Mordellidae

The Mordellidae are a family of beetles commonly known as tumbling flower beetles for the typical irregular movements they make when escaping predators, or as pintail beetles due to their abdominal tip which aids them in performing these tumbling movements. Worldwide, there are about 1500 species.[1]

Mordellidae
Mordella aculeata MHNT Profil
Mordella aculeata; note the "pintail"
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Superfamily:
Family:
Mordellidae

Latreille, 1802
Subfamilies
Synonyms

Liaoximordellidae

Anatomy

The apparently tumbling movements are composed of a series of very rapid separate jumps (each jump of a duration of approximately 80 ms). They result from the beetle's efforts to get itself back into take-off position for flight when it has been in either lateral or dorsal position. Each individual jump should be considered as an extended rotation, performed by one leg of the third leg pair (metapodium). Depending on whether the left or the right metapodium is used as the leg that provides the leverage for take-off, change occurs in the direction of the jump. The energy for propulsion varies with the beetle's immediate muscle work, so that jump lengths and heights vary, with rotation frequencies recorded up to 48 per second (Mordellochroa abdominalis) around the gravitation centre of the body's longitudinal axis. Additional revolving around the transverse axis (at lower frequency) effects spiralling somersaults that are perceived as tumbling. The pintail (pygidium) is of no significance for the jump. While the pintail is no significance for the jump, meta-trochanter-femur (thighs and surrounding rings of the third leg pair)has a great capacity of free rotation (up to 270 degrees, at one level only). This capacity is due to a screw joint that connects the base of metacoxa to the head of trochanter. The nut gradient is 21 degrees (as seen under a scanning electron microscopy SEM, 1985). Technically similar jumps, though less powerful, can be observed in family Melandryidae (=Serropalpidae) (genus Orchesia) and family Scraptiidae (genus Anaspis). Their coxa-trochanter-joints are of similar structure. It can be assumed that the capacity of a tumbling form of locomotion is rooted in a common phylogeny and can therefore not be ascribed specifically to Mordellidae.[2] Meanwhile, other authors have also pointed out the speciality of the real screw joint in nature. (2011) The weevil of the genus Trigonopterus, Curculionidae in the Asian tropical rainforest, for example, has an even tighter connective construction in the Coxa -Trochanter joint than is found in Mordellidae. This construction, however, does not facilitate an equally high angular velocity of the torque. The joint here serves to provide a better grip on plants and easier climbing.[3]

Systematics

Solidago.gall.w
Larva of Mordellistena sp. (Mordellinae: Mordellistenini) larva inside a goldenrod gall made by the fly Eurosta solidaginis
Tolidopalpus nitidicoma female lateral
Adult female Tolidopalpus nitidicoma (Mordellinae: Mordellistenini) from side

This family has two living subfamiliesMordellinae and Ctenidiinae – and a prehistoric one known only from fossils (Praemordellinae).[4] Another fossil genus, Liaoximordella, was previously treated as distinct monotypic family Liaoximordellidae, but is now regarded as very primitive and probably basal member of the Mordellidae.

FAMILY Mordellidae Latreille, 1802

References

  1. ^ Michael A. Ivie (2002). "Mordellidae". In Ross H. Arnett & Michael Charles Thomas (ed.). Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea. American Beetles. 2. CRC Press. ISBN 978-0-8493-0954-0.
  2. ^ Michael Reuter (1995). "Studies on the functional morphology of the jump in tumbling-flower beetles (Mordellidae, Coleoptera)". Acta Biologica Benrodis. 7: 99–133. ISSN 0177-9214.
  3. ^ Van De Kamp, T.; Vagovic, P.; Baumbach, T.; Riedel, A. (2011). "A Biological Screw in a Beetle's Leg". Science. 333 (6038): 52. Bibcode:2011Sci...333...52V. doi:10.1126/science.1204245.
  4. ^ Mordellidae Species List at Joel Hallan's Biology Catalog. Texas A&M University, archived from the original on 7 October 2014, retrieved 8 August 2015
  5. ^ Horák, Jan; Farkac, Jan; Nakládal, Oto (2012). "Mordellidae (Coleoptera) from Socotra Island" (PDF). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae. 52 (supplementum 2): 253–268. ISSN 0374-1036. Retrieved 5 February 2013.

External links

Conaliini

The Conaliini are a tribe of beetles in the family Mordellidae.

