Molly Scott Cato

Sarah Margaret "Molly" Scott Cato (born 21 May 1963) is a British Green politician, academic, environmental and community activist, and green economist who is the current Member of the European Parliament (MEP) for the South West England[a] electoral region for the Green Party. She was elected in May 2014, and is the first Green Party MEP to represent the region. From 2012, until her election as an MEP, she was Professor of Strategy and Sustainability at the University of Roehampton.[b] Scott Cato speaks for the Green Party on finance issues,[4] and is known for her work in the field of co-operative studies.[5] She has published on green economics, localism and anti-capitalism, and has contributed to works on the risks of nuclear power, the use of which she strongly opposes.[6]

Molly Scott Cato

Molly Scott Cato, 2016 (cropped)
Molly Scott Cato, in 2016.
Member of the European Parliament
for South West England
Assumed office
1 July 2014
Personal details
Born21 May 1963 (age 55)[1]
Political partyGreen Party of England and Wales
Domestic partnerChris Busby (approx 1992–2004)
Alma mater
ProfessionGreen economist, green politician

Early life and education

Scott Cato grew up in Bath, attending Bath High School for Girls,[7] before reading Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE) at Oxford, where her stated areas of interest included "the politics of Latin America and international politics". After working in the publishing industry, in 2001[8] she earned her Ph.D. from the University of Wales, Aberystwyth (now Aberystwyth University) with a thesis on employment policy in the South Wales Valleys,[4] including research into the Tower Colliery workers' co-operative.[9] Her book, The Pit and the Pendulum, is based on this research. She holds an MSc in advanced social research methods from the Open University.[10]

Academic career

After working for the Oxford University Press from 1987 to 1998, Scott Cato tutored at Aberystwyth University in 2000, then, from 2001 to 2012, was Senior lecturer and Reader in green economics at Cardiff Metropolitan University (known for most of that period as the University of Wales Institute, Cardiff, or UWIC for short). In 2007 she was appointed Director of the Cardiff Institute for Co-operative Studies.[9] In 2012 she became Professor of Strategy and Sustainability at the University of Roehampton.[11]

Scott Cato's academic work covers three main areas: firstly the green economy, that is, one which recognises planetary limits and achieves social justice; secondly the economics of co-operatives and social enterprises, and finally critical analysis of the existing monetary system, and alternatives which might replace it.[5]


She has published widely on green economics, localism and anti-capitalism. She wrote Seven Myths About Work in 1996, updating it in 2002 under the title Arbeit Macht Frei and Other Lies about Work. She co-edited Green Economics: Beyond Supply and Demand to Meeting People's Needs in 1999 with Miriam Kennet. Her report, co-authored with Christopher Busby and Richard Bramhall, on the structure of government specialist science advice committees, I Don't Know Much About Science, apparently "influenced the structure of the government's new committee examining the effects of low-level radiation".

In 2009 she published Green Economics: An Introduction to Theory, Policy and Practice, where she argues that society should be embedded within the ecosystem, and that markets and economies are social structures that should respond to social and environmental priorities. She includes examples of effective green policies that are already being implemented across the world policy prescriptions for issues including climate change, localization, citizens' income, economic measurement, ecotaxes and trade. In his review of the book in the Journal of Economic Geography Danny Dorling called it "a serious book written by the grown-up version of the kinds of people who are currently invading airports, chaining themselves to those coal trucks on the way to power stations and populating climate camps".[12]

Her 2011 book Environment and Economy describes the main academic responses to the need to resolve the tension between economy and environment: environmental economics, ecological economics, green economics, and anti-capitalist economics. It covers topics including an introduction to economic instruments such as taxes and regulation; pollution and resource depletion; growth; globalization vs. localization and climate change.

Political career

Molly Scott Cato
Scott Cato campaigning to contest the Bristol West seat in 2017.

