Mocorito

Mocorito (meaning "place of the dead") is a small city and its surrounding municipality in the Mexican state of Sinaloa. It stands at 24°58′41″N 107°31′25″W / 24.97806°N 107.52361°W.

The city reported 5,426 inhabitants in the 2010 census.

Mocorito, Sinaloa, Mexico
Mocorito-Skyline EAL
Official seal of Mocorito, Sinaloa, Mexico

Seal
Nickname(s): 
La Atenas de Sinaloa
Mocorito, Sinaloa, Mexico is located in Mexico
Mocorito, Sinaloa, Mexico
Mocorito, Sinaloa, Mexico
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 24°58′41″N 107°31′25″W / 24.97806°N 107.52361°WCoordinates: 24°58′41″N 107°31′25″W / 24.97806°N 107.52361°W
Country Mexico
StateSinaloa
MunicipalityMocorito
Founded in1594
Government
 • Municipal presidentLa Massiel Rivas Gómez
Area
4.4%
 • Land2,566 km2 (991 sq mi)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total5,426
 [1]
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (Mountain Daylight Time)
WebsiteMocorito Government page
MocoritoEAL
Immaculate Conception Church at the front of Mocorito's main plaza.

History

In 1531 with the entry of the conqueror Nuño de Guzmán to northwest Mexico and the founding of the town of San Miguel de Navito, the geographical boundaries of the province of Culiacan started, subject to the governorship of New Galicia. In 1532, Sebastián de Évora reaches the valley Mocorito and called his name, the people and the river, leaving as encomendero dependent as mayor of the province of Culiacan, from that year was defined between the river towards Évora North and Elota River in the south. In 1594 the Mission Mocorito by the Jesuits Juan Bautista Hernando de Velasco and Santarán is founded.In 1732 when the Spanish arrived expansion beyond the Yaqui River, lays the territory divided into provinces. In this year rank first Sonora and Sinaloa to form a single governorship with head in the town of San Felipe and Santiago de Sinaloa, Sinaloa de Leyva today. In Sinaloa territory remained the internal division 3 provinces: Sinaloa, Culiacan, and Chametla, whose boundaries were May River north and south of Reeds. In 1749 the territory is divided into 5 provinces, and although apparently Mocorito came under the jurisdiction of the province of Culiacan in the ratio of "The Villages, Villas, places Indians and Royals Minas" stating their jurisdictions made in that time, appears within the jurisdiction of Culiacan, the peoples of Capirato, Comanito and Palos Blancos; and within the jurisdiction of Sinaloa, Mocorito mission and the people of San Benito. In 1813 the Constitution of Cadiz enters into force; Article 310 provides for the installation of municipalities in populations that had more than 1,000 inhabitants. In 1814, Fernando VII repeals the constitution but reinstalls it during 1820. From the moment the first municipalities in Sinaloa are installed. The creation of the internal state of the West in 1824 uniting the provinces of Sonora and Sinaloa, and the internal division of the state into five departments with their respective parties, does not alter the internal situation of Sinaloa territory in regard to Mocorito, since the Culiacán department is formed with the game of his name and Cosalá, comprising Mocorito region within the same, within the limits of the river its name to the river Elota.

In 1830 the final separation of Sonora and Sinaloa decreed to form their independent states. The new state of Sinaloa was divided into eleven districts, being Mocorito one, comprising within its jurisdiction, the boundaries that mark on the north side of the coast, the town of Playa Colorada, and towards the mountains, the town of Corral Quemado, adjoining district Badiraguato; by the same mountain, south bordering on the district and the town of Culiacan Ocualtita; towards Jesús María almost reaching the coast, the town of Aguapepe and Awnings, opposite the island of Tachichilte. Mocorito was erected municipality by decree published on April 8, 1915. In 1916 Mocorito suffer a reduction in their geographical extension to become political in Municipality Directorate of Angostura. In 1962 suffers a further reduction to settle the town of Salvador Alvarado.

Origin of the name

Don Hector Rodelo Olea said that Mocorito is a variant of the Cahita word "Macori-to", composed of Macuri, short for "macorihui" a voice alteration "macoyahuy" objective applied to a fraction of the Mayo Indians or people who speak a dialect the Cahita language; Further, the position "to" denoting location, place; the place name means "place of nations who speak a dialect of Cahita tongue, or inhabited by Mayan Indians or macoritos".

