Front page of the Montgomery Advertiser,
July 19, 2009
(as The Planter's Gazette)
|Headquarters||425 Molton St.|
Montgomery, Alabama, 36104
The newspaper began publication in 1829 as The Planter's Gazette. Its first editor was Moseley Baker. It became the Montgomery Advertiser in 1833. In 1903, R.F. Hudson, a young Alabama newspaperman, joined the staff of the Advertiser and rose through the ranks of the newspaper. Hudson was central to improving the financial situation of the newspaper, and by 1924 he owned 10% of its stock. Hudson purchased the remaining shares of the company in 1935, and five years later he bought The Alabama Journal, a competitor founded in Montgomery in 1889. Ownership of the Advertiser subsequently passed from Hudson's heirs to Carmage Walls (1963), through Multimedia Corp. (1968) to Gannett Company (1995).
Grover C. Hall, Jr. (1915–1971) worked at the paper from age 20 and served 15 years as editor after World War II. He allied with the politician George C. Wallace in 1958. In 1975, the newspaper investigated the shooting of Bernard Whitehurt by police and wrote news stories that questioned the original police reports. To counter claims that newspaper was fabricating stories, publisher Harold E. Martin, took and passed a polygraph.
The Alabama Journal continued as a local afternoon paper until April 16, 1993, when it published its last issue before merging with the morning Advertiser. The Advertiser is the largest of the 22 daily newspapers published in Alabama.
According to a 2018 review by the Advertiser itself, from 1883 to the early 1900s the paper covered the region's frequent lynchings ambivalently. While it nominally condemned the mob murders of black people, its coverage assumed that the victims were guilty of crimes, such as a 1919 editorial that held that "as long as there are attempts at rape by black men, red men or yellow men on white women there will be lynchings". Consequently, the paper's proposals on how to address lynchings focused on how the accused could more efficiently be legally executed instead. It also tended to be more concerned about how lynchings might be treated by Northern papers than about the crimes themselves. In an editorial published on the occasion of the 2018 opening of the National Memorial for Peace and Justice, the editorial board recognized the paper's "own shameful place in the history of these dastardly, murderous deeds", acknowledging that the paper's "careless" coverage of lynchings was "wrong".
The newspaper won the first of its three Pulitzer Prize awards under the direction of Grover C. Hall (1888–1941), who came to the Advertiser in 1910 and served as editor from 1926 until his death. The Advertiser waged war on the Ku Klux Klan during the 1920s, and became nationally prominent for its coverage and editorial stance. Hall later argued for release of the black Scottsboro Boys. Nonetheless, by the 1950s, the paper's coverage of the civil rights movement was "indifferent and antagonistic", often criticizing civil rights activists and their goals.
In 2004, Wanda Lloyd became the Advertiser's first black executive editor.
The newspaper has earned numerous state, regional and national awards, including three Pulitzer Prizes:
The 1901 Auburn Tigers football team was an American football team that represented Auburn University as a member of the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association (SIAA) during the 1901 SIAA season. In its second season under head coach Walter H. Watkins, the team compiled a 2–3–1 record (2–2–1 against SIAA opponents). It was the Clemson's tenth season of intercollegiate football.1919 Alabama Crimson Tide football team
The 1919 Alabama Crimson Tide football team (variously "Alabama", "UA" or "Bama") represented the University of Alabama in the 1919 college football season. It was the Crimson Tide's 26th overall and 23rd season as a member of the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association (SIAA). The team was led by head coach Xen C. Scott, in his first year, and played their home games at University Field in Tuscaloosa and at Rickwood Field in Birmingham, Alabama. They finished the season with a record of eight wins and one loss (8–1 overall, 6–1 in the SIAA).
After not fielding a team for the 1918 season due to the effects of World War I, in May 1919 Xen C. Scott was hired to serve as head coach of the Crimson Tide. Alabama then opened the season with four consecutive shutout victories at University Field in Tuscaloosa. After Scott defeated Birmingham–Southern in his debut as Crimson Tide head coach, the next week he defeated Ole Miss for his first SIAA victory. After a pair of blowout victories over both Howard and the Marion Military Institute, Alabama defeated Sewanee 40–0 in what was the most anticipated game of the season at Rickwood Field.
