Mount Chapman

Mount Chapman is a mountain in the Great Smoky Mountains, located in the Southeastern United States. It has an elevation of 6,417 feet (1,956 m) above sea level.[1] While the mountain is located deep within the Great Smokies, the Appalachian Trail crosses its eastern slope, coming to within 200 feet (61 m) of the summit. Mount Chapman is among the 10 highest mountains in the Appalachian range, if subpeaks are not included.[2]

Mount Chapman is situated along the Tennessee-North Carolina border, with Sevier County to the north and Swain County to the south. Like its neighbor Mount Guyot, Chapman is a double peak, with the southern peak being the true summit. A 1,500-foot (460 m) gap divides Chapman from Dashoga Ridge (i.e., Mount Hardison and Marks Knob), just two miles (3 km) to the east.[3] Mount Chapman's western slope, known as Chapman Lead, is more gradual, descending roughly 4,000 feet (1,200 m) over 5 miles (8.0 km) to its base along the headwaters of the Little Pigeon River.[4] Chapman Lead parallels Guyot Spur to the north, with Buck Fork slicing between the two giant ridges. The mountain's summit is coated in a dense stand of Southern Appalachian spruce-fir forest.

The remoteness of Mount Chapman has left it largely untouched by human history. The mountain is named after Colonel David C. Chapman (1876-1944), a Knoxville business leader who led efforts to establish a national park in the Great Smokies. As head of the Tennessee Great Smoky Mountains Park Commission from 1927-1937, Chapman raised funds and negotiated hundreds of land purchases that would make the park possible.[1] Arnold Guyot crossed Mount Chapman in the late 1850s, measuring the mountain's summit at 6,447 feet (Guyot called it "Mount Alexander" after a Princeton colleague).[2] The leg of the Appalachian Trail crossing Chapman's eastern slope was constructed in 1935.[3]

Mount-chapman-north
The view looking north from Mount Chapman, near the summit.

Mount Chapman is approximately 11 miles (18 km) from the nearest parking lot at the Cosby Campground and 14.5 miles (23.3 km) from Newfound Gap. From the Cosby Campground (specifically behind Campsite B51), the Snake Den Ridge Trail winds for 5.3 miles (8.5 km) to its junction with the Appalachian Trail at Inadu Knob. Following the AT from Inadu, Chapman's main peak is approximately 5.2 miles (8.4 km) to the south, with the trail first crossing the slopes of Old Black, Mount Guyot, and Tricorner Knob. A short bushwhack is required to reach the summit.

The Tricorner Knob Shelter is approximately 1.5 miles (2.4 km) to the northeast of Mount Chapman.

Coordinates: 35°41′12″N 83°16′16″W / 35.68667°N 83.27111°W

Mount-chapman-guyot
Mount Chapman, viewed from Mount Guyot

See also

References

  1. ^ Tennessee Great Smoky Mountains Park Commission, Record Group 262, "Biography: Colonel David Carpenter Chapman." Tennessee State Library and Archives. Retrieved: 5 May 2007.
  2. ^ Robert Mason, The Lure of the Great Smokies (Boston and New York: Houghton-Mifflen, 1927), 55.
  3. ^ Sherrill Hatcher, "The Appalachian Trail In the Smokies," Smoky Mountain Historical Society Newsletter 20, no. 3 (May–June 1994): 2

External links

Appalachian Trail by state

The Appalachian National Scenic Trail spans fourteen U.S. states during its roughly 2,200 miles (3,500 km)-long journey: Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine. It begins at Springer Mountain, Georgia, and follows the ridgeline of the Appalachian Mountains, crossing many of its highest peaks and running with only a few exceptions almost continuously through wilderness before ending at Mount Katahdin, Maine.

The trail is currently protected along more than 99% of its course by federal or state land ownership or right-of-way. Annually, more than 4,000 volunteers contribute over 175,000 hours to maintain the trail, an effort coordinated largely by the Appalachian Trail Conservancy (ATC), assisted by some thirty trail clubs and multiple partnerships.

Charles 'Pop' Chapman

Charles Henry Chapman (27 May 1874 – 7 January 1955), known as "Pop", was an Australian entrepreneur, gold prospector, businessman and newspaper publisher.