Other historians, like Eustaquio Buelnal, prefer the translation of Mocorito as "place of the dead".[2]

Meaning of the shield

Finding Mayor Eng. Luis Verduzco Leal, shield Township Mocorito was developed in 1964 by Mr. Miguel Angel Velazquez Tracy, shaping oval, tronchado band and quartered, with bordura imitating stone in honor of Indian origin, in ignorance Metal and footprints oriented northwest and southeast in greater numbers and from southeast to northwest lesser number, meaning nahoa pilgrimage to give Sinaloa population, and Mocorito in particular.In the first quarter sable coat background is seen, meaning the darkness of prehistory.

The second quarter, enamelled purple to signify the dawn of history Mocorito. Substance and orange, a building of defense, meaning the city of San Miguel de Culiacán; south another figure in blue formed by two strong arms that mean the Humaya river and Tamazula. Leaving these figures orange band passing over a thinner band blue which means the road from Culiacan and passing over the river to the Petatlán Mocorito, also representing the Villa de San Felipe y Santiago.

In the third quarter, silver background, a chapel of indigenous stroke, dated 1594, meaning the foundation's mission Mocorito.

In the fourth quarter, gold background symbolizing the zenith of colonial history, the present church, and on it a drop of orange comes from a hill symbolizing gold mining. The flamboyant robe off bordura means patriotic movements, open book with the dates 1857-1917 constitutions, and bronze eagle with outspread wings means the country, holding a banner with the words "State of Sinaloa".[3]

Culture and Traditions

Carnival

The carnival has been held Mocorito years ago. The first day people gather expecting the identity of temper that evening burn is known. The second day is the crowning of the Queen of the Floral Games. On the third day takes place the coronation of the Queen of Carnival. On Sunday is the first tour of floats and bands. Monday is the coronation of the Kings and Children ride floats and to close with a flourish, on Tuesday performed the traditional walk, to the best allegorical cars and bands are rewarded and culminates with a large popular dance.[4]

Music

The music could not miss as it is one of the deepest traditions. José Rubio Quinonez heir of the Sinaloa music, promoter of the popular bands of Sinaloa. The band "Los Hermanos Rubio Mocorito" has toured the country from Tijuana to Mexico City, playing the merry notes of the drum: sones "The Lost Child", "El Toro Viejo", "Brisas de Mocorito", "The Sinaloa "," El Palo Verde "and many more.[5]

Characters and Artist of Mocorito

Mocorito was called at a time "The Athens Sinaloa" as it has been distinguished by its innate vocation to the fine arts. It was the seat of a cultural range that is proud of Sinaloa. Several are in Mocorito found inspiration for their works whether literary, artistic, historical or transformative. The great muralist David Alfaro Siqueiros recalled that in this place joined the forces of revolution. When he was released he intended to return to the place as a symbolism reiterating its struggle for a better Mexico. JOSE RAMON VELAZQUEZ, writer of facts and anecdotes. Their stories come from the voices of people with their main theme is Mocorito. HECTOR LOPEZ GAMEZ, painter Mocoritense, majored in Law and Social Sciences obligation, then studied fine arts for fun in a US school. He leans in the human figure, landscapes and surreal themes.ERNESTO RIOS, painter and muralist Mocoritense. In the beginning he focused portrait of those who managed to make more than three thousand in four years later, mature, he was attracted by the murals have given popularity with shows several Mexican states projecting that done in Revolution Park Culiacan and the library of the Autonomous University of Sinaloa in Guamúchil. DR. ENRIQUE PEÑA GUTIERREZ, physician, poet and writer. He was part of a scientific committee that made the study of leprosy and tuberculosis in Sinaloa to the Mexican Academy of Medicine. Then he took up farming producing FERTIMOC, fertilizer helps to have increased production in crops. He edited the magazine "gaps" and wrote the book "Were Five Horse" among others. DR. JOSE DOMINGUEZ LAW, medical, humanitarian, philanthropist and social activist. Concerned about the village, founded the Ateneo Professor Constancio Rodriguez gave luster to Mocorito in the cultural both regionally and nationally, for its management connection to electricity CFE was achieved. The water system was introduced, the recognition of high school, health center, among others. He was a fighter always upright for unprotected world.[6]

