Moridae

The Moridae are a family of cod-like fishes, known as codlings, hakelings, and moras.

Morids are marine fishes found throughout the world, and may be found at depths to 2,500 m (8,200 ft), although most prefer shallower waters. In appearance, they greatly resemble the typical cods, from which can only be distinguished by their skeletal features and the structure of the swim bladder.[1]

They grow up to 90 cm (35 in) long (red codling, Pseudophycis bachus).

Moridae
Laemonema barbatulum
Shortbeard codling, Laemonema barbatulum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Gadiformes
Family: Moridae
Moreau, 1881
Genera

Antimora
Auchenoceros
Eeyorius
Eretmophorus
Gadella
Guttigadus
Halargyreus
Laemonema
Lepidion
Lotella
Mora
Notophycis
Physiculus
Pseudophycis
Rhynchogadus
Salilota
Svetovidovia
Tripterophycis

References

  1. ^ Cohen, Daniel M. (1998). Paxton, J.R.; Eschmeyer, W.N. (eds.). Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. p. 132. ISBN 0-12-547665-5.
  • Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). "Moridae" in FishBase. February 2006 version.
Antimora

Antimora is a genus of morid cods.

Grenadier cod

The grenadier cod or chiseltooth grenadier cod, Tripterophycis gilchristi, is a morid cod of the genus Tripterophycis, found in the mid-south Atlantic Ocean, and around southern Australia, South Africa, Sumatra, and New Zealand. This species is found in marine environments on the continental slope.The average length of an unsexed male is about 33 cm.

Guttigadus

Guttigadus is a genus of morid cods. This genus is sometimes considered a subgenus of Laemonema and Laemonema nana as Guttigadus nana is named as the type species of the genus Guttigadus, although FishBase does not include this species in the list of species in Guttigadus.

Guttigadus globosus

The tadpole cod (Guttigadus globosus) is a deepwater fish found in the oceanic islands off New Zealand and in the mid South Atlantic at depths ranging from 1200 to 1600 m.

The tadpole cod is a member of the family Moridae, the morid cods, related to the true cods (of genus Gadus, family Gadidae). Like the familiar Atlantic cod, it has small whiskers (barbels) on its mouth. Specimens have been measured up to 18 cm. It has no commercial value, and is not currently believed to be endangered. Not much is known about this species, being discovered in 1986.

The tadpole cod is distinct from the tadpole fish, Raniceps raninus. This fish was formerly classified in the family Ranicipitidae, called the tadpole cods, as its sole member. The family was placed in a different order of fish, the Ophidiiformes (cusk-eels and brotulas). However, it is now regarded as a member of the same family as cods, Gadidae.

Laemonema barbatulum

The short beard codling (Laemonema barbatulum) is a species of marine bony fish in the family Moridae. Native to the western Atlantic Ocean, it is found on the continental slope at depths between 50 and 1,620 m (200 and 5,300 ft).

Lepidion

Lepidion is a genus of morid cods.

Lotella

Lotella is a genus of morid cods.

Mora moro

Mora moro, the common mora, is a deep-sea fish, the only species in the genus Mora. It is found worldwide in temperate seas, at depths of between 300 and 2,500 m. Its length is up to about 80 cm. Other names in English include goodly-eyed cod, googly-eyed cod, and ribaldo.

In the month-long NORFANZ Expedition of 2003 which was examining the biodiversity of the seamounts and slopes of the Norfolk Ridge, 594 specimens averaging 1.25 kg (2.6 lb) were collected from 24 locations.

Physiculus

Physiculus is a genus of morid cods.

Pseudophycis

Pseudophycis is a genus of codlings of the family Moridae found around New Zealand and Southern Australia.

Red codling

The red codling or hoka (Pseudophycis bachus) is a morid cod of the genus Pseudophycis, found around southern Australia and New Zealand, from the surface to 700 m. Its length is up to 90 cm. P. bachus is a food source for the diving yellow-eyed penguin, Megadyptes antipodes.

Red Cod is in the unsustainable section of the Forest & Bird Best Fish Guide, and near the middle of the table overall.

Rhynchogadus hepaticus

Rhynchogadus hepaticus is a species of morid cod known only from the Mediterranean Sea where it occurs in the Gulf of Naples and near to Messina. This fish is found at depths from 400 to 700 m (1,300 to 2,300 ft). This species grows to 10 cm (3.9 in) in standard length.

Rock cod

The rock cod (Lotella rhacina) is a temperate fish found off the coasts of southeastern Australia, Tasmania, the Great Australian Bight and northwards up the southwestern Australia coasts. They are also found around the coasts of New Zealand and California. They belong to the family Moridae and are not related to the true cods (genus Gadus). They are also known as beardie in Australia.

Rock cod are yellow-grey to red-brown with white fin margins. They have chin barbels. They may grow up to 50 cm in length. They are found in caves in bays and coastal reefs. They are frequently found inshore and inhabit shallow waters in the continental shelf with typical depth of 10 to 90 m.

Many other fish are sometimes referred to as rock cod, but most are unrelated to the cod family, and are better known as groupers.

Slender codling

The slender codling or slender cod (Halargyreus johnsonii) is a morid cod, the only species in the genus Halargyreus. It is found in all oceans, at depths from 450 to 3,000 m (1,480 to 9,840 ft), and grows to 56 cm (22 in) in total length. First discovered by and named after James Yate Johnson.

Small-headed cod

The small-headed cod or long-finned cod (Lepidion microcephalus) is a deepwater fish belonging to the morid cod family (Moridae), and related to the true cods (genus Gadus). It is found in the Tasman Sea, including Bass Strait, and is commercially harvested by both Australia and New Zealand. It has been found on the continental shelf, but typically its depth range is from 750 to 1,000 m (2,460 to 3,280 ft). It grows to 48 centimetres (19 in) in total length.

The second common name is because its first dorsal fin is made up of long, filamentous rays. The pelvic fin is long, thin, and scythe-like, and it has a pronounced chin barbel.

The colour is grey-brown with a faint red tint on the body and black-edged median fins.

Southern bastard codling

The southern bastard codling or bearded red cod (Pseudophycis barbata) is a morid cod of the genus Pseudophycis, found around southern Australia including Tasmania, and New Zealand, from the surface to 300 m. Its length is up to 63 cm.

Svetovidovia lucullus

Svetovidovia lucullus is a species of morid cod found in the polar regions of the northeastern Atlantic Ocean. This species grows to 50 cm (20 in) in standard length.

Tasmanian codling

The Tasmanian codling (Eeyorius hutchinsi) is a species of morid cod only known from the waters around Tasmania and the Australian states of Western Australia and Victoria. It is found in relatively shallow waters at depths from 8 to 12 m (26 to 39 ft). This species grows to 26 cm (10 in) in total length. This is the only known species in its genus.

Tripterophycis

Tripterophycis is a genus of morid cods.

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