Morgan Freeman

Morgan Freeman[2] (born June 1, 1937)[3] is an American actor, film director, and film narrator. Freeman won an Academy Award in 2005 for Best Supporting Actor with Million Dollar Baby (2004), and he has received Oscar nominations for his performances in Street Smart (1987), Driving Miss Daisy (1989), The Shawshank Redemption (1994), and Invictus (2009). He has also won a Golden Globe Award and a Screen Actors Guild Award.

Freeman has appeared in many other box office hits, including Glory (1989), Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves (1991), Seven (1995), Deep Impact (1998), The Sum of All Fears (2002), Bruce Almighty (2003), The Dark Knight Trilogy (2005–2012), Wanted (2008), RED (2010), Now You See Me (2013), The Lego Movie (2014), and Lucy (2014). He rose to fame as part of the cast of the 1970s children's program The Electric Company. Noted for his deep voice,[4] Freeman has served as a narrator, commentator, and voice actor for numerous programs, series and television shows.[5] He is ranked as the fifth-highest box office star with $4.31 billion in total box office grosses, an average of $74.4 million per film.[6]

Morgan Freeman
Academy Award-winning actor Morgan Freeman narrates for the opening ceremony (26904746425) (cropped) 3
Freeman narrating for the opening ceremony to the 2016 Invictus Games in Orlando, Florida
BornJune 1, 1937 (age 82)
OccupationActor, film director, film narrator
Years active1964–present
Spouse(s)
  • Jeanette Adair Bradshaw
    (m. 1967; div. 1979)
  • Myrna Colley-Lee
    (m. 1984; div. 2010)
Children4, including Alfonso Freeman
Military career
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Air Force
Years of service1955–1959

Early life and education

Morgan Freeman was born on June 1, 1937 in Memphis, Tennessee. He is the son of Mayme Edna (née Revere; 1912–2000), a teacher,[7] and Morgan Porterfield Freeman (July 6, 1915 – April 27, 1961),[2][8] a barber, who died of cirrhosis in 1961.[8] He has three older siblings. According to a DNA analysis, some of his ancestors were from Niger.[9] In 2008, a DNA test suggested that among all of his African ancestors, a little over one-quarter came from the area that stretches from present-day Senegal to Liberia and three-quarters came from the Congo-Angola region.[10] Freeman was sent as an infant to his paternal grandmother in Charleston, Mississippi.[11][12][13] He moved frequently during his childhood, living in Greenwood, Mississippi; Gary, Indiana; and finally Chicago, Illinois.[13] When Freeman was 16 years old, he almost died of pneumonia.[14]

Freeman made his acting debut at age nine, playing the lead role in a school play. He then attended Broad Street High School, a building which serves today as Threadgill Elementary School, in Greenwood, Mississippi.[15] At age 12, he won a statewide drama competition, and while still at Broad Street High School, he performed in a radio show based in Nashville, Tennessee. In 1955, he graduated from Broad Street, but turned down a partial drama scholarship from Jackson State University, opting instead to enlist in the United States Air Force[16] and served as an Automatic Tracking Radar Repairman, rising to the rank of Airman 1st Class.[17]

After four years in the military, he moved to Los Angeles, California, took acting lessons at the Pasadena Playhouse and dancing lessons in San Francisco in the early 1960s, and worked as a transcript clerk at Los Angeles City College.[16]

Career

Acting career

During the early 1960s, Freeman worked as a dancer at the 1964 World's Fair and was a member of the Opera Ring musical theater group in San Francisco. He acted in a touring company version of The Royal Hunt of the Sun, and also appeared as an extra in the 1965 film The Pawnbroker. Freeman made his off-Broadway debut in 1967, opposite Viveca Lindfors in The Nigger Lovers[18] (about the Freedom Riders during the American Civil Rights Movement), before debuting on Broadway in 1968's all-black version of Hello, Dolly! which also starred Pearl Bailey and Cab Calloway.[19]

Although his first credited film appearance was in 1971's Who Says I Can't Ride a Rainbow!, Freeman first became known in the American media through roles on the soap opera Another World and the PBS kids' show The Electric Company[13] (notably as Easy Reader, Mel Mounds the DJ, and Vincent the Vegetable Vampire[clip]).

Joan Ganz Cooney claims that Freeman hated doing The Electric Company, saying "it was a very unhappy period in his life."[20] Freeman himself admitted in an interview that he never thinks about his tenure with the show, but he acknowledged that, contrary to Cooney’s claims, he was glad to have been a part of it.[21] Since then, Freeman has considered his Street Smart (1987) character Fast Black, rather than any of the characters he played in The Electric Company, to be his breakthrough role.[21][22]

Freeman continued to be involved in theater work and received the Obie Award in 1980 for the title role in Coriolanus. In 1984, he received his second Obie Award for his role as the preacher in The Gospel at Colonus. Freeman also won a Drama Desk Award and a Clarence Derwent Award for his role as a wino in The Mighty Gents. He received his third Obie Award for his role as a chauffeur for a Jewish widow in Driving Miss Daisy, which was adapted for the screen in 1989.[16]

Beginning in the mid-1980s, Freeman began playing prominent supporting roles in feature films, earning him a reputation for depicting wise, fatherly characters.[13] As he gained fame, he went on to bigger roles in films such as the chauffeur Hoke in Driving Miss Daisy, and Sergeant Major Rawlins in Glory (both in 1989).[13] In 1994, he portrayed Red, the redeemed convict in the acclaimed The Shawshank Redemption. In the same year he was a member of the jury at the 44th Berlin International Film Festival.[23]

Morgan Freeman 1998
Freeman in 1998

He also starred in such films as Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves, Unforgiven, Seven, and Deep Impact. In 1997, Freeman, together with Lori McCreary, founded the film production company Revelations Entertainment, and the two co-head its sister online film distribution company ClickStar. Freeman also hosts the channel Our Space on ClickStar, with specially crafted film clips in which he shares his love for the sciences, especially space exploration and aeronautics.

