Morvi Railway (MR) was a 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge line in the princely state of Morvi in Gujarat.
|Dates of operation||1890–1948|
|Successor||Saurashtra Railway, Western Railway|
|Track gauge||1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in)|
|Previous gauge||762 mm (2 ft 6 in)|
The Morvi Railway was built by the Morvi State. Construction started in 1886 and the line was opened to traffic in 1890 between Wadhwan and Wankaner as a 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) narrow gauge roadside tramway. The line was converted to 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge in 1905 to match the gauge of other state Railways. During 1905 the metre gauge lines were extended to 73 miles and the 762 mm lines were now 17 miles. The gauge conversion to metre gauge from Wankaner to Morvi was completed in 1924 under the regime of Lakhdiraji Thakor. Later it was managed by the Dhrangadhra Railway in 1942, at that time the metre gauge lines were 132 miles. In April 1948 it was merged into Saurashtra Railway.
Dhrangadhra Railway was a 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge in the Dhrangadhra state in Gujarat during the 19th century.Jetalsar–Rajkot Railway
The Jetalsar–Rajkot Railway was a metre gauge line in Gujarat. The line of 46 miles(72 km) connected Jetalsar to Rajkot and opened in 1893. The line was worked by the Bhavnagar–Gondal–Junagadh–Porbandar Railway (BGJPR) until 1911; and later by the Gondal–Porbandar Railway (GPSR)Kotharia, Rajkot
Kotharia is a town in Rajkot district of Gujarat, which was a small princely state offshoot of the Rajkot state in the Saurashtra region of Gujarat, part of the Bombay Presidency during British Raj.The boundaries of the Taluka were conterminous with those of the States of Morvi, Rajkot and Gondal States. The area of the Taluka was 27 square miles (70 km2) with six villages. The Taluka had six villages - Kotharia, Vavdi, Vagudad, Khorana, Nagalpur and Pipalia. Two more villages were given to the Taluka as mentioned below. The population of the Taluka was 2,146 as per the census of 1921.Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas contributions to the Indian railways
The Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas (KGK) contributions to the Indian railways were widespread from the late 1850s to the latest reorganization of the Indian Railways infrastructure in 2003–2006. The community also widely known as Mistris of Kutch (or Mistry) migrated from Kutch to perform the work and were involved in the laying down of railway tracks and construction of rail bridges in almost all railway routes of undivided British India.List of railway companies in India
This is list of railway companies in India.Maliya Miyana–Wankaner section
The Maliya Miyana–Wankaner section belongs to Western Railway of Rajkot Division in Gujarat State.Narrow-gauge railways in India
This is list of former and actual narrow-gauge railways in India.Railways in Kathiawar
Kathiawar is a peninsula which today forms part of the Indian state of Gujarat. The peninsula covers an area of 23,345 sq. miles (60,720 sq. km) and in 1901 had a population of 2,645,805.Kathiawar in the late 19th century was governed by 193 small Princely States, ruled by local potentates who acknowledged British control in return for local sovereignty. These states comprised the "Kathiawar Agency". The rest of the peninsula, chiefly in the east along the Gulf of Cambay, were districts ruled directly by the British as part of British India's Bombay Presidency, which included part of the peninsula.In 1872, the Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway (BB&CIR) railway extension from Viramgam reached Wadhwan. This started a period of growth in railways financed and operated by the Native states. The problem was that there were many small states which were crossed. Only the three larger states could afford to build such constructions which led to problems and many partners leading to appeals for compensation from the local Durbar Governments.Below were three major railways:
Kathiawar State Railway
Bhavnagar State Railway
Gondal State Railwaywhich worked together with other minor railways:
Junagadh State Railway
Porbandar State Railway
Jamnagar and Dwarka RailwayThese railways merged, with others, in 1948 to form the Saurashtra Railway. Saurashtra Railway later along with others became part of Western Railway of Indian Railways.Saurashtra Railway
Saurashtra Railway came into being in April, 1948 with the amalgamation of state railways like Bhavnagar State Railway, Gondal Railway, Porbandar Railway, Jamnagar & Dwarka Railway, Morvi Railway, Dhrangadhra Railway, Okhamandal State Railway, Junagadh State Railway, Baria State Railway, Rajpipla Railway etc.Upon the independence of India and the merger of various Princely States into the Union of India, it became necessary to merge various State Railways owned by these Princely States into one. As the various states of Saurahstra and Kathiawar were merged to make Saurashtra State, the Government of India, similarly merged the various State Railways of Gujarat into a separate entity called Saurashtra Railway.
On 5 November 1951, Saurashtra Railway along with Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway, Rajputana Railway, Jaipur State Railway & Cutch State Railway were merged and Western Railway came into existence.Wankaner Junction railway station
Wankaner Junction railway station is located in Wankaner city of Morbi district, Gujarat. It is under Rajkot division of Western Railway. Its code is WKR. It has four platforms. Passenger, DEMU, Express, and Superfast trains halt here.Wankaner Junction is well connected by rail to Veraval Junction, Okha, Porbandar, Hapa, Jamnagar, Rajkot Junction, Morbi, Gandhidham Junction, Ahmedabad Junction, Bilaspur Junction, Gorakhpur Junction, Rameswaram, Delhi Sarai Rohilla, Rewa, Secunderabad Junction, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra, Thiruvananthapuram, Muzaffarpur Junction, Pune Junction, Jabalpur Junction, Indore Junction, Nathdwara, Kamakhya, Bandra Terminus and Mumbai Central.