Mottram in Longdendale

Mottram in Longdendale is an unparished village within the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside, in Greater Manchester, England. The 2011 Census for the ward of Longdendale which includes Mottram and the surrounding area was 9,950.[1]

Historically part of Cheshire, it lies in the valley of Longdendale, on the border with Derbyshire and close to the Peak District neighbouring Broadbottom and Hattersley. Mottram in Longdendale Parish was one of the eight ancient parishes of the Macclesfield Hundred of Cheshire. The larger Mottram parish was incorporated into Longdendale in 1936, remaining part of Cheshire, then incorporated into Tameside, as part of the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972 in 1974. Even as late as 1991, the town has the preferred name of Mottram in Longdendale.[2]

Mottram in Longdendale
Mottram in Longdendale

Mottram in Longdendale from Werneth Low
Mottram in Longdendale is located in Greater Manchester
Mottram in Longdendale
Mottram in Longdendale
Location within Greater Manchester
OS grid referenceSJ992956
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townHYDE
Postcode districtSK14
Dialling code01457
PoliceGreater Manchester
FireGreater Manchester
AmbulanceNorth West
EU ParliamentNorth West England
UK Parliament

History

In 1795, Aikin in his book, Forty Miles around Manchester, wrote

Mottram is situated twelve miles from Manchester and seven for Stockport, on a high eminence one mile to the west of the Mersey, from which the river ground begins to rise; half the way being so steep as to make it difficult to access. It forms a long street well paved both in the town and some distance on the roads. It contains 127 houses, which are for the most part built of a thick flag stone, and covered with a thick, heavy slate, of nearly the same quality, no other covering being able to endure the strong blasts of wind which occasionally occur. Of late, many of the houses in the skirts of the town are built of brick. About fifty years ago, the houses were few in number, and principally situated on top of the hill, adjoining the churchyard, where is an ancient cross, and at a small distance the parsonage house, now gone much to decay and occupied by working people. It is only of late years that the town has had any considerable increase, which has been chiefly at the bottom of the hill, but some latterly on the top.[3]

In the 18th century the River Etherow was known as the Mersey. The River Tame has been a border from the earliest times between the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of Northumbria and Mercia.[4] The ancient parish was the most northerly in Cheshire.[4] Mottram came to prominence as a transport hub. It lies on two pack horse routes used to carry salt from Cheshire to South Yorkshire over the Pennines and carry lime for soil improvement from Chapel-en-le-Frith.[5] It was on the Manchester to Sheffield stage coach route, and had a flyer service to Manchester. Before the Industrial Revolution Mottram and Ashton had been the most significant towns in the area, the manor and manorial court house were in Mottram, but other towns eclipsed Mottram in size and importance. Mottram was active in the early stages of industrialisation, and there were significant cotton spinning mills in Wedneshough Green and the Treacle Street areas of Mottram Moor, and printing and dyeing works on the Etherow at Broadbottom which until recently was part of the parish.[5]

The smaller early mills in Mottram became uneconomic and harder to run. Stalling industrialisation led to social conflict and hunger during 1812 Luddite riots that led to the smashing of labour-reducing machines. The Luddites secretly drilled on Wedneshough Green. In 1842 local Chartists met on the green, and planned the closure of Stalybridge factories in the Plug Riots. By 1860 the population had peaked. The 1844 railway passed through the valley with stops at Hattersley and Broadbottom in the parish but not at the Mottram township.[5]

A Polish pilot, Josef Gawkowski, was killed on 19 July 1942 when his aircraft crashed near Mottram on a training flight from RAF Newton in Nottinghamshire. A memorial plaque commemorating him is in Mottram Cemetery.

Geography

Geologyofglossop
Geology of the wider area

Mottram occupies an elevated site straddling the A57 trunk road from the end of the M67 to the junction with the A628 trunk road. It is 10 miles (16 km) east of Manchester, on land between 150m to 250m above mean sea level. The geology is mainly boulder clay above millstone grit,[6] but there are small outcrops of coal at the edge of the Lancashire Coalfield. To the south and east of Mottram is the River Etherow and to the west is the Hurstclough Brook.