Scott Cato joined the UK Green Party in 1988,[10] before it became three separate parties for England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland in 1990. She has been Co-Chair of the Green Party Regional Council and served on the Green Party Executive as Campaigns Co-ordinator.[10] She wrote Seven Myths About Work as part of a Green Party campaign, Why Work?.[13] She speaks for the Green Party on finance issues.[4]

Candidate for the UK Parliament

Scott Cato stood as the Green Party candidate for the Preseli Pembrokeshire constituency at the 1997 and 2005 general elections, resulting in sixth-placed results.[14] For 2017, Scott Cato was selected by the party to stand for the constituency which saw its greatest-swing result in 2015, Bristol West, where the party finished second-placed in 2015, a seat with a high student and academic contingent to its electorate.[15] She was endorsed by Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall.[16] She finished in third place in the 2017 election, with the Green share of the vote dropping from 26.8% to 12.9%.

Local council

In May 2011, Scott Cato was elected to represent Valley Ward on Stroud District Council.[17] In May 2012, she became leader of the Green Group on the council and made an agreement with the Labour and Liberal Democrat groups to take overall control of the council, calling for "constructive co-operation" and rejecting the "tribalism of party politics" in favour of a "more inclusive" approach. She said, "We believe that no one party has a monopoly on good ideas and we will seek co-operation to achieve advances of our policy platform on an issue-by-issue basis."[18] She became chairman of the council's Audit and Standards Committee in May 2013.[17] At the council's AGM in June 2014, Scott Cato announced her resignation, to take effect from 1 July, the start of her mandate in the European Parliament.[19]

European Parliament

Scott Cato cropped
Scott Cato questioning Jean-Claude Juncker at an open hearing hosted by the Green-EFA group on 9 July 2014

In the May 2014 elections for the European Parliament, she was elected as an MEP in South West England for the Green Party, being the lead candidate on the party's list.[20] The Green Party's share of the vote in her region was, at 11.1%, the highest of any electoral region.[21] She had stood for the European Parliament on the Green Party list for the South West region at the previous election in 2009; in 1999 and 2004[22] she had been on the Green Party list in Wales.[10] She stated, after her election, that her priorities as an MEP would be finance and farming: "I'm from the South West – it's vital to our region, and I hope to get farming working in a more socially and environmentally friendly way".[23]

On 1 July 2014, the start of her mandate, she was appointed a full member of the Parliament's Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs and a substitute member of the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development.[1] In her first speech, also on 1 July, she expressed her opposition to the UK government's attempt to take away from her region control of £450 million EU convergence funding, saying: "Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly have a long history of using these funds efficiently and effectively".[24]

Localism and community involvement

In addition to her work on Stroud District Council, Molly Scott Cato has, since 2007, been a director of Stroud Common Wealth,[25] a not-for-profit private company, limited by guarantee, which owns and develops property "for community benefit and to enable social enterprise development."[26] She was a director[27] from 2009 to 2012[28] of Transition Stroud, which aims to strengthen the community's local economy, to reduce dependence on fossil fuel and to prepare for climate change.[29] Transition Stroud is part of the Transition Towns network.[30] Shortly after she moved to Stroud in 2006, she joined Stroud Community Agriculture (SCA), and was elected to its "core group" of members.[31][32] SCA is a community-supported agriculture project, organised as a co-operative, which provides locally produced organic food for its members.[33]

She is one of the founders of the Stroud pound.

Other activities

Molly Scott Cato was a member of the Management Committee of the Association for Heterodox Economics from 2010 to 2014[34] and is on the Editorial Board of the Journal of Co-operative Studies, published by the UK Society for Co-operative Studies.[35] She formerly served as a member of the Advisory Group of the Equality Trust. She was, from November 2010 to September 2013, a director and trustee of Meadow Prospect,[36] the charitable branch of RCT Homes, a large social housing provider based in Rhondda Cynon Taf (RCT), and itself an Industrial and provident society with charitable rules.[37] She is a Distinguished Fellow of the Schumacher Institute.[38]

Together with Patrick Adams and her then partner, Christopher Busby, she founded Green Audit, an environmental consultancy and publishing organisation, in 1992, but later left the organisation, which continues to be run under Busby's direction.[39][40]

Scott Cato supports the EU boycott of goods from illegal Israeli settlements beyond the Green Line, thinks that this boycott should be widened, and supports measures to ensure that the illegal settlements should be excluded from EU relations with Israel. Her sympathy for the Palestinians dates back to time spent teaching in the West Bank when she was a student.[41]