Flora and fauna

In Mocorito it is possible to perfectly identify the three climatic regions found in Sinaloa: tropical savannah on the west; mountain in the east and a transition zone in the central area. Three levels of vegetation are featured: conifers, oaks, oaks and pines in the high mountains; amapas, ebony, cedars and junipers in its foothills, and herbs and shrubs in the coastal area where mangroves thrive, guamuchileros, mesquite and wild figs.Most of the farmland are temporary, with crops such as rice, soybean, safflower, corn, cottonseed, sesame, beans, sorghum and cotton in bales, sugarcane, corn; fruits such as cantaloupe, watermelon, avocado, mango, orange and papaya.

The main breeds are cattle, pigs, goats and sheep. Among the wild animals, we find the deer, hare, rabbit, armadillo, iguana and others; and wild animals such as wild cat, tiger and lion living in the deepest mountain regions.

Important People from Mocorito

Los Tigres Del Norte

References

  1. ^ "Principales resultados por localidad 2010 (ITER)". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. 2010.
  2. ^ http://www.inafed.gob.mx/work/enciclopedia/EMM25sinaloa/municipios/25013a.html
  3. ^ http://www.inafed.gob.mx/work/enciclopedia/EMM25sinaloa/municipios/25013a.html
  4. ^ http://www.mocorito.gob.mx/Principales/ConoceMocorito.html
  5. ^ http://www.mocorito.gob.mx/Principales/ConoceMocorito.html
  6. ^ http://www.mocorito.gob.mx/Principales/ConoceMocorito.html
  7. ^ "Estado de Sinaloa-Estacion: Mocorito". Normales Climatologicas 1951–2010 (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorologico Nacional. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  8. ^ "Extreme Temperatures and Precipitation for Mocorito 1969–2011" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
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Hurricane Manuel

Hurricane Manuel () was the most destructive eastern Pacific tropical cyclone on record. Manuel brought widespread flooding across much of Mexico in September 2013, along with Hurricane Ingrid, which hit the opposite side of the nation the same day as Manuel, the first such occurrence since 1958. The fifteenth named storm and seventh hurricane of the annual hurricane season, Manuel originated from a strong area of low pressure south of Acapulco on September 13. Within favorable conditions aloft, the storm intensified into a tropical storm as it tracked northward. The following day, Manuel curved westward and strengthened to a point just shy of hurricane intensity before making its first landfall at that intensity on September 15. Due to interaction with land, the tropical storm quickly weakened, and its center dissipated over western Mexico on September 16. However, the storm's remnants continued to track northwestward into the Gulf of California, where they reorganized into a tropical cyclone the next day. Manuel regained tropical storm status on September 18 as it began to curve northeastward. Shortly thereafter, Manuel attained Category 1 hurricane intensity, before making its final landfall just west of Culiacán at peak intensity. Over land, Manuel quickly weakened due to interaction with Mexico's high terrain, and the storm dissipated early on September 20.

Due to the impending threat of Manuel, several Mexican municipalities were put under disaster alerts. Upon making its first landfall, Manuel caused extreme flooding in southern Mexico. Property and agricultural damage as a result of the system was widespread, and roughly one million people were estimated to have been directly affected. In Guerrero, 97 people perished, including 18 in Acapulco. Seventy-one others died due to a mudslide in La Pintada. In Guerrero alone, around 30,000 homes were damaged and 46 rivers overflowed their banks. There, 20,000 persons were evacuated to shelters. Statewide, repairs to damage from the storm totaled MXN$3 billion ($230 million USD). Other impacts from Manuel spread as far east as the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, where 300 families were displaced. In the region, at least 11,591 homes were destroyed by the floods. Meanwhile, the nation sustained additional impacts from Atlantic Hurricane Ingrid.