After three previous nominations – a Best Supporting Actor nomination for Street Smart, and Best Actor nominations for Driving Miss Daisy and The Shawshank Redemption—he won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in Million Dollar Baby at the 77th Academy Awards.[13] Freeman is recognized for his distinctive voice, making him a frequent choice for narration. In 2005 alone, he provided narration for two films, War of the Worlds and the Academy Award-winning documentary film March of the Penguins.

Freeman appeared as God in the hit film Bruce Almighty and its sequel, Evan Almighty. He appeared in Christopher Nolan's Dark Knight TrilogyBatman Begins (2005) and its sequels, The Dark Knight (2008) and The Dark Knight Rises (2012) – as Lucius Fox. He starred in Rob Reiner's 2007 film The Bucket List, opposite Jack Nicholson. He teamed with Christopher Walken and William H. Macy for the comedy The Maiden Heist, which was released direct to video due to financial problems with the distribution company. In 2008, Freeman returned to Broadway to co-star with Frances McDormand and Peter Gallagher for a limited engagement of Clifford Odets' play, The Country Girl, directed by Mike Nichols.

Freeman wanted to do a film based on Nelson Mandela for some time. At first he tried to get Mandela's autobiography Long Walk to Freedom adapted into a finished script, but it was not finalized.[24] In 2007, he purchased the film rights to a book by John Carlin, Playing the Enemy: Nelson Mandela and the Game That Made a Nation.[25] Clint Eastwood directed the Nelson Mandela bio-pic titled Invictus, starring Freeman as Mandela and Matt Damon as rugby team captain Francois Pienaar.[26]

In 2010, Freeman co-starred alongside Bruce Willis in Red.[27]

In 2011, Freeman was featured with John Lithgow in the Broadway debut of Dustin Lance Black's play, 8, a staged reenactment of Perry v. Brown, the federal trial that overturned California's Proposition 8 ban on same-sex marriage. Freeman played Attorney David Boies.[28] The production was held at the Eugene O'Neill Theatre in New York City to raise money for the American Foundation for Equal Rights.[29][30]

In 2013, Freeman appeared in the action-thriller Olympus Has Fallen, the science fiction drama Oblivion, and the comedy Last Vegas. In 2014, he co-starred in the action film Lucy. In 2015, Freeman played the Chief Justice of the United States in the season two premiere of Madam Secretary (Freeman is also one of the series' executive producers). He also appeared in London Has Fallen, the 2016 sequel of Olympus Has Fallen.

Other work

Freeman made his directorial debut in 1993 with Bopha! for Paramount Pictures.

In July 2009, Freeman was one of the presenters at the 46664 Concert celebrating Nelson Mandela's birthday at Radio City Music Hall in New York City.

Effective January 4, 2010, Freeman replaced Walter Cronkite as the voiceover introduction to the CBS Evening News featuring Katie Couric as news anchor.[31] CBS cited the need for consistency in introductions for regular news broadcasts and special reports as the basis for the change.[31] As of 2010, Freeman is the host and narrator of the Discovery Channel television show, focused on physics outreach, Through the Wormhole.[32] He was featured on the opening track to B.o.B's second album Strange Clouds. The track "Bombs Away" features a prologue and epilogue (which leads into a musical outro) spoken by Freeman.

In 2015, Freeman directed "The Show Must Go On", the season two premiere of Madam Secretary. In 2017, he hosted The Story of Us with Morgan Freeman.

Up until May 2018, Freeman also served as the narrator of a series of Visa commercials.[33]

Personal life

Freeman & Colley-Lee crop
Freeman and daughter Morgana Freeman at the 1990 Academy Awards

From his early life, Freeman has two extramarital children; one of them is Alfonso Freeman.[34]

Freeman was married to Jeanette Adair Bradshaw from October 22, 1967, until November 18, 1979.[35]

Freeman married Myrna Colley-Lee on June 16, 1984.[35] The couple separated in December 2007[36] and divorced on September 15, 2010.[36] Freeman and Colley-Lee adopted Freeman's stepgranddaughter from his first marriage, E'dena Hines, and raised her together.[37] On August 16, 2015, Hines was murdered in New York City at age 33.[38]

In 2008, the TV series African American Lives 2 revealed that some of Freeman's great-great-grandparents were slaves who migrated from North Carolina to Mississippi. Freeman discovered that his Caucasian maternal great-great-grandfather had lived with, and was buried beside, Freeman's African-American great-great-grandmother (in the segregated South, the two could not marry legally at the time).[7] A DNA test on the series stated that he is descended in part from the Songhai and Tuareg peoples of Niger.[9]

Beekeeping

After becoming concerned with the decline of honeybees, Freeman decided to turn his 124-acre ranch into a sanctuary for them in July 2014, starting with 26 bee hives.[39]