After the Sewanee win, Alabama traveled to Nashville where they lost their only game of the season against Vanderbilt 16–12. After the loss, the Crimson Tide rebounded with wins at LSU and Georgia and at Birmingham over Mississippi A&M on Thanksgiving to close the season.1920 Alabama Crimson Tide football team
The 1920 Alabama Crimson Tide football team (variously "Alabama", "UA" or "Bama") represented the University of Alabama in the 1920 Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association football season. It was the Crimson Tide's 27th overall and 24th season as a member of the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association (SIAA). The team was led by head coach Xen C. Scott, in his second year, and played their home games at University/Denny Field in Tuscaloosa and at Rickwood Field in Birmingham, Alabama. They finished the season with a record of ten wins and one loss (10–1 overall, 6–1 in the SIAA). This marked the first ten win season in the history of Alabama football. Starting with Scott, every Alabama coach has won ten games in a season at least once, with the exception of Jennings B. Whitworth.
Alabama opened the season with six consecutive shutout victories over the Southern Military Academy, Marion Military Institute, Birmingham–Southern, Mississippi College, Howard, and Sewanee. In their seventh game against Vanderbilt Alabama allowed its first touchdown of the season, but won 14–7 after the Commodores threw an interception on a fourth and goal from the three-yard line in the fourth quarter.
After their shutout victory over LSU on what was the first homecoming game played at Alabama, the Crimson Tide lost their only game of the season at Atlanta against Georgia. The Bulldogs did not score on offense but won 21–14 after touchdowns were scored on a fumble return, a blocked punt return and a blocked field goal return. The loss snapped Alabama's then school-record 11-game winning streak. Alabama won their final two games against Mississippi A&M and in Cleveland at Case and finished the season 10–1.1921 Alabama Crimson Tide football team
The 1921 Alabama Crimson Tide football team (variously "Alabama", "UA" or "Bama") represented the University of Alabama in the 1921 college football season. It was the Crimson Tide's 28th overall and 25th season as a member of the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association (SIAA). The team was led by head coach Xen C. Scott, in his third year, and played their home games at Denny Field in Tuscaloosa and at Rickwood Field in Birmingham, Alabama. They finished the season with a record of five wins, four losses and two ties (5–4–2 overall, 2–4–2 in the SIAA).
In the opener, Alabama spotted Howard a 14–0 first-quarter lead before they rallied and won, 34–14. After a victory over Spring Hill in their second game, the Crimson Tide outscored Marion Military Institute and Bryson College by a combined 150–0 over their next two games en route to a 4–0 start to open the season. The fast start did not translate to winning for the remainder of the season as they lost four of their next five games.
In their first Rickwood Field game of the season, the Crimson Tide was shut out by Sewanee and followed the loss with a tie against LSU in their first road game of the season at New Orleans. Alabama returned to Rickwood in their next game, where they were shut out by Vanderbilt, followed by losses to Florida on homecoming in Tuscaloosa and then to Georgia at Atlanta. After they tied Mississippi A&M in their final home game of the year, Alabama upset Tulane at New Orleans and prevented their first losing season since 1903.1928 Pulitzer Prize
The following are the Pulitzer Prizes for 1928.2001 NCAA Division I-AA football rankings
The 2001 NCAA Division I-AA football rankings are from the Sports Network poll of Division I-AA head coaches, athletic directors, sports information directors and media members. This is for the 2001 season. Due to the events of September 11, 2001, all college football games were suspended during the following weekend. As a result, the poll released on September 18 was a repeat of the one released a week earlier.2002 Alabama gubernatorial election
The U.S. state of Alabama held its 2002 election for governor on November 5. The race pitted incumbent Governor Don Siegelman, a Democrat, against Representative Bob Riley, a Republican, and Libertarian nominee John Sophocleus.
The result was an extremely narrow victory for Riley. The certified results showed Riley with 672,225 votes to Siegelman's 669,105 (a difference of 3,120 votes, or 0.23% of the 1,367,053 votes cast). Sophocleus garnered 23,272 votes, and 2,451 votes were for write-in candidates. Bob Riley defeated incumbent Governor Don Siegelman in a close and controversial election marked by high turnout. Riley was reelected in 2006.2003 NCAA Division II football rankings
The 2003 NCAA Division II football rankings are from the American Football Coaches Association (AFCA). This is for the 2003 season.2010 NCAA Division I FCS football rankings
The 2010 NCAA Division I FCS football rankings are from the Sports Network media poll and the coaches poll. This is for the 2010 season.2015 Montgomery mayoral election
The 2015 Montgomery mayoral election took place on August 25, 2015, to elect the Mayor of Montgomery, Alabama.