Dellamora

Dellamora is a genus of beetles in the family Mordellidae, containing the following species:

Dellamora aesura Ray, 1949

Dellamora antipodes Ray, 1930

Dellamora bakeri Ray, 1930

Dellamora bomora Ray, 1949

Dellamora curticauda Ray, 1949

Dellamora epiblema Ray, 1949

Dellamora gracilicauda (Blair, 1922)

Dellamora greenwoodi (Blair, 1922)

Dellamora gregis Ray, 1948

Dellamora iridescens Ray, 1930

Dellamora macaria Ray, 1949

Dellamora maculata Ray, 1930

Dellamora ochracea Ray, 1930

Dellamora palposa Normand, 1916

Dellamora parva Ray, 1949

Dellamora philippinensis Ray, 1930

Dellamora pubescens Ray, 1936

Dellamora samoensis (Blair, 1928)

Dellamora walteriana Franciscolo, 1990

Glipidiomorpha

Glipidiomorpha is a genus of beetles in the family Mordellidae, containing the following species:

Glipidiomorpha astrolabii Franciscolo, 1952

Glipidiomorpha atraterga Lu & Fan, 2000

Glipidiomorpha burgeoni Píc, 1929

Glipidiomorpha curticauda Ermisch, 1968

Glipidiomorpha fahraei Maeklin, 1975

Glipidiomorpha ideodorsalis Franciscolo, 1955

Glipidiomorpha intermedia Franciscolo, 1955

Glipidiomorpha kuatunensis Ermisch, 1968

Glipidiomorpha leucozona Franciscolo, 1952

Glipidiomorpha obsoleta Franciscolo, 1955

Glipidiomorpha poggii Franciscolo, 2001

Glipidiomorpha rhodesiensis Franciscolo, 1955

Glipidiomorpha riesei Franciscolo, 2001

Glipidiomorpha rufiterga Lu & Fan, 2000

Glipidiomorpha rufobrunneipennis Ermisch, 1968

Glipidiomorpha septentrionalis Franciscolo, 1994

Glipidiomorpha testaceicornis Ermisch, 1955

Glipostenoda

Glipostenoda is a genus of beetles in the family Mordellidae, containing the following species:

Glipostenoda aka (Kôno, 1928)

Glipostenoda ambusta (LeConte, 1862)

Glipostenoda brunnescens Ermisch, 1952

Glipostenoda castaneicolor Ermisch, 1950

Glipostenoda chibi (Kôno, 1932)

Glipostenoda cinnamonea (Ermisch, 1953)

Glipostenoda decellei Ermisch, 1968

Glipostenoda desaegeri Ermisch, 1952

Glipostenoda excellens Horák, 1995

Glipostenoda excisa Nomura, 1967

Glipostenoda falsomultistrigosa Franciscolo, 1967

Glipostenoda ferruginea Horák, 1995

Glipostenoda freyi Ermisch, 1962

Glipostenoda fusciceps Nomura, 1967

Glipostenoda guana Lu & Ivie, 1999

Glipostenoda hisamatsui Chûjô, 1956

Glipostenoda imadatei Chûjô, 1964

Glipostenoda incognita Ermisch, 1962

Glipostenoda ivoirensis Ermisch, 1968

Glipostenoda kaihuana Fan & Yang, 1995

Glipostenoda kawasakii Nomura, 1967

Glipostenoda kimotoi Chûjô, 1957

Glipostenoda klapperichi Ermisch, 1952

Glipostenoda lineatisuturalis Nomura, 1967

Glipostenoda luteorubra (Ermisch, 1965)

Glipostenoda matsumurai (Kôno, 1932)

Glipostenoda matsushitai Tokeji, 1954

Glipostenoda melanocephala Ermisch, 1952

Glipostenoda mellissiana (Wollaston, 1870)

Glipostenoda monostrigosa Franciscolo, 1958

Glipostenoda multistrigosa Ermisch, 1952

Glipostenoda neocastanea Batten, 1990

Glipostenoda nigriceps Ermisch, 1968

Glipostenoda nigrofusca Ermisch, 1968

Glipostenoda permira Franciscolo, 1962

Glipostenoda phengotrichia Nomura, 1951

Glipostenoda pseudexcisa Nomura, 1975

Glipostenoda pulla (Fahraeus, 1870)

Glipostenoda quinquestrigosa Franciscolo, 1958

Glipostenoda retusa Nomura, 1967

Glipostenoda rimogana Nomura, 1967

Glipostenoda rosseola (Marseul, 1876)

Glipostenoda sasajii Shiyake, 2001

Glipostenoda shizuokana (Kôno, 1935)

Glipostenoda signatella (Marseul, 1876)

Glipostenoda taiwana (Kôno, 1934)

Glipostenoda takaosana (Kôno, 1932)

Glipostenoda takashii Nomura, 1967

Glipostenoda testacea Ermisch, 1968

Glipostenoda testaceicornis (Píc, 1931)

Glipostenoda trichophora (Nomura, 1951)

Hoshihananomia

Hoshihananomia is a genus of tumbling flower beetles in the family Mordellidae. There are at least 40 described species in Hoshihananomia.