Flying

At age 65, Freeman earned a private pilot's license.[40] He owns or has owned at least three private aircraft, including a Cessna Citation 501 jet and a Cessna 414 twin-engine prop. In 2007, he purchased an Emivest SJ30[41] long-range private jet and took delivery in December 2009.[42] He is certified to fly all of them.[43]

Health

Freeman was injured in an automobile accident near Ruleville, Mississippi, on the night of August 3, 2008. The vehicle in which he was traveling, a 1997 Nissan Maxima, left the highway and flipped over several times. He and a female passenger, Demaris Meyer, were rescued from the vehicle using the "Jaws of Life". Freeman was taken via medical helicopter to The Regional Medical Center (The Med) hospital in Memphis.[44][45] Police ruled out alcohol as a factor in the crash.[46] Freeman was coherent following the crash, as he joked with a photographer about taking his picture at the scene.[47] His left shoulder, arm, and elbow were broken in the crash, and he had surgery on August 5, 2008. Doctors operated for four hours to repair nerve damage in his shoulder and arm.[48] On CNN's Piers Morgan Tonight he stated that he is left handed but cannot move the fingers of his left hand. He wears a compression glove to protect against blood pooling due to non-movement. His publicist announced he was expected to make a full recovery.[49] Meyer, his passenger, sued him for negligence, claiming that he was drinking the night of the accident. Subsequently, the suit was settled for an undisclosed amount.[50]

Properties

Freeman lives in Charleston, Mississippi, and New York City. He owns and operates Ground Zero, a blues club in Clarksdale, Mississippi. He formerly co-owned Madidi, a fine dining restaurant, also in Clarksdale.[51]

Religious views

In a 2012 interview with TheWrap, Freeman was asked if he considered himself atheist or agnostic. He replied, "It's a hard question because as I said at the start, I think we invented God. So if I believe in God, and I do, it's because I think I'm God."[52] Freeman later said that his experience working on The Story of God with Morgan Freeman did not change his views on religion.[53]

Sexual harassment allegations

On May 24, 2018, CNN reported the results of an investigation during which eight women accused Freeman of sexually harassing them, and eight other people said they witnessed his inappropriate behavior on the set of movies, while promoting his movies, or at his production company.[54] After the CNN story broke, Freeman issued an apology, stating "Anyone who knows me or has worked with me knows I am not someone who would intentionally offend or knowingly make anyone feel uneasy. I apologize to anyone who felt uncomfortable or disrespected—that was never my intent."[55][56] CNN also made several requests to the spokesperson for Lori McCreary, Freeman's business partner, but no comment was given.[57]

As a result of the sexual harassment allegations, the Screen Actors Guild (SAG) reviewed what action, if any, to take against Freeman, as Freeman was recognized with a lifetime achievement award by SAG.[58][59] In September 2018, SAG confirmed that Freeman could retain his award.[60]

Following the announcement of the allegations, Visa suspended its marketing campaign with Freeman and stopped airing commercials that featured his voice.[61][62][63][64]

Activism

Charitable work

In 2004, Freeman and others formed the Grenada Relief Fund to aid people affected by Hurricane Ivan on the island of Grenada. The fund has since become PLANIT NOW, an organization that seeks to provide preparedness resources for people living in areas afflicted by hurricanes and severe storms.[65] Freeman has worked on narrating small clips for global organizations, such as One Earth,[66] whose goals include raising awareness of environmental issues. He has narrated the clip "Why Are We Here”, which can be viewed on One Earth's website. Freeman has donated money to the Mississippi Horse Park in Starkville, Mississippi. The park is part of Mississippi State University and Freeman has several horses that he takes there.[67]

Comments on racism

In 2005, Freeman criticized the celebration of Black History Month, saying, "I don't want a black history month. Black history is American history."[68] He opined that the only way to end racism is to stop talking about it, and he noted that there is no "white history month."[68] Freeman once said in an interview with 60 Minutes's Mike Wallace, "I am going to stop calling you a white man and I'm going to ask you to stop calling me a black man."[68][69] Freeman supported the defeated proposal to change the Mississippi state flag, which contains the Confederate battle flag.[70][71] Freeman sparked controversy in 2011 when, on CNN's Piers Morgan Tonight, he accused the Tea Party movement of racism.[72][73][74]

In reaction to the death of Freddie Gray and the 2015 Baltimore protests, Freeman said he was "absolutely" supportive of the protesters. "That unrest [in Baltimore] has nothing to do with terrorism at all, except the terrorism we suffer from the police. [...] Because of the technology—everybody has a smartphone—now we can see what the police are doing. We can show the world, Look, this is what happened in that situation. So why are so many people dying in police custody? And why are they all black? And why are all the police killing them white? What is that? The police have always said, 'I feared for my safety.' Well, now we know. OK. You feared for your safety while a guy was running away from you, right?"[75]

Politics

Freeman endorsed Barack Obama's candidacy for the 2008 presidential election, although he stated that he would not join Obama's campaign.[76] He narrated for The Hall of Presidents with Obama, when he was added to the exhibit.[77][78] The Hall of Presidents re-opened on July 4, 2009, at Walt Disney World Resort in Orlando, Florida.[78] Freeman joined President Bill Clinton, USA Bid Committee Chairman Sunil Gulati, and USMNT midfielder Landon Donovan on December 1, 2010, in Zurich for the U.S. bid committee's final presentation to FIFA for the 2022 FIFA World Cup.[79] On day four of the 2016 Democratic National Convention, Morgan Freeman provided the voiceover for the video introduction of Democratic Presidential candidate Hillary Clinton.[80][81]

On September 19, 2017, Freeman featured in a video by the Committee to Investigate Russia group.[82] In the video, Freeman declared "we are at war" with Russia.[83] In April 2018, Freeman met with Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman.[84]

Filmography

Awards and honors

Morgan Freeman Deauville 2018 2
Freeman in 2018 at the Deauville American Film Festival.