After its second landfall, additional floods occurred in several towns, and in Sinaloa over 100,000 people were rendered homeless and four people died. As a result of Manuel's impacts, 107 municipalities were declared disaster regions. Damage in Sinaloa totaled MXN$500 million (US$37.9 million). The Mexican Army was dispatched in several locations to aid in post-tropical cyclone relief operations. Following the storm, looting in heavily impacted areas became commonplace, and as such government forces were also dispatched to prevent further looting. Overall, 169 people lost their lives in Mexico, while damage exceeded MXN$55 billion (US$4.2 billion).

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List of extinct Uto-Aztecan languages

A large number of languages known only from brief mentions are thought to have been Uto-Aztecan languages, but became extinct without being documented. The following list is based on Campbell (1997:133–135).

San Nicolás (Nicoleño): spoken in California, thought to be a Takic language.

Giamina/Omomil: Kroeber (1907) and Lamb (1964) believe Giamina may constitute a separate branch of Northern Uto-Aztecan, although Miller (1983) is uncertain about this. It was spoken in Southern California.

Vanyume: a Takic language of California

Acaxee (Aiage): closely related to Tahue, a Cahitan language, linked with Tebaca and Sabaibo.

Amotomanco (Otomoaco): uncertain classification, possibly Uto-Aztecan. (See Troike (1988) for more details.)

Cazcan (Caxcan): sometimes considered to be the same as Zacateca, although Miller (1983) would only consider these to be geographical classifications.

Baciroa: closely connected to Tepahue

Basopa

Batuc: possibly an Opata dialect

Cahuimeto

Cahuameto: probably belongs with Oguera and Nio

Chínipa: may be a Tarahumaran language close to Ocoroni, since colonial sources claim the two are mutually intelligible. It may also instead be a local name for a variety of Guarijío.

Coca: spoken near Lake Chapala.

Colotlan: a Pimic language closely related to Tepehuan, or Teul and Tepecano

Comanito: a Taracahitic language closely related to Tahue

Concho: probably a Taracahitic language (Troike 1988). Subdivisions include Chinarra and Chizo; Toboso is possibly related to Concho as well.

Conicari: a Taracahitic language closely related to Tahue

Guachichil: possibly a variant or close relative of Huichol

Guasave: possibly a Taracahitic language, or may instead be non-Uto-Aztecan language possibly related to Seri due to the speakers' maritime economy (Miller 1983). Dialects include Compopori, Ahome, Vacoregue, and Achire.

Guazapar (Guasapar): probably a Tarahumara dialect, or it may be more closely related to Guarijío and Chínipa. Guazapar, Jova, Pachera, and Juhine may possibly all be dialects of Tarahumara.

Guisca (Coisa)

Hio: possibly a Taracahitic language

Huite: closely related to Ocoroni, and may be Taracahitic

Irritila: a Lagunero band

Jova (Jobal, Ova): most often linked with Opata, although some scholars classify it as a Tarahumara dialect. Miller (1983) considers it to be "probably Taracahitan."

Jumano; also Humano, Jumana, Xumana, Chouman (from a French source), Zumana, Zuma, Suma, and Yuma. Suma is probably the same language, while Jumano is possibly Uto-Aztecan.

Lagunero: may be the same as Irritila, and may also be closely related to Zacateco or Huichol.

Macoyahui: probably related to Cahita.

Mocorito: a Tahue language, which is Taracahitic.

Naarinuquia (Themurete?): Uto-Aztecan affiliation is likely, although it may instead be non-Uto-Aztecan language possibly related to Seri due to the speakers' maritime economy.

Nacosura: an Opata dialect

Nio: completely undocumented, although it is perhaps related to Ocoroni.

Ocoroni: most likely a Taracahitic language, and is reported to be mutually intelligible with Chínipa, and similar to Opata. Related languages may include Huite and Nio.

Oguera (Ohuera)

Patarabuey: unknown affiliation (Purépecha region near Lake Chapala), and is possibly a Nahuatl dialect.

Tahue: may also include Comanito, Mocorito, Tubar, and Zoe. It is possibly a Taracahitic language, and is definitely not Nahuan.

Tanpachoa: unknown affiliation, and was once spoken along the Río Grande.

Tecuexe: speakers were possibly part of a "Mexicano" (Nahua) colony.