Longdendale bypass proposal

Longdendale Bypass Map
A map showing the proposed route

The A628 trunk road connects the M67 motorway from Manchester to the M1 motorway in South Yorkshire. The road is single-carriageway through Mottram, Hollingworth and Tintwistle and through the Peak District National Park, it is used by large numbers of heavy goods vehicles. It is one of the most congested A-road routes in the country, with high volumes of traffic (including HGVs) using a road which is totally unsuitable for the volume and nature of traffic it carries[7] The A628 through Mottram carries traffic from the A57 road linking Manchester through Glossop to Sheffield over the Snake Pass, another major Trans-Pennine route. Congestion at peak times backs up through Glossop and Hadfield rendering local journeys impossible. To solve these problems the Longdendale Bypass was approved in December 2014,[8] but has not yet been started. There is considerable local feeling that there is no viable alternative to a bypass.[9]

Landmarks

St Michael and All Angels Church dates from the late 15th century. The church is a Grade II* Listed Building, built in the Perpendicular Gothic style. The interior of St. Michael's was remodelled in 1854 but the exterior remains intact from the 15th and 16th centuries.[10] The church stands high up on Warhill overlooking the village. In 2010, vandals destroyed the church's windows which led to cork boards being used as replacements.

Mottram Old Hall is a country house in Old Hall Lane which dates to 1727 and was once occupied by the Hollingworth family.

Mottram Church 01

St Michael and All Angels

Mottram Church 02
Mottram Church 03
Old Mottram Hall Entrance

Mottram Old Hall

Sports

Mottram Cricket Club plays in the Derbyshire and Cheshire League. The club was founded in 1878.

Notable people

Earnshaw Memorial

Earnshaw Memorial

Earnshaw Memorial 01
Earnshaw Memorial 02
L.S. Lowry 01

L.S. Lowry Memorial

L.S. Lowry 02

Famous former residents also include Kathy Staff (aka Nora Batty from the sitcom Last of the Summer Wine) and Harold Shipman, the UK's most prolific serial killer.

See also

References

  1. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Longdendale Ward (as of 2011) (1237320477)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  2. ^ E, Youngs (1991). "Local Administrative Units: Northern England". Relationships / unit history of LONGENDALE. Quoted, Vision of Britain Website: London: Royal Historical Society. p. 645. Archived from the original on 24 December 2012. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
  3. ^ Oliver, G.J (2008). "Tameside-Mottram history". Tameside Family Histories. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
  4. ^ a b Oliver, G.J (2008). "Tameside-Historic Boundaries". Tameside Family Histories. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
  5. ^ a b c "Township Information - Mottram-in-Longdendale". TamesideMBC. 25 May 2011. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
  6. ^ "6. Geology of Tameside". Contaminated Land Strategy. TamesideMBC. 28 February 2011. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
  7. ^ "Introduction". Longdendale Siege Committee website. Archived from the original on 9 January 2008. Retrieved 20 January 2008.
  8. ^ "Mottram Bypass Finally Approved". Real Deal website. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  9. ^ "Suggested Alternative Solutions?". Longdendale Siege Committee website. Archived from the original on 20 August 2008. Retrieved 20 January 2008.
  10. ^ Mike Nevell (1991). Tameside 1066–1700. Tameside Metropolitan Borough and University of Manchester Archaeological Unit. pp. 122, 140. ISBN 1-871324-02-5.
  11. ^ *Lawrence Earnshaw-Manchester2002 Website Archived 9 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ *Lawrence Earnshaw-Tameside Website Archived 26 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
Bibliography

External links

David Davies (Dean of Wellington)

David Jones Davies was Dean of Saint Paul's Cathedral, Wellington from 1948 to 1962.Davies was educated at the University of Wales and St. Michael's College, Llandaff; and ordained in 1916. After curacies in Canton, Mottram in Longdendale and Gisborne, New Zealand he held incumbencies at Opunake, Greytown, Palmerston North and Kilbirnie before joining the staff of Saint Paul's Cathedral, Wellington in 1938.

Edmund Shaa

Sir Edmund Shaa or Shaw (died 20 April 1488) was a London goldsmith, Sheriff of London in 1475 and Lord Mayor of London in 1482. Shaa lent money to Edward IV and, as mayor (at least), was extensively involved in the coronation of Edward IV's brother Richard III. He was later knighted and made a member of the Privy Council.

Edward Chapman (politician)

Edward Chapman (12 October 1839 – 25 July 1906) was a British academic and Conservative politician.