In October 2018, she signed the call to action supporting Extinction Rebellion.[42]

Personal life

Scott Cato is a Quaker.[23] She has three children.[27]

See also


  1. ^ The South West England electoral region includes the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar.
  2. ^ According to her declaration of member's interests, Scott Cato retained her title of Professor after her election as MEP.[3]


  1. ^ a b "Molly SCOTT CATO". Europa. European Parliament. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
  2. ^ Ashcroft, Esme (12 May 2017). "Molly Scott Cato - Green Party candidate - Bristol West general election 2017". Bristol Post. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  3. ^ "Declaration of Members' Financial Interests" (PDF). Europa. 1 July 2014. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  4. ^ a b c "Molly Scott Cato". Green Party of England and Wales. Retrieved 1 June 2014.
  5. ^ a b "Molly Scott Cato". RSA. Archived from the original on 3 October 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  6. ^ Meet Molly. Green Party of England and Wales (official website). Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  7. ^ "Molly Scott Cato". Google+. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
  8. ^ Scott Cato, Molly. "Green Economist – Home". Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  9. ^ a b "Cardiff Institute for Co-operative Stuties (CICS) – Staff". Cardiff Metropolitan University. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  10. ^ a b c d "Members of Parliament in Lower Westwood, Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire". This is Wiltshire. 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  11. ^ "Professor Molly Scott Cato". University of Roehampton. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  12. ^ Dorling, Danny. "Green economics: an introduction to theory, policy and practice: Molly Scott Cato". Journal of Economic Geography. doi:10.1093/jeg/lbp028. also available at
  13. ^ Scott Cato 2004, p. xv.
  14. ^ "Molly Scott-Cato: Electoral history and profile". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
  15. ^ "Bristol West: Molly Scott Cato". Green Party. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  16. ^ Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall backs Molly Scott Cato for Bristol West. Molly4Bristol. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  17. ^ a b "Profile: Councillor Molly Cato". Stroud District Council. Archived from the original on 20 November 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  18. ^ Warne, Chris (15 May 2012). "Labour, Lib Dems and Greens set for political talks". Stroud News & Journal. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  19. ^ Falconer, Ben (6 June 2014). "Stroud MEP resigns council post". Stroud Life. Archived from the original on 20 July 2014. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  20. ^ "Euro elections: Stroud's Molly Scott Cato is first Green MEP for south west". Gloucester Citizen. 26 May 2014. Archived from the original on 31 May 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  21. ^ Hawkins, Oliver; Miller, Vaughne (18 June 2014), European Parliament Elections 2014 – Commons Library Research Paper (pdf), House of Commons Library, p. 26, retrieved 20 June 2014
  22. ^ "European Parliamentary Election Wales – Notice of Poll". Regional Returning Officer for Wales. 13 May 2004. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 1 July 2014.
  23. ^ a b Craig, Tara (29 May 2014). "Election success for Quakers". The Friend. London. Retrieved 1 June 2014.
  24. ^ Mata, Will (4 July 2014). "Former Stroud councillor Molly Scott Cato makes first appearance in European Parliament (From Stroud News and Journal)". Stroud News & Journal. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
  25. ^ "Stroud Common Wealth – Directors". Stroud Common Wealth Company Limited. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  26. ^ "Stroud Common Wealth – Home". Stroud Common Wealth Company Limited. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
  27. ^ a b "Molly Scott Cato". Archived from the original on 2 July 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  28. ^ "TRANSITION STROUD - Officers". Companies House. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  29. ^ "Transition Stroud – Start somewhere". Transition Stroud. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  30. ^ "Transition Initiatives starting with 'S'". Transition Network. Archived from the original on 10 May 2010. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  31. ^ Scott Cato, Molly (5 June 2009). "Stroud Community Agriculture". the Friend. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  32. ^ "The Story of CSA in Stroud" (pdf). CSA Stroud. 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  33. ^ "The farm that feeds its shareholders". BBC. 19 February 2009. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  34. ^ "Officers and Management Committee 2013–2014". Association for Heterodox Eonomics. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  35. ^ "Editorial board". Journal of Co-operative Studies. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  36. ^ "Sarah Margaret (Molly) Scott Cato". OpenCorporates. Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
  37. ^ "Report of the Trustees for the period 1 April 2013 – 31 March 2014" (pdf). Pontypridd: Meadow Prospect. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
  38. ^ "People – The Schumacher Institute". Schumacher Institute. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
  39. ^ "About". Green Audit. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
  40. ^ "Sarah Margaret Scott Cato". OpenCorporates. Retrieved 1 July 2014.
  41. ^ "Responses from Molly Scott-Cato". Palestine Solidarity Campaign. 8 May 2014. Retrieved 29 June 2014. I have a longstanding concern for the Palestinian people, dating back to a spell spent on the West Bank teaching when I was a student. I have also introduced a motion to our conference calling on the party to organise a campaign to boycott Israeli produce and this is the strictest of my personal shopping boycotts.
    The issue of Palestine is obviously vital to the Palestinian people but it is also obvious that the festering injustice in that region is feeding global insecurity. As a Quaker I am committed to seeking out the causes of war and the situation in Israel-Palestine seems to me the most glaring contemporary example.
  42. ^ Green, Alison; Carter, Joy; Williams, Rowan; Danny, Dorling; Bendell, Jem; Gibson, Ian; Susie, Orbach; Drew, David; Molly, Scott Cato; Ali, Shahrar; et al. (26 October 2018). "Facts about our ecological crisis are incontrovertible. We must take action". Letters. The Guardian. Retrieved 17 November 2018.