Morgan Freeman has been nominated for an Academy Award and the Golden Globe Award five different times, each time for the same film for each award. He won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor on Million Dollar Baby, and the Golden Globe for Best Actor with Driving Miss Daisy. Likewise, he has four Screen Actors Guild Award (SAG) nominations, and one win for Million Dollar Baby.

On October 28, 2006, Freeman was honored at the first Mississippi's Best Awards in Jackson, Mississippi, with the Lifetime Achievement Award for his works on and off the big screen. He received an honorary degree of Doctor of Arts and Letters from Delta State University during the school's commencement exercises on May 13, 2006.[85] In 2013, Boston University presented him with an honorary degree of Doctor of Humane Letters.[86] On November 12, 2014, he was bestowed the honor of Freedom of the City by the City of London.[87]

In August 2017, he was named the 54th recipient of the SAG Life Achievement award for career achievement and humanitarian accomplishment.[88]

See also

References

  1. ^ "12/09/2008". The Film Programme. September 12, 2008. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
  2. ^ a b Interview (archived via Google Books), The New Yorker, July 3, 1978. Freeman: "[My grandmother] had been married to Morgan Herbert Freeman, and my father was Morgan Porterfield Freeman, but they forgot to give me a middle name."
  3. ^ Steinbeiser, Andrew (June 1, 2015). "Happy Birthday! Morgan Freeman Turns 78 Today". ComicBook.com. ComicBook.com. Archived from the original on June 1, 2015. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
  4. ^ Loftus, Joseph (February 9, 2018). "Morgan Freeman Voted 'Most Iconic Voice' Of All Time". UNILAD. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
  5. ^ Oaklander, Mandy (February 23, 2016). "Science Explains Why You Love Morgan Freeman's Voice". Time. New York City: Meredith Corporation. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
  6. ^ "People Index." Box Office Mojo.
  7. ^ a b "Morgan Freeman profile". African American Lives 2. PBS. Retrieved July 13, 2011.
  8. ^ a b "Morgan Porterfield Freeman". geni_family_tree. Retrieved May 25, 2019.
  9. ^ a b "Growing Interest in DNA-Based Genetic Testing Among African American with Historic Election of President Elect Barack Obama". PRWeb. November 27, 2008. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
  10. ^ Gates, Jr., Henry L. (2009). "In Search of Our Roots: How 19 Extraordinary African Americans Reclaimed Their Past".
  11. ^ "Morgan Freeman Biography (1937–)". FilmReference.com.
  12. ^ "Profiles: Morgan Freeman". Hello. London, England: Hello Ltd.
  13. ^ a b c d e f Lipton, James (host) (January 2, 2005). "Morgan Freeman". Inside the Actors Studio. Season 11. Episode 10. Bravo.
  14. ^ Blumberg, Antonia (May 5, 2016). "Morgan Freeman Explains How God Can Be Real And An Invention". The Huffington Post. New York City: Huffington Post Media Group. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
  15. ^ "Morgan Freeman: Full Biography," All Movie Guide, via The New York Times.. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
  16. ^ a b c Fuchs, Sabrina (January 1, 2006). "Freeman, Morgan". Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History  – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). Thomson Gale. Archived from the original on November 16, 2012. Retrieved September 8, 2012.
  17. ^ "TogetherWeServed – A1C Morgan Porterfield Freeman". togetherweserved.com. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
  18. ^ Morgan Freeman Biography Archived April 3, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. tiscali.co.uk
  19. ^ "HELLO, DOLLY! (1967 BROADWAY CAST)". Sony Music Entertainment. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
  20. ^ Joan Ganz Cooney discusses the beginnings of "The Electric Company"- EMMYTVLEGENDS. YouTube. October 21, 2011. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
  21. ^ a b Morgan Freeman talks 'Street Smart', winning an Oscar and reveals that acting isn't hard. YouTube. August 21, 2014. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
  22. ^ Morgan Freeman Talks About His Big Career Break. YouTube. April 7, 2011. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
  23. ^ "Berlinale: 1994 Juries". berlinale.de. Retrieved June 9, 2011.
  24. ^ Gumbel, Andrew (September 26, 2007). "Morgan Freeman to play Mandela in new film". The Independent. Independent Print Ltd.
  25. ^ "Morgan Freeman talks about making 'Invictus' and playing Mandela". TheGrio. Los Angeles, California: Entertainment Studios. December 12, 2012. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  26. ^ Keller, Bill (August 17, 2008). "Entering the Scrum". The New York Times Book Review. New York City: New York Times Company. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  27. ^ "Morgan Freeman Joins The Big Screen Adaptation of Warren Ellis' Red". /Film. July 19, 2009. Archived from the original on September 9, 2012. Retrieved January 19, 2010.
  28. ^ Cassens Weiss, Debra (September 20, 2011). "Proposition 8 Play Features Morgan Freeman and John Lithgow as Litigators Boies and Olson". ABA Journal. Chicago, Illinois: American Bar Association. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
  29. ^ ""8": A Play about the Fight for Marriage Equality". YouTube. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
  30. ^ Gray, Stephen (March 1, 2012). "YouTube to broadcast Proposition 8 play live". Pink News. London, England: PinkNews Media Group. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
  31. ^ a b "Freeman replaces Cronkite on CBS news". Boston Globe. Boston, Massachusetts: Boston Globe Media Partners, LLC. January 5, 2010. Retrieved January 5, 2010.
  32. ^ "Through the Wormhole". discovery.com. Discovery Channel.
  33. ^ Busch, Anita (May 24, 2018). "Morgan Freeman: VISA Pulls Marketing As Sexual Harassment Fallout Continues". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved June 2, 2019.
  34. ^ Bowles, Scott (December 19, 2007). "Morgan Freeman remains at the helm in movies, personal life". USA Today. McLean, Virginia: Gannett Company. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  35. ^ a b "Morgan Freeman Fast Facts". CNN. Atlanta, Georgia. May 30, 2013. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
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  37. ^ Hall, Katy (October 8, 2009). "E'Dena Hines, Morgan Freeman's Step-Granddaughter: Also His Lover?". The Huffington Post. New York City: Huffington Post Media Group. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
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  39. ^ d'Estries, Michael (July 25, 2014). "Morgan Freeman is now a beekeeper". MSN.
  40. ^ Harrington, Amy (November 20, 2009). "Celebrity Pilots Flying the Friendly Skies". Fox News. New York City: News Corp. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  41. ^ Article, SJ30jet.com
  42. ^ Dixit, Namrata (December 23, 2009). "Morgan Freeman purchases the SJ30 private jet for $7 million". Luxury Launches. Retrieved January 27, 2012.
  43. ^ Freeman, Morgan (December 24, 2009). "Morgan Freeman buys Emivest SJ30 jet from Dubai manufacturer". Ameinfo (Interview). Interviewed by Blizzard, Phil. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved January 27, 2012.