Chapman was born at Coonabarabran, New South Wales, on 27 May 1874 where his parents had a farming property.

His father came from Stoke, Plymouth, England, and married Julia Downing, whose family claimed to be descendants of the family after which 10 Downing Street was named. Chapman's father, after whom Mount Chapman in Papua New Guinea is said to have been named, was believed to have been eaten by cannibals on an expedition.Chapman attended St John's College in Dubbo. After leaving school he was a jackaroo, then a station manager, and later took up land in Queensland.

He imported an electrical "water finder" from England and succeeded in finding many bores, which was financially lucrative.Chapman married Jessie Swan, a pastoralist's daughter from Roma, Queensland. After the death of his first wife, he married his housekeeper, Gertrude Emily Ford.Chapman led an expedition from Queensland to Central Australia after mineral wealth in 1932. Although eminent geologists were firm in their opinion that there was no quantity of gold in the Tanami Desert, Chapman pegged big areas in an area known as The Granites, about 600km northwest of Alice Springs. The geologists were proved wrong, and large quantities of gold were found. In October 1949, Chapman drove into Alice Springs with 2000 ounces of gold in jam tins, worth about £26,000, just after a rise of £5 an ounce in gold prices.Chapman founded the Centralian Advocate newspaper, which published its first edition on 24 May 1947. In April 1949 he sold the newspaper to a partnership of McArthur, Morcom and Wauchope.Chapman built the first Olympic-size swimming pool in the Northern Territory on his property, The Pearly Gates, which he stocked with fish.Chapman paid for and opened a public swimming pool in Alice Springs in March 1954.

Coolongolook River

Coolongolook River, a watercourse of the Mid-Coast Council system, is located in the Mid North Coast district of New South Wales, Australia.

David C. Chapman

David Carpenter Chapman (August 9, 1876 – July 26, 1944) was an American soldier, politician, and business leader from Knoxville, Tennessee who led the effort to establish the Great Smoky Mountains National Park in the 1920s and 1930s. Mount Chapman (in the park) and Chapman Highway (the section of U.S. Route 441 in South Knoxville), are named in his honor.

Foothills Parkway

The Foothills Parkway is a national parkway which traverses the foothills of the northern Great Smoky Mountains in East Tennessee, located in the southeastern United States. The 72.1-mile (114 km) parkway will connect U.S. Route 129 (U.S. 129) along the Little Tennessee River in the west with Interstate 40 (I-40) along the Pigeon River in the east.

Portions pass through parts of Blount, Sevier, and Cocke counties. Large sections cross a series of high ridges running roughly parallel to the Tennessee boundary of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, and offer unobstructed views of the Great Smokies to the south and the Tennessee Valley to the north.

The oldest unfinished highway project in Tennessee, the Foothills Parkway project has been continuously stalled by funding difficulties since Congress authorized its construction in 1944. As of 2018, just over one-half of the parkway has been completed and opened to vehicular traffic, although the right of way for the full length has been acquired.

Sections 8E & 8F (including the "Missing Link") of the parkway was announced completed on November 8, 2018 and opened to the public on Saturday, November 10, 2018, adding 16.1 finished miles.

Previously, the longest open section (8H and 8G) consisted of a 16.9-mile (27.2 km) leg traversing the western flank of Chilhowee Mountain in Blount county, connecting U.S. 129 along the Chilhowee Lake impoundment of the Little Tennessee River with U.S. 321 in the town of Walland. The other open section (8A) is a 5.6-mile (9.0 km) stretch traversing Green Mountain in Cocke county, connecting U.S. 321 in Cosby with I-40 in the Pigeon River valley.

The Gatlinburg Bypass, which traverses the eastern flank of Cove Mountain between the north end of Gatlinburg and the national park, connecting to the Great Smoky Mountains Parkway at each end, is also considered part of the parkway. The Great Smoky Mountains Parkway (U.S. 441) from Gatlinburg north to Pigeon Forge is also National Park Service land, connecting the bypass to the right of way for future sections (8D and 8C) of the Foothills Parkway at the southern city limit of Pigeon Forge.

The parkways are managed by the National Park Service as part of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Unlike other national parkways, they are not a separate unit of the national park system. As with other NPS roads, construction (including repaving) is handled by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) through the Federal Lands Transportation Program (FLTP) partnership.