He was the son of John Chapman and his wife Ann née Sidebottom, of Hill End House, Hollingworth, near Mottram, Cheshire. John Chapman was member of parliament for Great Grimsby and was a major landowner, having made a fortune from the development of railways and docks.Edward Chapman was educated at Merton College, Oxford, having been graduated with a first-class honours degree in Natural Science in 1864. He obtained a master's degree in 1866, and subsequently became a tutor at Magdalen College in 1868. He was appointed a public examiner in the Honours School of Science. He was elected a fellow of Magdalen College in 1882. He was curator of the University Botanic Gardens, and a member of the Linnean and Ashmolean Societies. He married Elizabeth Beardoe Grundy in 1863.In 1877 his father died and he inherited shares in the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway, and went on to become a director and deputy chairman of its successor Great Central Railway. He was also a director of the South Eastern and London Chatham and Dover Railway companies. He was lord of the manor of Hattersley, an estate purchased by his father.He was involved in local politics, serving as president of the Hyde Conservative Association, and for twenty years was chairman of the Mottram Urban District Council.In 1900 he was elected as Conservative MP for Hyde, and was appointed a deputy lieutenant of Cheshire at the end of 1901. At the ensuing election in 1906 he was defeated by the Liberal candidate Charles Schwann.

Chapman was found dead at Hill End on 25 July 1906, apparently as the result of a fall. He was aged 67.

John Holt (author)

John Holt (1743 – 21 March 1801) was an English author.

John Stockdale

John Stockdale (25 March 1750 – 21 June 1814) was an English publisher whose London shop became a salon for the political classes and who had to face two actions for defamation. One by the House of Commons became a cause célèbre and resulted in an important change in the law.

List of road protests in the UK and Ireland

This article lists individual current and past Road protests in the United Kingdom and in Ireland.

List of schools in Tameside

This is a list of schools in the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside in the English county of Greater Manchester.

Longdendale

Longdendale is a valley in the Peak District of England, north of Glossop and southwest of Holmfirth. The name means "long wooded valley" and the valley marks the boundary between the counties of Derbyshire and Greater Manchester.

Longdendale Bypass

The Longdendale Bypass (also known as the A57/A628 Mottram-in-Longdendale, Hollingworth & Tintwistle Bypass) is a long-planned road scheme in England by the Highways Agency. The aim is to alleviate traffic congestion on the A57 road/A628 road/A616 road routes that presently pass through the villages. There is both support and opposition for this long-planned scheme which will pass through the valley of Longdendale and part of the Peak District National Park.

After nearly fifty years, part of the road scheme – the Mottram Bypass and Glossop Spur – was approved by the Highways Agency on 2 December 2014.

Longendale Urban District

Longendale Urban District (also known as Longdendale Urban District) was, from 1936 to 1974, a local government district in the administrative county of Cheshire, England. It encompassed parts of Broadbottom, Hattersley, Hollingworth, Matley and Mottram in Longdendale, all of which form part of the non-statutory Longdendale Valley.

The district covered an area close to Cheshire's northeastern boundary with Derbyshire and was bound (from north to west) by Municipal Borough of Mossley, Municipal Borough of Stalybridge, Municipal Borough of Dukinfield and Municipal Borough of Hyde. Tintwistle Rural District, from which Longendale exchanged territory with in 1936, lay to the east.

The Urban District was created by the Local Government Act 1894. In 1974 Longendale Urban District was abolished by the Local Government Act 1972 and its former area transferred to Greater Manchester to form part of the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside.

M67 motorway

The M67 is a 5-mile (8.0 km) urban motorway in Greater Manchester, England, which heads east from the M60 motorway passing through Denton and Hyde before ending near Mottram. It was originally conceived as the first part of a trans-Pennine motorway between Manchester and Sheffield connecting the A57(M) motorway to the M1 motorway; however, the motorway never progressed this far.

Numerous calls have been made to extend the motorway to link Manchester and Sheffield, the second and ninth most populous urban areas within the United Kingdom. Traffic between the cities is mainly divided between the Snake and Woodhead passes, which traverse the Peak District. Plans for a £180m improvement to the route by bypassing Mottram and Tintwistle, the A57/A628 Mottram in Longdendale, Hollingworth and Tintwistle Bypass, and the 'Glossop spur' linking to the A57 road are currently at the public inquiry stage but were 'suspended indefinitely' in January 2008. There are now proposals to link the two cities with a tunneled scheme underneath the Peak District, some of the proposed routes using the existing M67 route.

Matley

Matley is a semi-rural area of Greater Manchester, England, between Stalybridge, Hyde and Dukinfield. Matley was a township of Mottram in Longdendale, one of the eight ancient parishes of the Macclesfield Hundred of Cheshire. Under the Poor Law Amendment Act 1886 the township became a civil parish in its own right.