  44. ^ Webb Mitovich, Matt (August 4, 2008). "Morgan Freeman in Car Accident, Listed in Serious Condition". TV Guide. New York City: CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on August 5, 2008. Retrieved August 4, 2008.
  45. ^ "Freeman injured in car accident". BBC News. August 4, 2008. Retrieved August 4, 2008.
  46. ^ "Actor Morgan Freeman badly injured in crash". The Irish Times. Dublin, Ireland: Irish Times Trust. August 4, 2008. Retrieved August 4, 2008.
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  49. ^ Horn, James (August 5, 2008). "Morgan Freeman 'in good spirits' after accident". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, California: Tronc. Retrieved August 5, 2008.
  50. ^ "Records: Freeman settles suit on car wreck". USA Today. McLean, Virginia: Gannett Company. November 5, 2009. Retrieved August 27, 2012.
  51. ^ "Morgan Freeman closing Madidi Restaurant in Mississippi". thegrio.com. February 29, 2012. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  52. ^ Molloy, Tim (June 6, 2012). "Morgan Freeman on Inventing God, Aliens Eating Us and His Survival Odds in 'Dark Knight Rises'". TheWrap. Los Angeles, California: The Wrap News Inc. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
  53. ^ Zaimov, Stoyan (May 9, 2016). "Morgan Freeman Says 'Story of God' Journey Didn't Change His Views on Religion". The Christian Post. Washington DC: Christian Media Corp. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  54. ^ Phung, An; Melas, Chloe (May 24, 2018). "Women accuse Morgan Freeman of inappropriate behavior, harassment". Atlanta, Georgia: CNN. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
  55. ^ Busch, Anita (May 24, 2018). "Morgan Freeman On Accusations: "I Apologize To Anyone Who Felt Uncomfortable Or Disrespected"". Deadline Hollywood. Los Angeles, California: Penske Business Media, LLC. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
  56. ^ Miller, Mike (May 26, 2018). "Morgan Freeman 'Devastated' by Reports of Sexual Harassment: 'I Did Not Assault Women'". People. New York City: Meredith Corporation. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  57. ^ Phung, An; Melas, Chloe (May 25, 2018). "Women accuse Morgan Freeman of inappropriate behavior, harassment". CNN. Atlanta, Georgia. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  58. ^ Gonzalez, Sandra (May 24, 2018). "SAG 'reviewing' Morgan Freeman lifetime achievement honor". CNN. Atlanta, Georgia. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  59. ^ Fleming, Mike, Jr. (May 29, 2018). "Morgan Freeman's Attorney Wants Retraction From CNN After Sex Harass Exposé". Deadline Hollywood. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved May 5, 2018.
  60. ^ Deb, Sopan (September 6, 2018). "Screen Actors Guild Lets Morgan Freeman Keep Achievement Award". The New York Times. Retrieved September 16, 2018.
  61. ^ Deb, Sopan (May 25, 2018). "Visa Stops Morgan Freeman Commercials After Sexual Harassment Report". The New York Times. Retrieved June 2, 2019.
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  63. ^ Bitran, Tara (May 24, 2018). "Morgan Freeman Pulled From Visa Marketing After Harassment Allegations". Variety (magazine). Retrieved June 2, 2019.
  64. ^ McDermott, Maeve (May 29, 2018). "All of the advertisers that have pulled Morgan Freeman from ads following harassment claims". USA Today. Retrieved June 2, 2019.
  65. ^ "PLANIT NOW History". Archived from the original on May 8, 2008. Retrieved August 21, 2008.
  66. ^ "ECO". OneEarth.org. Retrieved September 5, 2010.
  67. ^ "Mississippi State Campus Map" (PDF). Retrieved August 5, 2008.
  68. ^ a b c Khoo, Isabelle (February 10, 2017). "Morgan Freeman Calls Black History Month 'Ridiculous' In Throwback Video". Huffington Post. New York City: Huffington Post Media Group. Retrieved May 5, 2018.
  69. ^ A verbatim transcript of this segment of the Mike Wallace interview where Morgan Freeman suggests the abandonment of language that reinforces racism, is posted at the Snopes web site.
  70. ^ Firestone, David (April 18, 2001). "Mississippi Votes by wide margin to keep state flag That includes Confederate emblem". The New York Times. New York City: New York Times Company. Retrieved April 2, 2008.
  71. ^ Kopp, Carol (December 18, 2005). "Morgan Freeman defies labels". cbsnews.com. CBS News. Retrieved April 2, 2008.
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  73. ^ "Morgan Freeman Calls Tea Party 'Racist' (Video)". The Wall Street Journal. New York City: Dow Jones & Company. September 24, 2011. Retrieved January 27, 2012.
  74. ^ Jackson, David (September 25, 2011). "Obama backer: Some attacks are 'a racist thing'". USA Today. McLean, Virginia: Gannett Company. Retrieved January 27, 2012.
  75. ^ Schonfeld, Zach (April 30, 2015). "Morgan Freeman on Baltimore and the 'Terrorism We Suffer From the Police'". Newsweek. New York City: IBT Media. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
  76. ^ Clift, Eleanor (December 21, 2007). "Freeman, Obama and Hollywood immortality". Newsweek. New York City: IBT Media. Retrieved April 2, 2008.
  77. ^ "Hall of Presidents". wdwradio.com. WDW Radio. September 16, 2007. Archived from the original on June 29, 2009. Retrieved December 3, 2009.
  78. ^ a b Bevil, Dewayne (June 29, 2009). "Hail to the chief: Obama makes Disney debut at Hall of Presidents". Orlando Sentinel. Orlando, Florida: Tronc. Archived from the original on February 10, 2010.
  79. ^ "Gousabid". Gousabid. Archived from the original on December 3, 2010. Retrieved January 27, 2012.
  80. ^ Hill, Gerrad (July 28, 2016). "Morgan Freeman narrated Hillary Clinton's DNC video, and Twitter loved it". Entertainment Weekly. New York City: Meredith Corporation. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
  81. ^ Lockhart, Keely (July 29, 2016). "Even God backs Hillary: Morgan Freeman narrates biographical movie for Clinton campaign". The Telegraph. London, England: Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
  82. ^ Challands, Rory (September 22, 2017). "US actor Morgan Freeman's cameo against Russia draws criticism". Al Jazeera. London, England. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  83. ^ Cohen, Stephen F. (September 27, 2017). "Do Liberal Democrats Want War With Russia?". The Nation. New York City: The Nation Company, L.P. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  84. ^ Arango, Tim (April 7, 2018). "Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman toured Hollywood, Harvard and Silicon Valley on US visit". The Independent. London, England: Independent Print Ltd. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  85. ^ Morgan Freeman biography, superstarbiography.com
  86. ^ O’Rourke, John (May 15, 2013). "Actor Morgan Freeman to Receive Honorary Degree". BU Today. Boston, Massachusetts: Boston University. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
  87. ^ "Morgan Freeman honoured with freedom of London". Daily Express. London, England: Trinity Mirror. November 12, 2014. Retrieved May 9, 2016.
  88. ^ McNary, Dave (August 22, 2017). "Morgan Freeman to Receive SAG Life Achievement Award". Variety. New York City: Condé Nast. Retrieved May 26, 2018.