The election is officially nonpartisan, with all candidates that ran together, regardless of party. Had no candidate received a majority of the vote, a runoff election would have been held between the top two candidates.
Incumbent Republican Mayor Todd Strange won re-election to a second full term in office without a runoff on August 25, 2015.Aliceville, Alabama
Aliceville is a city in Pickens County, Alabama, located thirty-six miles west of Tuscaloosa. At the 2010 census its population was 2,486, down from 2,567 in 2000. Founded in the first decade of the 20th century and incorporated in 1907, the town has become notable for its World War II-era prisoner-of-war camp, Camp Aliceville. Since 1930, it has been the largest town in Pickens County. On February 2, 2016, the town was hit by an EF2 tornado, causing heavy damage in the area.Edwina Donnelly Mitchell
Edwina Donnelly Mitchell (1894–1968) was the Superintendent (warden) of Julia Tutwiler Prison for Women located in Wetumpka, Alabama.Harold E. Martin
Harold Eugene Martin (October 4, 1923 – July 4, 2007) was a Pulitzer Prize-winning newspaper editor and publisher who was also a director of the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association. During his career, Martin lived in the U.S. states of Alabama, New York, Missouri, Arkansas, Tennessee and Texas.
Martin won the Pulitzer in 1970 as the editor of the morning Montgomery Advertiser and the afternoon Alabama Journal. The Pulitzer Prize for Local Investigative Specialized Reporting recognized a series of articles that exposed the use by pharmaceutical companies of state prisoners as subjects in drug experimentation and as sources of blood plasma. Martin hired two detectives to help him gather the information, but he also had an inside source within the prison system. The revelations brought about a shakeup of the state corrections department under then rival Governors Albert Brewer and George C. Wallace, Jr.While publisher at the Montgomery Advertiser, Martin led an investigation by the newspaper into a police cover up involving planting a gun on Bernard Whitehurst who was shot in the back and killed. The investigation eventually led to the resignation of the Montgomery police chief and the mayor. To dispute the claim that newspaper fabricated stories Martin, took and passed a polygraph.At the Montgomery Advertiser, Martin also opposed Governor Wallace's segregationist policies. An irate Wallace cancelled state advertising in the newspaper by the public-owned liquor business, an action which may have cost the company as much as $500,000. "Harold Martin never flinched," recalled Ray Jenkins, the Advertiser's former executive editor.Martin was born to Rufus John Martin and the former Emma Meadows in Cullman, the seat of Cullman County in northern Alabama. The family moved to Birmingham, the state's largest city, where Martin graduated from Phillips High School and was a newspaper copy reader. He served in the United States Marine Corps during World War II.Martin procured a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1954 from Baptist-affiliated Samford University in Homewood, a suburb of Birmingham. At the time Samford was known as "Howard College". In 1961, he taught two advanced journalism courses -- advertising and libel law—at his alma mater Howard. He was named Howard's "Alumnus of the Year" in 1970, after he won his Pulitzer Prize.In 1956, Martin received his Master of Arts at the private Syracuse University in Syracuse, the seat of Onondaga County in central New York. Thereafter he was the assistant business manager for the Syracuse Herald from 1957–1958. He maintained ties to Syracuse for many years, having served on the board of the School of Public Communications.The Martins moved to St. Louis in 1958, where he was named assistant production manager of the defunct St. Louis Globe-Democrat. Martin then returned to Birmingham, where in 1960, he became assistant general manager of the Birmingham News. In 1963, he accepted the co-publisher's position with the Montgomery Advertiser in the state capital. He was named editor in 1967.Over the years, Martin served on many boards, including that of Virginia Military Institute in Lexington and the Alabama Baptist state denominational newspaper. A member of the Southern Baptist denomination since childhood, Martin served for twenty years with the Graham Association, now based in Charlotte, North Carolina.On November 25, 1945, Martin married the former Jean Elizabeth Wilson of Goldsboro, North Carolina. In the 1970s, the couple co-owned The Herald Citizen daily newspaper in Cookeville in Putnam County in northern Tennessee; The News-Observer weekly in Crossett in Ashley County in southern Arkansas, and The Baxter Bulletin weekly in Mountain Home in Baxter County in