Moscovian dialect

The Moscow dialect or Moscow accent (Russian: Московское произношение, tr. Moskovskoye proiznoshenye, IPA: [mɐˈskofskəjə prəɪznɐˈʂenʲɪɪ]), sometimes Central Russian,[1] is the spoken Russian language variety used in Moscow. Influenced by both Northern and Southern Russian dialects,[2] the Moscow dialect is the basis of the Russian literary language.[3]

Overview

The 1911 edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica wrote:[4]

Literary Russian as spoken by educated people throughout the empire is the Moscow dialect...


The Moscow dialect really covers a small area, not even the whole of the government of Moscow, but political causes have made it the language of the governing classes and hence of literature. It is a border dialect, having the southern pronunciation of unaccented o as a, but the jo for accented o before a hard consonant it is akin to the North and it has also kept the northern pronunciation of g instead of the southern h. So too unaccented e sounds like i or ji'.

Examples

[1]

Dialect понятно
I see
что
what
ничего
nothing
Explanation
Moscow and Central Russia [pɐˈnʲatnə] (listen) [ʂto] (listen) [nʲɪtɕɪˈvo] (listen) unstressed /o/ becomes [ɐ] or [ə]
⟨ч⟩ is pronounced [ʂ]
Intervocalic ⟨г⟩ is pronounced Russian pronunciation: [v]
The North ponjatno što ničevo
Old St. Petersburg panjatna čto ničego
The South panjatna što ničevo

References

  1. ^ a b Rough Guide Phrasebook: Russian (Updated ed.). London: Penguin. 2012. pp. 16–17. ISBN 9781405390576.
  2. ^ Sokolʹskiĭ, A. A. (1966). A history of the Russian language. Impr. Taravilla. p. 106.
  3. ^ Винокур, Григорий Осипович (1971). The Russian language; a brief history. Translated by Forsyth, Mary A. Edited by James Forsyth. Cambridge University Press. p. 15. ISBN 9780521079440.
  4. ^ Chisholm, Hugh (1911). The Encyclopædia Britannica: a dictionary of arts, sciences, literature and general information, Volume 23. London: Encyclopædia Britannica. pp. 913–914.

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