External links

Bruce Almighty

Bruce Almighty is a 2003 American fantasy comedy film directed by Tom Shadyac and written by Steve Koren, Mark O'Keefe and Steve Oedekerk. The film stars Jim Carrey as Bruce Nolan, a down-on-his-luck TV reporter who complains to God (Morgan Freeman) that he is not doing his job correctly, and is offered the chance to try being God himself for one week.

The film is Shadyac and Carrey's third collaboration, having previously worked together on Ace Ventura: Pet Detective in 1994 and Liar Liar in 1997. It co-stars Jennifer Aniston, Lisa Ann Walter, Philip Baker Hall and Steve Carell, and received mixed reviews from critics.

When released in American theaters in May 2003, Bruce Almighty opened to $85.9 million, making it the top Memorial Day opening weekend of any film in history at the time. The film surprised film pundits when it beat The Matrix Reloaded the following weekend. By the end of its theatrical run, it made $242 million domestically and a total $484 million worldwide, making it the fifth highest-grossing film of 2003.

Evan Almighty, a spin-off sequel focusing on Carell's character, with Shadyac and Oedekerk returning to direct and write, and Freeman also reprising his role, was released in 2007.

Chloe Melas

Chloe Elizabeth Melas is an American journalist currently serving as an entertainment reporter for CNN. She was previously the senior entertainment reporter for Hollywood Life and the host of VH1's morning TV show The Gossip Table.

Cosmic Voyage

Cosmic Voyage is a 1996 short documentary film produced in the IMAX format, directed by Bayley Silleck, produced by Jeffrey Marvin, and narrated by Morgan Freeman. The film was presented by the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum,

and played in IMAX theaters worldwide. The film is available in the DVD format.