by Molly Scott Cato
with other authors
Papers and articles

Further reading

External links

2007 Stroud District Council election

The 2007 Stroud Council election took place on 3 May 2007 to elect members of Stroud District Council in Gloucestershire, England. One third of the council was up for election and the Conservative party stayed in overall control of the council.After the election, the composition of the council was

Conservative 31

Labour 9

Green 5

Liberal Democrat 4

Independent 2

2014 European Parliament election in Gibraltar

The British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar is a part of the European Parliament constituency combined region of South West England and Gibraltar. For elections to the European Parliament in 2014, the vote in the region took place on 22 May 2014, with the results announced on 25 May 2014. On the previous two occasions Gibraltar has participated in European elections, the Conservative Party had topped the poll. The Liberal Democrats won the popular vote in the territory for the first time. They opposed British withdrawal from the European Union and were the only party to include a Gibraltar resident on their list of candidates, Lyana Armstrong-Emery of the Liberal Party of Gibraltar.The result was notable as one of only four counting areas in which the Liberal Democrats topped the poll, the others being South Lakeland in Cumbria and Orkney and Shetland in Scotland.

Despite the result in Gibraltar, the Liberal Democrat vote fell across the South West region (and the whole of the UK), and the sitting Liberal Democrat MEP, Graham Watson, described as a "stalwart" and "advocate" of Gibraltar, lost his seat.

Bright Green

Bright Green is a progressive UK politics blog primarily edited by members of the Scottish Green Party and the Green Party of England and Wales.

Regular contributors include former MSP Mark Ballard, Maggie Chapman, Peter McColl, Adam Ramsay, Gary Dunion and Sarah Beattie-Smith.

In 2011 McColl was voted the UK's top Green blogger for his contributions to Bright Green.The blog has been listed in the top 100 political blogs by Total Politics.Bright Green contributors are active in Scottish and UK politics beyond the website, hosting discussions and workshops at events and conferences such as the 2012 Radical Independence Campaign national conference.

Bristol West (UK Parliament constituency)

Bristol West is a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It covers the central and western parts of Bristol.


Earthscan is an English-language publisher of books and journals on climate change, sustainable development and environmental technology for academic, professional and general readers.

Extinction Rebellion

Extinction Rebellion (sometimes shortened as XR) is an international social movement that aims to drive radical change, through nonviolent resistance, in order to avert climate breakdown, halt biodiversity loss and minimise the risk of human extinction and ecological collapse.Extinction Rebellion was established in the United Kingdom in 2018 with about one hundred academics signing a call to action and launched at the end of October by Roger Hallam, Gail Bradbrook, Simon Bramwell and other activists from the campaign group Rising Up!. In November 2018, various acts of civil disobedience took place in London. The movement is unusual in that a large number of activists have pledged to be arrested and are prepared to go to prison, similar to the mass arrest tactics of the Committee of 100 in 1961.