Between 1894 and 1936, Matley was a civil parish in the Tintwistle Rural District of Cheshire. The parish was abolished in 1936 and divided between the municipal boroughs of Stalybridge, Hyde and Dukinfield. In 1974, these boroughs were abolished and the area transferred to Greater Manchester to form part of the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside.

Mottram

Mottram is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Buster Mottram, former English tennis player

Craig Mottram, Australian distance runner

Don Mottram, English flavour chemist

Eric Mottram, English poet

Heidi Mottram, British chief executive

Leslie Mottram, Scottish football referee

Paul Mottram, classical and jazz composer

R.H. Mottram, English writer

Richard Mottram, British civil servant

Tony Mottram (1920–2016), British tennis player

Mottram Old Hall, Tameside

Mottram Old Hall is a Grade-II-listed two-storey country house standing in a 6-hectare (15-acre) triangular park between Coach Lane and Old Hall Lane in Mottram in Longdendale, Greater Manchester, England.

The house was built in about 1825 in ashlar with a slate roof. Previously known as Ivydene, it incorporates a large rear wing built in 1727. The tree-lined drive, now known as Hall Drive, is residential and consists of large detached houses built in the 1960s leading to the main entrance of the Hall; the original mausoleum attached to the estate is still present on one side of Hall Drive.

Once owned by the Hollingworth family, it was renovated by the Hadfield family. It is still privately owned and not open to the public.

Mottram Tunnel

The Mottram Tunnel (Mottram in Longdendale) is a tunnel carrying drinking water by gravity from Arnfield Reservoir, Tintwistle, Derbyshire in the valley of the River Etherow, to Godley, Greater Manchester in the valley of the River Tame. It was essential to the construction of the Longdendale Chain of reservoirs constructed by John Frederick Bateman. The tunnel was built between August 1848 and October 1850, and the Godley service reservoir was built to receive and filter the water. That was finished in 1851.

The Manchester Corporation Waterworks Act 1847 gave permission for the construction of the Woodhead, Hollingworth and Arnfield reservoirs, and the construction of a masonry aqueduct to convey drinking water from the Arnfield and Hollingworth reservoirs to a service reservoir at Godley. Manchester Corporation Waterworks Act 1848 allowed the construction of Torside and Rhodeswood reservoirs, and an aqueduct to convey the water to the Arnfield reservoir.

The tunnel pierces the ridge that lies between the Etherow valley and the Tame valley. It is 3,100 yards (2,800 m) long, and has a gradient of 5 feet per mile (95 cm/km). It is lined in stone, is 6 feet (1.8 m) in diameter and can carry 50 million gallons a day (230 Ml/d).

Mottram in Longdendale (ancient parish)

Mottram in Longdendale was one of the eight ancient parishes of the Macclesfield Hundred of Cheshire, England. Centred on St Michael and All Angels Church it included the townships of Godley, Hattersley, Hollingworth, Matley, Newton, Stayley, Tintwistle and Mottram itself. Under the Poor Law Amendment Act 1886 the townships became civil parishes in their own right.

SK postcode area

The SK postcode area, also known as the Stockport postcode area, is a group of nineteen postcode districts in England, which are subdivisions of eleven post towns. These postcode districts cover south-east Greater Manchester (including Stockport, Cheadle, Hyde, Stalybridge and Dukinfield), parts of east Cheshire (including Macclesfield, Wilmslow and Alderley Edge) and north-west Derbyshire (including Buxton, High Peak and Glossop), and a small part of north Staffordshire.

St Michael and All Angels Church, Mottram

St Michael and All Angels Church stands on Warhill overlooking the village of Mottram in Longdendale, Greater Manchester, England. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building. It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Chester, the archdeaconry of Macclesfield and the deanery of Mottram.

Wild Bank

Wild Bank is a hill in Stalybridge, just outside the Peak District National Park. Its western flank rises from the valley of the River Tame to a height of 399 metres. To the east of the summit, the ground falls away more gradually to Shaw Moor and Hollingworthhall Moor, beyond which are Mottram in Longdendale and Hollingworth. Since 2004, the moorland in the area of the pike has been classed as access land. From the summit the centre of Manchester, Winter Hill and the Cheshire Plain can be seen. On very clear days the mountains of Snowdonia are visible.

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