Driving Miss Daisy

Driving Miss Daisy is a 1989 American comedy-drama film directed by Bruce Beresford and written by Alfred Uhry, based on Uhry's play of the same name. The film stars Jessica Tandy, Morgan Freeman, and Dan Aykroyd. Freeman reprised his role from the original Off-Broadway production.

The story defines Daisy and her point of view through a network of relationships and emotions by focusing on her home life, synagogue, friends, family, fears, and concerns over a 25-year period.

Driving Miss Daisy was a critical and commercial success upon its release and at the 62nd Academy Awards received nine nominations, and won four; Best Picture, Best Actress (for Tandy), Best Makeup and Hairstyling, and Best Adapted Screenplay.

Invictus (film)

Invictus is a 2009 American-South African biographical sports drama film directed by Clint Eastwood and starring Morgan Freeman and Matt Damon. The story is based on the John Carlin book Playing the Enemy: Nelson Mandela and the Game That Made a Nation about the events in South Africa before and during the 1995 Rugby World Cup. The Springboks were not expected to perform well, the team having only recently returned to high-level international competition following the dismantling of apartheid—the country was hosting the World Cup, thus earning an automatic entry. Freeman and Damon play, the South African President Nelson Mandela and François Pienaar, respectively. Francois, was the captain of the South Africa rugby union team, the Springboks.Invictus was released in the United States on December 11, 2009. The title refers to the Roman divine epithet Invictus and may be translated from the Latin as "undefeated" or "unconquered". "Invictus" is also the title of a poem, referred to in the film, by British poet William Ernest Henley (1849–1903). The film was met with positive critical reviews and earned Academy Award nominations for Freeman (Best Actor) and Damon (Best Supporting Actor). The film grossed $122.2 million on a budget of $50-60 million.

Kiss the Girls (1997 film)

Kiss the Girls is a 1997 American neo-noir psychological thriller film directed by Gary Fleder and starring Morgan Freeman, Ashley Judd, and Cary Elwes. The screenplay by David Klass is based on James Patterson’s best-selling 1995 novel of the same name. A sequel titled Along Came a Spider was released in 2001.

Million Dollar Baby

Million Dollar Baby is a 2004 American sports drama film directed, co-produced, and scored by Clint Eastwood, and starring Eastwood, Hilary Swank, and Morgan Freeman. The film follows an underappreciated boxing trainer, the mistakes that haunt him from his past, and his quest for atonement by helping an underdog amateur boxer achieve her dream of becoming a professional.

Million Dollar Baby opened to widespread acclaim from critics, and won four Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Actress for Swank. Its screenplay was written by Paul Haggis, based on short stories by F.X. Toole, the pen name of fight manager and cutman Jerry Boyd. Originally published under the title Rope Burns, the stories have since been republished under the film's title.

Morgan Freeman on screen and stage

American actor and director Morgan Freeman has had a prolific career on film, television and on the stage. His film debut was as an uncredited character in the Sidney Lumet–directed drama The Pawnbroker in 1964. Freeman also made his stage debut in the same year by appearing in the musical Hello, Dolly! He followed this with further stage appearances in The Niggerlovers (1967), The Dozens (1969), Exhibition (1969), and the musical Purlie (1970–1971). He played various characters on the children's television series The Electric Company (1971–1977). Freeman subsequently appeared in the films Teachers in 1984, and Marie in 1985 before making his breakthrough with 1987's Street Smart. His role earned him a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. Two years later he appeared in war film Glory (1989), and starred as Hoke Coleburn in the comedy-drama Driving Miss Daisy (1989). Freeman won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for his performance in the latter and also earned a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor.In the 1990s, he was cast in numerous films, including the adventure film Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves (1991) opposite Kevin Costner, drama The Shawshank Redemption (1994) with Tim Robbins, psychological thriller Seven (1995), historical drama Amistad (1997), crime thriller Kiss the Girls (1997), and science fiction disaster film Deep Impact (1998). His role in The Shawshank Redemption earned him a second nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor. In 2003, he played God in the comedy Bruce Almighty opposite Jim Carrey. The following year Freeman played Eddie "Scrap Iron" Dupris in Clint Eastwood's film Million Dollar Baby (2004), for which he won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.Freeman played Lucius Fox in a trilogy of Batman films: Batman Begins (2005), The Dark Knight (2008), and The Dark Knight Rises (2012). During that time, Freeman also appeared in The Bucket List (2007) opposite Jack Nicholson, Wanted (2008) with Angelina Jolie, and Invictus (2009) with Matt Damon. In 2011, Freeman received the AFI Life Achievement Award from the American Film Institute. Two years later he starred in action thriller Olympus Has Fallen (2013), science fiction film Oblivion (2013), caper Now You See Me (2013), and comedy Last Vegas. In 2014, Freeman appeared in the science fiction films Transcendence and Lucy.

Freeman has also narrated several documentaries and television series, including Cosmic Voyage (1996), Slavery and the Making of America (2004), March of the Penguins (2005), and Breaking the Taboo (2011). He was also the host and narrator for the series Through the Wormhole from 2010–14.

NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actor in a Motion Picture

This page lists the winners and nominees for the NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actor in a Motion Picture. There are several performances by actors that won or were nominated for Academy Awards, they are listed alongside a symbol.

NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture

This page lists the winners and nominees for the NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture. The award was introduced in 1970 and was awarded sporadically until its permanent feature from 1995 onwards. There are several performances by actors that won or were nominated for Academy Awards, they are listed alongside a symbol. Morgan Freeman and Denzel Washington currently hold the record for most wins in this category, with four each.