Mordella

Mordella is the type genus of the tumbling flower beetle family (Mordellidae), its subfamily Mordellinae and the tribe Mordellini. It is widely distributed in the Holarctic and adjacent regions. The larvae are primarily dead wood borers.

Mordellaria

Mordellaria is a genus of tumbling flower beetles in the family Mordellidae. There are more than 10 described species in Mordellaria.

Mordellina

Mordellina is a genus of tumbling flower beetles in the family Mordellidae.

Mordellinae

Mordellinae is a subfamily of beetles commonly known as tumbling flower beetles for the typical irregular movements they make when escaping predators, or as pintail beetles due to their abdominal tip which aids them in performing these tumbling movements.

Neocurtimorda

Neocurtimorda is a genus of beetles in the family Mordellidae, containing the following species:

Neocurtimorda aequatorialis Franciscolo, 1953

Neocurtimorda belcastroi Franciscolo, 1994

Neocurtimorda conformis Franciscolo, 1953

Neocurtimorda convexa Franciscolo, 1950

Neocurtimorda distrigosa Franciscolo, 1955

Neocurtimorda lugubris (Fahraeus, 1870)

Neocurtimorda monostigma Franciscolo, 1953

Neocurtimorda mordelloides Franciscolo, 1953

Neocurtimorda nakanei Franciscolo, 1953

Neocurtimorda perpusilla Franciscolo, 1953

Neocurtimorda picicornis Franciscolo, 1953

Neocurtimorda rufipalpis Franciscolo, 1953

Neocurtimorda sexmaculata Franciscolo, 1953

Neomordellistena

Neomordellistena is a genus of beetles in the family Mordellidae, containing the following species:

Neomordellina Franciscolo, 1967Neomordellistena crassipennis Franciscolo, 1967

Neomordellistena houtiensis Franciscolo, 1967

Neomordellistena testaceispina Franciscolo, 1967Neomordellistena Ermisch, 1950Neomordellistena albopygidialis Ermisch, 1950

Neomordellistena anticegilvifrons Ermisch, 1967

Neomordellistena atropilosa Ermisch, 1967

Neomordellistena bredoi Ermisch, 1952

Neomordellistena burgeoni (Píc, 1931)

Neomordellistena curtipennis Ermisch, 1950

Neomordellistena distinctipennis Ermisch, 1950

Neomordellistena flavicornis Ermisch, 1950

Neomordellistena flavopila Ermisch, 1967

Neomordellistena ivoirensis Ermisch, 1968

Neomordellistena lestradei Ermisch, 1952

Neomordellistena maculipennis Ermisch, 1950

Neomordellistena notatipennis Ermisch, 1950

Neomordellistena palpalis Ermisch, 1955

Neomordellistena parvula Ermisch, 1952

Neomordellistena picicolor Ermisch, 1952

Neomordellistena roeri Horak, 1995

Neomordellistena ruficeps Ermisch, 1952

Neomordellistena rufopygidialis (Píc, 1950)

Neomordellistena suturalis Ermisch, 1950

Neomordellistena testacea Ermisch, 1950

Neomordellistena tristrigosa Ermisch, 1950

Neomordellistena variabilis (Píc, 1931)

Neomordellistena (subgenus)

Neomordellistena is a subgenus of the beetlegenus Neomordellistena in the family Mordellidae, containing the following species:

Neomordellistena albopygidialis Ermisch, 1950

Neomordellistena anticegilvifrons Ermisch, 1967

Neomordellistena atropilosa Ermisch, 1967

Neomordellistena bredoi Ermisch, 1952

Neomordellistena burgeoni (Píc, 1931)

Neomordellistena curtipennis Ermisch, 1950

Neomordellistena distinctipennis Ermisch, 1950

Neomordellistena flavicornis Ermisch, 1950

Neomordellistena flavopila Ermisch, 1967

Neomordellistena ivoirensis Ermisch, 1968

Neomordellistena lestradei Ermisch, 1952

Neomordellistena maculipennis Ermisch, 1950

Neomordellistena notatipennis Ermisch, 1950

Neomordellistena palpalis Ermisch, 1955

Neomordellistena parvula Ermisch, 1952

Neomordellistena picicolor Ermisch, 1952

Neomordellistena roeri Horak, 1995

Neomordellistena ruficeps Ermisch, 1952

Neomordellistena rufopygidialis (Píc, 1950)