Grassy Ridge Bald

Grassy Ridge Bald is a mountain in North Carolina and is part of the Roan Highlands, within the Pisgah National Forest. Its elevation reaches 6,184 feet (1,885 m) and is on the boundary between Avery County, North Carolina (highest point) and Mitchell County, North Carolina. The mountain generates feeder streams for the North Toe River.

Great Smoky Mountains

The Great Smoky Mountains are a mountain range rising along the Tennessee–North Carolina border in the southeastern United States. They are a subrange of the Appalachian Mountains, and form part of the Blue Ridge Physiographic Province. The range is sometimes called the Smoky Mountains and the name is commonly shortened to the Smokies. The Great Smokies are best known as the home of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, which protects most of the range. The park was established in 1934, and, with over 11 million visits per year, it is the most visited national park in the United States.The Great Smokies are part of an International Biosphere Reserve. The range is home to an estimated 187,000 acres (76,000 ha) of old growth forest, constituting the largest such stand east of the Mississippi River. The cove hardwood forests in the range's lower elevations are among the most diverse ecosystems in North America, and the Southern Appalachian spruce-fir forest that coats the range's upper elevations is the largest of its kind. The Great Smokies are also home to the densest black bear population in the Eastern United States and the most diverse salamander population outside of the tropics.Along with the Biosphere reserve, the Great Smokies have been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The U.S. National Park Service preserves and maintains 78 structures within the national park that were once part of the numerous small Appalachian communities scattered throughout the range's river valleys and coves. The park contains five historic districts and nine individual listings on the National Register of Historic Places.

The name "Smoky" comes from the natural fog that often hangs over the range and presents as large smoke plumes from a distance. This fog is caused by the vegetation exhaling volatile organic compounds, chemicals that have a high vapor pressure and easily form vapors at normal temperature and pressure.

John Clarke (mountaineer)

John Clarke, CM (February 25, 1945 – January 23, 2003) was a Canadian explorer, mountaineer, conservationist, and wilderness educator. He was born in Ireland to Brigit Ann Clarke (née Conway) and Thomas Kevin Clarke, and died in Vancouver, British Columbia of a brain tumor. From 1964 until his death in 2003 Clarke spent at least six months of each year on extended backcountry trips, usually into the Coast Mountains of British Columbia using the technique of dropping food caches from small planes along an intended route, then traveling that route for weeks at a time. His routes regularly led him along the high ridges and glaciated icefields of the west coast, and allowed him to make hundreds of first ascents of the many mountains along the way. Many of these trips exceeded 30 days in length, and were often done solo, simply because nobody could afford the time to accompany him.

List of mountains in North Carolina

This page lists notable mountains in the U.S. state of North Carolina.

List of mountains of the Blue Ridge

The following is a list of mountains constituting the Blue Ridge, a mountain range stretching about 450 miles from Pennsylvania to Georgia in the USA. The Blue Ridge is part of the larger Appalachian Mountain Range.

List of mountains of the United States

This list includes significant mountain peaks and high points located in the United States arranged alphabetically by state, district, or territory. The highest peak or point in each state, district or territory is noted in bold.

Mount Chapman (Antarctica)

Mount Chapman is a mountain in Antarctica. It is a triple-peaked mountain, 2,715 metres (8,907 ft) high, with very steep sides and a large rock cliff on its north side, situated at the western end of the Whitmore Mountains. It was named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names for William H. Chapman of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), a cartographer with the Horlick Mountains Traverse (1958–59), who made a survey of the Whitmore Mountains on Jan. 2, 1959. Chapman spent several summer seasons in the Antarctic, including a survey in the Pensacola Mountains (1957–58) and the highly successful USGS Topo North-South Survey of the mountains bordering the west side of the Ross Sea and Ross Ice Shelf.

Mount Sequoyah

Mount Sequoyah is a mountain in the Great Smoky Mountains, located in

the Southeastern United States. It has an elevation of 6,003 feet (1,830

meters) above sea level.[1] While

the Appalachian Trail crosses its summit, Sequoyah is an 11.5-mile (18.5 km) hike from

the nearest parking lot, making it one of the most remote places in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park.