northern Arkansas. In 1973, the Baxter Bulletin, the largest weekly newspaper in Arkansas, was named by the Newspaper Enterprise Association as "Best Overall Weekly Newspaper in the United States" in the over 10,000-circulation category.In 1980, Martin was named president of Jefferson-Pilot Publications and simultaneously the publisher of the Beaumont Enterprise and Beaumont Journal in Jefferson County in southeast Texas. In that capacity, Martin oversaw the operations of some twenty-five other newspapers, including dailies, Laredo Morning Times in Laredo, Texas, the Galveston County Daily News in Texas City, Clearwater Sun in Clearwater, Florida, and Altus Times in Altus in Jackson County in southwestern Oklahoma, plus five weekly community newspapers in Jefferson and nearby Hardin counties near Beaumont, six Oklahoma weeklies, and ten Florida weeklies."Martin retired in 1985, when Jefferson-Pilot Publications was sold to the Hearst Corporation. He retired to Bedford in Tarrant County near Fort Worth. Thereafter, he assisted the Methodist Church in the reorganization of its publishing operation in Fort Worth. As a hobby, Martin raised and showed Tennessee Walking Horses and owned a champion pony.Martin died in Bedford of cancer and Alzheimer's disease. In addition to his wife, he was survived by their daughter, Anita Luce of Keller in Tarrant County; their son, Brian E. Martin of Aubrey in Denton County, and seven grandchildren. An older son, Gary Martin, preceded his father in death.High Point Town Center
High Point Town Center is a lifestyle center located in Prattville, Alabama, across from the Prattville Towne Center. The 900,000 square-foot mall opened in 2008 but remained largely vacant leading to its sale at a bankruptcy auction in July 2011.Idella Jones Childs
Idella Jones Childs (June 21, 1903 - August 8, 1998) was an American educator, historian and civil rights activist. Childs worked as a teacher for 35 years in Perry County in Alabama. During the civil rights movement, her home was a meeting place for activists. She was the mother of Jean Childs Young, who later married Andrew Young who went on to become mayor of Atlanta. Childs worked as historian, helping to put two places in Alabama on the National Register of Historic Places. She also became the first black woman to sit on the city council in Marion. Childs was inducted into the Alabama Women's Hall of Fame in 2002. An award named after Childs is given out from the Alabama Historical Commission for the recognition of those who have contributed to the preservation of historic African American places.Juliette Hampton Morgan
Juliette Hampton Morgan (February 21, 1914 – July 16, 1957) was a librarian and civil rights activist in Montgomery, Alabama. The only daughter from a well-to-do white family, Morgan was an early member of the community that pushed for integration. As a librarian she often spoke out against the acts of injustice she witnessed against African-Americans by writing letters to the Montgomery Advertiser, the local newspaper. She was castigated by the community for her racial views and was targeted by segregationists who broke her windows and burned a cross in her front yard. Unable to bear the strain caused by the unrelenting retaliation caused by her views, she took her own life.Martha Roby
Martha Kehres Roby (; née Dubina, July 26, 1976) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Alabama's 2nd congressional district since 2011. A member of the Republican Party, she defeated the incumbent Democratic U.S. Representative Bobby Bright during the 2010 elections. Roby and Terri Sewell were the first women elected to Congress from Alabama in regular elections.Montgomery Mall (Alabama)
Montgomery Mall was an enclosed shopping mall in Montgomery, Alabama. Opened in 1970, it closed in 2008 after several years of declining traffic. The mall's anchor stores were J.C. Penney, Parisian, and Gayfers (later Dillard's, then Steve & Barry's). In February 2013, redevelopment began on the vacant mall property.The National Memorial for Peace and Justice
The National Memorial for Peace and Justice, informally known as the National Lynching Memorial, is a national memorial to commemorate the victims of lynching in the United States. The memorial was constructed in order to acknowledge the past of racial terrorism and further the continual search for social justice in America. Founded by the non-profit Equal Justice Initiative, it opened in downtown Montgomery, Alabama on April 26, 2018.
Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News Reporting (1985–2000)
* From 1985 to 1990: Pulitzer Prize for General News Reporting; From 1991 to 1997: Pulitzer Prize for Spot News Reporting; From 1998 to present: Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News Reporting