Neomordellistena suturalis Ermisch, 1950

Neomordellistena testacea Ermisch, 1950

Neomordellistena tristrigosa Ermisch, 1950

Neomordellistena variabilis (Píc, 1931)

Pseudotomoxia

Pseudotomoxia is a genus of beetles in the family Mordellidae, containing the following species:

Pseudotomoxia albonotata (Ray, 1936)

Pseudotomoxia fasciata (Pic, 1931)

Pseudotomoxia horni (Ray, 1936)

Pseudotomoxia kamerunensis Ermisch, 1948

Pseudotomoxia mosseliana Franciscolo, 1965

Pseudotomoxia palpalis Franciscolo, 1965

Pseudotomoxia quadrinotata (Ray, 1936)

Pseudotomoxia rufoabdominalis (Ray, 1936)

Pseudotomoxia trilineata (Ray, 1936)

Pseudotomoxia trimaculata (Ray, 1936)

Scraptiidae

The family Scraptiidae is a small group of beetles sometimes called false flower beetles. There are about 400 species in 30 genera with a world-wide distribution. The adults are found on flowers, sometimes in large numbers. These beetles are very common and easily confused with members of the related family Mordellidae.

Stenalia

Stenalia is a genus of beetles in the family Mordellidae, containing the following species:

Stenalia abyssinica Franciscolo, 1957

Stenalia aethiopica Ermisch, 1968

Stenalia araxicola Khnzoryan, 1957

Stenalia ascaniaenovae Lazorko, 1974

Stenalia aterrima Ermisch, 1955

Stenalia atra E. Perris, 1875

Stenalia atricolor Píc, 1926

Stenalia australis Franciscolo, 1956

Stenalia balcanica Franciscolo, 1949

Stenalia bilyi Horák, 1978

Stenalia bisecta Baudi de Selve, 1883

Stenalia biskrensis Schilsky, 1903

Stenalia brachytera Franciscolo, 1957

Stenalia brunneapennis Ermisch, 1955

Stenalia brunneipennis Mulsant, 1856

Stenalia cechovskyi Horák, 2006

Stenalia coeruleocephala Ermisch, 1952

Stenalia corvina Ermisch, 1955

Stenalia dembickyana Horák, 1995

Stenalia distincta Ermisch, 1955

Stenalia dolini Lazorko, 1974

Stenalia dollmani Franciscolo, 1957

Stenalia dzhulfae Odnosum, 2001

Stenalia ermischi Franciscolo, 1942

Stenalia ermolenkoi Odnosum, 2000

Stenalia escherichi Schilsky, 1899

Stenalia flavipennis Ermisch, 1953

Stenalia flaviventris Ermisch, 1952

Stenalia flavospinosa Ermisch, 1953

Stenalia gracilicornis Baudi, 1878

Stenalia graeca Ermisch, 1965

Stenalia gridelli Franciscolo, 1949

Stenalia hispana Schilsky, 1895

Stenalia inconstans (Fåhraeus, 1871)

Stenalia indica Horák, 1995

Stenalia iranica Horák, 1981

Stenalia jakli Horák, 2006

Stenalia jendeki Horák, 2006

Stenalia jordanensis Ermisch, 1965

Stenalia karossiana Franciscolo, 1957

Stenalia leslacea Chobaut, 1924

Stenalia lindbergi Ermisch, 1963

Stenalia longipennis Ermisch, 1952

Stenalia macrocephala Franciscolo, 1957

Stenalia meridionalis Chobaut, 1924

Stenalia merkli Schilsky, 1895

Stenalia nigra Ermisch, 1951

Stenalia nigrospinosa Ermisch, 1952

Stenalia nyakanensis Franciscolo, 1957

Stenalia obscuripennis Ermisch, 1955

Stenalia occidentalis Franciscolo, 1955

Stenalia oligocenica Nel, 1985

Stenalia pacholatkoi Horák, 1995

Stenalia parva Ermisch, 1951

Stenalia parvula Ermisch, 1967

Stenalia pectoralis Píc, 1929

Stenalia peyerimhoffi Chobaut, 1924

Stenalia rufohumeralis Píc, 1926

Stenalia sectitarsis

Stenalia sefrensis Chobaut, 1924

Stenalia siamensis Horák, 1995

Stenalia stipae Chobaut, 1924

Stenalia testacea (Fabricius, 1787)

Stenalia tonkinea Horák, 1995

Stenalia turneri Franciscolo, 1957

Stenalia variipennis Ermisch, 1951

Stenalia vladimiri Odnosum, 2001

Stenalia zululandiae Franciscolo, 1957

Stenaliini

The Stenaliini are a tribe of beetles in the family Mordellidae.