The Tennessee-North Carolina border traverses Mount Sequoyah, with Sevier County to the north and Swain County to the south. The mountain consists of four small peaks, with the eastern-most being the true (highest) summit. Sequoyah rises approximately 1,500 feet (460 m) above its southern base along Left Fork Creek [2] and approximately 3,500 feet (1,100 m) above its northern base along the Little Pigeon River[3]. Part of the headwaters of the Little Pigeon accumulate along Sequoyah's northern slope.[4]

Mount Sequoyah is named after the inventor of the Cherokee alphabet. While it's doubtful that Sequoyah ever visited the mountain, numerous Cherokee villages dotted the base of the southeastern Smokies when European settlers arrived in the early 18th century. Arnold Guyot crossed Mount Sequoyah on his survey of the Smokies crest in the late 1850s. Guyot referred to the mountain as "The Three Brothers", and measured its elevation at 5,945 feet (1,812 m). The mountain rarely saw a human presence until a segment of the Appalachian Trail was constructed across its summit in 1935.

The summit of Mount Sequoyah is among the most distant summits traversed by a trail in the Great Smokies. Following the Appalachian Trail from Newfound Gap, Mount Sequoyah is 13.1 miles (21.1 km) to the east. From the Cosby Campground, Sequoyah can be reached by following the Snake Den Ridge Trail 5.3 miles (8.5 km) to its junction with the Appalachian Trail, and then following the latter 3.7 miles (6.0 km) to Tricorner Knob, crossing Old Black and Mount Guyot along the way. From Tricorner, Mount Sequoyah is 2.5 miles (4.0 km) to the southwest, just beyond Mount Chapman. The Hughes Ridge Trail, which connects the Appalachian Trail and the Benton MacKaye Trail, terminates just over two miles (3 km) southwest of Sequoyah.

Owen Stanley Range

Owen Stanley Range is the south-eastern part of the central mountain-chain in Papua New Guinea.

Richland Balsam

Richland Balsam is a mountain in the Great Balsam Mountains in the U.S. state of North Carolina. Rising to an elevation of 6,410 feet (1,950 m), it is the highest mountain in the Great Balsam range and is among the 20 highest summits in the Appalachian range. The Blue Ridge Parkway reaches an elevation of 6,053 feet (1,845 m)— the parkway's highest point— as it passes over Richland Balsam's southwestern slope. The Jackson County-Haywood County line crosses the mountain's summit.Richland Balsam's upper elevations (above approximately 5,500 feet) support part of one of just ten stands of Southern Appalachian spruce-fir forest. This forest type consists of two dominant tree types— the red spruce and the Fraser fir— commonly called the "he-balsam" and "she-balsam" respectively, although the latter has been decimated in recent decades by the balsam woolly adelgid infestation. Spruce-fir forests are found in the highest elevations of Southern Appalachia due their ability to survive in climates that are too cold and harsh for the hardwood forests which dominate lower elevations. Southern spruce-fir ecosystems resemble ecosystems more commonly found in the northern United States and Canada than in the Southeastern United States.The eastern half of Richland Balsam is protected by the Pisgah National Forest, and most of the western half is protected by the Nantahala National Forest (the exception being the Blue Ridge Parkway corridor, which is maintained by the National Park Service). There is a parking lot and overlook atop Richland Balsam marking the parkway's highest point. A short interpretive trail connects the parking lot with the summit.

Southern Sixers

In peak bagging terminology in the United States, the Southern Sixers refers to the group of mountains in the southern states of North Carolina and Tennessee with heights of at least six thousand feet (1829 m). The southern sixers are the tallest group of mountains in the eastern United States and the only peaks in the Appalachian Mountains besides New Hampshire's Mount Washington to exceed 6,000 feet.

Most of these mountains are located in Great Smoky Mountains National Park (abbreviated GSMNP in the list), Mount Mitchell State Park (MMSP), along the Blue Ridge Parkway (BRP), or in Cherokee or Pisgah National Forest. There are a few, though, that are located on private property. All of these mountains are located within 32 miles (51 km) of the North Carolina - Tennessee border, with 12 on the state border itself and many more on various county borders.

Those who complete a list of 40 of these peaks are awarded membership in the South Beyond 6000 club.

Stoke, Quebec

Stoke is a municipality in Le Val-Saint-François in the Estrie region of Quebec in Canada.

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