Nurse Betty

Nurse Betty is a 2000 American black comedy film directed by Neil LaBute and starring Renée Zellweger as a Kansas waitress who suffers a nervous breakdown after witnessing her husband's murder, and starts obsessively pursuing her favorite soap actor (Greg Kinnear), while in a fugue state. Morgan Freeman and Chris Rock play the hitmen who killed her husband and subsequently pursue her to Los Angeles.

For her performance, Zellweger won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy.

Red (2010 film)

Red is a 2010 American action comedy film based on the limited comic-book series of the same name created by Warren Ellis and Cully Hamner and published by the DC Comics imprint Homage. The film stars Bruce Willis, Morgan Freeman, John Malkovich, Mary-Louise Parker, Helen Mirren, and Karl Urban, with German film director Robert Schwentke directing a screenplay by Jon Hoeber and Erich Hoeber. In the film version, the title is derived from the designation of former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Agent Frank Moses (Bruce Willis), meaning "Retired, Extremely Dangerous".

The film was released on October 15, 2010. It grossed $199 million worldwide. In 2011, the film received a Golden Globe nomination for Best Musical or Comedy Film. A sequel, Red 2, was released on July 19, 2013. Another sequel, Red 3, was in development as of 2013.

Seven (1995 film)

Seven (stylized as SE7EN) is a 1995 American crime thriller film directed by David Fincher and written by Andrew Kevin Walker. It stars Brad Pitt, Morgan Freeman, Gwyneth Paltrow, John C. McGinley, R. Lee Ermey, and Kevin Spacey. It tells the story of David Mills (Pitt), a detective who partners with the retiring William Somerset (Freeman) to track down a serial killer (Spacey) who uses the seven deadly sins as a motif in his murders.

The screenplay was influenced by the time Walker spent in New York City trying to make it as a writer. Principal photography took place in Los Angeles, with the last scene filmed near Lancaster, California. The film's budget was $33 million.

Released on September 22, 1995, by New Line Cinema, Seven was the seventh-highest-grossing film of the year, grossing over $327 million worldwide. It was well received by critics, who praised the film's darkness, brutality and themes. The film was nominated for Best Film Editing at the 68th Academy Awards, but lost to Apollo 13.

Spidey Super Stories

"Spidey Super Stories" is a live-action, recurring skit on the original version of the CTW series The Electric Company. Episodes featured the Marvel Comics character Spider-Man, provided to the Children's Television Workshop free of charge, and was played (always in costume) by puppeteer and dancer Danny Seagren. It premiered during the premiere of The Electric Company's fourth (1974–1975) season, show 391. It predated the pilot film of the series The Amazing Spider-Man by three years, becoming the first live-action rendition of Spider-Man, and was the first live-action rendition of a Marvel character in any media since the Captain America serial of 1944.

Stories involved the masked superhero foiling mischievous characters who were involved in petty criminal activities, although sometimes the crooks would commit more serious crimes such as assault or larceny. The cast of The Electric Company played the roles of the various characters in each story, with another serving as narrator. In many of these sketches, in keeping with Stan Lee's writing style, viewers were addressed as "true believers".

Unlike other live-action and cartoon productions of Spider-Man, this version of the web-slinging hero did not speak out loud, instead communicating only with word balloons (having a similar role to Clarabell the Clown of Howdy Doody), in order to encourage young viewers to practice their reading skills. Due to the series' budget limitations, comic book panels were interspersed through each skit in lieu of special effects. However, aside from Spider-Man himself, no characters from the comic series ever appeared on "Spidey Super Stories".

Street Smart (film)

Street Smart is a 1987 American thriller-drama film directed by Jerry Schatzberg and starring Christopher Reeve, Morgan Freeman and Kathy Baker. It was shot in New York City and Montreal, Quebec.

The Poison Rose

The Poison Rose is a 2019 American crime thriller film starring John Travolta and Morgan Freeman. The film was directed by George Gallo, Francesco Cinquemani and Luca Giliberto. It was written by Richard Salvatore, Francesco Cinquemani and Luca Giliberto, based on Salvatore's novel of the same title.

The film was released on May 24, 2019 by Lionsgate.

The Story of God with Morgan Freeman

The Story of God with Morgan Freeman is an American television documentary series that premiered on the National Geographic Channel on April 3, 2016. The series features actor Morgan Freeman who explores various cultures and religions, and their take on religion-related topics, particularly about their belief in a God or a higher power. The second season began airing on January 16, 2017. In January 2018, it was announced that the series had been renewed for a third season, which began a year later on March 5, 2019.

The Story of Us with Morgan Freeman

The Story of Us with Morgan Freeman is a documentary series televised on the National Geographic Channel in 2017. It is hosted and narrated by actor Morgan Freeman. Produced by Revelations Entertainment, the series examines some of the fundamental forces that drive humanity including love, freedom, peace, factionalism, power and rebellion. The thesis of the series is that people have more in common with each other than what divides them. Six episodes in total, the show airs in an hour long format for a total of six hours (including commercials).National Geographic approved the series in April 2017 and the first episode aired on October 11, 2017 at 9 pm EDT (8 pm central time)

Through the Wormhole

Through the Wormhole is an American science documentary television series narrated and hosted by American actor Morgan Freeman. It began airing on Science in the United States on June 9, 2010. The series concluded its run on May 16, 2017.

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