Teco-Tecoxquin: an Aztecan language

Tecual: closely related to Huichol. According to Sauer (1934:14), the "Xamaca, by another name called Hueitzolme [Huichol], all ... speak the Thequalme language, though they differ in vowels."

Témori: may be a Tarahumara dialect.

Tepahue: possibly a Taracahitic language. Closely related languages or dialects include Macoyahui, Conicari, and Baciroa.

Tepanec: an Aztecan language.

Teul (Teul-Chichimeca): a Pimic language, possibly of the Tepecano subgroup.

Toboso: grouped with Concho.

Topia: perhaps the same as Xixime (Jijime).

Topiame: possibly a Taracahitic language.

Totorame: grouped with Cora.

Xixime (Jijime): possibly a Taracahitic language. Subdivisions are Hine and Hume. Its links with Acaxee are uncertain.

Zacateco: often considered the same as Acaxee, although this is uncertain. It is possibly related to Huichol, although Miller (1983) leaves it as unclassified.

Zoe: possibly a Taracahitic language, with Baimena as a subdivision. It is possibly affiliated with Comanito.

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This is a list of sister cities in Mexico. Some of the sister cities located in the United States can be located using Sister Cities International. A searchable, interactive list for those is maintained by Sister Cities International.

This is a subset of the worldwide list List of twin towns and sister cities.

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In 1530 he was sent by Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán to the current Mexican states of Jalisco, Aguascalientes, Zacatecas and Sinaloa to explore the region, search for gold and silver, and subdue the Indians. He passed through the current town of Lagos de Moreno, Jalisco in March 1530 with a force of 50 Spanish soldiers and 500 Purépecha and Tlaxcaltec allies. This encounter was peaceful, but he was accused of a massacre in Morocito (Sinaloa) in 1531, and in many places of destroying and burning everything he passed. "Mocorito" in the Cahita language signifies the place of the dead. The indigenous people named it for the Indians that Pedro Almindez Chirino killed.

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Climate data for Mocorito (1951–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 39.0
(102.2)
38.0
(100.4)
38.5
(101.3)
42.5
(108.5)
44.0
(111.2)
45.0
(113.0)
43.5
(110.3)
42.0
(107.6)
42.0
(107.6)
42.0
(107.6)
39.5
(103.1)
35.5
(95.9)
45.0
(113.0)
Average high °C (°F) 26.9
(80.4)
28.6
(83.5)
31.2
(88.2)
34.3
(93.7)
37.0
(98.6)
38.0
(100.4)
36.1
(97.0)
35.0
(95.0)
34.7
(94.5)
33.8
(92.8)
30.9
(87.6)
27.4
(81.3)
32.8
(91.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 18.6
(65.5)
19.6
(67.3)
21.3
(70.3)
24.1
(75.4)
27.3
(81.1)
30.7
(87.3)
30.2
(86.4)
29.3
(84.7)
29.0
(84.2)
27.0
(80.6)
23.0
(73.4)
19.4
(66.9)
25.0
(77.0)
Average low °C (°F) 10.4
(50.7)
10.6
(51.1)
11.5
(52.7)
13.8
(56.8)
17.5
(63.5)
23.3
(73.9)
24.3
(75.7)
23.6
(74.5)
23.3
(73.9)
20.2
(68.4)
15.0
(59.0)
11.3
(52.3)
17.1
(62.8)
Record low °C (°F) 1.5
(34.7)
−4.0
(24.8)
3.0
(37.4)
5.5
(41.9)
9.0
(48.2)
12.0
(53.6)
14.0
(57.2)
8.0
(46.4)
11.0
(51.8)
5.5
(41.9)
6.0
(42.8)
2.0
(35.6)
−4.0
(24.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 25.4
(1.00)
12.6
(0.50)
3.9
(0.15)
1.4
(0.06)
2.3
(0.09)
28.0
(1.10)
178.2
(7.02)
198.9
(7.83)
125.6
(4.94)
50.6
(1.99)
25.8
(1.02)
23.3
(0.92)
676.0
(26.61)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.5 1.5 0.7 0.2 0.3 2.8 13.2 14.3 9.2 3.5 1.8 2.4 52.4
Source: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional[7][8]
Sinaloa State of Sinaloa
Municipalities
and
(municipal seats)

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