Tenebrionoidea

The Tenebrionoidea are a very large and diverse superfamily of beetles.

It generally corresponds to the Heteromera of earlier authors.

It contains these families:

Aderidae Winkler 1927 (ant-like leaf beetles)

Anthicidae Latreille 1819 (ant-like flower beetles)

Archeocrypticidae Kaszab 1964

Boridae C. G. Thomson 1859

Chalcodryidae Watt 1974

Ciidae Leach 1819 (minute tree-fungus beetles) (= Cisidae)

Melandryidae Leach 1815 (false darkling beetles)

Meloidae Gyllenhal 1810 (blister beetles)

Mordellidae Latreille 1802 (tumbling flower beetles)

Mycetophagidae Leach 1815 (hairy fungus beetles)

Mycteridae Blanchard 1845

Oedemeridae Latreille 1810 (false blister beetles)

Perimylopidae St. George 1939

Prostomidae C. G. Thomson 1859

Pterogeniidae Crowson 1953

Pyrochroidae Latreille 1807 (fire-colored beetles, etc.)

Pythidae Solier 1834

Ripiphoridae Gemminger and Harold 1870 (wedge-shaped beetles) (= Rhipiphoridae)

Salpingidae Leach 1815 (narrow-waisted bark beetles, etc.)

Scraptiidae Mulsant 1856 (false flower beetles)

Stenotrachelidae C. G. Thomson 1859 (false long-horned beetles) (= Cephaloidae)

Synchroidae Lacordaire 1859

Tenebrionidae Latreille 1802 (darkling beetles)

Tetratomidae Billberg 1820

Trachelostenidae Lacordaire 1859

Trictenotomidae Blanchard 1845

Ulodidae Pascoe 1869

Zopheridae Solier 1834 (ironclad beetles, cylindrical bark beetles, etc.)

Tomoxia

Tomoxia is a genus of beetles in the family Mordellidae, containing the following species:

Tomoxia abrupta Ray, 1944

Tomoxia albonotata Maeklin, 1875

Tomoxia alboscutella Ermisch, 1955

Tomoxia albosuturalis Pic, 1924

Tomoxia anotata Ray, 1949

Tomoxia antipodes Ray, 1930

Tomoxia auratonotata Ray, 1936

Tomoxia binotata Ray, 1939

Tomoxia borealis (LeConte, 1862)

Tomoxia brevipennis Ray, 1939

Tomoxia bucephala (Costa, 1854)

Tomoxia carinata Smith, 1883

Tomoxia contracta Champion, 1891

Tomoxia diversimaculata Ray, 1930

Tomoxia exoleta Lea, 1917

Tomoxia fascifera (LeConte, 1878)

Tomoxia fiebrigi Ray, 1939

Tomoxia flavicans Waterhouse, 1878

Tomoxia formosana Chûjô, 1935

Tomoxia howensis Lea, 1917

Tomoxia inclusa LeConte, 1862

Tomoxia innotata Píc, 1924

Tomoxia intermedia Ray, 1930

Tomoxia interrupta Champion, 1891

Tomoxia inundata Wickham, 1914

Tomoxia latenotata Píc, 1924

Tomoxia laticeps Lea, 1895

Tomoxia laticollis Píc, 1936

Tomoxia latipalpis Ray, 1946

Tomoxia lineaticollis Píc, 1933

Tomoxia lineella LeConte, 1862

Tomoxia maculicollis Lea, 1902

Tomoxia melanura Lea, 1917

Tomoxia melasoma Lea, 1917

Tomoxia multilineata Pic, 1936

Tomoxia muriniceps Sharp, 1883

Tomoxia obliquialba Lea, 1925

Tomoxia paulonotata Pic, 1936

Tomoxia philippinensis Ray, 1930

Tomoxia picicolo Ermisch, 1949

Tomoxia psotai Ray, 1936

Tomoxia relicta Takakuwa, 1985

Tomoxia ryukyuana Takakuwa, 1985

Tomoxia serricornis Ray, 1939

Tomoxia serval (Say, 1835)

Tomoxia sexlineata Lea, 1895

Tomoxia similaris Nomura, 1967

Tomoxia spinifer Champion, 1891

Tomoxia suboblongifera Lea, 1931

Tomoxia subsuturalis Píc, 1936

Tomoxia undulata (Melsheimer, 1846)

Tomoxia xenicornis Ray, 1944

Extant Coleoptera families

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