running, but is distinguished by steeper gradients and upland country. It is sometimes considered as a form of mountain running, but without the smoother trails and predetermined routes often associated with mountain running.

Jonathan Wyatt

Jonathan Craig Wyatt (born 20 December 1972) is a New Zealand male versatile runner. He is a six-time world mountain running champion. He is also an 8-time winner of the world mountain running grand prix series.

South American Mountain Running Championships

The South American Mountain Running Championships (Spanish: Campeonatos Sudamericanos de Carreras de Montaña) is an annual Mountain running competition organized by CONSUDATLE for athletes representing the countries of its member associations. The event was established in 2006.

WMRA World Cup

The WMRA World Cup is an annual series of mountain running competitions organised by the World Mountain Running Association (WMRA) that runs from around May to October. Athletes are awarded points for each performance on the tour. Its predecessor was the Alpine Grand Prix, a 1997 formation including four European races in the Alps region. It formally became the WMRA Grand Prix in 1999 and subsequently expanded to six races in 2001. It reverted to four races in 2007 and from 2008 onwards began to vary between five and seven races. The competition took its current title World Cup in 2014.

World Long Distance Mountain Running Championships

The World Long Distance Mountain Running Championships (from 2004 up to 2014 the name was World Long Distance Mountain Running Challenge), is an annual international mountain running competition organised by the World Mountain Running Association (WMRA).

The race is a one-day long-distance running contest for both sexes which has individual and national team aspects. The host for the event changes on an annual basis, with the minimum requirements for the challenge being that the course is no longer than 45 kilometres (28 mi) in distance, includes an uphill ascent of at least 1.6 km (1 mile), and has a rough duration of between one hour and forty-five minutes and four hours for the elite men. The challenge does not take place on specially-made courses, but rather it is incorporated into pre-existing, traditional races.The competition was first held in 2004 on a course from Sierre to Zinal. Since its inception, the challenge has been hosted at competitions including the Three Peaks Race in the United Kingdom, Switzerland's Jungfrau Marathon, and the Pikes Peak Marathon in the United States. The event has significant variance in its level of participation: the 2007 race at the Jungfrau Marathon attracted over 4200 runners of fifty nationalities, while at the 2011 of the competition there were 405 runners representing a total of 18 countries.The 2013 version hosted by the Maraton Karkonoski in Poland, showcased 700 athletes from 22 countries and 16 WMRA Athletic Federation countries. The men's race was won by Mitja Kosovelj of Slovenia in 3:07:36. The women's race was won by Antonella Confortola of Italy in 3:44:51. Italy took Gold in both the men's and women's team competitions.

World Mountain Running Association

The World Mountain Running Association (WMRA) is the global governing body of mountain running.

For IAAF purposes, mountain running takes place on terrain that is mainly off-road, but if there is significant elevation gain on the route, surfaced roads may be used. Courses involve considerable amounts of ascent (for mainly uphill races), or both ascent and descent (for up and down races with the start and finish at similar heights). The average incline is normally between five and twenty per cent. Courses are clearly marked and should avoid dangerous sections.

World Mountain Running Championships

The World Mountain Running Championships (World Mountain Running Trophy until 2008), is an international mountain running competition contested by athletes of the members of WMRA, World Mountain Running Association, the sport's global governing body.

The championships include a senior men, senior women, junior men and women events and the team events of these races.

It was first held in 1985 as the World Mountain Running Trophy before obtaining its current moniker in 2009.

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