Citing inspiration from grassroots movements such as Occupy, Gandhi’s independence movement, the Suffragettes, Martin Luther King and the civil rights movement, Extinction Rebellion intends to rally support worldwide around a common sense of urgency to tackle climate breakdown.

Green Gathering

The Green Gathering, formerly known as the Big Green Gathering is an award winning festival with an environmental and social justice focus, including workshops and talks on permaculture, politics, ecology and crafts, as well as art, live music and spoken word performances. The first Big Green Gathering was held in 1994 and the festival is currently held in Chepstow, Monmouthshire although it has previously been held in various locations in Somerset and Wiltshire, England.

Green Party of England and Wales election results

This article lists the election results of the Green Party of England and Wales (and its predecessors) in the UK parliamentary, European parliamentary, London Assembly, and Welsh Assembly elections.

History of the Green Party of England and Wales

The Green Party of England and Wales has its roots in the PEOPLE Party started in Coventry in 1972/3 by four professional friends (Michael Benfield, Freda Sanders, Tony and Lesley Whittaker). It then changed its name to the more descriptive Ecology Party in 1975, and to the Green Party ten years later. In the 1990s, the Scottish and Northern Ireland wings of the Green Party in the United Kingdom decided to separate amicably from the party in England and Wales, to form the Scottish Green Party and the Green Party in Northern Ireland. The Wales Green Party became an autonomous regional party and remained within the new Green Party of England and Wales.

Jean Lambert

Jean Denise Lambert (born Jean Denise Archer; 1 June 1950 in Orsett, Essex) is an English politician, and Member of the European Parliament for the London Region. A member of the Green Party of England and Wales, she has been an MEP since 1999. One of three Green MEPs from the UK, the others are Keith Taylor and Molly Scott Cato, Lambert is a Vice-President of the Greens/European Free Alliance Group of MEPs.

List of female members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom

This is a list of women who are or have been Members of the European Parliament for constituencies in the United Kingdom.

Molly Scott

Molly Scott may refer to:

Molly Scott Cato, British politician

Molly Scott (actress), American actress

Molly Scott (tennis), American tennis player

Molly Scott (singer)

Preseli Pembrokeshire (UK Parliament constituency)

Preseli Pembrokeshire (Welsh: Preseli Sir Benfro) is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

The Preseli Pembrokeshire Welsh Assembly constituency was created with the same boundaries in 1999.

The present MP, since 2005, is the Conservative Stephen Crabb, who was Secretary Of State for Work and Pensions from March to July 2016. The seat is a Labour-Conservative marginal, held by Labour from its creation in 1997 until 2005 and by the Conservatives since; at the most recent election in 2017, Crabb's majority was less than 1%.


Remainiacs is a British hour-long weekly political podcast about Brexit, speaking from the remaining in the European Union point of view. It was started on 26 May 2017 after the European Union membership referendum as a no-holds-barred podcast for everyone who won't shut up about Brexit".

South West England (European Parliament constituency)

South West England is a constituency of the European Parliament. From 2009 it elects 6 MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation, reduced from 7 in 2009.

The Pit and the Pendulum (disambiguation)

"The Pit and the Pendulum" is a short story by Edgar Allan Poe.

The Pit and the Pendulum may also refer to:

The Pit and the Pendulum (1913 film), a film by Alice Guy-Blaché

The Pit and the Pendulum (1961 film), a film by Roger Corman

The Pit and the Pendulum (1964 film), a film by Alexandre Astruc

The Pit and the Pendulum (1991 film), a film by Stuart Gordon

The Pit and the Pendulum (animated film), a 2008 animated film by Marc Lougee

The Pit and the Pendulum (2009 film), a film by David DeCoteau

"The Pit and the Pendulum", a 2000 Radio Tales adaptation for National Public Radio

The Pit and the Pendulum: A Co-operative Future for Work in the South Wales Valleys, a 2004 book by Molly Scott Cato

Wales (European Parliament constituency)

Wales (Welsh: Cymru [ˈkəmri] (listen)) is a constituency of the European Parliament. It currently elects 4 MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

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